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among us whose minds are set on the advancement of civilization, to make the most of present opportunities, that even when in future years progress is arrested, it may be arrested at the higher level. To the promoters of what is sound and reformers of what is faulty in modern culture, ethnography has double help to give. To impress men's minds with a doctrine of development, will lead them in all honour to their ancestors to continue the progressive work of past ages, to continue it the more vigorously because light has increased in the world, and where barbaric hordes groped blindly, cultured men can often move onward with clear view. It is a harsher, and at times even painful, office of ethnography to expose the remains of crude old culture which have passed into harmful superstition, and to mark these out for destruction. Yet this work, if less genial, is not less urgently needful for the good of mankind. Thus, active at once in aiding progress and in removing hindrance, the science of culture is essentially a reformer's science.

INDEX.

Abacus, i. 270.

Ancestral tablet, Chinese, ii. 118,
Accent, i. 173.

152.
Acephali, i. 390.

Andaman Islanders, mythic origin
Achilles :-vulnerable spot, i. 358 ; of, i. 369, 389.

dream, i. 444; in Hades, ii. 81. Angang, omen from meeting animal,
Acosta, on American archetypal i, 120.
deities, ii. 244.

Angel, see Spirit ; of death, i. 295,
Adam, ii. 312, 315.

ii. 196, 322.
Ælian, i. 372, ii. 423 ; on Kyno. Angelo, St., legend of, i. 295.
kephali, i. 389.

Anima, animus, i. 433, 470.
Æolus, i. 361, ii. 269.

Animals :-omens from, i. 120 ; calls
Æsculapius :-incubation in temple, to and cries of, 177 ; imitative
ii. 121 ; serpents of, ii. 241.

names from cries, &c., 206 ; treated
Affirmative and negative particles, as human, i. 467, ii. 230; souls of,
i. 192.

i. 469 ; future life and funeral sac-
Afghans, race-genealogy of, i. 403. rifice of, i. 469, ii. 75, &c. ; entry
Agni, ii. 281, 386.

and transmigration of souls into
Agreement in custom and opinion and possession by spirits, ii. 7, 152,
no proof of soundness, i. 13.

161, 175, 231, 241, 378, &c. ; dis-
Agriculture, god of, ii. 305.

eases transferred to, ii. 147 ; see
Ahriman, ii. 328.

spirits invisible to men, ii. 196.
Ahura Mazda, ii. 283, 328, 355. Animals, sacred, incarnations or re-
Alexander the Great, i. 395, ii. 138. presentatives of deities, ii. 231;
Alfonso di Liguori, St., bilocation receive and consume sacrifices,
of, i. 447.

378.
Alger, W. R., i. 471, 484, ii. 83. Animal-worship, i. 467, ii. 229, 378.
Algonquin languages, animate and Animism :--defined, i. 23, 425 ; is the
inanimate genders, i. 302.

philosophy of religion, i. 426, ii.
Ali as Thunder-god, ii. 264.

356 ; is a primitive scientific sys.
All Souls', feast of dead, ii. 37.

tem of man and nature based on
Allegory, i. 277, 408.

the conception of the human soul,
Aloysius Gonzaga, St., letters to, ii. i. 428, 499, ii. 108, 184, 356 ; its
122.

stages of development, survival,
Alphabet, i. 171 ; by raps, i. 145 ; and decline, i. 499, ii. 181, 356.
as numeral series, i. 258.

See Soul, Spirit, &c., &c.
Amatongo, i. 443, ii. 115, 131, 313, Anra-Mainyu, ii. 328.
367, 387.

Antar, tumulus of, ii. 29.
Amenti, Egyptian dead-land, ii. 67, Anthropomorphic conceptions of
81, 96, 295, 311.

spirit and deity, ii. 110, 184, 247,
Amphidromia, ii. 439.

335.
Analogy, myth product of, i. 297. Antipodes, i. 392.
Ancestors, eponymic myths of, i. Ape-men, i. 379; apes degenerate

398, ii. 234 ; worship of divine, men, 376 ; can but will not talk,
ii. 113, 311 ; see Manes-worship, 379.
Totem-worship.

Apollo, ii. 294.
Ancestral names indicate re-birth Apophis-serpent, ii. 241.
of souls, ii. 5.

Apotheosis, ii. 120.
455

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Apparitional soul, i. 428; its like.

ness to body, 450.
Apparitions, i. 143, 440, 445, 478, ii.

24, 187, 410, &c.
Archetypal deities and ideas, ii. 243.
Ares, ii. 308.
Argos Panoptes, i. 320.
Argyll, Duke of, on primæval man,

i. 60.
Arithmetic, see Counting.
Arriero, i. 191.
Arrows, magic, i. 345.
Artemidorus, on dream-omens, i.

122.
Artemis, ii. 302.
Aryan race :--no savage tribe among,

i. 49; antiquity of culture, i 54.
Ascendant in horoscope, i. 129.
Ashera, worship of, ii. 166, 226.
Ashes strewn for spirit-footprints, i.

455, ii. 197.
Asmodeus, ii. 254.
Association of ideas, foundation of

magic, i. 116.
Astrology, i. 128, 291.
Atahentsic, ii. 299, 309, 323.
Atahocan, ii. 323, 340.
Atavism, explained by transmigra-

tion, ii. 3.
Atheist, use of word, i. 420.
Augury, &c., i. 119. See ii. 179, 232.
Augustine, St., i. 199, 441, ii. 54,

427 ; on dreams, i. 441 ; on incubi,

ii. 190.
Augustus, genius of, ii. 202.
Avatars, ii. 239.
Avernus, Lake, ii. 45.
Ayenbite of Inwyt, i. 456.

Berkeley, Bishop, on ideas, i. 499 ;

on force and matter, ii. 160.
Bewitching by objects, i. 116.
Bible and key, ordeal by, i. 128.
Bilocation, i. 447.
Bird, of thunder, i. 362; bird con-

veys spirit, ii. 161, 175.
Blackstone's Commentaries, i. 20.
Blemmyæ, headless men, i. 390.
Blood :-related to soul, i. 431 ; re-

vives ghosts, ii. 48 ; offered to
deities, 381 ; substitute for life,

402.
Blood-red stain, inyths to account

for, i. 406.
Bloodsuckers, ii. 191.
Blow-tube, i. 67.
Bo tree, ii. 218.
Boar's head, ii. 408.
Boats without iron, mython, i.

374.
Bochica, i. 353, ii. 290.
Boehme, Jacob, on man's primitive

knowledge, ii. 185.
Bolotu, ii. 22, 62, 310.
Boni Homines, i. 77.
Book of Dead, Egyptian, ii. 13, 96.
Boomerang, i. 67.
Boreas, i. 362, ii. 268.
Bosjesman, etymology of word, i.

381.
Bow and Arrow, i. 7, 15, 64, 73.
Brahma, ii, 354, 425.
Brahmanism :-funeral rites, i. 465,

&c. ; transmigration, ii. 9, 19,
97; manes-worship, 119 ; stone.
worship, 164 ; idolatry,
animal-worship, 238 ;
ship, 292; orientation, 425; lustra.

tion, 437.
Breath, its relation to soul, i. 432.
Bride-capture, game of, i. 72.
Bridge, first crossing, i. 106; of

deaid, i. 495, ii. 50, 94, 100, &c.
Brinton, D. G., i. 53, 361, ii. 90,

340 ; on dualistic myths, ii. 320.
Britain, eponymic kings of, i. 400;

voyage of souls to, ii. 64.
Brosses, C. de, on degeneration and

development, i. 36, origin of lan-
guage, 161; fetishism, ii. 144 ;

species-deities, 246.
Browne, Sir Thos., on magnetic

mountain, i. 375.
Brutus, evil genius of, ii. 203.
Brynhild, i. 465.
Buck, buck, game of, i. 74.
Buddha, transmigrations of, i. 414,

ii. 11.

178;

sun-wor-

Baal-Shemesh, ii. 295.
Bacon, Lord, on allegory, i. 277.
Bætyls, animated stones, ii. 166.
Baku, burning wells of, ii. 281.
Baldr,

464.
Bale, Bishop, i. 384; on witchcraft,

i. 142.
Bands, clerical, i. 18.
Baptism, ii. 440; orientation in, 427.
Baring. Gould, S., on werewolves, i.

314.
Bastian, Adolf, Mensch in der Ge.

schichte, i. vi. ; ii. 209, 222, 242,

280, &c.
Baudet, etymology of, i. 413.
Beal, ii, 252, 408.
Bear, Great, i. 359.
Beast-fables, i. 381, 409.
Bees, telling, i. 287.
Bel, ii. 293, 380, 384.

45.

Children's language, i. 223.
China, religion of :-funeral rites, i.

464, 493 ; manes-worship, ii. 118;
cultus of heaven and earth, 257,
272, 352 ; divine hierarchy, 352 ;
prayer, 370 ; sacrifices, 385, 405.
Chinese culture-tradition, i. 40 ; re-

mains in Borneo, i. 57.
Chiromancy or palmistry, i. 125.
Chirp or twitter of ghosts, &c., i.

453.
Christmas, origin of, ii. 297.
Chronology, limits of ancient, i.

54.
Cicero, on dreams, i. 444; sun-gods,

ii. 294.
Civilization, see Culture.
Civilization-myths, i. 39, 353.
Civilized men adopt savage life, i.
Clairvoyance, by objects, i. 116.
Clashing rocks, myth of, i. 347.
Clicks, i. 171, 192.
Cocoa-nut, divination by, i. 80.
Coin placed with dead, i. 490, 494.
Columba, St., legend of, i. 104.
Columbus, his quest of Earthly

Paradise, ii. 61.
Common, right of, i. 20.
Comparative theology, ii. 251.
Comte, Auguste, i. 19 ; fetishism, i.

477, ii. 144, 354 ; species-deities,

242.
Confucius, i. 157; funeral sacrifice,

i. 464, ii. 42; spirits, 206 ; name

of supreme deity, 352.
Consonants, i. 169.
Constellations, myths of, i. 290, 356.
Continuance-theory of future life, ii.

75.
Convulsions :-by demoniacal pos-

Buddhism :-culture - tradition, i.

41 ; saints rise in air, i. 149 ;
transmigration, ii. 11, 20, 97;
nirvana, ii. 79; tree-worship, i.
476, ii. 217 ; serpent-worship,

240 ; religious formulas, 372.
Buildings, victim immured in

foundation, i. 104, &c. ; mythic

founders of, i. 394.
Bull, Bishop, on guardian angels,

ii. 203.
Bura Pennu, ii. 327, 350, 368, 404.
Burial, ghost wanders till, ii. 27 ;

corpse laid east and west, 423.
Burning oats from straw, i. 44.
Burton, R. F., continuance-theory

of future life, ii. 75; disease-

spirits, 150.
Burton, Anatomy of Melancholy, in-

cubi, &c., ii. 191.
Buschmann, on nature-sound, i.

223.
Butler, Bishop, on natural religion,

ii. 356.

session, ii. 130; artificially pro-

duced, 416.
Convulsionnaires, ii. 420.
Copal incense, ii. 384.
Cord, magical connexion by, i. 117.
Corpse taken out by special opening

in house, ii. 26 ; soul remains near,

ii. 29, 150.
Cortes, i. 319.
Costume, i. 18.
Counting, art of, i. 22, 240, &c. ; on

fingers and toes, 244 ; by letters
of alphabet, &c., 258 ; derivation
of numeral words, 247 ; evidence
of independent development of

low tribes, 271.
Counting games, i. 75, 87.
Couvade, in South India, i. 84.

Cacodæmon, ii. 138, 202.
Cæsar, on German deities, ii. 294.
Cagots, i. 115, 384.
Calls to animals, i. 177.
Calmet, on souls, i. 457 ; on spirits,

ii. 188, &c.
Calumet, i. 210.
Candles against demons, ii. 194.
Cant, myth on word, i. 397.
Cardinal numbers, i. 257.
Cards, Playing, i. 82, 126.
Cassava, i. 63.
Castrén, ii. 80, 155, 177, 245, 351,

&c.
Cave-men, condition of, i. 59.
Ceremonies, religious, ii. 362, &c.
Ceres, ii. 306.
Chances, games of, their relation to

arts of divination, i. 78.
Chanticleer, i. 413.
Charivari at eclipse, i. 329.
Charms :-objects, i. 118, ii. 148 ;

formulas, their relation to prayers,

ii. 373.
Charon, i. 490, ii. 93.
Chesterfield, Lord, on customs, i.

95 ; on omens, i. 118.
Chic, myth on word, i. 397.
Childbirth-goddess, ii. 305.
Children, numerical series of names

for, i. 254 ; suckled by wild
beasts, i. 281 ; receive ancestors'
souls and names, ii. 4; sacrifice
of, ii. 398, 403.

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