« PreviousContinue »
In the notes which have reference to the passage of Hannibal, I havo followed the route as originally made out by General Melville, the correctness of which cannot be doubted. Gen. Melville's account of the march of Hannibal may be found in M. de Luc's Histoire du Passage des Alpes par Hannibal, Genève et Paris, 1818; and in Wickham and Cramer's Dissertation on the Passage of Hannibal over the Alps; London, 1828. The Map, which accompanies this edition of Livy, is copied, with some corrections, from that prefixed to the latter of the above-mentioned works.
It may be well to give here a brief statement of Hannibal's route. After crossing the Pyrenees, he went to Nimes. From Nimes he marched to the Rhone, which he crossed at Roquemaure, and then went up tho river to Vienne. From thence, he marched across the flat country of Dauphiné, and rejoined the Rhone at St. Genis d'Aouste. He then crossed the Mont du Chat to Chambery, joined the Isere at Montmeillan, ascended it as far as Scez, crossed the Little St. Bernard, and descended upon Aosta and Ivrea by the river Doria Baltea. After halting a short time at Ivrea, he marched upon Turin, which he took, and then prepared himself for operations against the Romans.
The following is a summary of the distances, (after the passage of the Pyrenees,) as given by Polybius, in B. 3, ch. 39 :From Emporium to the passage of the Rhone,
1,600 stadia, or 200 Roman miles. From the Rhone to the ascent of the Alps,
175 The Alps themselves,
150 I add here Dr. Arnold's view of Hannibal's route :
“On the whole, it appears to me most probable, that the pass by which Hannibal entered Italy, was that which was known to the Romans by the name of the Graian Alps, and to us as the Little St. Bernard. Nor was this so circuitous a line as we may at first imagine. For Hannibal's object was not simply to get into Italy, but to arrive in the country of those Cisalpine Gauls with whom he had been corresponding. Now these were the Boii and Insubrians; and as the Insubrians, who were the more westerly of the two, lived between the Addi and the Ticinus, the pass of the Little St. Bernard led more directly into the country of his allies, than the shorter passage into Italy by the Cottian Alps, or Mont Genevre."Hist. 2, Note L.
The same view is taken by Dr. Schmitz, in his History of Rome, p. 199.
FACTURUSNE operæ pretium sim, si a primordio urbis res populi Romani perscripserim, nec satis scio, nec, si sciam, dicere ausim ; quippe qui, cum veterem, tum vul. gatam esse rem, videam, dum novi semper scriptores aut in rebus certius aliquid allaturos se, aut scribendi arte 5 rudem vetustatem superaturos credunt. Utcumque erit, juvabit tamen, rerum gestarum memoriæ principis terrarum populi pro virili parte et ipsum consuluisse : et, si in tanta scriptorum turba mea fama in obscuro sit, nobilitate ac magnitudine eorum me, qui nomini officient meo, con- 10 soler. Res est præterea et immensi operis, ut quæ supra septingentesimum annum repetatur, et quæ, ab exiguis profecta initiis, eo creverit, ut jam magnitudine laboret sua; et legentium plerisque haud dubito quin primæ origines proximaque originibus minus præbitura voluptatis 15 sint, festinantibus ad hæc nova, quibus jam pridem prævalentis populi vires se ipsæ conficiunt. Ego contra hoc quoque laboris præmium petam, ut me a conspectu malorum, quæ nostra tot per annos vidit ætas, tantisper certe, dum prisca illa tota mente repeto, avertam, omnis expers 20 curæ, quæ scribentis animum etsi non flectere a vero, sollicitum tamen efficere posset. Quæ ante conditam condendamve urbem poeticis magis decora fabulis quam incorruptis rerum gestarum monumentis traduntur, ea nec affirmare nec refellere in animo est. Datur hæc venia 25