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page 384

On Fibre. Additional Observations. By Martin Barry, M.D. F.R.S.

Lond. and Ed ...........
Barometrical Observations, showing the effect of the Direction of the

Wind on the Difference between distant Barometers. By Lieut..
Colonel Philip Yorke, S. F. Guards ..

386 On the Rectification and Quadrature of the Spherical Ellipse. By James Booth, Esq. M.A. Principal of Bristol College

387 On the Transparency of the Atmosphere, and the Law of Extinction

of the Solar Rays in passing through it. By James D. Forbes, Esq. F.R.S. &c.

389 On the Specific Inductive Capacities of certain Electric Substances. By William Snow Harris, Esq. F.R.S..........

392 On the Action of the Rays of the Solar Spectrum on Vegetable Colours.

By Sir John Frederick William Herschel, Bart. K.H. F.R.S. 393 Experimental Researches on the Elliptic Polarization of Light. By

the Rev. Baden Powell, M.A.F.R.S. Savilian Professor of Geometry in the University of Oxford

394 On the Influence of the Moon on the Atmospheric Pressure, as deduced

from the Observations of the Barometer made at the Magnetic Observatory at St. Helena. By Lieut. J. H. Lefroy, R.A. late Director of that Observatory

395 Notices of the Aurora Australis from the 1st to the 31st of March

1841, made on board H.M.S. Erebus ; extracted from the log-book. By Capt. James Clark Ross, R.N. F.R.S.

395 An Appendix to a paper on the Nervous Ganglia of the Uterus, with

a further Account of Nervous Structures of that Organ. By Robert Lee, M.D. F.R.S.

395 Magnetic-term Observations of the Declination, Inclination and Total

Intensity, made at the Magnetic Observatory at Prague, for February, March, and April 1842. By C. Kreil, Director of the Prague Observatory.....

396 Magnetic and Meteorological Observations for February 1842, taken at

the Magnetic Observatory at Madras. Presented by the Honourable Court of Directors of the East India Company

.... 396 Magnetic and Meteorological Observations from May 1841 to March

1842, made at the Observatory established by the Rajah of Travancore, at Trevandrum, transmitted to the Royal Society by command of His Highness the Rajah. By John Caldecott, Esq. F.R.S. Director of the Observatory at Trevandrum......


396 Postscript to a paper on the Action of the Rays of the Solar Spec

tram on Vegetable Colours.' By Sir John Frederick William Herschel Bart, F.R.S. &c.

397 Observations de la variation de la déclinaison et intensité horizontale

magnétiques observées à Milan pendant vingt-quatre heures consécutives, le 22 et 23 Juin, le 20 et 21 Juillet, le 26 et 27 d'Aout, le 21 et 22 Septembre, et le 19 et 20 Octobre, 1842, rapportées par Robert Strambrecchi, premier élève adjoint......

398 On certain improvements on Photographic Processes described in a


former communication. By Sir John Frederick William Herschel, Bart. K.H. F.R.S. &c., in a letter to Samuel Hunter Christie, Esq.


Sec. R.S......

page 398


Boring Register, Bow Island, South Pacific. By Captain Edward
Belcher, R.N. ......

399 Observations on the Blood-corpuscles, particularly with reference to

opinions expressed and conclusions drawn in papers 'On the Corpuscles of the Blood,' and ' On Fibre,' recently published in the

Philosophical Transactions. By T, Wharton Jones, Esq. F.R.S.... 431 Wind Table, from observations taken at the summit of the Rock of Gibraltar. By Colonel George J. Harding....

432 Spermatozoa observed within the Mammiferous Ovum. By Martin Barry, M.D. F.R.S. L, and Ed.

432 Experimental Inquiry into the cause of the Ascent and Continued

Motion of the Sap; with a new method of preparing plants for physiological investigations. By George Rainey, Esq. M.R.C.S... 432

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........ 434



On the Nerves. By James Stark, M.D........
A Letter from Prof. Hanson to G. B. Airy, Esq. F.R.S. A.R. 'On a

New Method of computing the Perturbations of the Planets whose
eccentricities and inclinations are not small.'

435 Variation de la Déclinaison et Intensité Horizontale observées à Milan

pendant vingt-quat erheurs consécutivese le 25 et 26 Novembre, et

le 21 et 22 Décembre 1842. Par Prof. Carlini, For. Memb. R.S... 435 On the minute structure of the Skeletons or hard parts of Invertebrata. By W. B. Carpenter, M.D...........

435 Observations on certain cases of Elliptic Polarization of Light by Re

flection, By the Rev. Baden Powell, M.A. F.R.S. Savilian Professor of Geometry in the University of Oxford

436 Variation of the Magnetic Needle as observed at Washington City,

D. C., from 3h 30July 24th to 3h July 25th, 1840, inclusive (Göt

tingen mean time)By Lieut. Gillies, of the United States Service 437 Experimental Researches in Electricity.-Eighteenth Series. By Mi

chael Faraday, Esq. D.C.L. F.R.S.-Section 25. On the Electricity

evolved by the Friction of Water and Steam against other bodies... 437 Magnetical Term-observations made at the Observatory at Prague, for

September, October, November and December, 1842. By Professor

JOn the Structure and Mode of Action of the Iris. By C. R. Hall,

Tide-Observations at Tahiti. By Captain Edward Belcher, R.N...... 440
On Fissiparous Generation. By Martin Barry, M.D. F.R.S. L. and





page 443


Researches on the Decomposition and Disintegration of Phosphatic

Vesical Calculi ; and on the introduction of Chemical decomponents

into the living Bladder. By S. Elliott Hoskins, M.D. A Method of proving the three leading properties of the Ellipse and

the Hyperbola from a well-known property of the Circle. By Sir

Frederick Pollock, Knt. F.R.S. Her Majesty's Attorney General .... 443 On the diurnal Temperature of the Earth's surface, with the discus

sion of a simple formula for ascertaining the same. By S. M. Drach, Esq. F.R.A.S.

444 On the Laws of Individual Tides at Southampton and at Ipswich. By G. B. Airy, Esq. M.A. F.R.S. Astronomer Royal

445 On the Special Function of the Skin. By Robert Willis, M.D. On the Cause of the reduction of Metals from the solutions of their

salts by the Voltaic Circuit. By Alfred Smee, Esq. F.R.S. Surgeon to the Bank of England

447 On the import and office of the Lymphatic Vessels. By Robert Willis, M.D........

448 Further Observations on the descending fuids of Plants, and more especially the Cambium. By George Rainey, Esq.......

449 Notice of an Extraordinary Luminous Appearance seen in the Heavens

on the 17th of March, 1843, in a letter to S. H. Christie, Esq. Sec. R.S. By Sir John F. W. Herschel, Bart. F.R.S.

...... 450

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FRANCIS BAILY, Esq., V.P. and Treasurer, in the Chair,

Description of a new Barometer, recently fixed up in the Apartments of the Royal Society; with remarks on the mode hitherto pursued at various periods, and an account of that which is now adopted, for correcting the observed height of the mercury in the Society's Barometers.' By Francis Baily, Esq., Vice-President and Treasurer, R.S.

The barometer, here alluded to, may in some measure be considered as two separate and independent barometers, inasmuch as it is formed of two distinct tubes dipping into one and the same cistern of mercury. One of these tubes is made of flint glass, and the other of crown glass, with a view to ascertain whether, at the end of any given period, the one may have had any greater chemical effect on the mercury than the other, and thus affected the results. A brass rod, to which the scale is attached, passes through the framework, between the two tubes, and is thus common to both : one end of which is furnished with a fine agate point, which, by means of a rack and pinion moving the whole rod, may be brought just to touch the surface of the mercury in the cistern, the slightest contact with which is immediately discernible; and the other end of which bears the usual scale of inches, tenths, &c.; and there is a separate vernier for each tube. A small thermometer, the bulb of which dips into the mercury

in the cistern, is inserted at the bottom : and an eyepiece is also there fixed, so that the agate point can be viewed with more distinctness and accuracy. The whole instrument is made to turn round in azimuth, in order to verify the perpendicularity of the tubes and the scale.

It is evident that there are many advantages attending this mode of construction, which are not to be found in the barometers as usually formed for general use in this country. The absolute heights are more correctly and more satisfactorily determined ; and the permanency of true action is more effectually noticed and secured. For, every part is under the inspection and control of the observer ; and any derangement or imperfection in either of the tubes is immediately detected on comparison with the other. And, considering the care that has been taken in filling the tubes, and setting off the

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