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3 THE

FOURTH READER,

OR

EXERCISES IN READING AND SPEAKING.

DESIGNED

FOR THE HIGHER CLASSES

IN OUR

PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SCHOOLS.

BY SALEM TOWN, L. L. D.

PORTLAND:
PUBLISHED BY SANBORN & CARTER.

1851.

HARVAR:
UNIVERSITY

LIBRARY

Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1847, by

SALEM TOWN, In the Clerk's Umce of the District Court of the District of Maine.

PREFACE.

IMPROVEMENT is characteristic of the present age; and especially is this true in respect to the preparation of school books. The author, therefore, has 20 apology to offer, for presenting this revised edition of his former Third Reader, with its present title, except that he desired to make such additions and improvements as would be calculated to render it more permanently useful.

That philosophy which teaches us to follow in the beaten path, because it is most familiar, is erroneous ; since its tendency is to put an end to all progress in knowledge.

A primary object, in presenting this work, has been to furnish a thorough and systematic course of reading, and to lea:' our youth to a more careful and critical study of its principles. The author bi ieves that reading is a science founded upon principles peculiar to the constituu.on of man — that the principles of good reading are as unchangeable as those of the natural sciences. If, therefore, these principles are not perfectly understood and correctly applied, it is not from any imperfection in them, but from a want of knowl. edge and experience on our part.

As aids carrying out the plan of this book, the most popular works upon elocution have been consulted. The first part consists of rules and observaliuns, with pertinent and copious examples to illustrate them. These are presented in as clear and brief a manner as possible, so as not to weary the karner by their prolixity,nor embarrass him by their philosophical minuteness.

The course commences at the very foundation of elocution— the elementary sounds of the language--and gradually advances through all the departments of vocal culture, to the most intricate principles of elegant reading and speaking.

The views of Dr. Porter, the great pioneer in this department of learning, and author of the Rhetorical Reader, have generally been adopted, while, at the same time, the deficiencies found in that excellent work — which doubtless would have been supplied, had the author lived — have not been overlooked in this.

The subject of expression, which is very often omitted in reading books, is nade a prominent topic, and such principles have been presented, and

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