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· The same passage, and in almost the same words, is recorded in the Book of Annals, fol. 64. and in the Great Chronicle, Vol.4. fol. 242. where these very remarkable Words are further added. ----" In that Council it was appointed, " that certain approved Men shou'd be chosen out of each of the Estates, who shou'd establish "the Commonwealth, and take care that Right “ and Justice shou'd be done. But Gillius in “ the place above-mention'd says : After the “ Battel at Montlebery, many well-affected and “ prudent Men were elected to be Guardians
of the Publick Good, according as it had been
agreed upon between the King and the Nobles; “ among whom the Count of Dunsis was the “ Principal, as having been the chief Promoter " of that Rising. ------ For it had grown into custom after the Wealth of the Ecclesiasticks was excessively increas'd, to divide the People into three Orders or Classes, whereof the Ecclesiasticks made one; and when those Curators of the Commonwealth were chosen, twelve Persons were taken out of each Order. So that it was enacted in that Council, that 36 Guardians of them Republick fhou'd be created, with Power, by common consent, to redress all Abuses of the Publick. Concerning which thing, Monstrellettus, Vol. 4. fol. 150. writes thus: “ In the “ first place ( says he) it was decreed, that for " the re-establishing the State of the Commons “ wealth, and the easing the People of the “ Burthen of their Taxes, and to compensate
their Losses, 36 Men Thou'd be elected, who “ shou'd have Regal Authority; viz. 12 out of " the Clergy, 12 out of the Knights, and 12 “C skilful in the Laws of the Land; to whom “ Power shou'd be given of inspecting and en,
quiring into the Grievances and Mischiefs " under which the Kingdom laboured, and to " apply Remedies to all : And the King gave c. his Promise in verbo Regu, That whatsoever " those 36 Men shou'd appoint to be done, he " wou'd ratify and confirm. ;
Oliver de la Marck, a Flemming, in his History, cap. 35. writes the same thing, and mentions the fame number of 36 Guardians or. Curators of the Commonwealth. And he farther adds ? That because the King did not stand to his " Promise, but violated his Faith, and the solemn (q. Onth which he had publickly sworn, a most
cruel War was kindled in Francogallia,' which "fer it all in a Flame, and continued near 13 “ years. Thus that King's Perjury was pu“nish'd both by his own Infamy, and the Peo« ple's Destruction, ?, Visit Sni:;ut
Upon the whole matter 'tis plain, that 'tis, not yet a hundred years compleat, since the Li, berties of Francogallia, and the Authority of its annual General Council; flourish'd in full vigour, and exerted themselves againit a King of ripe Years, and great Understanding; for he was above-40 Years old, and of such grear Parts, as none of our Kings have equalld him. So that we may easily perceive that our Commonwealth, which at first was founded and establish'd upon the Principles of Liberty, maintained it self in the fame free and facred State, (even by Force and Arms) against all the Power of Tyrants for more than Eleven hundred years.
» * I cannot omit the great Coinmendation which that most noble Gentleman and accom: plish'd Historian, Philip de Comines, gives of this Transaction ; :who in his sth Book and 18th Chapter, gives this account of is, which/we
will transcribe' word for word. ---* * Büt to " proceed: Is there in all the World any King “.or Prince, who has a' Right of imposing a
Tax upon his People ( tho it were but to " the value of one Farthing ) without their.
owh Will and Consent Uhless he will “ make use of Violence, and a Tyrannical « Power, he cannot:' But some will say there
may happen an Exigence, when the Great ? Council of the People cannot be waited for, the "business admitting of no delay; I am sure,
in the undertaking of a War, there is no “ need of such haft; one has sufficient leisure "to think leisurely of that matter. And this
I dare affirm, that when Kings and Princes “ undertake a War 'with the consent of their “ Subjects, they are both much more power
ful, and more formidable to their Enemies.-"It becomes a King of France least of any " King in the World, to make use of such ex
pressions as this.---- I have a power of raising as "great Taxes as I please on my Subjects; -- for nei“ther he, nor any other, has such a Power ;
and those Courtiers who use such expreslions,' do their King no honour, nor increase his reputation with Foreign Nations; but on
the contrary, create a fear and dread of him « ainong all his Neighbours, who will not up
on any terms- subject themselves to such a a fort of Government. " But if our King, or “ fuch as have a mind to magnify his Power,
wou'd say thus; I have such obedient and vine
loving Subjects, that they will deny me not qe thing in reason or, there is no Prince that (F has a People more willing to forget the - hardships they undergo ; this indeed wou'd * be a Speech that wou'd do him honour, and
give him reputation. But such words as “these do not become a King; I tax as much
as I bave a mind to ; and I have a power of taking it, which I intend to keep. Charles the Fifth never used such Expressions, neither
indeed did I ever hear any of our Kings “ speak such a word ; but only some of their
Ministers and Companions, who thought thereby they did their Masters service : But, in my opinion, they did them a great deal of injury, and spoke those words purely out
of flattery, not considering what they said. “. And as a further Argument of the gentle
disposition of the French, let us but consider that Convention of the Three Estates held at Tours, Anno 1484. after the decease of our King Lewis the Eleventh : About that time the wholsome Institution of the Convention of the Three Estates began to be thought a dangerous thing; and there were some inconfiderable fellows who said then, and often since, that it was High-Treason to make so much as mention of Convocating the States, because it tended to lessen and diminish the King's Authority; but it was they themselves who were guilty of High-Treason against God, the King and the Commonwealth. Neither do such-like Sayings turn to the benefit of any persons, but such as have got great Honours or Employments without any merit of their own ; and have learnt how to flatter and footh, and talk impertinently; and who fear
all great Assemblies, left there they shou'd " appear in their proper colours, and have all
evil actions condemned.
CII A P.
CHA P. XIX. : Whether Women are not as much de
barr’d(by the Francogallican Law) from the Administration, as from the Inheritance of the Kingdom.
THE present Dispute being about the Go
vernment of the Kingdom, and the chief Administration of Publick Affairs, we have thought fit not to omit this Question: Whether Women are not as much debarr'd from the Administration, as from the Inheritance of the Kingdom? And in the first place we openly declare, that 'tis none of our intention to argue for or against the Roman Customs or Laws, or those of any other Nation, but only of the Institutions of this our own Francogallia. For as on the one hand 'tis notorious to all the World, that by the Roman Institucions, Women were always under Guardianship, and excluded from intermeddling, either in publick or private Affairs, by reason of the weakness of their Judgment: So on the other, Women ( by ancient Custom ) obtain the supreme Command in some Countries. “ The Britains. (says Tacitus in his “ Life of Agricola ) make no diftin&tion of Sexes
in Government. Thus much being premised, and our Protestation being clearly and plainly proposed, we will now return to the Queftion: And as the Examples of some former times seem to inake for the Affirmative, wherein the · Kingdom of Francogallia has been administred