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Wars relates. The Franks (says he) were anciently by a general name calld Germans ; but after they exceeded their limits, they obtain'd the name of Franks: Of the same opinion I find Gregory of Tours, the Abbot of Ursperg, Sigibertus and Ado of Vienne, and Godfrey of Viterbo to have been; viz. That they had the name of Franks from their freedom, and from their ferocity, (alluding to the sound of the words Francos Feroces, ) because they refused to serve as Soldiers under Valentinian the Emperor, and to pay Tribute as other Nations did. A second proof may be that of Cornelius Tacitus, who in his 20th Book, speaking of the Caninefates, whom we have formerly demonstrated to have been the very next Neighbours, if not the true Franks themselves, and of their Victory over the Row mans, he has this expreflion: Clara ea victoria,&c. “ That Victory (says he) was of great reputa
tion to them immediately after it, and of
great profit in the sequel, for having by that “ means got both Weapons and Ships into “their possession, which before they were in
great want of; their Fame was spread over
alt Germany and Gaul, as being the first begina “ners of Liberty ; Libertatis Auctores celebrabantur. FONche Germans thereupon sent Ambassadors, offering their aslistance. May the Omen prove lucky! and may the Franks truly and properly deserve that name; who after having shaken off that Yoke of Slavery, imposed upon them by Tyrants, have thought fit to preserve to theinfelves a commendable liberty, even under the Domination of Kings: For to obey a King is not servitude; neither are all who are govern'd by Kings, prefently for that reason to be counted Slaves, but such as fubmit themselves to the un
bounded Will of a Tyrant, à Thief, an Execution ner, as Sheep resign themselves to the Knife of the Butcher. Such as these deserve to be called by the vile names of Servants and Slavesi
Therefore the Franks had always Kings, even at that very time when they profess'd themSelves the vindicators and assertors of the publick liberty : And when they constituted Kings, they never intended they shou'd be Tyrants or Executioners, but keepers of their Liberties, Protectors, Governors and Tutors. Such, in short, as we shall describe hereafter, when we come to give an account of the Francogallican Government.
For, as to what a certain, foolish and ignorant Monk, called John Turpin, has wrote (in his Life, or rather Romance of Charlemagn ) concerning the Original of the word Frank, viz. That whoever contributed Money towards the Building of St. Denis's Church, fhou'd be called Francus, that is, a Freeman; is not worthy of being remembred, no more than all the rest of his trifling Works, stuff'd full of old Wives Tales, and meer Impertinencies.
But this may be truly affirm’d, that this name of Franks, or (as Corn. Tacitus interprets it ) Authors of Liberty, was an Omen so lucky and fortunate to them, that through it they gain'd almost innumerable Victories. For after the Franks had quitted their ancient Seats upon that glorious design, they deliver'd not only Germany, their common Country, but also : France from the Tyranny and Oppression of the Romans; and at last ( crossing the Alps ) even a great part of Italy itself.
The firit mention made of this Illustrious name, we find in Trebellius Pollio's Life of the Emperor Gallienus, about the 260th Year after
beincus, that is: Denis's Church oney towaró viz.
Christ. His Words are these : “ Cum, bc “ Whilft Gallienus spent his time in nothing “ but Gluttony and Shameful practices, and
govern’d the Commonwealth after so ri"diculous a manner, that it was like Boys “ play, when they set up Kings in jest among
themselves; the Gauls, who naturally hate luxurious Princes, elected Posthumus for their Emperor, who at that time was Gallienus's Lieutenant in Gaul with imperial authority. Gallienus thereupon commenced a War with “ Posthumus; and Posthumus being affifted by “ many Auxiliaries, both of the Celtæ and the “ Franks, took the Field along with Victorinus.-By' which words we may plainly perceive, that the Gauls crav'd the assistance of the Franks ; that is, of these Authors or Beginners of Liberty, to enable them to shake off the Tyrant Gallienus's Yoke: Which same thing Zonaras hints at in his Life of Gallienus, when he says, émaépor se dé opcés2015, &c. - We find another mention made of the same People in Flavius Vopiscus's Life of Aurelian, in these words : --- “ At Mentő “ the Tribune of the 6th Legion discomfited the “ Franks, who had made Incursions, and over“ spread all Gallia ; he slew 700, and sold 300 “ Captives for Slaves.--- For you must not expect that our Franks, any more than other Nations in their Wars, were constantly victorious, and crown'd with success. On the contrary, we read thai Constantine, afterwards callid the Great, took Prisoners two of their Kings, and exposed them to the Wild Beasts at the publick Shews. Which Story both Eutropius in his oth Book, and the Rbetorician in that Panegyrick to often quoted, make inention of.
And And because the same Rhetorician in another place speaks of those Wars in the Confines of the Batavi, which we have shewn not to be far distant from the Franks, I will set down his Words at lergth. Multa Francorum millia, &c. “ He flew, drove out, and took Prisoners ma“ ny thousand Franks, who had invaded Ba“ tavia, and other Territories on this side the
Rhine. And in another place says, He clear'd “ the Country of the Batavians, which had “ before been possess’d by several Nations and “Kings of the Franks; and not satisfied with ." only overcoming them, he transplanted them " into the Roman Territories, and forced them “ to lay aside their Fierceness as well as their “? Weapons. From which place we are given to understand, not obscurely, that Constantine, (being constrain'd to do fo by the Franks) granted them Lands within the Bounds of the Român Einpire. 'Ammianus, libit si writes, that the Franks, during the Civil Wars betweeni Cora stantine and Licinius, fided with Constantine, and fought very valiantly for him. And in other places of the same Book he records, that dúring the Reign of Constantine, the Son of constantine, great numbers of Franks were ac that Court in high favour and authority with Cæfar. “ Afterwards, says he, Malarichus on a fudden
got power, having gained the Franks; wheré“ of at that time great numbers flourish'd åt © Court.--. During the Reign of Julians calld the Apoftate, the fame Franks endeavour'd to restore the City of Côtógne (which was grievously opprefs’d by Roman Slavery) to its liberty: and forced it, after a long Siege, to furrender thro' Famine; as the fame Ainmianus tells us, lib. 12a And becaufe one Band of those Franks fix'd their
opprefs'd by Koo long Siege, to rolls us, lib. 12. Habitations upon the Banks of the River Sala, they were thereupon called Salii; concerning whom he writes in the same Book---" Having o prepar'd these things, he first of all march'à " towards the Franks; I mean those Franks “ which were commonly called Salii, who had “ formerly with great boldness fix'd their Ha“ bitations within the Roman Territories, near « a place called Toxiandria. Again, in his 20th Book he makes mention of that Country poffess’d by the Franks beyond the Rhine, and called Francia.---- “Having on a sudden pass’d the " Rbine, he enter'd the Country of those “ Franks called Attuarii, à turbulent fort of “ People, who at that time made great Ha“ vock on the Frontiers of Gallia.---- And in his 3 oth Book, where he speaks of King Macrianus, with whom Valentinian the Emperor had lately made a Peace on the Banks of the Rhine, in the Territory of Mentz., --- He died, says he, “ in Francia, whilst he was utterly wasting “ with Fire and Sword all before him, being “ kill'd in an Ambush laid for him by that va.“ liant King Mellobandes. Now of this Mellobandes, King of the Franks, the same Author in his following Book gives this character ; “ That he was brave and valiant, and upon " the score of his Military Virtue constituted
great Master of the Houshold by the Emperor Gratianus, and Lieutenant-General ( in conjunction with Nannienus ) of that Army
which was sent against the Leutiates, a Peo“ ple of Germany. Afterwards, by virtue of a Treaty concluded between the Franks and the Emperor Honorius, they defended the Frontiers of the Roman Gallia against Stilicon : For Oro· fius tells us in his last Book, " That the Nations.
“ killa Fire and hilft he wo he died, co
in his foing of the ndes. Now of by that va