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" of the Alani, Suevi and Vandali; being (toge: “ther with many others ) encouraged by Šti“ licon ; pass’d the Rhine, wasted the Territo“ ries of the Franks, and invaded Gallia.. : After the Emperor Honorius's time, we have very little in History extant concerning the Frank's Warlike Deeds. For to those times must be apply'd what St. Ambrose writes in his Letter (the 29th ) to Theodofius the Emperor: That the Franks both in Sicily, and many other places, had overthrown Maximus the Roman General. “He ( says he, speaking of Maxi© mus) was presently beaten by the Franks and “ Saxons in all places of the Earth. But in the Reign of Valentinian the 3d, that is, about the 450th Year of Christ, 'tis plain, by the consent of all Writers, that Childeric, the Son of Meroveus, King of the Franks, compleated the Deliverance of Gallia from the Roman Tyranny, after a continued Struggle of more than 200 Years: and was the first that establish'd in Gallia: ą firm and certain Seat of Empire: For altho’some reckon Pharamond and Clodio-crinitus as the firit Kings of the Franks, yet without doubt there were many before them, who ( like them) had cross'd the Rbine, and made Irruptions into Gallia ; but none had been able. to settle any peaceable Dominion within the Limits of Gallia. Now Meroveus, who is com-, monly reckon'd the 3d King : tho' he was indeed King of the Franks, yet he was a Stranger and a Foreigner, not created King in Gallia, n'or King of the Francogalli ; that is to say, not elected by the joynt Suffrages of both Nations united : In short, all these were Kings of the Franci, and not of the Francogalli. But Chile deric, the Son of Meroveus, was (as we said be.
fore ) the first that was elected by the publick Council of the associated Franks and Gauls; and he was created King of Francogallia presently after his Father Meroveus had been kill'd in a Battel against Attila, during the Reign of Valentinian the Third, a dissolute and profligate Prince. At which time the Angli and Scoti took poffeffion of Great Britain ; the Burgundians of Burgundy;. Savoy and Dauphine; the Goths of Aquitain; the Vandals of Africk and Italy, nay of Rome it self; the Hunni under their Leader Attila wasted Gallia with Fire and Sword. This Attila having an Army of about Five hundred thousand Men, over-ran all Gallia as far as Thoulouse. Ætius was at that time Governor of Gallia, who fearing the Power of Attila, made a League with the Goths, and by their assistance defeated Attila in a Battle, wherein, ’ris Said, they slew no fewer than a Hundred and eighty thousand Men. But the Conqueror Ætius being suspected by Valentinian of aspiring to the Empire, was afterwards, by his Command, put to death ; and within a little while after, he himself was slain by Maximus before-imention'd.. .
: During these Transactions, Merorveus, King of the Franks, taking his opportunity, pass'd the Rhine with a great Army; and joyning in confederacy with many Cities, who assifted in the Common Cause of the publick Liberty, poffefs'd himself at length of the innermost Cities belonging to the Celta, between the Seine and the Garonne. · He being dead, and both Nations (the Gauls and Franks ) united into one Commonwealth, they unanimously elected Childeric, the Son of Menovéus, for their King, placing him upon a Shield according to anci
ent custom ; and carrying him upon their Shoulders thrice round the place of Assembly, with great Acclamations of Joy, and universal Congratulation, saluted him King of Francogallia. Of all which particulars, Sidonius Apollinaris, Gregorius Turonensis, Otto Frising. Aimoinus and others are Witnesses; whose Teitimo
nies we shall farther produce, when we come · to treat of the manner of the Inauguration of the King.
The Words of the same Otto, in the last Chapter but one of his 4th Book, concerning their taking possession of several Cities, are these. " The Franks, after having pass’d the “ Rhine, in the first place put to flight the Ro
mans, who dwelt thereabouts; afterwards " they took Tournay and Cambray, Cities of
Gallia ; and from thence gaining ground, by “ degrees they subdued Rheims, Soissons, Orleans, “ Cologne and Triers. And thus much may briefly be said touching the first King of Fraucogallia. To which we shall only subjoyn this Remark : * That altho' the Francogallican* HotoKingdom has lasted from that time to this, man's " almost One thousand two hundred years;
i lia was yet during so long a space, there are but written three Families reckon'd to have possess’d the Anno 1574. Throne, viz. the Merovingians; who beginning from Meroveus, continued it to their Posterity Two hundred eighty three years. The Carlovingians, who drawing their Original from Charles the Great, enjoy’d it 337 years : And lastly, the Capevingians, who being descended from Hugh Capet, now rule the Kingdom, and have done fo for Five hundred and eighty years past. .
CH 4 P.
c H A P. VI. Whether the Kingdom of Francogallia
was hereditary or elective; and the manner of making it's Kings.
DUT here arises a famous Question ; the
D decision of which will most clearly show the Wisdom of our Ancestors ---- Whether the Kingdom of Francogallia were Hereditary, or conferr’d by the Choice and Suffrages of the People. That the German Kings were created by the Suffrage's of the People; Cornelius Tacitus, in his Book De moribus Germanorum, proves plainly; and we have shewn, that our Franks were a German People : Reges ex nobilitate, Duces ex virtute sumunt ; " Their Kings ( says he ) they chuse from 2
mongst those that are most eminent for © their Nobility; their Generals out of those
“ that are famous for their Valour : Which 574. Institution, * to this very day, the Germans,
Danes, Swedes and Polanders do retain. They cle&t their Kings in a Great Council of the Nation; the Sons of whom have this privilege (as Tacitus has recorded ) to be preferr'd to other Candidates. I do not know whether any thing cou'd ever have been devised more prudently, or more proper for the Conservation of a Commonwealth, than this Institution. For so Plutarch, in his Life of Sylla, plainly advises. “Even (says he ) as expert Hunters not only
endeavour to procure a Dog of a right good “ Breed, but a Dog that is known to be a “ right good Dog himself; or a Horse de
scended whicceed hat his their
Thall my three Tsafter be born - "And if
“ scended from a generous Sire, but a tryed' "good Horse himself: Even so, those that « constitute a Commonwealth, are much mi“staken if they have more regard to kindred, ? than to the qualifications of the Prince they " are about to set over them. . .
And that this was the Wisdom of our Predecessors in constituting the Francogallican Kinga dom, we may learn, First, from the Last Will and Testament of the Emperor Charlemagn, publish'd by Joannes Nauclerus and Henricus Mutius; in which there is this Clause “And if “ any Son shall hereafter be born to any of “these, my three Sons, whom the People
shall be willing to Elect to succeed his Father “ in the Kingdom ; My Will is, that his Un“cles do consent and suffer the Son of their “ Brother to reign over that portion of the " Kingdom which was formerly his Father's. Secondly, What Aimoinus, lib. 1. cap. 4. says, of Pharamond, commonly counted the first King of the Franks, in these Words.-- “ The Franks
electing for themseives a King, according to “ the custom of other Nations, raised up Pha
ramond to the Regal Throne. And again, “ lib. 4.-- But the Franks took a certain Clerk
or Priest called Daniel ; and as soon as his
Hair was grown, establish'd him in the King“ dom, calling him Chilperic. And lib.4. cap.67.-
King Pipin being dead, his two Sons, Charles
and Carlomannus, were elected Kings by the con"s fent of all the Franks. And in another place
As soon as Pipin was dead, the Franks having “ appointed a solemn Convention, constituted both “his Sons Kings over them, upon this fore
going condition, that they should divide the whole Kingdom equally between them.