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blessed Martyr, in a place under the Bells : And that I saw standing before the great Al

tar, our Master Peter ; and that great Ma“fter of the Gentiles, our Master Paul; whom

I knew very well by their Vestments. And a little after, I saw the blessed Lord Denis, a tall and Nender Man, standing at the right hand of our Lord Peter. And then that good Pastor the Lord Peter said. This good Brother of ours asks for Health. Then reply'd the blessed Paul - He shall be healed presently. And thereupon approaching to

our Lord Denis, he amicably put his hand " upon his Breast, and look'd back upon our

Lord Peter, and Lord Peter with a chearful Countenance said to our Lord Denis, his Health shall be your particular Act of Favour. Then presently Lord Denis taking a Censer full of Incense, and holding a Branch of Palm-tree in his hand, accompanied with a Presbyter and Deacon, who aslifted him, came near to me, and said,

Peace be with thee, Brother, be not afraid, " thou shalt not die until thou return in Pro

sperity to thy own See. Rise and be healed, and dedicate this Altar to the Honour of God, and the Apostles St. Peter and St. Paul, whom thou seest standing before thee, with Masses of Thanksgiving. Whereupon I was presently made whole. And being about to

accomplish that which I was commanded to “ do, they that were present faid I was mad. " So I related all that I had seen to them,

to the King, and all his People, , and “ how I had been cured ; and I fulfilled all

that I was bid to do. These things hap"pend in the 753d. Year, from the Incarna

6 tion

"accothey that W that his peopislled all

"S tion of our Lord on the Ides of August ; at " which time being strengthned by the Power

of Christ, between the Celebration of the

Confecration of the above-mention’d Altar, " and the Oblation of the Sacrifice, I anointed “ King Pipin and his Two Sons, Charles and

Carloman, Kings of the Franks. Moreover,

I laid Hands upon, and blessed Bertranda the “King's Wife, cloathed with her Royal “ Mantle, and the Grace of the Sevenfold “ Holy Spirit : And the Nobles of the Franks

being sanctified by the Apoftolical Benediction, and the Authority delivered by Christ

to St. Peter, obliged themselves solemnly, “ and protested, That neither they, nor any

of their Pofterity, wou'd at any time here- * “ after, presume to constitute any Person, as : " King over them, but only such as were of “ the Race of King Pipin.

CHA P. XIV. Of the Constable, and Peers of

France. P Esides the great Office of Mayor of the Pan

D lace before spoken of, there was another which we must take Notice of; because it seems, in the Memory of our Forefathers, to have succeeded in place of the former: And that was the Office of Count of the King's : Stable; called at first, Comes ftabuli; and by Corruption at last, Connestabuli.' Now all thofe * who enjoy'd any extraordinary Honours or


Employments in the King's Court, and affifted in the Administration of the Commonwealth, were commonly called Comites, Counts ; which was likewise the Custom of the Ancients, as I have in some other of my Works demonftrated. So Cicero, in many places, calls Callistbenes, Comitem Alexandri magni. This Comes stabuli was in a manner the same with the Magister Equitum among the Romans, that is, General of the Horse; to whom were subject those Keepers of the Horses, commonly called Querryes. Greg. Turon. lib. 5. cap. 39. says, ---" The Treasurer " of Clodoveus being taken out of the City of “ Bourges, by Cuppau, Count of the Stable, was “ fene in Bonds to the Queen, &c. And again, cap. 48. where he speaks of Leudastes,

--- She took him (says heinto Favour, “ rais'd him, and made him Keeper of the « beft Horses; which so filled him with Pride " and Vanity, that he put in for the Constable« ship;- [Comitatum Stabulorum] and having got “ it, began to despise and undervalue every " body. From these Quotations it appears, that tho' the Custody of the Horses was a very honourable Employment, yet 'twas much inferior to that of Constable. Aimoinus, lib. 3. cap. 43. gives the same Account of this Leudaftes, “ ---- Being grown very intimate with the " Queen, he was first made Keeper of the " Horse ; and afterwards obtaining the Con“ ftableship above the rest of the Keepers, he “ was (after the Queen's Death) made by

King Charibert, Count of Tours. And cap. 70. .

Leudegefilus, Præfect of the King's Horses, “ whom they commonly call Constable, being " made General of that Expedition by the King, order'd the Engines to be drawn,


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0, Albertorre comeftabirought out

down, dic. Also lib. 4. cap. 95. where he speaks of Charles the Great, ----" The same. © Year (says he ) he sent Burchard, Comitem « Stabuli sui, which we corruptly call Constabu. « lum, with a Fleet against Corsica----. The Appendix to Gregory calls him, Comestabulum, lib. 11. Brunechildis (says he) was brought out of the Village, ab Exporre Comestabilo. '. This being so, Albertus Krantzius, lib. Suet. S. cap.41. ventures to affirm, that this Constable was the same with what the Germans call Marea Schal. “ They named ( says he ) a Governor

one of the best Soldiers, who might have ” the Power of Convocating the Assembly of " the Kingdom, and of acting in all Matters

like the Prince. Our Countrymen call him a “ Mareschal, the French call him Constable, &c. This seems the more probable, because I do not remember any Mention to have been made in ancient Times, of a Mareschal in our Francogallia ;. fo that 'tis very likely to have been an Institution of our latter Kings, accommodated to the Customs of the Germans..

That this Comitatus Stabulorum, a Constableship, had its Rise from the Institution of the Roman Emperor's, I do not at all question; altho'it grew by Degrees among us from slender Beginnings, to the Heighth of chief Governor of the Palace. In former times that Dignity was a Sort of Tria bunatus Militaris. Ammianus, lib. 26. has this

Expression, where he speaks of Valentinian the - Emperor, ---“ Having fixed his Stages, or Days

Journeys, he at last entred into Nicomedia;

and about the Kalendś of March, appointed This , Brother Valens to be Governor of his 9Stables, cum tribunatus dignitate, with tribúnitial Dignity:. What Kind of Dignity that was,

we may find in the Code of Justinian, lib. I. Cod. de comitibus do tribunis Schol. Where 'tis reckoned as a great Honour for them to preside over the Emperor's Banquets, when they might adore his Purple. Also in lib. 3. Cod. Theodof. de annon. do tribut, perpenfa , 29. Cód. Theod. de equorum Collatione, & lib. 1. Cod. Theod. wherein we may find a Power allowed them, of exacting Contributions to a certain Value from the Provincials, who were to furnish War-Horses for the Emperor's Service.

It now remains that we discourse a little of those Magistrates, which were commonly called Peers of France; whereof we can find no Records or Monuments, tho' our Endeavours have not been wanting. For among so great a Number of Books, as are called Chronicles and Annals of Francogallia , not one affords us any probable Account of this Institution. For what Gaguinus, and Paulus Æmilius ( who was not so much an Historian of French Affairs, as of the Pope's) and other common Writers do affirm, to wit, That those Magistrates were instituted by Pipin or Charlemagn, appears plainly to be absurd; because not one of all the German Historians, who wrote during the Reigns of those Kings, or for some time after, makes the least Mention of those Magiftrates. Aimoinus himself who wrote a History of the Military Archievements and Inftitutions of the Franks, down to the Reign of Lewis the Pious, and the Appendix , which reaches as far as the time of Lewis she Younger, being the 37th King, speak not oné Word of these Peers in any place of their Histories ; so that till I am better inform’d, I must concur in Opinion with Gervase of Tilbury, who (as Gaguinus says in the Book

... which

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