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To the most Illustrious and Porent
Prince FREDERICK, Count Palatine of the Rhine, Duke of Bavaria, &c. First Elector of the Roman Empire, His most Gracious Lord, Francis Hotoman, wishes all Health and Prosperity.
9 T is an old Saying, of which Teucer the
Son of Telamon is the supposed Au
thor, and which has been approved of these many Ages, A Man's Country is, Patria eft,
ubicung; eft where ever he lives at Ease. For to bear even bene. Banishment it self with an unconcern' d l emper of Mind like other Misfortunes and Inconveniences ; and to despise the Injuries of an ungrateful Country, which uses one more like a Stepmother than a true Mother, seems to be the Indication of a great Soul. But I am of a quite different Opinion : For if it be a great Crime, and almost an Impiety not to live under and suffer patiently the Humours and harsh USage of our Natural Parents ; 'tis sure a much greater, not to endure those of our Countrey, which wise Men bave unanimously preferr’d to their parents. 'Tis indeed the Property of a wary self-interested Man, to measure his Kindness for his Countrey by his own particular Advantages ; But such a sort of Carelesness and
Indifferency seems a part of that Barbarity which was attributed to the Cynicks and Epi
cureans ; whence that detestable Saying protuo terra ceeded ; When I am dead let the whole World misceatur be a Fire. Which is not unlike the Old Tyrannical
Axiom ; Let my Friends perish, fo my Eneamici dum mies fall along with them. But in gentle unà inimici Dispositions, there is a certain inbred Love of intercia dant.
their Countrey, which they can no more divest themselves of, than of Humanity, it self. Such a Love as Homerdescribes in Ulysses,who preferred Ithaca,tho'no better than a Bird's Nest fou'd to a Craggy Rock in the Sea, to all the Delights of the Kingdom which Calypso offer'd him.
Nescio quâ natale Solum dulcedine cunctos
Ducit, & immemores non finit esse sui ; Was very truly said by the Ancient Poet; When we think of that Air we first fuck'd in, that Earth we first trod on, those Relations, Neighbours and Acquaintance to whofe Conversation we have been accustomed..!!
But a Man may sometimes say, My Countrey is grown mad or foolish, (as Plato said of his), sometimes that it rages and cruelly tears out its own Bowels. — We are to take care in the first Places that we do not ascribe other. Folks Faults to our innocent Countrey. There have been many cruel Tyrants in Rome and in other Places; these not only tormented innocent good Men, but even the best deserving Citizens, with all manner of Severities : Does it therefore follow, that the Madness of these „Tyrants must be imputed to their Country : The
Cruelty of the Emperor Macrinus is particularly memorable ; who as Julius Capitolinus writes, was nicknamed Macellinus, because his House was stained with the Blood of Men, as a Shambles is with that of Beasts. Many such others are mention' d by Historians, who for the" like Cruelty (as the same Capitolinus tells us) were stild, one Cyclops, another Busiris, à 3d Sciron, a 4th Typhon, a 5th Gyges. These were firmly perswaded, that Kingdoms and Empires cou'd not be secur’dwithout Cruelty:Wou'd it be therefore reasonable, that good Patriots shou'd lay aside all Care and Solicitude for their Countrey? Certainly they ought rather to succour her, when like a miserable oppressed Mother, the implores her Childrens Help, and to seek all proper Remedies for the Mischiefs that atsliet her.
But how fortunate are those Countries that have good and mild Princes ! how happy are those Subjects, who, thro' the Benignity of their Rulers may quietly grow old on their Paternal Seats, in the sweet Society of their Wives and Children! For very often it happens, that the Remedies which are made use of prove worse than the Evils themselves. 'Iis now, Most Illustrious Prince, about Sixteen Tears fince God Almighty has committed to your Rule and Government á considerable part of Germany ftuate on the Rhine. During which time 'tis scarce conceivable what a general Tranquility, what a Calm (as in a smooth Sea) has reigned in the whole Palatinate ; how peaceable and quiet all things have continued :
How piously and religiously they have been goo verned: Go on most Gracious Prince in the Same Meekness of Spirit, which I to the utmost of my Power must always extol. Proceed in the same Course of gentle and peaceable Virtue; Macte virtute; not in the Sense which Seneca tells us the Romans used this Exclamation in, to Salute their Generals when they return'd all stain'd with Gore Blood from the Field of Battel, who were rather true Macellinus's: But do you proceed in that Moderation of Mind, Clemency, Piety, Fustice, Affability, which have occafion'd the Trànquility of your Territories. And because the present Condition of your Germany is such as we see it, Men now-a-days run away from Countries infested with Plunderers and Oppressors, to take Sanctuary in those that are quiet and peaceable ; as Mariners, who undertake a Voyage, forecast to avoid Streights, &c. and Rocky Seas, and chuse to sail a calm and open Course.
There was indeed a time, when young Gentlemen, desirous of Improvement, flock'd from all Parts to the Schools and Academies of our Francogallia, as to the publick Marts of good Literature. Now they dread them as Men do Seas infested with Pyrates, and detest their Tyranous Barbarity. The remembrance of this wounds me to the very Soul; when I consider my unfortunate miserable Country has been for almost twelve years, burning in the Flames of Civil War. But much more am I grievd, when I reftect that so many have
not only been idle Spectators of these dreadful Fires (as Nero was of flaming Rome) but. have endeavour'd by their wicked Speeches and Libels to blow the Bellows , whilst few or none have contributed their Asistance towards the extinguishing them."
I am not ignorant how mean and inconhderable a Man I am ; nevertheless as in a general Conflagration every Man's help is accepta-, ble, who is able to fling on but a Bucket of Water, so I hope the Endeavours of any PerSon that offers at a Remedy will be wet taken by every Lover of his Country. Being very intent for several Months past or the Thoughts of these great Calamities, I have perused all the old French and German Historians 'that treat of our Francogallia, and collected out of their Works a true State of our Commonwealth; in the Condition (wherein they agree) it flourished for above a Thousand years. And indeed the great Wisdom of our Axcestors in the first framing of our Constitution, is almost incredible; so that I no longer doubted that the most certain Remedy for fo great Evils, must be deduced from their Maxims.
For as I more attentively enquired into the Source of these Calamities, it seemed to me, that even as Humane Bodies decay and perish, either by some outward Violence, or some inward Corruption of Humours, or lastly thro' Old Age : so Commonwealths are brought to their Period, Sometimes by Foreign Force, Sometimes by Civil Dilentions, at other Times by being worn