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Aggregate Average Prices of the Twelve Maritime Districts of Eng

Just published, in post 8vo. price 9s. boards,

land and Wales, by which Exportation and Bounty are to be regulated THE PICTURES: the BETROTHING. Novels, translated from

in Great Britain. Wheat

per Quarter, 678. 1d.-Barley, 40s. 6d.-Oats, 23s. 6d.-Rye,
41. 7d.-Beans, 385. Od.-Pease, 40s. 9d.
SMITHFIELD, MARCH 21.

Beef is a shade lower, the best Beasts not fetching more than 5. 2d.
per stone, and coarser being 4s. 2d. and 4s. Sd. per stone. Mutton is
likewise more plentiful and rather lower, but veal maintains the last
quotations, the best young Calves being 7. per stone. Pork is in fair
request at 6s. 2d. and 6s. 4d. per stone for the best Dairy fed.
To sink the Offal-per Stone of Sibs.
4s. Od. to 5s. 2d.
Venl........

'Beef
'Mufton ........ 5s. 2d. to 6s. Od. Pork..........
HEAD OF CATTLE THIS DAY.

Beasts Sheep

Hay

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6s. Od to 7s. Od. 5s. 4d. to 6s. 4d

100 112

the German of Lewis Tieck. Printed for Geo. B. Whittaker, Ave-Maria-lane.

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GALIGNANI'S NEW PARIS GUIDE; or, Stranger's Companion scription of all the Public Edifices, Institutions, Gardens, &c. &c. with many through the French Metropolis; containing a detailed and accurate deinteresting Particulars not to be found in any other Work of the kind; a Directory of Tradesmen, &c. &c. embellished with a Map and several Engravings. Printed for A. and W. Galigna.si, Paris ; and Geo. B. Whittaker, Ave-Maria-lane. Just published. in 3 vols. 12u1o. price 18s. boards.

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Clover £4 4 to £5 10 The Average Price of Brown or Muscovado Sugar, computed from the Returns made in the Week ending March 16, 1825, is 43s. 8d. per Hundred Weight, exclusive of the Duties of Customs paid or payable thereon on the Importation thereof into Great Britain.

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MEDICAL, CLERICAL, and GENERAL LIFE ASSURANCE Implements at present used in the Manufactories of Great Britain, with the real

SOCIETY.

PRESIDENT-The Most Noble the Marquis of Huntley, G.C.R.

The Bishop of Bath and Wells

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VICE-PRESIDENTS.

The Very Rev, the Dean of Canterbury

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Sir Wm. Kay, Bart. Price, Marryatt, and Coleman, Minsion-house-street. SOLICITORS-John Burder, and W. Gilinore Bolton, Esqrs. The following are among the distinguishing features of this Institution:1. A diminished Rate of Assurance, especially on the younger Lives, calculated upon the improved state of public health and increased duration of human life. 2. Granting the privilege of assuring a fixed sum to become due at the time of decease, by making a single present payment, or by annual payments for three, five, seven, or any given number of years, instead of continuing the payments of premium through the whole term of life.

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shorten life, instead of excluding those afflicted with Gout, Asthma, and the

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A NARRATIVE of Mr. BLAQUIERE'S SECOND VISIT to

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Printed for Knight and Lacey, Paternoster-row; and Westley and Tyrrell, Dublin.

The following interesting WORKS have just been published by Mr. COLBURN, 8, New Burlington-street.

DON ESTEBAN; or, Memoirs of a Spaniard. Written by Himself.

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5. A SECOND SERIES of SAYINGS AND DOINGS. 3 vols.

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8 The LAST DAYS of the EMPEROR NAPOLEON. By F. Antommarchi. Editions in French and English. 2 vols. 8vo. 21s.

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FLUID EXTRACT of SARSAPARILLA. In this preparation are concentrated all the Medical Properties of the Sarsaparilla Root, even to a perfect saturation of the Menstrum with which it is prepared. To such persons, therefore, who, from various causes, would experience great inconvenience, or with whom it would be utterly impossible to prepare the Decoction, the Fluid Extract, which possesses the advantages of portability and of keeping in any climate, will be found a most desirable mode of employing this much-esteemed Medicine. The Diseases in which it has proved most beneficial are those of the Skin, such as the Scorbutic Affections, Eraptive Diseases, Secondary Symptoms, &c. arising from a diseased state of the System at large. It is taken in Water, rendering it of the same strength as the Decoction.-Sold in bottles, at 4s. 6d. and 7s. 6d. by Butler, Chemist, 4, Cheapside, St. Paul's; Savory and Co. 136, New Bond-street; 220, Regent street; and by the principal Medicine Venders throughout the United Kingdom . Be careful to ask for Butler's Fluid Extract of Sarsaparilla.

FOR COLDS, COUGHS, ASTHMAS, &c.-The PECTORAL the superior efficacy of this Medicine, in all cases of Colds, Coughs, and AsthELIXIR. Experience during a very long period has incontestibly proved the patient of a slight or recent Cold, and a few doses are generally sufficient matic Affections. By promoting gentle expectoration, it very shortly relieves to remove those which neglect has rendered more confirmed and obstinate, and which are accompanied with Cough, Spitting of Blood, and other serious symp toms. Its peculiar balsamic powers tend to heal soreness, and allay the irrita tion of the lungs, in cases of Cough; and in asthmatic affections it assists and gives freedom to the breath.-Sold in bottles, at 1s. 14d. and s. 9d. by Butler, Chemist, 4, Cheapside, St. Paul's; Savory and Co. 136, New Bond-street; 220, Regent-street; and by the principal Medicine Venders throughout the United Kingdom. Of whom may be had, the BALSAMIC LOZENGES, used in recent Coughs, Hoarseness, &c. and for rendering the Voice clear and flexible, and protecting its organs from the effects of exertion. In boxes, Is. Ild, and 25. 94. Be careful to ask for Butler's Pectoral Elixir and Balsamic Lozenges.

London: printed by JOHN HUNT, in Broad-street, Golden-square, and published by him at the Examiner Office, 38, Tavistock-stopet, Covent-garden-Price 70.

No. 895. MONDAY, MARCH 28, 1825.

GYMNASTIC EXERCISES.

We loan with particular pleasure, that an attempt is about to be immediately made to bring into fashion in England those admirable gymnastic exercises which for many years past have formed part of the prevailing modes of education in Germany. M. CARL VOELKER, a pupil of the celebrated Professor JAHN, who in 1810 established at Berlin the first modern gymnastic school, is now in this country, where he has taken refuge, after being driven first from Wirtemberg, and afterwards from M. FELLENBERG'S academy in Switzerland (in which he taught gymnastics) by the persecutions of the Holy Alliance, who appear to have as much horror at the cultivation of the bodily faculties of the rising generation as at the development of their mental powers! A copy of the philosophical and modest Prospectus issued by M. VOELKER has been put into our hands; and we believe we shall gratify our readers by quoting from it the following sensible introduction, which renders it quite superfluous, for us to dilate on the importance of an art, regarding which the common sense of mankind coincides with the opinions of philosophers and physicians:

"For many centuries education has been exclusively directed to the development of the mental faculties, while the bodily powers have been entirely neglected. But all who acted upon such a principle, did not sufficiently take into account the intimacy of connection between mind and body. For who does not know, from his own experience, that the mind uniformly participates in the condition of the body? that it is cheerful when the body is strong and healthy, depressed when it is conscious of bodily weakness?

wholesome and more effectual, as well as more pleasurable exercise, may be obtained in 15 minutes, than by hours of walking about. lamentably falling into disuse)-cricket, fives-playing, &c. are even The existing manly sports of Englishmen (which by the way are inferior to gymnastic exercises in the development of the faculties of the body. The great advantages of the latter however are the little time they consume, the attractive amusement they afford, and their adaptation to the convenience of the crowded and over-busy inhabitants of large cities. Many persons, after spending 8 or 10 hours of the day in an office or counting-house, would willingly turn into a Gymnasium, if within a short distance, who cannot prevail upon themselves to walk about the streets without any other object than that of exercise, and have not time for a long perambulation before they can get a glimpse of a green field. To such persons the establishment of places for public exercises would be invaluable; such we exhort to hasten to M. VOELKER, and subscribe to one of his gymnastic courses. Let them only begin-we will answer for their continuing the exercise. We know of only one class of persons who are interested in opposing the German gentleman's scheme-we mean the medical profession. It would be amusing if they were to petition Parliament against a system which threatens so lamentable a falling-off of patients!

We ought not to conclude this slight notice, without mentioning that, among its other merits, the system of education at Hazlewood School includes gymnastic exercises, which have been tound to produce the happiest results, not only upon the health and enjoyment, but upon the mental aptitude of the pupils.

WESTMINSTER MEETING.

On Thursday, a Meeting of the Inhabitants of Westminster was held in Covent-Garden, for the purpose of petitioning for the repeal of the House and Window Taxes-when several resolutions were proposed and unanihis Majesty's subjects, and the meeting is of opinion that the remission of window taxes have always been considered a grievance by all classes of and be received with so much satisfaction by the people at large, as the no taxes of equal amount will afford so much direct and substantial relief, repeal of the house and window taxes."

"The ancients knew better the value of bodily exercise. What else contributed to render that little troop of Greeks so courageous and formidable to the numberless masses of their enemies, but the continual and regulated Gymnastic exercises? And what else inspired them with such contempt for the barbarians, but the effeminate education of those nations, which made them unfit to cope with antagonists trained to combat and the endurance of pain ?-(See Xenophon, Faneg. Ages.) "In modern times, great promoters of education, scholars and physi-mously carried, of which the following was one:"That the house and cians have pointed out the want of so important a discipline. But it was reserved for Professor Jahn to be the restorer of this long-lost art. After a careful examination of the structure of the human body, he devised a great number of exercises, arranged them in a well-adapted series, and raised Gymnastics again to the rauk of an art. In 1810, he established at Berlin a Gymnasium; and the number of his pupils, composed of boys, youths, and men, soon increased to several thousands. The ardent zeal and indefatigable exertion of this man, his concise, powerful and persuasive appeals to his pupils, had such an effect, that all vied with each other in the endeavours to render their bodies strong and active. But the rising of the German people in 1818 suddenly changed the cheerful game into a serious combat. Professor Jahn, and such of his pupils as were capable of bearing arms (many of these being but fourteen years of age) joined the volunteers of Lutzow. "In these establishments, as in all others, where, by Professor Jahn or his pupile, similar exercises had been introduced, a new vigour was imparted to the pupils. Boys, youths, and inen, soon found more pleaare in exercises which strengthened the power of their body, than in pleasures which effeminate and weaken it. By the consciousness of Increased vigour, the mind too was powerfully excited, and strove for equal perfection; and each of the pupils had always before his eyes, as an object of his endeavours, "Mens sana in corpore sano." Even men, indolent by nature, were irresistibly carried away by the zeal of their somrades. Weakly and sick persons, too (as those affected by consumption resulting from asthma)_ recovered their health; and these exercises were perhaps the only effective medicine to their complaints. The judgment of physicians from all places where those exercises were introduced, concurred in their favourable effect upon health; and parents and teachers gave testimonies, that by them their sons and pupils, and all young men participating in these exercises, had become more thinking, active, and graceful in deportment."

M. VOELKER proceeds to describe the various kinds of exercise in which he gives instruction-vaulting, running, climbing on masts, poles, and ropes, fencing, &c. He proposes, provided he receives sufficient encouragement, to open a Gymnasium early in April at the west end of the metropolis, where subscribers to his quarterly or halfyearly courses may practise under his tuition. We recommend all who appreciate the value of health and vigour, of good spirits and mental energy-but where shall we stop in our enumeration? What pleasure or faculty is there, which is not wholly or partially dependent oa a good digestion and muscular strength? Above all, the inhabitants of a huge metropolis like our's are interested in the introduction of these noble exercises, because confined air and slavish habits of business render it impossible for the majority of them to enjoy athletic exercises which require space and leisure, In the Gymnasium, more

Mr. HENRY HUNT then addressed the meeting. He said it was a but regretted that a source had not been pointed out to the Minister, from shame that these taxes had not been repealed the first year of the peace, which he would have supplied the loss from the repeal of these taxes-heof Lords Arden, Grenville, Sir B. Hobhouse, &c. which, he said, should meant the Place and Pension List. Mr. H. then spoke of the sinecures be taken from them; and alluded to the proposition for paying the Roman Catholic Clergy and disfranchising the 40s. freeholders of Ireland, which he strongly reprobated. Mr. H. concluded his address by moving the following Resolution :-"That this Meeting had heard with surprise and indignation, that a proposition has been brought into Parliament for Catholic priests of Ireland, as a bribe to induce them tamely and basely taking 230.0001. from the Protestants of England to pay to the Roman the 40s. freeholders, who always, up to that time, have enjoyed and used to submit to the disfranchisement of half a million of their countrymen, the dearest birth-right of freemen-that of voting for their representa

tives in Parliament."

Petition founded on the resolutions first proposed; which Mr. HUNT This resolution having been put and carried, Mr. GARDINER read a objected to, as his resolution was not embodied in it.

resolution was in existence; and that though Mr. Hunt had been for Mr. CLARKE said, that the petition had been prepared before Mr. H.'s he had never made known his intention of submitting such a resolusome time in the Committee-room before the meeting had assembled, tion. (Hear!)

Mr. HUNT then moved that his resolution be embodied in the petition. tived.This Mr. Hunt strongly denied, and complained that a trick had The motion was put, and the High Bailiff declared that it was nega been practised.-Much confusion arose. The Petition was at length proposed, when Mr. Hunt called upon the Meeting to reject it.-The question was put, and the petition was negatived by a considerable majority.-Mr. Hunt then waved his hat and cheered; in which he was joined by a great part of the crowd.

Mr. PITTMAN then moved the following Resolution:-"That this Meeting views with pride and satisfaction the undiminished devotion which their enlightened and patriotic representative, Sir Francis Burdett, mankind; and that the thanks of this Meeting are especially due to our continues to manifest in the cause of the universal rights and liberties of other excellent representative, John Cam Hobhouse, Esq. for the perse verance, zeal, and ability, with which he has urged the remission of the assessed taxes, as also for his uniform exertions to uphold the rights and liberties of the people."

Mr. HUNT said, he had no objection to a vote of thanks to Sir Francis Burdett, as he had been for years in their service; but the other was a young man, of whom they had no experience.

The resolution being put, was carried unanimously, amidst considerable cheering.

would be indebted for this repeal. Although they had determined that day not to petition Parliament (“ No, no,”) he would still persevere in what he considered his duty, perfectly satisfied that he should receive their approbation, and totally regardless of the objections of such a persou as Mr. Hunt. (Cheering).

Mr. DEAN came forward to propose a vote of censure upon Mr. Hunt; but at the suggestion of Mr. Hobhouse and other Gentlemen, he consented to withdraw his proposition. Thanks were then voted to the High Bailiff, and the meeting was dissolved.

On Wednesday, the 16th March, there was a very full meeting at the rooms of the Association. The Rent of the previous week was by far the largest amount ever received in the same space of time; the total was 18244. Mr. Shiel delivered a very powerful and animated speech upon the effects the Association had produced in Ireland.

Sir F. BURDETT, in coming forward, was loudly greeted. He first thanked the Meeting for the honour they had conferred upon him, and then alluded to the proceedings of the day. The conduct of Mr. Hunt (Sir Francis observed) had been most unhandsome, for after attending the Committee when drawing up the petition, he had never said a word [Several person (says the Times) collected round Mr. Hunt and his respecting the one he had so unexpectedly proposed. (Cheers.) Such friend Mr. Birt), when they were about descending from the hustings, conduct, which was so well calculated to destroy the harmony and defeat and lavished all manner of opprobrious epithets upon them. “You pair the object of the Meeting, entirely bore the character of a trick! of sculking scoundrels" was more than once repeated; and more than (Cheers.) There were some men whom it was more safe to have as one pair of fists were shaken in their faces. When they got upon the enemies than as friends, and Mr. Hunt's conduct that day placed him in ground, they were not more respectfully treated. The mob collected that light in his eyes: and though he concurred with him in some of his about them, uttering groans and other disagreeable sounds, and several opinions, he should be more proud of his censure than his praise. He constables were obliged to surround them, to protect them from more decidedly condemned all sinecures; but the Father of his Hon. Colleague serious marks of popular disapprobation. In this way, accompanied by was not a sinecurist. Mr. Hunt objected to paying the Roman Catholic the peace-officers and the crowd, they proceeded to Mr. Birt's house, in priests in Ireland; but the question was, whether they would rather pay Little Russell-street, in their progress to which their ears were greeted with 250,000l. to the priests, or 3,000,000l. to the army to support the system the same unpleasant sounds, although once or twice, a few individuals near of tyranny over the people. Another topic had been alluded to by Mr. Mr. Hunt's person attempted to cheer him, After they had entered Mr. Hunt. He said it was proposed to disfranchise the 40s. freeholders in | Birt's house, the mob remained outside for some time; but finding their Ireland. No such proposition had been made. The term " disfran- expectations of again seeing Mr. Hunt disappointed, they gradually dischising" was usually understood in a bad sense; but if he were to persed. propose that the electors of Old Sarum, or other rotten voters, were disfranchised, would they find fault with him? CATHOLIC ASSOCIATION. (Hear!) If he proposed disfranchising certain posts which were now represented in Parliament, and doing away with the rotten part of the present system, in order to put the right of voting on a constitutional footing, would they say he was wrong? All that was said about disfranchising the people of Ireland related to votes of that description. There was no similitude between the 40s. freeholders in Ireland and those in England. But everybody must know how extremely difficult it was to settle anything calculated to produce peace and prosperity to Ireland, and consequent safety to England. It was impossible to devise any particular measures to which all men would agree. But this was not a topic to be discussed by this meeting-they had, however, acted upon it, and put an end to their petition for the abolition of the House and Window Tax.-(Great uproar, and cries of "No, no.")-He was only showing them the effect of that resolution upon which the Committee had not been consulted, having been proposed to be put into the petition, Did they believe that all those gentlemen who had been sent over by Ireland had turned traitors to their country? He would say no more on this subject; but he assured them, that whenever any great measure was brought forward for the promotion of equal rights amongst the people, he would always advocate that principle, at the same time reserving to himself the exercise of his own judgment upon the manner in which it was to be effected. He would now take his leave of the meeting. He would never desert them or the public; and he trusted that if they did not concur with him in all his proceedings, they would give him credit for intending to act in the way best calculated to promote their rights and welfare. In this determination he would always persevere through good or bad report; and, let him add, with or without support. (Loud applause.)

On Friday, the 19th March, the final meeting took place, the law for the suppression of the Association coming into operation after that day. The Rent received during the previous day and a half amounted to 2521. The attendance was very full, and there were many ladies in the gallery. A letter was read from Mr. O'Connell, in reply to the letter published by Mr. Lawless in the London papers; the Learned Gentleman strongly deprecated premature censure of measures only yet suggested as accompauiments to the Emancipation Bill.-A spirited but temperate Address to the Catholics of Ireland was voted; and various Resolutions were passed, from which we extract the following paragraphs:

"Resolved-That the Catholic Association, in that perfect obedience to the law which we have always inculcated, by precept as well as by example, will, from this day forth, totally cease to hold any meeting whatsoever, during the period prohibited by law.

Resolved-That in the same spirit of obedience to the law, we do hereby vest in Lord Killeen the sum of money now in the bands of the Gentlemen who have been hitherto Treasurers of the Catholic Associa tion, being well convinced that the monies so vested in him will be applied by his Lordship to the purposes for which the same were collected, or to such only of the said purposes as shall be found to be perfectly legal, if any thereof have been (which at present we do not believe) rendered illegal."

Daniel O'Connell, Esq. and their undiminished confidence in him,
Another Resolution expressed the gratitude of the Association towards

for old Ireland," and the Exchange rang with loud and long-continued After the business of the day was concluded, three cheers were given peals of acclamation. Mr. Conway then moved that the Association should adjourn sine die, which was carried unanimously, and the meeting separated in solemn silence.

HARRIETTE WILSON. (From a Correspondent.) This is a delicate subject, which of course, now-a-days, always means confoundedly indelicate. * The book, neverthe

She is

Mr. HOBHOUSE then thanked the meeting for the vote they had passed. He said, he was as proud of their praise, as he was proud of the censure of Mr. Hunt. (Cheers.) Mr. Hunt had said he was a young man. Although he could not, like his honourable Colleague, pretend to years of service, yet in the six Sessions in which he had represented them, he had never given a vote contrary to the interests of his constituents. Young as he was (said Mr. Hobhouse, looking Mr. Hunt directly in the face), he knew honesty from treachery. (Hear!) Young as he was, he knew impudence from courage. (Cheers.) Young as he was, he knew a true friend from a false one; and the public, although tricked for a moment, would know how to discriminate between those who were their real friends, and those who betrayed their interests. (Continued cheering). Mr. Hunt had alluded to his (Mr. Hobhouse's) father. Was this decent? Had it less, will do good, although no thanks be due to her. anything to do with the subject? But did it not often happen in a family, innocent of the knowledge." Indeed it was wanted to complete the that one of its members might entertain different opinions from the Literature of the times we live in, and is of use, as quietly settling. others? Mr. Hunt had said that his father held a sinecure. There was the pretensions of some of our most pretending high-flyers, No not one word of truth in the assertion. His father never received a doubt her book, like the lady herself, will sell. It may be farthing from the public for doing nothing. It was false as Mr. Hunt however, for Mrs. ROCHEFORT, late soi-disant WILSON,-née DEBOU very well, himself; it was false as his conduct to them that day. (Cheers). After this specimen of his falsehood, did they want any more of Mr. Hunt? -(or Debauchée, for I may be wrong in her maiden name)—— (Cries of" No.") Did they want to see him again? (No.) Did they want ci-divant Silk-stocking Cleaner in Quean-street,*(un bus commenceto be tricked out of their petitions to Parliament? What had he now ment, Mademoiselle, I say, for Harriette loves an equivoque, especially done? He had made them do that which would send them home with in that equivocal tongue)-the most profligate of a profligate family, mortification at the delusion which had been practised upon them. Mr. the founder of which was used to say, "he would rather his daughHunt had had his turn, and he (Mr. Hobhouse) had now his. He sup- ters were the mistresses of gentlemen than tradesmen's wives,"it posed they should hear no more of the sinecurist. (Mr. Hunt: "Yes, may be very well for her to vaunt her Toryism, her disinterested, selfyou will." Mr. Hunt said, yes, they would; by which he meant to say, forgetting benevolence, her ultra-Christian forbearance and humility; that having uttered a gross falsehood, he would have the hardihood to and imbue her prurient pages with the intoxicated glow of mandlin repeat it, knowing it to be a falsehood. They had determined to-day sentimentality-('tis a pity that same word maudlin comes from Magnot to petition Parliament for a remission of the house and window taxes. (Cries of No, nos put the question again.") They had been tricked into dalen)-all this is comme il faut, in thorough good keeping; her unthis refusal, but nevertheless he would again move, after Easter, for a conscious and necessary weaknesses are no impeachment, in the repeal of this odious tax. (Cheers.) He had heard that it was the inten-main, of the integrity and genuineness of her "Confessions." Indeed, tion of Ministers to concede this tax next year: the reason was obvious by a strange perversion, a sort of paradoxical conciliation, the autothey intended next year to appeal to the people: but if they did so, the people would recollect that it was to their own efforts alone that they * Quere Queen-street? P, D.

CHET

by rote.

raphic-heroine, weighed in her own balance against her own rial, is found wanting; while most of the latter is standard, and pass eurrent through the realm. But this after-business of barand sale, this Amazonian attack, pen in hand, upon hér quondam rers, with "your money or your reputation," is intolerable. has proved the effects of Love upon their purse-strings, that Fear is also a very potent affection, "this also knows the al Cytherea,” as Armstrong says, whose " Economy" Mrs. Rt. he "Moral Lessons" she reads to renowned Captains and Contionalists may also be very well; but when mere spite and disapatment impel her to enrol in her Scandalous Chronicle the names ome of the most unassuming and benevolent-when, “ like a full -cart passing by," she splashes indiscriminately clean and dirty, runs amuck at all, and whether in or out of her path, she becomes a ance. What provocation, for instance, except the strong antipaof bad to good," can one of the most liberal, humane, and enlightd of physicians, Dr. Merriman, have given her? None, I dare say, the worthy Doctor, instead of offering her a guinea, had the rance to take one: this would, of course, have been offence gh to a lady, whose motto has been," Point d'argent, point de

CRUELTY TO ANIMALS,

Sta-As an old Subscriber, and almost invariably concurring in your atiments, it was with much regret that I read your observations, which pear to characterise the efforts made to protect thousands of sentient ings from acknowledged barbarity, as absurd attempts at Legislation. are not charity sufficient to adopt your opinion with respect to the he assumed by the Chronicle—it has shut my door against him, as subnive of those principles which every good man would wish to inculand I cannot but think, had you more maturely reflected on the bject, you would have seen the inconsistency of admitting (with the lightened and venerable Bentham) that animals have rights, yet aving those rights dependent on the mere will of their oppressors. As e agitation of this question must have a beneficial tendency, I trust you allow me to suggest a few queries, which if you, or any of your aders, would answer, I should be much gratified, requiring only that ey should have sufficient humanity to deplore the evil, and candour fairly discuss the remedy.

Due consideration being given to the various ranks who pursue these rocions sports, from the hereditary Legislator and M. P. down (or up) the drover and donkey-driver, can any man sincerely affirm that he ieves that public opinion and the progress of education will alone

fret their abolition?

A

If decided in the affirmative-has he made any calculation as to how
Buy centuries of suffering must be endured by the victims, and by the
mane who suffer for them, before this desirable consummation? As
every civilized country, punishment has always been recognized as
dispensable, and the only direct means for the prevention of crime,
that reason can be given for refusing this preventive to an offence in
nature the most irreparable, the offenders in general being of an
eder of minds to be influenced by the fear of punishment alone? If any,
has the principle must apply generally, would it not be consistent to
este ober offences against the rights of persons and property to the
me remedy? because public opinion is more universally against them,
La comprehending that of all the selfish part of the community, who are
aitive enough in matters affecting themselves?
If that law was incomplete under which there was no punishment for
arricide but the execration of society, can any code be perfect which
vides no law against a crime of daily occurrence? Has any country
ght to boast of its civilization while such brutalizing sports form so
siderable a portion of the amusements of the people, as to become a
eling feature of the national character?

March 17, 1825.

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SOCIETY OF BRITISH ARTISTS.—The Second Exhibition of this Society will open to-morrow with an improved mass of talent-a surprising mass, considering the larger quantity annually displayed in the Royal Academy, British Institution, and Water Colour Society. On entering the Gallery on Friday, at the private view, which was fully attended, and by a large proportion of intellectual and nominal rank, we were struck, at a glance, with the diminution of that crudeness so conspicuous in the last year's the established and rising Artists, from the encouragement by the patrons and lovers of Art who have assisted to found the Society. "In purchases and commissions the first Exhibition produced nearly 4000l. whilst the receipts at the doors greatly exceeded the demands of an unavoidably expensive year." The prominent features of this Exhibition, are Landcape and Still-Life, by Messrs. LINTON, HOLLAND, GLOVER, WILSON, WARD, &c. &c. in the former; and Messrs. LANCE, BLAKE, PIDDING, NASMYTH, STANFIELD, CROME, STARK, ROBERTS, VINCENT, NOBLE, &c. in the latter; for as to the higher departments of Painting, the Exhibition-now that patronage has turned its back on the athletic I am, Sir, your sincere well wisher, powers of Mr. HAYDON-Would be a nullity, were it not for a pleasing AN ENEMY TO OPPRESSION OF EVERY KIND. picture by NORTHCOTE, and Mr. MARTIN'S grand and truly original

LITERARY NOTICE.

Odes and Addresses to Great People.

Tsis is a very clever little work, and such as a critic can praise * clear conscience. We have been positively assured that it is written, as was generally supposed, by either of the authors of the ded Addresses. Now we must say, there are three Smiths-three ellectual Dromios. To the former justly celebrated work, the preent is little inferior; and, if we lay aside the felicity of the imitations, haps not at all. The wit, the puns, and the nonsense, are quite brilliant and laughable, and it has the advantage of greater origiity, and a moral purpose. We know not well how to characterise, give our readers a just idea of it. Perhaps the mere mention of names of the persons addressed, as an addenda to the title-page, explain its purpose. There are then Odes to Mr. Graham, the to Mr. M'Adam, the author, it is conjectured, of Highmy and Byeways,” and “ Some Passages in the Life of Adam

64

pictures, an evidence of the very beneficial stimulas given to the powers of picture, The Creation. There are a few good Portraits, and Seulptures The various Water-colour Drawings, Miniatures, and Engravings, form a pleasing Collection. We shall have renewed notices of this Exhibition.

by his Joshua, Destruction of Herculaneum and Pompeii, Belshazzar's MILTON'S PARADISE Lost, ILLUSTRATED BY MARTIN. Mr. MARTIN, Feast, &c. has sufficiently established his reputation to justify his being engaged to illustrate with his pencil our magnificent MILTON. It is not too much to say, that to a certain extent his mind is congenial with the poet's, and this, we think, is sufficiently proved by the popularity he has acquired in painting subjects from the Bible, &c. of a kind according with those of MILTON. Whatever his inferiority may be to the demands of his great subjects, and the limits of painting necessarily involve a portion of it, he so ably selects from universal nature the materials that correspond to them, that, accompanied generally by archipresentation of them, the imagination of the spectator, responsive to the tectural grandeur, and their union to one effect, and by the vigorous Artist's intention, is instantly warmed and elevated, and sealed by the hand of genius, is delighted with the impression. Mr. PROWETT has engaged Mr. MARTIN to engrave two subjects for each of twelve monthl

parts of which the Paradise Lost is to consist, in two publications of quarto and octavo. The first part, just issued in, suitable beauty of) printing, has for its subjects The Fall of the Rebel Angels, and The Rising of Pandemonium. The first is from the passage,—

"Him the Almighty Power

"Hurled headlong from the etherial sky,...
"With hideous ruin and combustion, down
"To bottomless perdition."

Here, as in the last, and indeed in all his pictures in which multitude is a chief feature, the Artist is very satisfactory. It appears to be countless. It represents the Palace of Pandemonium, with its magnificence of gradually ascending turret, dome, and pillar, its long stretching line of Doric columns, arches, walls, and lamp-flaming entablatures and pedestals, fire-breathing dragons, and niches with elephants,-is a new and effective way of depicting the immensity of the structure. Its altitude is nearly lost to the eye, in its prodigious loftiness, and the nightly gloom in which it is environed, under the awfully seen arched cope of Hell.

Friday, March 25.
SPECULATION.

After several petitions had been presented against the Equitable Loan Bill, and Lord Lauderdale had spoken against it, the Earl of Liver. POOL observed, that speculations had been extended to a most extraordinary and dangerous degree; but those who engaged in them, did it at. their own peril. There was every prospect of the continuation of peace, arise, the value of money would be greatly affected. It could not, howbut no one could answer for events; and if an apprehension of war should ever, be too widely known, that Ministers would not listen to any clamours The LORD CHANCELLOR said, he felt a difficulty in introducing a law or claims for relief, growing out of any change in the value of money upon the subject, and had been much occupied; but be thought those persons ill-advised who engaged in the speculations alluded to. The Garden Protection Bill was passed.

THE CLERGY.

Dismay and eager flight from huge stones and from lightnings, are precipitating the rebel Host into the black abyss. A group of them, in iront, partly stopped by, and battered against, an intervening rock, are writhing in pain, and Satan, whose greater might prevents his being yet so woe-struck, is indignantly retreating, his shield and spear still uplifted in impious defiance at the lightnings that are piercing him. Midway, and onward to the far and partly emblazoned and partly dark horison, is seen the retreating army of Satan. The shaggy and downward heaped rocks and precipices, and the blazing light from the artillery of Heaven, give the scene its duly contrasted horrors. The second print is from the pussage-lic Claims, from the Archdeacon and Clergy of the Archdeaconry of Taun The Bishop of BATH and WELLS presented a petition against the Catho"A fabric huge rose like an exhalation" to, and observed, that the objections made to the petitions of the Clergy had been both personal and illiberal-Lord DARNLEY remarked, that some of the clerical petitions,-that from Ely, for instance, contained statements equally untrue and uncharitable -Lord KING noticed various violent charges brought by the Clergy against the Catholics, and alluded to the Bishop of London's Charge to his Clergy, in which he told them to encourage in their flocks "a prostration of mind and spirit," as the temper most suitable to Christianity-Lord CALTHORPE was of opinion, that the petitions of the Clergy exhibited a character of intolerance not consistent with moderation, kindness, or justice; and that they did no credit to the Church of England. Similar petitions were then presented from the Rural Dean and Clergy of Gloucester, and from the Dean and Chapter of Chester, when the Bishop of CHESTER complained of the repeated attacks made in that House on the Clergy, which he thought should be discontinued; and he added, that the Bishops held their seats there by as strong a tenure as any of their Lordships, and were a body of men whom they would find it their interest to protect! (Hear, hear!)— Lord KING observed, that so long as the Church of Eugland encouraged pluralities and other shameful abuses, he could not be its friend; and that the Clergy provoked the sarcasms complained of by their encouragement and avowal of bigotry, at variance with the spirit of the age.-The Logo CHANCELLOR contended, that the Church of England had only done its duty, in manfully stating their feelings and apprehensions, and avowed his continuance in his old opinions!

LARGE PRINT OF ROTTERDAM.--This is one of the finest prints, as to style in the execution, that has hitherto appeared in British Art. It is the master-piece of Mr. G. COOKE, and is executed from one of the best marine and town Views of the admired CALLCOTT, who painted it for the Earl of Essex. It pourtrays a busy and striking part of the town and port of Rotterdam, in a mellowness of tone that belongs to a mildly beaming sunny day in the moist atmosphere of Holland. The lines are mostly fine, by which means Mr. CookE has been able to introduce a Dutch, or rather a very natural and multiplied beauty of detail, but where high-finishing does not interfere with, but assists to give that right character which is sustained in every part. Approbation points a finger at the real dresses of the people in the boats, their faces, arms, household enrgo, &c. and dips it in the level water. No housewife could wish nicer got-up linen. The materials of the buildings and wharfs would be approved by a surveying mason. Their masses attach additional importance to the composition, crowned as they are by the roof and tower of the Cathedral. In fine, that great object, Nature, is placed before us, and criticism has the rare satisfaction of bestowing an entire approval. It is from the first of a series of prints to be engraved by Mr. G. COOKE, and if executed like this, it will indeed be a noble series.

THE MYRIANTHEA.-If Flower Painting is the humblest, it is nevertheless a delectable branch of Art, and from the difficulty of tinting with delicacy, and especially of grouping so as to combine looseness and variety in the forms with compactness in the masses and elegance in the composition, it is seldom carried to its highest degree of perfection,--to the perfection of Miss BYRNE in water-colours, and of DE HEEM, MIGNON, and VAN HUYSUM, in oils. To render more easy the accomplishment of this latter part of the task, a simple piece of mechanism has been invented by Mr. BURGIS, called MYRIANTHEA. It consists of a large variety of coloured flowers, and a piece of card board to which a number of small strips of wood are horizontally appended, and upon which the separate flowers may be fixed and changed at pleasure, so as by varying the places to produce innumerable combinations, to obtain the desired plan of composition, and to leave the Artist little more to do than to copy the flowers from nature in the position and place thus previously arranged, instead of working up the composition progressively from a slight sketch or from the mere arrangement in the mind, a mode very liable to after thought exception and to uncertain satisfaction, especially to the inexperienced. By this method," the effect of the slightest variation may be immediately ascertained, and rejected or adopted accordingly." To the Myrianthea is added a small book of useful directions to assist the student in copying from nature, imitating brouze vases, &c. The facilities thus afforded "strew the path of knowledge with flowers," and must iusure rewarding patronage to the inventor.

UNITED PARLIAMENT.

HOUSE OF LORDS.
Wednesday, March 23.

R. H.

The Garden Protection Bill was committed, and received some verbal Amendments. One, on the motion of Lord Roseberry, brings under the bill gardens surrounded by "close palings," as well as those surrounded by walls..

Thursday, March 24.

The LORD CHANCELLOR presented a petition from Mr. R. Gourlay, complaining of the treatment he had experienced, and praying that meaAures might be adopted to stimulate the energies of the Chancery Commission of Enquiry. His Lordship said, it was his duty to present this petition, though he should make no remark upon it.Ordered to lie on the

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In a Committee of Supply, it was moved that 160,000l. should be granted to defray the expense of the Civil Contingencies; when Mr. Hams objected to the diplomatic expenditure, which now reached, he said, above Courts of the German Petty Sovereigns might be dispensed with. If the 300,000l. a-year, and gave it as his opinion that the Residents at the diture for the current year would amount to 400,000, which ought, he cost of the Consuls to South America were added, our diplomatic expenmaintained, to be considerably lessened. Mr. CANNING observed, that the greatest care had been taken to regulate this branch of the public expenditure, and it bad been fixed at rather below than above the fuir principle of remuneration. He contended, that the missions to the weaker powers were useful in preserving the independence of the minor States of Europe.

When the grant of 1,0341. was proposed to the Dean and Chapter of St. Paul's, for repairing and cleaning the Monuments in that Cathedral,Mr. HUME spoke of the disgraceful practice kept up, both at St. Paul's and Westminster Abbey, of making the public pay for seeing what it had that the Treasury had no power to examine into the matter, but he could already paid for erecting!-The CHANCELLOR of the EXCHEQUER observed, not defend the practice of extorting money from the public in this wayMr. HUME said, he was glad to find that the avarice of the Dean and Chapter was not defended; it was a scandal that the public should be taxed on account of a body of men, who were literally wallowing in wealth!-Mr. W. SMITH and Sir JOHN SEBRIGHT thought it was high time to do away with what was really a national disgrace: at every step in the Abbey, both natives and foreigners were stopped and assailed with demands for fees.

Several other sums were voted-among them, 800,0001. for the interest of Exchequer-bills for 1825.

COLONIAL TRADE.

Mr. HOSKISSON made various remarks upon the policy of removing many restrictions affecting the commerce of our Colonies. Of late, he said, the state of the commercial world had undergone a material change, and it therefore became necessary for Parliament to revise its enactments, and to examine into the true interests of the country in such matters. (Hear, hear! With these feelings it was his intention to submit -te

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