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Notices of Classical Works.
remarks of others, without any change of language, and without any acknowledgment." The writer substantiates these charges: No 1, by referring to Anthon's Horace for pages upon pages borrowed from Dunlop's Roman Literature, and to his Homer for three Excursus from Jelt's Kühner; No. 2, by presenting in parallel columns several passages from Anthon's Horace and from Doering's Horace, the writer at the same time averring that "the proofs on this count are endless," that in Anthon's " almost all that is good is Doering's," and "that the translations, apart from their accuracy or inaccuracy, are a great drawback to the value of the book, whatever that may be " No. 3, by proofs from Dunlop, and from Dr. Adam's Antiquities, and by presenting in parallel columns passages from Dymock's Caesar and from Anthon's Caesar. The writer also arraigns Prof. Anthon on some other points, though with less formality; and sums up a series of observations on the subject of the injudicious amount of aid given in the notes, by charging him with "crushing under the load of help,-judgment and taste and invention,-all but memory." We record this critique as an expression of English opinion, emanating from the highest classical authority, on a subject which has important practical bearings upon the interests of classical education in this country. We interpret the critique as indicating two things; first, that hitherto Prof. Anthon's works have been reprinted in England, and in some quarters have found favor, and second, that it is now beginning to be considered by the best classical scholars in England, that these works are vicious in their character and injurious to all real progress in classical education. We must confess, that with a deep conviction of the general correctness of the views maintained by the writer in the Museum, we cannot approve his tone of criticism. In some instances it seems intemperate, perhaps scarcely dignified. But after all, we can pardon much to an English classical scholar, and the editor of a classical journal, who finds in the Preface to an English re-print of one of Anthon's works, such words as these: "Professor Anthon's merits, as an editor of the classics for use in schools and colleges, are so well understood and appreciated in this country, as well as his own, that commendation would be superfluous and unbecoming!"
Mr. Owen has added the Cyropaedia of Xenophon to his excellent series of Greek classics. This is the first edition of the historical romance of Xenophon, which has appeared in our country. The work itself is one of much interest, and is worthy of the full and valuable apparatus, which Mr. Owen has furnished for the study of it. The text is that of Dindorf, which is probably nearer the true reading than any other. The work is printed with unusual accuracy, the few typographical errors which we have detected, being confined principally to the accents. The notes are judicious, and what cannot be often said, on just the passages where the student might find difficulty. They remind us, at every step, that the author is a practical teacher, well acquainted with what the student needs, neither begetting habits of indolence in him by affording too much assistance, nor leaving him in despair, by giving too little. The notes illustrate national customs, geography, grammatical usages, the VOL. IV. No. 13.
idioms of the language as well as the general connection of the thought. These editions of the Greek classics, prepared by Mr. Owen, have been received with high approbation by teachers in our schools and colleges; and we are pleased to learn that he is continuing his labors in this department, having already commenced the preparation of an edition of Thucydides, the first volume of which may be expected in about a year.
The Greek Lexicon of Liddell and Scott, based on the work of Francis Passow, a review of which appeared in the No. of this work for November, 1844, has recently been published by the Harpers, and we are happy to say, without the promised “additions and improvements from Donnegan." This edition was edited by Henry Drissler, M. A. of Columbia College, New York city, who has inserted, in alphabetical order, a very full vocabulary of proper names, taken principally from the German work of Pape. Mr. Drissler has labored with great diligence on this work, and the additions which he has made, so far as we have had time to examine, seem to be judicious and valuable. Some typographical errors will be noticed, but considering the great difficulty of entire accuracy in such a work, it is very correctly printed. It contains more than 1700 pages royal octavo. For the general merits of the lexicon, we refer our readers to the article above named.
HISTORICAL.-Karl Jürgens, Luther's Leben, published by Brockhaus in Leipsic, promises to be a very full biography. The Erste Abtheilung which extends only to 1517, or to the beginning of the Reformation, makes a substantial volume of 700 pages.
Prof. F. Rehm, author of the History of the Middle Ages, has completed his Geschichte der beiden Hessen, 2 Bände, Marburg, 1846.
The Weimarisches Herder Album, Jena, 1845, consisting of select letters which passed between Herder and Karl August and Amalie; two or three of Herder's best discourses and essays; Schwenck's characteristics of Herder; Herder's relation to modern theology by Prof. Müller, of Basle; Herder as preacher, by Prof. Schwartz, of Jena; Herder's views of church union, by Röhr; Herder's merits as a critic of ancient art, by Schöll; Herder as a classical scholar, by Gernhard; der leidende Philoktet, by Prof. Osann; Herder in respect to music, by Prof. Koferstein; Schmidt's lectures on popular songs, in which Herder is particularly noticed; letters of Schubert from Asia Minor; and some unpublished letters of Winckelmann, making a goodly octavo volume of 461 pages, is said to be "a valuable contribution to a knowledge of Herder's life and literary character."
Prof. J. Hildebrand's Die deutsche Nationalliteratur seit dem Anfange des achtzehnten Jahrhunderts, besonders seit Lessing bis auf die Gegenwart, historisch und ästhetisch critisch dargestellt, is now complete in three volumes. It is placed side by side with the great work of Gervinus, and is said to be as distinguished in its large philosophic and systematic views, and its acute criticisms, as the work of Gervinus is for its brilliancy and learning.
Of the new edition of Neander's church history, the third volume has
Notices of Historical Works.
been published, and the fourth is in press and will soon be out. These four volumes cover the period occupied by Vol. I. parts 1, 2 and 3, and Vol. II. 1, 2 and 3, of the old edition, so that the fourth volume of the former, ends at the same point with the sixth of the latter. This new edition, it is well known, differs materially from the old one.
E. A. Schmidt's Geschichte von Frankreich, is continued in a third volume, to the year 1643. The fourth volume will reach to the period of the Revolution, where Wachsmuth begins. Thus only one volume is wanting, to finish this most complete and critical history of France, in eight volumes, by two distinguished German historians.
Henry, whose Life of Calvin in three volumes, was recently finished, has published an abridgment in one volume.
The new or third edition of Neander's Denkwürdigkeiten, is to be a very different work from the preceding editions. Tholuck's introductory article on the moral influence of heathenism is omitted, and the first volme of the new edition embraces the first and second of the old. A very important addition, is that of continuing the work from the apostolic age to the present.
Prof. Bruch, of Strassburg, author of a work on the Divine Attributes, is publishing a work in a series of letters, entitled: Betrachtungen über Christenthum und christlichen Glauben, designed to guide the intelligent reader-not the theologian by profession-to a clear view of theological truth, and particularly to solve the doubts raised in reflecting minds by the sceptical German writers on the one hand, and by the enthusiastic pietists on the other. The writer is regarded as evangelical, and is certainly a vigorous thinker. The letters owe their origin in their present form to an actual correspondence with a bewildered friend, who was a member of the church.
Winer has published the first part of the third, sehr vermehrte und verbesserte Auflage, of his Realwörterbuch; Redepenning, the second part of his Origenes, eine Darstellung seines Lebens und seiner Lehre ; C. Ritter, the twelfth volume of his Geography including West-Asien ; and Becker the 2 Theil, 2 Abtheilung of his Handbuch der Römischen Alterthümer.
Prof. W. Havemann's Geschichte des Ausgangs des Tempelherrnordens, in one volume, 1846; and A. Burck's Ulrich von Hutten, der Ritter, der Gelehrte, der Dichter, der Kämpfer für die deutsche Freiheit, also in one volume, 1846, are highly commended in the reviews. The former gives the history of the Knights Templars by way of introduction, to the account of their cruel destruction by Philip of France, while the latter, aims at unfolding a true representation both of Von Hutten and his times, without going into the critical discussions which are found in the works of preceding biographers.
BIBLICAL.-Prof. H. W. T. Thiersch has published a work: Versuch zur Herstellung des historischen Standpunktes für die Kritik der neutestamentlichen Schriften, 1845, which must be worthy of the attention of biblical scholars. A commendatory review of it written apparently by
the editor himself, appears in Tholuck's Litterarischer Anzeiger for December, 1845.
Several successive numbers of the same Journal for the past year contain an extended article of sterling value on the subject of the Angel of Jehovah in the Old Testament, by Prof. Kurtz of Milan. The generally received view that this Angel was the Logos of the New Testament, was ably defended by Dr. Hengstenberg in the first volume of his Christology. In support of the same view have appeared since that time, Sack, Ebrard, Delitzsch, Schröder, Heim, and still others. Several writers, however, particularly Steudel, Hoffmann, . Oehler, have taken different ground and argued against the alleged identity of the Revealer of the Old Testament with the Logos of the New. It is the object of the writer of the article referred to, to examine the objections which these latter critics have urged, and to show that the view represented by Hengstenberg is essentially correct, the grounds on which it is assailed being untenable and the reasons which support it remaining still substantially unanswered.
The Intelligenzblatt of the February No. of the Neue Jenaische Allgemeine Literatur-Zeitung announces as soon to appear: Acta Apostolorum ad fidein codicis Cantabrigiensis et reliquorum monumentorum denuo recensuit et interpretatus Fr. Aug. Bornemann. It will consist of three parts, and proposes to embrace everything relating both to the text and the philological interpretation of the Acts which the present state of criticism can furnish.
We have from Dr. J. Fr. Röhr an enlarged edition of his Palestine or Historisch-geographische Beschreibung des Jüdischen Landes zur Zeit Jesu, embracing at the same time a particular account of the country as it now is. The present is the eighth edition of this popular work. The Researches of Dr. Robinson have been made to contribute to the greater completeness of this new edition.
J. G. Vaihinger has published a new Commentar über die Psalmen, on the plan pursued by him in his work on the Book of Job. It contains an extended introduction, aims at a rigid analysis of the course of thought, and translates the text in a metrical form, according to the parallelism of the Hebrew.
A work has been published in Holland but translated into German, entitled Geschichte der Apologetik,etc. or History of Writings in Defence of the Bible and Revelation from the earliest times to the present, by G. H. van Senden, which promises to be of great interest both to the exegete and the theologian. It occupies two volumes. It is said to display profound learning together with skill and discrimination in the arrangement of the materials. A reviewer says that the land which has the honor of having produced in Hugo Grotius the ablest protestant apologist that has ever lived, will now have the honor of producing in this work of van Senden the ablest history of Apologetics, which the world has yet seen.
Dr. Fr. Delitzsch has just added to his other exegetical publications a new one which he entitles: Symbolae ad Psalmos illustrandos isagogical. Its contents are comprised under the following divisions: Disseritur I. de Psalmorum indole partim Jehovica, partim Elohemica; II. de Psalmorum ordine quisque causis ac legibus.
Notices of Biblical Works.
Prof. Umbreit has commenced a second edition of his Practischer Commentar über die Propheten des alten Bundes, with exegetical and critical remarks. The first volume of this republication contains Isaiah. The chief value of this work consists in the fidelity of the translation; the explanatory and critical material occupies but very little space. The favorable reception, however, which commentary of this character meets with in Germany, shows that it is adapted to supply an important want. In the earlier stages of exegetical study, such commentary is undoubtedly more useful as well as convenient, than the more exhaustive, copious exposition to which the Gerinan scholars generally have shown themselves so partial.
Prof. Engelhardt has finished in a third part, published last year, his Anacoluthorum Platonicorum Specimen. Two previous numbers of the work had appeared. If executed in a proper manner, it must contain something which the critical student of the New Testament can turn to account.
Perhaps the best Bible-Atlas for practical use is that of Ackermann. This work which has been for some time before the public, has been remodeled and issued in a second edition. Its title is: Bibel-Atlas, nach den neusten und besten Hülfsmitteln gezeichnet von C. F. Weiland und erläutert von Dr. C. Ackermann. It consists of thirteen charts, of which five present the land of Palestine at different periods, the others either the countries which were inhabited for a short time by the Israelites, or geographical sketches of important events in Scripture history, such as the march of the Israelites through the wilderness, the journeys of the Saviour and the Apostles.
MISCELLANEOUS.-Since the reception of the above, the following intelligence has been communicated by Prof. Edwards.
Dr. Winer of Leipsic is preparing a new Lexicon of the New Testament, which, it is thought, will supercede all others. The same industrious author is publishing a new edition of his Biblical Dictionary. Two livraisons have appeared.-The new English and German Dictionary of Dr. Flügel, American consul at Leipsic, in 2 vols. 8vo, is nearly out of press. Between 20,000 and 30,000 words are inserted which were not in the previous edition. These relate to phrases used in common life, colloquial terms, etc. Many of these are Anglicisms rather than Americanisms. It is to be hoped that the estimable author will be remunerated in this instance for his talent and unwearied labor. Hitherto he has been very unjustly defrauded of the fruits of his toil by the cupidity of some English publishers.-Dr. Ebrard, well known for his work on the Straussian controversy, has published an extended treatise on the doctrine of the Sacrament, in which he takes the Calvinistic ground. This has been reviewed at much length in the magazine conducted by Dr. Guerike and others at Halle. Dr. Ebrard, in consequence of his opinions, has left the Lutheran university at Erlangen, and gone to that at Zurich.—Dr. Piuner of Berlin is engaged on a new edition of the Talmud, with a German translation and interesting notes.-Dr. Neander has published a new edition of his History of the Apostolic times, and is carrying forward the