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Classical and Biblical Works.

number of colossal monoliths, presenting the figures of men and animals.

Major Rawlinson thinks that the inscriptions found in the district of Van, were written in a language related to the Armenian and Turkish, and mentions that he has found in them the names of the historical kings of Armenia.

Later accounts from Mr. Layard state: "I have penetrated into the eighth chamber, and have found four pair of winged oxen of gigantic size. Among the bas-reliefs is one which represents a mountainous country; another has mountains covered with pines and firs; a third, vineyards; on a fourth is a sea-horse, and in the distance the sea covered with numerous vessels, etc. Mr. Rawlinson is making considerable progress in reading the arrow-headed inscriptions."


Prof. Wüstenfeld of Göttingen has published the Mustarik of Jakût of Hamât, a selection made by the author himself from his great geographical lexicon, one of the most important geographical works which is found in Arabic literature, but which has been hitherto known only by some extracts made by Frähn. It was one of the main sources of information used by Golius, Schultens, Abulfeda, Firuzabadi and others.

The new edition of Stephens's Greek Lexicon, publishing at Paris, has reached the 8th fasciculus of Vol. V. IIgìv—IIúžiovs. - Prof. Süpfle has published at Carlsruhe a school-edition of Virgil—Historical and philological lectures, delivered in the university of Bonn by B. G. Niebuhr, edited by M. Niebuhr, Vol. I., containing "the East to the battle of Salamis," Greece to the time of Pericles.". A Manual Dictionary of the Latin Language is to be published by Prof. R. Klotz of Leipsic, one of the leading classical scholars in Germany, in fifteen numbers; 8 Thlr. The first number is published-from A. to Aestimo. A new edition of Frederic Jacobs's Greek elementary book for beginners has been published, under the care of Prof. Classen. - A new life of Melanchthon by K. F. Ledderhose has appeared at Heidelberg, 339 S. 20 Ngr. "The Travels of Joseph Russeger in Europe, Asia, and Africa, in the years 1835-1841, undertaken with special reference to natural history," have been published at Stuttgard, with maps, plans, drawings, etc., at 31 Thlr. 15 Ngr. "What a great and manifold picture," says the Leipsic Repertorium, "of the manners and customs of man, of important lands and river-districts in these notices, compressed so kernel-like, of one, who bade defiance to the greatest hardships, the most fearful hazards, the most dangerous maladies, in order to fulfil the duty which he had undertaken, and accomplish his earnest labors in behalf of science!" Dr. Mahn of Berlin, from whom a Grammar and Dictionary of the Basque language has been expected, has turned his attention to the Provençal literature, and has published the first

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part of the "Works of the Troubadours in the Provençal language with a grammar and dictionary." It contains 277 poems by twenty poets. The plan embraces a complete collection of all the known works of the Troubadours, in chronological order. — Pietro Matraza has found in the Vatican library an inedited work of John Tzetzes on Homer.

The first section of Ersch and Grüber's Universal Encyclopaedia of Science and Art, extending from A to G, is edited by Grüber; the second, from H to N, by A. G. Hoffmann; the last, from O to Z, by M. H. E. Meier. Among the articles in the last five parts published, are Ferdinand the Catholic, by Stramberg; Festivals of the Jews, by Fink; Fichte, by Bachmann; Ficinus, by Bähr; Isocrates, by Weissenborn; Ispahan, by Fischer; Ancient Geography and History of Italy, by Schirlitz; Mediaeval and Modern Italy, by Sander; Duty and its Laws, by Erdmann; Pharisees, by Daniel; Pharsalia, battle, by Eckermann; Philips, emperors and kings, by Flathe, etc. — The concluding part of the 3d edition of Winer's Bible Dictionary is promised at the end of the year. The two vols. will cost, in Germany, about $6. — The 16th volume of Otto von Gerlach's Selections from Luther's Works, has appeared. Price of each vol. about 10 Sgr.

The number of students in the university of Jena in the beginning of 1847 was 411; of whom 107 were in the department of theology, 132 in law, 54 in medicine, and the remainder in philosophy; 173 were students from abroad. The attendance at the winter-semester, 1847, of the universities below, was as follows:

Bonn, 644
Breslau, 738
Erlangen, 364
Giessen, 535

Göttingen, 609
Griefswald, 192


Heidelberg, 955





Königsberg, 325


The following list of the authors that are read in the two upper classes of the Dresden gymnasium, will give an idea of the nature of the studies pursued there, as contrasted with those which are required at our colleges. In the second class, Cicero's Orations and Letters, Livy, Sallust, Virgil's Eclogues and Æneid, Terence, Tibullus, Plutarch's Lives, Xenophon, Homer's Iliad; in the first class, Cicero's Rhetorical and Philosophical Orations, Livy, Tacitus, Horace, the less difficult Dialogues of Plato, Demosthenes, or some other of the Attic orators, Herodotus, and the easier portions of the tragedians.

Dr. Dorner of Königsberg has become ordinary professor of theology in the university of Bonn, and Dr. Köllner of Göttingen ordinary pro


Works published in England.

fessor of theology at Giessen. Prof. Preller of Jena has been appointed head-librarian of the ducal library at Weimar, vacant by the death of Jacobs. Dr. Urlichs of Bonn, who has taken so active a part in the Roman topography question, has gone to Griefswald as professor of archaeology. Dr. Hundeshagen, professor extraordinarius at Berne, and author of the late important work on Protestantism, has been invited to Heidelberg as professor ordinarius of theology and teacher of New Testament Exegesis. Dr. Fleck of Leipsic has become ordinary professor of theology at Giessen. Dr. Otto Jahn, ordinary professor at Griefswald, has become professor of archaeology at Leipsic university. S. T. Fearon has been named professor of Chinese at King's College, London. Dr. Hawkins, provost of Oriel College, Oxford, friend and correspondent of Dr. Arnold, has taken the chair of New Testament Interpretation. The distinguished theologian, Dr. Nitzsch of Bonn, has been invited to become a member of the theological faculty in the university of Berlin.


A very valuable collection of works in American literature, especially in jurisprudence, has recently been purchased and deposited in the British Museum. Mr. L. A. Prevost, a Chinese scholar, is making a catalogue of Dr. Morrison's Chinese works, in that Museum. A reprint of Prof. Stuart's commentary on the Apocalypse, has been published at Glasgow, in one volume, at half the price at which the American edition is sold there. Mr. Elliott's work is a great favorite with the numerous churchmen who adopt millenarian views. The sale of it is chiefly confined to them. Dr. Kitto's new journal will commence with the beginning of the next year. Mr. Clark's proposal to publish a similar periodical at Edinburgh, is abandoned. Sharon Turner, the well known historian of the Anglo-Saxons, died in London, Feb. 19, 1847, aged 79. His History of England is comprised in 8 volumes. Dr. H. Tattam has published an English translation of "the ancient Coptic version of the Book of Job the Just," in 184 pp. A new and literal translation of Aristotle's treatise on Rhetoric, from the text of Bekker, has been published at Oxford. The Nicomachean Ethics has also been translated by Rev. D. P. Chase. A Lexicon to Eschylus, containing a critical explanation of the more difficult passages in the Seven Tragedies, by Rev. W. Linwood, is in the press. Niebuhr's Lectures on the History of Rome, from the earliest times to the first Punic war, are in the process of translation by Dr. Schmitz.

Partly in compliance with the request of some friends abroad, we shall from time to time give a short list of the more important publications in Biblical, Theological and Classical Literature in the United States. We begin with a list of some works published within the past two years: VOL. IV. No. 16.


The Earlier Prophecies of Isaiah, 8vo. by Joseph Addison Alexander, Professor in the Theol. Sem., Princeton.

By the same author, The Later Prophecies of Isaiah, 8vo. pp. 502. Hebrew Grammar of Gesenius as edited by Rödiger translated, with additions and also a Hebrew Chrestomathy by M. Stuart, 8vo. pp. 360.

Exercises in Hebrew Grammar and Selections from the Greek Scriptures to be translated into Hebrew, with Notes, Hebrew Phrases and references to approved works in Greek and Hebrew Philology, by H. B. Hackett, Prof. of Biblical Literature in Newton Theol. Institution, 12mo. pp. 115.

Critical History and Defence of the Old Testament Canon, by M. Stuart, 12mo. pp. 452.

Princeton Theological Essays, second series, including the Contributions of the late Albert Dod, D. D., 8vo. pp. 612.

Miscellanies by M. Stuart, including a reprint of the Letters to Dr. Channing, 12mo. pp. 370.

An Elementary Grammar of the Greek Language, containing a series of Greek and English Exercises for translation, with the requisite vocabularies, by Dr. Raphael Kühner, of Hanover, Germany, translated by S. H. Taylor, principal of Phillips Academy, Andover, 12mo. pp. 355. Fourth edition.

A Grammar of the Greek Language by A. Crosby, Professor of Greek in Dartmouth College. Third edition, 12mo.

Greek Tables, by the same author.

Xenophon's Anabasis, with an Index of Citations, by the same. Zumpt's School Latin Grammar, 8vo., and Zumpt's Latin Grammar, 12mo. translated by Dr. Schmitz, and edited by Dr. Anthon.

The Germania and Agricola of Caius Cornelius Tacitus, with Notes, for the use of Colleges, by W. S. Tyler, Professor of Greek and Latin, Amherst College, 12mo. pp. 181.

A History of Rome, from the earliest times to the death of Commodus, A. D. 192, by Dr. Leonhard Schmitz, rector of the High School of Edinburgh. Andover, 1847, 12mo. pp. 456.

The oration of Demosthenes on the Crown, with Notes, by J. T. Champlin, Professor of Greek and Latin in Waterville College. Second edition, 1847, 8vo.

The Panegyricus of Isocrates, from the text of Bremi, with English Notes, by C. C. Felton, M. A. Professor of Greek Literature in Harvard University, 1847, 12mo. pp. 124.

Xenophon's Memorabilia of Socrates, with Notes. Based chiefly on the edition of Kühner. By R. D. C. Robbins, Librarian, Andover Theol. Seminary. 12mo. pp. 416. 1847.


Works in Press.


The Cyropaedia of Xenophon, with Notes by J. O. Owen; 12mo., pp.


Selections from the first five books of Livy, together with the twentyfirst and twenty-second books entire, chiefly from the text of Alschefski, with English Notes for Schools and Colleges, by J. L. Lincoln, professor of Latin in Brown University; one volume 12mo.

The following works are in press or in an advanced state of preparation :

Notes on the Prophet Isaiah, a revised and abridged edition, by Albert Barnes; 2 vols. 12mo.

Hahn's Hebrew Bible, new and complete stereotype edition, being a fac-simile of the Leipsic edition, 1 vol. 8vo.

The Middle Kingdom, a work on China, by S. Wells Williams, many years a resident in China, 1 vol. 8vo., illustrated with engravings and a


The Clouds of Aristophanes, by Prof. Felton, a new edition. The Birds of Aristophanes, with English Notes by the same. American Archaeological Researches: an Inquiry into the Origin and Purposes of the Aboriginal Monuments and Remains of the Mississippi valley, by E. G. Squier and E. H. Davis. This work, embracing the results of the examination of more than two hundred mounds, will constitute the first publication of the Smithsonian Institute.

Thucydides, with English Notes, by J. O. Owen.


Nov. 1846, Vol. III. p. 776, line 19, for Servis, read Jervis ; 1. 25, for Cambridge, read Edinburgh; p. 778, l. 13, for tower, read town; 1. 38, for Pillars, read Pillans; p. 782, 1. 26, del. comma after Hesse; May 1847, p. 276. 1. 30, for their, read these; p. 280, 1. 1, for nearly, read neatly; p. 286, 1. 17, for a consent of, read a consent and; p. 291, 1. 1, for repeated, read repealed; p. 293, 1. 1, for any, read my; p. 296, 1. 5, for invidious (twice), read insidious; p. 297, l. 1, for other, read judicial precept; p. 302, 1. 6, for this or some, read also for any; p. 320, 1. 31, for connection, read command; Aug. 1847, p. 437, l. 17, for making, read raking; note 2, 1. 1, for on, read ou; p. 448, l. 34, for demoralized, read demonized; p. 458, note, for Lacca, (thrice) read Laeca; p. 460, l. 32, for invasion, read inversion; p. 467, note, l. 7, for cette, read celle; p. 540, 1. 10, for May, read Way; p. 556, 1. 30, after describes, insert it; p. 559, 1. 4, after that, insert in; 1. 5, before often, insert is; 1. 30, for strangely, read strongly; p. 562, 1. 22, for rational, read national; p. 564, 1. 23, for cause, read course; p. 569, l. 25, for past, read first ; p. 576, l. 16, for Consequenzwacherei, read Consequenzmacherei ; p. 579, 1. 21, for in, read is; p. 580, 1. 19, for bold, read bald; p. 773, 1. 32, for ten, read eight; p. 774, 1. 2, before a thousand, insert nearly.

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