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to make even the tongue of the stam- to elevate the state of civil society, or merer to speak plainly. When we look to guide man as a moral and religious back and retrace the events which bave being. The impression of its truth as transpired within a few years past; when well as its power is, I trust, indelibly we reflect how much has been done to made on your heart, and on many a extend the blessings of divine revelation heart in this assembly. And I should all over the wor!d; and when we direct no doubt only arouse a familiar recolour eyes forward, and pursue the pros- lection in many a bosom here, should I pects which these events open up to our only retrace its operations on my own view, of the speedy extension of the mind, when I call to remembrance that knowledge of God through the whole my first impressions of moral obligation earth, we are ready to adopt the language were inseparably connected with its of the Divine Author of that sacred Book, precepts; that the first ray of light when amidst the shouts and hosannas which dawned on the darkness within, of the thousands of Israel, he exclaimed, and shot away my hopes beyond this If these should hold their peace, the transitory scene, originated in its docvery stones would speak.
trines ; and that the first emotion of “Certain I am, that every one ambition which fired my bosom, was whose bosom is affected with true phi- that I might have the honour of pro. lanthrophy, every one who desires the claiming the salvation which it presents amelioration of the temporal condition to man. of man, every one who compassionates 56 But there are scenes which occur kis ignorance and degradation, when in the every day's observation of one, destitute of this light of heaven, and the duties of whose sacred office lead who views him as a creature bound to him to be the frequent visitor of the an immortal destiny, must rejoice. in abodes of poverty, and often to sit by the what is done and doing in this age of bed of sickness and death, to administer Christian benevolence and enterprise, the consolations of religion to the disto elevate the species to its primitive tressed and the dying,-- which set forth rank, and to direct the hopes and ener- the excellence of the religion of the Bigies of the soul from earth to heaven. ble, as adapted to the present state of
“I need not at this time, or in this man, in a way, which no powers of place, expatiate on the excellence, or human understanding could unfold, and attempt to prove the inspiration of the which the most captivating displays of Bible, or the necessity of a knowledge human eloquence would fail to impress of its truths, or a belief in its doctrines, on the heart."
The Rev. EBENEZER Brown, of New-York, of the Methodist Episcopal Church, addressed the meeting as follows:
“MR. PRESIDENT,—This resolution it, must have a clear and distinct perwhich seems to havo been dictated by ception of it, and certainly it is not selfsound policy, is in perfect unison with. evident; but it is involved in much obthe feelings of my heart. It is well said scurity, and requires labour, research, in it, that the cause of the Bible is a and profound meditation to apprehend "great cause." It is indeed a great, it. Such being the case, this motive, since it is a common cause; and that it however weighty in itself, can exert but should be considered a common cause, little influence upon the generality of appears from the Bible's affording the mankind-for few men are posssessed besl security of obedience to human laws. of powers adequate to investigation ;
“The general motive to the observe and fewer still, evince an inclination to ance of human laws, is their fitness to cultivate those they have. secure the general interest; and they “But though all men were competent will, in most instances be observed, in to examine, and ascertain precisely the proportion as the individual perceives force of final causes; we might still their fitness to secure the end proposed, doubt of the general prevalence of this and the connexion between his own motive. For owing to the poverty and good, and the good of others. But the labour to which some are subjected, connexion subsisting between the inte- the hurry and anxiety of others, few rest of an individual, and the good of have opportunity for thought and reflecsociety at large, is by no means suffi- tion-few are blest with that kind of cient to secure obedience. For allow- education, and that degree of moral ing it to be in its own nature sufficient; culture, which prepare for minute instill, the individual, to be stimulated by vestigation-few have acumen of mind
to apprehend the subtle principles upon asserting the influence of the motive in which society is instituted, and discover question ; for the good conduct of the the union of distant and seemingly con- young is not so much the result of fixed Aicting interests. And surrounded as and abstruse principles, as the consemen are by a vast variety, the probability quence of instructions which have been is, that they would rather be affected by afforded them. sensible objects which are known to “But it requires to be observed, that if contribute io their present enjoyment, men by mature age and experience are than be influenced by motives which more advantageously situated for appreTie beyond the reach of their intellectual hending and feeling the force of final vision. This motive, then, would weigh causes, they are also better qualified to nothing against the chance of present evade the force of the laws, undermine gain and pleasure; and in spite of it, the pillars upon which government men would violate the laws, trample stands, and produce disorder and misery upon authority, and invariably follow in every department of society: And their own inclinations.
he who has had the slightest acquaintance “But, Sir, not only would this motive with the world, who has not exceeded not be apprehended ;-in a great many the limits even of his own neighbourinstances its very existence would be hood, must have seen in men such a disputed. Human society is at first a tendency to vice and immorality, as to state of equality. What right, would one infer, that society has as much to fear say, have men who are only my equals, from the knowledge and experience of to control my person and property? the old as from the ignorance and passion What right have they to thwart my in of the young; and that something more clinations, to lessen my enjoyments ? is requisite to secure the obedience of What right have they to subtract a part both, than barely the authority of human from the sum of my happiness and give laws. Nothing is more difficult, and it to others? In fine, what connexion consequently, nothing more rare, than is there between my misery and their for a man to forego a present pleasure, happiness ? Such would be the argu- upon consideration of a promised and ments urged against its very existence; future enjoyment. And it is not to be and viewing man in relation to this life expected that he who would not do it alone, I confess it is not easy to show for himself, would do it for another, and them unreasonable. And under these perhaps distant and unknown person. circumstances, what hope could there be it is evident from hence that the idea of of obedience ? Every man would do inseparable interest would not be an that which seemed right in his own eyes. adequate basis upon which to found
“Finally, allowing this motive to be morality-that in order to secure obelevel to popular apprehension; still it dience, not only the understanding must would be insufficient to secure obedience. be instructed' but the most forcible For many are known to act against the appeals must be made to the heart; and clearest convictions of judgment, and what, Sir, can make such forcible, such sacrifice the principles of their under- efficacious appeals as the Holy Bible ? standing, to the passions of their hearts; which discloses the God of the universe, and surely, it requires as much force to armed with vengeance against the uncurb the perverse as to restrain the righteous, and exhibits the connexion ignorant and that which would not between private and public good, besubject the one, could not control the tween the interests of time and eternity. other.
“ It is the best security of civil liberty. " It might, however, be presumed, that Liberty is the boast and glory of our on persons of mature age and experience nation'; every true American considers it would have its due influence--that it the value of liberty next to that of his would restrain them from vice, and life, and would readily hazard the one prompt them to virtue and obedience. in defence of the other. Few nations But admitting even this, there is not the have bought it more dearly-none enjoy slightest probability that it would equally it so eminently: but the men who affect the young, whose minds are not achieved our liberty were men of moyet formed, whose reason is not yet rality, they revered the Bible, and we matured, and who are actuated almost can retain it only by an emulation of altogether by passion. And should any their virtues; for immorality is the bane one be found in a proper observance of of liberty. To immorality we may the rules of morality and respecting the trace the ruin of the republics of Greece authority of human laws, we are not and Rome. Numerous conquests made surely to account for his conduct by way for luxury, and this for all kinds of
excess and indulgence. The republics the ravages of time, and the numerous
an universal valuable was menaced with destruction, circulation is the best means to perpet. we are to trace the origin of Abbeys, uate it among ourselves, and introduce Monks and Monasteries. A few men it to nations deprived of its benefits. fled to lonely cells to give themselves
“This appears again from the influence wholly to study and devotion. In these it exerts upon learning. To the Bible solitary places, their books were colwe owe the preservation, the revival, leeted; here only for a time, the lamp of the encouragement of learning. The science shone. And though monachism Bible would have been universally re- for many reasons deserves our censure, spected had not this been forgotten. Infi. and by an unrighteous policy, defeated del philosophers ambitious of distinction, at last its first designs--yet we are have rejected the Bible and set up them- obliged to confess, that it has transmitselves as the source of illumination; and ted the knowledge of many important unfortunately too many have paid them events which happened in later times, the homage of credence and confidence. and handed down to our day the learnThe effect has been enjoyed, but the ing of antiquity. This, however, was cause bas not been sought. But, Sir, is but a secondary cause--the Bible was at it not a fact that infidels in common the bottom of it; and had not the Bible with Christians are indebted to the Bi- existed, a monk had not been cloistered. ble for much of the learning and infor " Then the progress of science was mation which distinguish the age? If so, exceedingly slow-oral communication then the Bible demands from them a was almost the only method of instructribute of gratitude; and they are under tion. Some would have made an effort equal obligation with us, to promote its to enlighten the world, but wanted coucirculation. To the Bible we owe the rage to resist the opposition of the times preservation of the Greek and Latin in which they lived. Others, too much languages, and the books which were like Alexander, who was angry at Ariswritten in them. The Septuagint is the totle for making known the secrets of manifest cause of transmitting a knowl- science, were satisfied with the prevailedge of the Greek--and the Latin trans. ing ignorance, as it secured to them an lations of the Bible prevented the loss unbounded influence. of that elegant language. The writings “Manuscripts were scarce; and from of Josephus were carefully examined, the time and labour requisite to transbeing in part, a history of that very time cribe them were likely to be so-the in which Christianity took its rise; and paucity of their number enhanced their being found to corroborate some of the value, and consequently hindered the Gospel narrations, were guarded with advancement of science among the
peothe utmost care and vigilance. The ple in general. -Christ had indeed said New Testament having been written in that he was 'the light of the world, Greek, was a means of bringing that but gross darkness still covered the into daily use-for whoever would know earth. But, Sir, it was since the in. the doctrines it contained, must also carnation, and where the Bible was know the language in which they were known, that the art of printing was disstated.
covered. What influence the Bible exAs to the Hebrew, the single fact of erted upon, or what connexion it had the Bible's having been written in it, is, with that invention, is unknown ; but perhaps, the only cause of its existence surely, the invention has such a maniat present, any where upon the face of fest bearing upon the accomplishment the earth.' Whoever reflects upon the of the Almighty's purposes, that one history of the Jews, their numerous cannot but conjecture that some how or captivities their frequent dispersions-- other it had an important influence. their banishments to every part of the
“ How admirable is the progress of world their consequent mixtures with the divine administration!' The time nations of other tongues, must perceive had arrived for the reduction of the pathat the Bible is the most probable means pal power and the eyes of the world to of its preservation-must consider it a be opened. But for some method more singular incident, that notwithstanding expeditious than that of writing, to
scatter the sentiments of Luther, ages the best security of obedience to human would have been requisite for their dis- lawsmto civil liberty—and learning, semination. But, typography, recently then, surely, the cause of the Bible is invented, gave them a ready, a rapid and the cause of humanity; for this is conextensive circulation-and the powerful cerned in every effort to remove the hold which they took of the minds of misery and promote the happiness of men, produced the Reformation. Since mankind. Let us then send the Bible that time learning has been transferred abroad—and in conformity with the from private places to more public principles of this institution, I will add schools and colleges. Books without without note or comment.'--Its carend have been multiplied, and science dinal truths are easy of apprehension. It and literature have been making prodi. is only to read to understand. "The gious advancement; and when you look way-faring man though a fool need not abroad and calculate the number of err therein.' literary institutions--when you witness - Let us send the Bible abroad an the knowledge and information which excellent spirit is in it. It resolves our are disseminated through all orders of doubts, removes our fears, promotes our society, and are led to inquire what joys. mighty cause has produced these grand “Let us send the Bible abroad-a di. events, your answer is, the Bible--and vine power altends it. Bearing the chashould you, elated with the view of this racters of simplicity and majesty, all state of things, inquire what means are opposition falls before it. The one exrequisite to its continuation-your an- cites men to admire it—the other revere swer is again, the Bible.-- The Bible has it. Pagan temples tremble as it ap. put the intellectual world in motion- proaches--man-made gods are confoundand the Bible will keep it in motion. And ed—the horrid rites of infanticide and surely, Sir, if Theuth among the Egyp- human immolation abolished, and ho. tians, and Hermes among the Greeks, sannas shouted to the living and true obtained divine honours for their in- God. vention of letters, can language express “Let us send the Bible abroad-the the gratitude we owe the Bible, which Lord of all approves it; and those who has transmitted to modern times the engage in it with pure hearts ferventsentiments and learning of past genera- ly,' shall hereafter shine as the brighttions, and communicated to man the ness of the firmament, and as the stars ideas of God? And if the Bible afford for ever and ever.'”
GRAND-RIVER MISSION. Leller from Rev. Thomas DEMOREST, to Rev. Thomas Mason, Corresponding
Secretary to the Missionary Society of the Methodist Episcopal Church. REV. AND DEAR SIR,
circuit, in order to supply the settlements For the information of the Missionary with preaching. This addition increases Society, I write to report the state and the number of preaching places to thirty, progress of the Mission in the new settle. which each of us attends once in four ments, to which I was appointed at the weeks, thereby affording an opportunity last session of the Genesee Conference. to the inhabitants of ten townships to On my arrival at this station the 19th Aug hear preaching once in two weeks. In I met with Brother R. HEYLAND, a young a circuit of three hundred miles, through preacher who had been sent on to my new and incomplete settlements, it canhelp by the presiding elder. Immediately not be expected that we should have in we proceeded to an enlargement of the every place large congregations. At one circuit, by extending our route into the appointment our congregation is made new townships of Nassigowa, Eramosa up of two families, seven in number, and Caledon. We soon found it neces, and to reach them we ride considerable sary to add twelve appointments* to the distance. But these are all who are found * In mcntioning an enlargement of the Mission,
in this part of the township, and these no reflection is intended on our predecessors. few being very desirous of the means The hardships Brother Smith endured by tra- of grace, and more families being exvelling on foot, through wet and cold, were un pected soon to increase the settlement, ness, which necessarily prevented his enlarging we do not consider our visits to these as he would have otherwise done. His labours, solitary families to be entirely lost. To and those of his wortly colleagues, laid the foun, be sure it is not so agreeable to ride ten services will long be gratefully remembered by the or fifteen miles to visit a few, as we do people.
to visit some English families in Albion.
But when; on our arrival, we witness the Beside our regular tours, we have joy and friendship of the people and reached out to a settlement about twelve their eagerness to hear the word preach- miles from any other inhabitants. This ed, we are recompenced for our toil. is in the township of Woolwick, on the Here females have travelled to preach- falls of the Grand-River.* Four years ing three or four miles on foot, through ago, four families from the city of Lonthe woods, bearing young children in don commenced this settlement. It their arms; so desirous are they of at- now consists of ten families. In this tending the means of grace.
place they never heard a sermon till my In CALEDON we have three congrega. visit on the 17th of December last, and tions; two of Scotch, and one of Ger- such is the difficulty of the road from man, neither of whom are supplied by this part of the country, that our visits ministers of their own persuasion. The here cannot be very frequent. I was Highland congregation consists of about hospitably entertained by the principal nine families. They speak the Gaelic, inhabitants, who expressed a wish that understanding the English but imper- we would visit them when convenient. fectly. Yet they attend our meetings The preacher now, extending his labours regularly, having been in the habit of between this and Brother Torry's Migconstantly attending public worship in sion, will more conveniently visit this their own country. Custom will render settlement, the road being better from English preaching more and more fami- that part of the country. liar, and we hope these honest, destitute At certain seasons of the year,we find it strangers in a foreign land, may receive difficult to keep up the Sabbath Schools, the friendly offers of the Saviour, whom partly on account of bad roads, and partly we endeavour to recommend to them for want of persevering teachers. Those in terms as plain and familiar as possible. schools which are faithfully attended to,
The Lowland congregation consists of are making good improvement. The about ten families. These understand the children are sayed from much vice,... English, and are remarkable not only for their judgment, memory and manners their careful observance of the Lord's are improved, and some have received day, and a strict attendance on the hour the impressions of grace, and have beof preaching; but also for memorising come truly religious. To keep, up by the substance of the sermon, and then re- all practicable means, a system of inpeating it to their families and friends struction for the benefit of children not on their return home. A practice this, favoured with a Sabbath School, we have to which they are said to have been appointments for meeting the children accustomed in their native country.- ourselves, when we hear their recitaA circumstance in confirmation of the tions. These little meetings afford a fine above I had lately an occasion to re- opportunity for impressing their minds mark: I called at the door of a cabin, with the sentiments of virtue and grace. and said to the woman do you altend the Among others who are making good preaching to day? “No Sir, said she, my improvements, we were much delighted husband is gone from home, and I can't the other day in hearing the lesson of a leave my children. But when I can't little girl, who repeated, in a distinct and attend, my neighbour is so kind as to audible voice, four chapters, containing relate to me the substance of the sermon one hundred and fifty yerses.
It is pleaon his return from the preaching.” The sing to observe the industry of these preacher in addressing such a people is little students with Testaments op not a little encouraged in his labours, before them while engaged at their being assured that his instructions will ordinary labours. To their lessons they pot be forgotten by his bearers, on their occasionally refer, reading: a portiori, leaving the place of worship. After then committing to memory. their meetings on the Sabbath, their Thus far through the year we have children are regularly instructed in a been toiling in this wilderness, and that Sabbath School. The principles of their without seeing that abundant fruit of our religious profession having been those of labours, which we hear of in other the Kirk of Scotland, they at first appear. missionary stations. On this account, ed distant, but their prejudices are sub- we have had painful reflections and siding, and they are becoming more depressions of spirit. Then again, we friendly to our ministry, which encourages us to hope they may yet be made * From the falls, the Grand-River winds it's the happy partakers of the free and full empries itself into Lake Erie, between Fort Erie
course southerly, about one hundred miles, and salvation offered in the gospel,
md Lory Point.