Page images
PDF
EPUB

once the whole church of Christ, under are they, through God, to pull down the its different names, and united in com- strongest holds, and to abase every ex. mon zeal and love, is aroused to justify alted and proud form of idolatry and its original and proper character, as the superstition, which has defied our Sa. light of the whole world, the great result viour, and deluded, oppressed, and ravto which all our wishes and exertions aged his redeemed creatures. In the tend, cannot be far off. Girded by his name of the Lord, then, let us lift up might who bas given them the commis- our banners, and on this sacred day sion, the spiritual Israel will be able to consecrate ourselves to efforts which go up and possess the whole land. Be- shall never relax, and to a contest fore communicated light, the darkness which, spurning all compromise, shall must fee away; and before weapons of fix our steady eye upon complete and celestial temper, wielded by those, the universal victory through the blood of arms of whose hands are made strong the Lamb, and by the word of his testi. by the hands of the God of Jacob, ali mony. To him be glory in the church opposition must be scattered. Mighty throughout all ages. Amen."

From the Wesleyan Methodist Magazine. ANNUAL MEETING OF THE WESLEYAN METHODIST MISSIONARY

SOCIETY. The Sermons before the Society were preached by the Rev. R. Watson, one of the General Secretaries of the Society, at City-Road Chapel, on Thursday Evening, April 29th ; by the Rev. ROBERT Newton, of Manchester, in Great Queen-Street Chapel, on Friday Forenoon, April 30tb ; and by the Rev. John ANDERSON, of Manchester, at China-Terrace Chapel, Lambeth, on Friday Evening. Sermons were also preached, and Collections made, in all the Chapels in London, and its immediate vicinity, on Sunday, May 2d.

The Annnal Meeting of the Society was held on Monday, May 3d, at eleven o'clock in the Forenoon. The Chapel was crowded, by persons holding tickets of admission, at an early hour.

The Meeting was opened with singing and prayer by the Rev. Henry Moore, President of the Conference; after which Joseph BUTTERWORTU, Esq., M. P., was called to the Chair.

The CHAIRMAN remarked, that it Missions, he should be excused for saywas highly gratifying to observe, by the ing a few words respecting them. He crowded attendance on so unfavourable had great pleasure in observing, that the a morning, that the great work in which general state of the Mission Cause in they were engaged bad not lost any of the West Indies was never more prosits interest in the public mind; and in. perous than at the present time; that it deed, when they considered the moral never received sanction from so many waste which so large a portion of the planters; and that it never derived so world still presented, and that they by much help from the public, whether the mercy of God had the means of cul- connected or unconnected with the West tivating at least a part of it, it would Indies. Indeed so truly sensible were be very extraordinary if any Christian many Proprietors of the singleness of could remain indifferent. He trusted heart, and the honest sincerity of purthat that light which' had so long pose, by which they were actuated in shone upon our own land, was begin. sending forth men to preach the Gospel ning to shed its influence throughout of Christ to their benighted slaves, that the world, and that it was advancing they had come forward to assist in their upon the whole earth. In a very cheer- undertaking. He had ibat morning reing manner it was displaying itself in ceived a letter from a West India Prothe various quarters where Missionaries prietor, inclosing a donation of £50, were stationed. It was not necessary which, the writer said, was in considefor him to go over the various Stations ration of the extensive benefit he had occupied by the Wesleyan Missions, of received from the labours of the Weswhich they would hear an account in leyan Missionary Society, by their havthe Report; but as considerable anxiety' ing taught the negro slaves on his eshad prevailed respecting the West India tates the Christian religion.--He thought

it proper to state that, so far as relates this, feeling, as he did a great respect for to His Majesty's Government at home, the Society with which Mr. Smith was every protection might be expected. --- connected'; a Society which he was The Meeting were aware that, without sure would never encourage revolt, or any sort of provocation, the Mission- violence, or disaffection. With regard Chapel and dwelling-house at Barbadoes to their own Society, they bad much to had been destroyed, and that the Mission- be thankful for; God was giving us sucáry, a most excellent man, had been cess in every quarter; we bad an inobliged to flee from that island. But he crease of Missionaries; an increase of had been received with affection in a Missionary Stations; a large increase of neighbouring Colony, the Island of St. Missionary Funds, the income of the Vincent; and they had the best answer past year amounting to several thousand to all that had been said against him, in pounds more than the year preceding; what had been lately done there,-a sum and a very considerable number had of upwards of £600 currency having been added to the Societies in the Misbeen recently subscribed by the princi- sionary Stations; they had, therefore, pal gentlemen of that island towards the reason to thank God, and take courage. erection of a Wesleyan Chapel. This The Report of the Committee, which was the best answer that could be given stated many instances of the success and to the accusations brought against the prospects of the various Missions, and Missions in Barbadoes. No other Colony that the income of the Society had adhad followed their example: and they vanced in the last year to the sum of ought carefully to distinguish between £35,830. 145. 8d, being an increase of tlie outrageous colonists of one island, £4062. 43. 9d, was read by the Rev. R. and the conduct of other West India Watson. Islands. With regard to the unhappy MR. ALDERMAN KEY addressed affair at Demerara, our Society there the Meeting to propose the First Resohad suffered considerably in the slaves lution. It was with great pleasure that being restrained from attending public he availed himself of the opportunity of worship during the existence of Martial raising his feeble voice in favour of the Law: but as the Wesleyan Society were exertions of that Society. He had by not the immediate and chief sufferers, many been charged with inconsistency; probably he ought not to enter parti- but he thought that he might indeed be cularly into that affair. However, he justly so charged, if, when be professed thought common justice required him to himself a follower of Him who went say thus much, that, greatly as he la. about doing good,-if, while be declared mented the improper conduct of certain bimself a member of the Established slaves, who, instead of waiting for the Church, he should refuse to unite witla improvement of their condition contem- Christians of every denomination, as plated by His Majesty's Government at long as they followed His precept who home, took the law into their own hands, had said, "Go and preach the Gospel since Christianity ever taught subordi. to all nations." This was a work which ation, and discountenanced violence; inight make the lame walk with vigour, yet this never could justify the conduct and the tongue of the stammerer speak of the local Government of Demerara plainly: an extensive field lay open betowards the late Mr. Smith, the Mission- fore them, and tbe work to be done was ary of the London Society. He had big with the fate of millions of inmortal read the trial with deep attention, and souls. Let this Society be looked at did not hesitate to declare his own from any point of view, and it would opinion, and that of several legal friends, claim respect and support from all who altogether unconnected with any Mis- sought the benefit of mankind, and were sionary Society, that a more unjust and concerned to promote the glory of God. illegal proceeding never met with the In such beneficent labours their zeal sanction of any Government whatever. ought to be constantly kindled into new It was now generally adınitted that Mr. ardour. These very Anniversaries, as Smith was entirely innocent with re- the calendar of their proceedings, might gard to the revolt of the negroes: and afford them topics for serious considerathe seizure of his private papers, written tion; they might serve to remind them for his own use, and with no view of of the swift lapse of years, and bring to meeting the public eye, and which, after their imagination that period when time all, did not criminate him, but showed should be swallowed up in eternity. him to be a pious and respectable cha- The night was coming when no man racter, was a most unjust and unwar. could work; and therefore they ought rantable proceeding. He mentioned to exert themselves whilst it was called

" to day.” But more particularly such realize ; a lower object you do not, you Anniversaries should remind them to be cannot, contemplate. A design more grateful to God for the success that he glorious, more momentous, surely canhad given to the exertions of this and not possibly engage the attention or ocother Societies,--Societies which were cupy the thoughts, or interest the feel. going on to give spiritual emancipation ings, or call forth the energies, of human to those who as yet were walking in the beings in the present world. I have, valley of the shadow of death. Let however, Sir, within a few weeks, met them look at the vast plains of India, at with some persons who, while they ad. the neglected shores of the Mediter- mit the importance of the object, and ranean, at the Northern tribes of Amer. applaud the zeal and liberality of those ica, and let them think how much there who are engaged in promoting it, and still remained to be done ; though there even themselves profess to be firmly atwas no cause for despair, for it was tached to the Missionary work, have yet written,— They shall come from the repeatedly adverted io difficulties; and East and from the West, from the North to difficulties, in their estimation, all but and from the South, and shall sit down absolutely insuperable. That tbere are in the kingdom of heaven.”

It was

even formidabie difficulties connected true, indeed, that many years, perhaps with our object is most readily admitages, must elapse before all this could ted; still, in the great work in which we be accomplished,- before the mistaken are engaged, we distinguish between inhabitants of China, Tartary, Japan, difficulties and impossibilities. Difficult and all those on the sliores of the Pacific, the work may be ; difficult it will be ; should hear the glad tidings of Christ. but impossible it is not. On this subject, They were not, however, to flag in their let ii not be forgotten that there is a preexertions, or to stay to argue the point; vious question. We are not to ask what while they were doing that, all these is attended with difficulty ; but what is would be gradually descending into eter- duty. That duty is determined by law; nity Cold and callous hearts might and if it is from law that we are to learn suppose the case hopeless; but they duty, the law has already been stated by should remember that all was in the the worthy Alderman who moved the hands of God. The knowledge of the Resolution. Sir, we ought never to forGospel had not been given us to hide get the language of our great Master, under a bushel, but to disseminate to the which is imperative, and wbich renders most distant portions of the globe. The obedience indispensable. Go,' is the worthy Alderman concluded by moving, language he addressed to his disciples, " That the Report now read be received under circumstances of peculiar solemand printed; and that the Meeting unites nity; standing on the threshold of this in thanksgivings to Almighty God, for world, and addressing bis disciples, as the success which he has been pleased to he was about to re-ascend his throne in rouchsafe to the efforts of the Society heaven; “Go ye,' said he, 'into all the throughout the past year.

world, and preach the Gospel to every The REV. ROBERT NEWTON, who creature. This is language into which seconded the First Resolution, spoke as he has infused a portion of his own safollows:

cred energy; and wbich our hearts still “I cheerfully rise, and, with unaf. feel, while its accents vibrate on our ears. fected cordiality, second the Resolution, This great command has never been rewhich the worthy Alderman has just voked; it is still binding on the Minis.proposed ; and I do this, not with less ters and people of Jesus Christ; as his pleasure because I am associated in it law is express authority, our duty is with a member of the venerable Es. clear; and were difficulties ten thousand tablished Church of our country.

times more numerous and formidable “ It is indeed Mr. Chairman and chris- than they are, still because the Great tian friends, no low or unworthy design Head of the Church has commanded us you contemplate, no frivolous or inglo- to engage in them, it would be our duty rious object that you wish instrumentally to do so with all our night; because the to promote. The widest possible diffu- greater the difficulty, the greater necesşion of the light and benefits of our sity for diligence, and activity, and zeal. common Christianity; the communica. Sir, it is dastardly to desert a cause betion of the kuowledge of the only true cause there are difficulties in it; true zeal God, and Jesus Christ, whom he bath and true courage will always rise with sent to perishing millions of our race, those difficulties which become the occa. who are sitting in darkness and the re. sion of calling them into exercise ; begion of the valley of the shadow of sides, what are the difficulties that will death ;- this is the object you wish to ultimately stand against perseverance ;

against persevering faith, persevering pa- the presence of our God; therс JUGGERtience, persevering charity, and persever- Naur is in our midst, and there we can ing prayer ? This kind of perseverance feast together. "Ah,' said the Gentlewill surmount all the difficulties which man, 'And I can justify the Christian may now look us in the face. Besides, practice on your own principles, for we were we left to encounter those varied are every where in the presence of OUR difficulties, to which reference has been God.' Sir, that is a blessed precept of made in the Report, in our own strength, the divine volume, Thou shalt love thy then, indeed, it would be time to pause; eighbour as thyself. I have found the then indeed we might despair ; but, Sir, advantage of that precept in India : I he who calls us to this work, engages to have found it adapted to overthrow some be with us in it; he who says, 'Go into of the strongest holds of Hindoo superstiall the world, and preach the Gospel to tion. I was conversing with a Brahmin every creature,' promises his presence one day respecting the relative morals of with bis servants, 'Lo, I am with you Hindoos and Christians; and he said, always, even to the end of the world' Our religion is superior to yours

See The REV. H. TOWNLEY, Missionary what excellent fruits our religion profrom Bengal, in moving the Second Re- duces; see what saints we have amongst solution, said,

us Hindoos. Such a man was actuated “ You have heard that in India the by the principles of Hindooism; he left inhabitants are divided into a variety of wife, and children, and family, and escastes. When two Hindoos meet for the tensive' property; he left every thing, participation of food, one diligently in- and spent his life in a wood. Can you quires of the other, "To what caste do produce such a saint as that ?' I replied, you belong?' He replies, perhaps, 'I be that we should call him a very great sinlong to the Catre.'' The inquirer then ner. Upon what principle ?" said be. I rejoins, 'I am a Brahmin; stand away answered, 'God has given us two comfrom me.' The Catre asks another, ‘To mandments, “ Thou shalt love the Lord which caste do you belong?" "I am a thy God with all thy heart, and with all Vadri.' Then stand away from me.' thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with The Vadri asks another, “ To what caste all thy strength, and thy neighbour as do you belong?' 'I am a Sudri.' Then thyself;" and your Hindoo saint, who stand away from me.' We have not so went to live in a wood, as long as he acted to-day, for I perceive on this plat- lived there, was violating the second form, and in this assembly, that we have great commandment: for, forsaking his amongst us Christians, if I may use the neighbours, and kindred, and friends, he term, of all castes. We are met together could not render them any assistance; to participate in a celestial banquet, and he had no longer the opportunity of I find that at this table there are those administering food to the hungry, and who belong to the caste of Baptists, of relieving the miserable; and can a man Independents, and of Churchmen, and I who is living a life of continued disobefind also that Wesleyans have prepared dience to one of God's commandments the feast This puts me in mind of the be deemed a saint !-I can abundantly field of JuGGERNAUT. There was a Brah- confirm the statements which have been min in Calcutta who asked a European made respecting the wretched condition Gentleman, "What is your order of So. of pagans,whether as connected with this ciety in Great Britain'; are you divided world, or destined to stand associated into castes, or do you eat and drink to. with the world to come. With regard gether according to circumstances?' The to this world, having seen a variety of European Gentleman replied, 'We deem their sufferings, I have often had that it our honour to demeau ourselves as passage of Scripture recalled to my atbrethren in the participation of food at tention, "Their sorrows shall be multione table, as Providence permits.' The plied that hasten after another God.' Brahmin replied, ' That appears to me to They practise upon themselves a variety be an offence against good morals and of tortures, and abound in the perpetragood conduct.' The Gentleman rejoin. tion of mutual deeds of cruelty and ed, 'I think I can prove to you by a bloodshed. Hindoos meet together to practice of your own, that you are in have iron hooks thrust into their backs,

How do you act in the field of to be drawn up into the air, and to be JUGGERNAUT ? Do you not eat there swung round with great velocity. You with the lowest caste of India? There you may see in Calcutta Hindoos dancing know no distinction of caste, but all feed about with iron spikes run through their at one board.' The Brahmin'answered, tongues ; others with living snakes run 'I can screen myself from the imputation through their sides and tongues; and enyou bring against us, for there we are in deavouring to outde each other in those

error.

returns

deeds of iniquity. But they do not stop the whole course of my ministry. The in these minor acts of cruelty; but go on Governor-General of India, and other till they deprive each other even of life Governors, have repeatedly interfered in itself. Every year, thousands of them some parts of our operations; but always find a watery grave; others are buried in a friendly manner; and since I left alive; others are crushed to death by the India, I have heard with great satisfaccar of JUGGERNAUt; and the most nu- tion, that the Government have resolved merous class of all are put to death by to augment the measure of their liberalithe flames. It fell to my painful lot to ty with reference to Hindoo schools. It see one woman burned alive; and the is well known that the Government have deed was committed by her own daugh- given leave to the Missionaries of various ter, witb whom I remonstrated as well as Societies to administer instruction to the with her mother, but to do good effect. rising population; and lately, they bave The answer the young woman made was, resolved to devote one hundred thousand

It is the custom of the country, and rupees for that work; which sum (about what can I do?' But it may well aggra- ten thousand pounds sterling) they bave vate the poignancy of our sensibility, given freely, to enlighten British India. when we learn that these horrors are i could add many things to confirm the customary. Thus it appears by the official statement of our having access to milreturns, that one widow is burned alive lions of pagans. I travelled, for about a every twelve hours; and this, Sir, has re- month, with a converted Brahmin who ference merely to British India, but does had given himself to the promotion of not include a great number of similar the Gospel. We went to all the cities, victims wbo escape the observation of and towns, and villages in our way up the the police, or are not included in the river, and took our stations near market

I should suppose that the real places, and other public situations, and truth of the case is, that, taking the whole preached the Gospel to every creature' of India into the account, ONE is burned who would listen, none daring to make every FOUR HOURS. Surely, Sir, it is high us afraid. We delivered our Tracts, time for us to be up, and doing some. which were received with considerable thing, to send to them the knowledge of avidity. When we came to one village, that Gospel which says, “Do thyself no we found ourselves in the neighbourhood harm.'-It is the Gospel, Sir, and that of an idol-temple; and even there, peralone, which can save the soul; and this ceivwig by the countenance of the people is the grand consideration upon which that they were willing to hear us, we too Missionary Societies must proceed I our station, the Brahmins and other Hinsaw a Hindoo in his dying moments; he doos amounting to fifty or a hundred. had been brought to the margin of the One of them said, while I was speaking, Ganges to breathe his last. I said to him, “Pray, Sir, why do not you ascend the ‘Have you a good hope? Do you think fight of steps leading up to the idol ? of going to heaven? Do you think that there you will have a beiter station. I the sight of the Ganges obliterates your replied, 'I could not think of doing it, sins, and that the worship of your gods because, peradventure, some might dishas blotted out your transgressions?' He approve. They replied, 'We shall not said, 'I have no confidence in all these disapprove.' I said, “ You have Brahthings.' 'Do you then know,' said I, of mins among you, and if one individual any mode satisfactory to your own mind disapprove, I will not ascend the stairs.' by which your transgressions can be for. 'Sir, said they, we approve of it.' given?' 'No, I know of none.” • Then Thus, from a situation close to that ocwhat is the necessary consequence? Do cupied by the idol, I preached to them you know you have sinned? Of that I the cross of Christ.” MR. TOWNLEY have no doubt.' 'Do you know that God concluded by moving,—" That the still punishes sin in hell?' Yes.' What then benighted and wretched condition of the is the inference?' 'I am going to hell,' greater part of the world, together, with he replied. I could not but drop a tear, the access to many millions of its pagan when standing by the entrance of that inhabitants which Dirine Providence has dying man's tent, who had been brought given to Missionary Societies, as well as to the river of their watery god, vainly the good already effected by their collective hoping for salvation.-- In India God has exertions, strongly call upon the friends of marvellously opened a door to our exer- Missions, generally, to persevere, not only tions, and no man at present has an arm with unabated, but wilh quickened seal, strong enough to shut it. The magistracy, in the great work of diffusing the knowof Calcutta surpasses the magistracy of ledge of Christ throughout all nations.. some places in the West. I never met

(To be concluded in our next.) with the slightest opposition in India in

« PreviousContinue »