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Righteousness, and unites us with Christ whose Righteousness it is : Rom. v. 17. 'They which re. • ceive abundance of grace, and of the gift of

righteousness, shall reign in life by one, Jeft, • Christ.' Phil. iii. 9. ' And be found in him, note

having mine own righteousness, which is of the ' law; but that which is through the faith of Christ,

the righteoufnels which is of God by faith. It is in Justification that we obtain Reconciliation with God: 2 Cor. v. 19. God was in Chrift, reconciling the world unto himfelf, not impu

ting their trespasses unto them. fam. ii. 23. Abraham believed God, and it was imputed unto him for righteousness: and he was called the

friend of God. The State we are brought out of, in our Reconciliation, is the State of Wrath": Rom. v. 9. 10. "Much more then being now justified by his blood, we shall be saved from wrath through him. For if when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son; much more beirig reconciled, we shall be faved by his life. The State we are brought into, is a State of Peace and Friendship with God through Christ : Rom. v. 1. forecited. ij. xxxii. 17,

And the work of. righteousness fhall be peace, and the effect of righteousness, quietness and af ' furance for ever. I am. ii. 23. forecited.

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Quest. 34. What is Adoption ?

Ans: Adoption is an Ad of God's free Grace, whereby, we are received into the Number, and have a Right to all the Privileges of the Sons of God.


EXPLICATION. All who are effectually called, are adopted into che Family of God: 2 Cor. vi. 17. 18. Wherefore come out from among them, and be


fe. parate, saith the Lord, and touch not the un. ? clean thing; and I will receive you, and will be

a Father unto you, and ye shall be my sons

and daughters, faith the Lord almighty." *Ad. option, in the general, is a legal Act, whereby one doth, to all Intents and Purposes in Law, become wholly the Child of another, than him whose Child he was by Nature. Adoption, then, is not a Change of our Nature, but of our State. Nei. ther is it a Work carried on by Degrees, but an Act perfected in an Instant : 1 John iii, 2. 'Beloved, now

are we the sons of God,' &c. But the full Enjoyment of the Benefits thereby coming unto us, will not be till the last Day: Rom. viii. 23. And not • only they, but ourselves also, which have the

first fruits of the Spirit, even wedurselves grone within ourselves, waiting for the adoption, to wit, the redemption of our body. We are adopted into the family of God, in that Instant, wherein, believing in Christ, we are justified, and reconciled to God: John i. 12. As many as re..ceived him, to them gave he power to become

the fons of God, even to them that believe on his name.' Gal. iv. 4. 5. ' But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son made of a woman, made under the law, to redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of fons. Eph. ii. 16. And that he might reconcile both unto God in one body by the cross, having lain the enmity there,


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by. vers. 19. Now, therefore ye are no more strangers and foreigners, but fellow• citizens with the faints, and of the houshold of « God.'

Our natural Father, out of whose Family we come, is the Devil : John viii. 44. Ye are of your father the devil, and the lufts of your father ye will do.' Matth. xiii. 38. ' The tares are the children of the wicked one. Chap. xxiii. 15.'Wo unto you, scribes and pharisees, hypocrites ; for ye compass fea and land to’inake one proselytė, and when he is made, ye make him

twofold more the child of hell than yourselves.' The Devil's Family is the World lying in Wick edness : 1 John v. 19. And we know that the

whole world lieth in wickedness. Compared with 2 Cor. vi. 17. 18. forecited. Pfal. xlv. 10. ' Hearken, o daughter, and consider, and incline

thine ear ; forget also thine own people, and thy ' father's house. The father who adopts us into

his family, is God himself. 2 Cor, vi. i 8. forecited. The Person of the glorious Trinity, whose Act in a peculiar Manner our Adoption is, is the first Person, the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ : Eph. i. 3. 5. Blessed be the God and Father of

our Lord Jesus Christ, who harb blefied us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly places in Chrift: having predestinated us: unto the adoption of

children by Jesus Christ to himself.? Chap. iii. 14. 15. For this cause I bow my knees unto the

Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, of whom the ''whole family in heaven and earth is named." i Jahn iii. 1. Behold, what manner of love the Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called the sons of God.' His Act of adopt.


ing us into his Family, is an Act of free Grace : i John iii. 1. above cited. It is an Act of free Grace, in that there is nothing in us moving him thereto: Eph. i. 5. 6. Having predestinated us

unto the adoption of children by Jefus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of bis will, to the praise of the glory of his grace,

wherein he hath made us accepted in the belorved. But it is consistent with the Honour of God, to adopt into his Family us who are by Na. ture Children of the Devil, in that he adopts us in Christ, as being in him : Epb. i. 5. 6. above cited. Gal. iii. 26. 27. - For ye are all the children of «God by faith in Christ Jesus.' For as many of

you as have been baptized into Christ, have put on Christ. Heb. ii. 11. "For both he that fanctifieth, and they who are fanctified, are all of

one, for which cause he is not ashamed to call them brethren.' It is consistent with his Justice, in that he adopts us for Christ, as redeemed by him, Gal. iv. 4. 5. forecited.

We are dignified by Adoption, in that we are thereby received into the Number of the Sons of God : fer. ii. 19. But I said, How shall I put

thee among the children, and give thee a plea• fant land, a goodly heritage of the hoft of na• tions? and I said, Thou shalt call me, My fa.

ther; and shalt not turn away from me.' John 1. 12. forecited. The Dignity then which we are by it advanced to, is Sonship to God, Eph. i. 5.

2 Cor. vi. 18. forecited. Those that make that Number into which we are received by Adoption, are, our Lord Jesus Christ himself, the holy Angels, and the Saints in Heaven and Earth: Heb. ii. 11. forecited. Chap. xii. 22. 23. But




come unto mount Sion, and unto the city of

the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to 6 an innumerable company of angels, to the ge'neral assembly and church of the first-born which . are written in heaven, and to God the judge of

all, and to the spirits of just men made perfect. Eph. iii. 15. forecited. All these are the Sons of Gode Jesus Christ is the Son of God, by eternal Generation : Pfal. ii. 7. ' I will declare the decree: the Lord hath said unto me, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee. John. i. 14. And we beheld his glory, the glory as of the on? ly begotten of the Father. The holy Angels are the Sons of God, by Creation in his Image, which is confirmed on them: Joh Xxxviii. 7. The morning-stars fang together, and all the fons of God shouted for joy. Compared with Eph. i. 10...' That in the difpenfation of the fulness

of times, he might gather together in one all things in Chrift, both which are in heaven,

and which are on earth, even in him.' The Saints are the Sons and Daughters of God, by fpiritual Marriage with Christ, by Adoption, and by Regeneration : Psal. xly. 10. Hearken, O daugh.

ter, and cor.sider, and incline thine ear; forget also thine own people, and thy father's house.' Eph. i. 5. forecited. 7 Jahn iii. 9. 10. Whosoever is born of God, doth not comimit sin; for his feed remaineth in him : and he cannot fin, because he is born of God. In this the children of God are manifest! And by Adoption we are made Sons of God too, Eph. i. 5. Gal. iv. 4. 5. forecited.

The peculiar Dignity of our Lord Jesus Chrift among that Numbor, is, That he is the Firft-born,


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