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evil fruit : neither can a corrupt tree bring forth good fruit.' His natural Actions, such as Eating and Drinking, are Sin : Zech. vii. 6. 'And when ye did eat, and when ye did drink, did ye

not eat for yourselves, and drink for yourselves?' His civil Actions, such as Plowing and Sowing, are Sin : Prov. xxi. 4. · The plowing of the wicked is fin.' And his religious Actions are Sin, Prov. XV. 8. ' The facrifice of the wicked is an abomi: nation to the Lord.'

Quest. 19. What is the Misery of that Estate whereinto Man fell?

Ans. All Mankind, by their Fall, loft Communion with God, are under his Wrath and Curse, and so made liable to all Miseries in this Life, to Death itself, and to the Pains of Hell for ever.

Rom. v. 12.


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EXPLICATION.' Our natural State is a miserable State 100. And all Mankind is in that miserable State by Nature . That comes to pass, by their Fall in Ailam :

By one man sin entered into the world, and death by fin; and fo death passed up, on all men, for that all have sinned? Our natural State is a miserable State, in respect of what Loss Man sustains, what he lies under, and what he is liable to, in it.

The Lofs which Man fustains in his natural State, is the loss of Communion with God. Communion with God is a friendly Intercourse between God and a Soul, arising from a peculiar Interest in one another : Cant. ï. 16. 'My beloved is mine,

and I am his. Man had such Communion with God before the Fall; and that without a Medi, ator: Gal. iii. 20. (Now a mediator is not a me, “diator of one ; but God is one.' But he lost it, by the Fall : Gen. iii. 8. ' And they heard the voice

of the Lord God walking in the garden in the • cool of the day : and Adam and his wife hid • themselves from the presence of the Lord God,

amongst the trees of the garden. And none attain to this Communion again, as long as they are in their natural State, whatever Duties of Worship they go about: Eph. ii. 12. 'At that • time ye were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers • from the covenants of promise, having no hope,

and without God in the world. It is recovered, only in the Way of Union with Jesus Christ, verf. 13. “But now in Christ Jesus, ye who sometimes were far off, are made nigh' by the blood of Christ.'

What Man, lies under in his natural State, is God's Wrath and Curse. The Wrath of God he lies under, is revenging Wrath : And all Men in their natural State are under that Wrath : Eph. ii. 3. • Wewere by nature the children of wrath, even as

others. John iii. ult. ' He that believeth on the Son, hath everlasting life : and he that believeth

not the Son, shall not see life;. but the wrath • of God abideth on him. The Curse he lies un. der, is the Sentence of the broken Law, binding over the Sinner to revenging Wrath, to the full : And all Men in their natural State are under it, Gal. iii. 1o. “Curled is every one that continueth



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not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them.'

What Man is liable to in his natural State, is, all Miferies in this Life, Death itfelf, and the Pains of Hel for ever, in virtue of the Curse. The Mife. ries in this Life the natural Man is liable to, are all inward and outward Miseries of Life, laid on in virtue of the Curse : Lam. iii. 39. "Wherefore doth a living man complain, a mán for the punishment of his fins ?' The inward Miseries of Life he is so made liable to, are spiritual Plagues, such as Blindness of Mind, Hardness of Heart, Vileness of Affections, Horror of ConScience, and the like: Eph. iv. 18. ' Having the un

derstanding darkened, being alienated from the ' life of God, through the ignorance that is in 'them, because of the blindness of their heart.” Rom. ii. 5. But, after thy hardness and in penitent

heart, treasureft op unto thyself wrath against the day of wrath, and revelation of the righteous judgment of God.' Chap. i. 26. For this cause God gave them up unto vile affections.? 11. xxxiii. 14.

The sinners in Zion are afraid, fearfulness hath surprised the hypocrites : who among us fhall dwell with the devouring fire ? who amongst us shalldwell with everlasting burn

ings? The cutward Miseries of Life he is so made liable to, are such as befal the outward Man, as Sickness, Poverty, Disgrace, and the like: Deut. xxviii. 15. to the End. But it shall come to pafs, if thou wilt not bearken unto the voice of the Lord thy God, to observe to do all his com* mandments, and his statutes which I command

thee this day; that all these curses Thall come upon thee, and overtake thee. Curfed thalt thou

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' be in the city, and cursed shalt thou be in the

field, &c The Death the natural Man is liable to, is the Dissolution of the Soul and the Bo. dy in virtue of the Curse: Rom. vi. 23. ' The'

wages of sin is death. That kind of Death is stinged Death: I Cor. xv. 5. ' The sting of death • is fin; and the strength of sin is the law. It is true, Believers in Christ also are liable to Miseries in this Life, and to Death itself; but they are not so made liable to them, not by the Curse, not with the Sting in them : i Cor. xv. 55. 'O death, • where is thy sting? O grave, where is thy victo

ry? Howbeit, if Man had not sinned, he would never have died : Gen. ii. 17. ' But of the tree of

the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it : for in the day that thou eatest there..

of, thou shalt surely die.' The Miseries in this Life, and Death itself, are, to Believers in Christ, Marks of God's Displeasure with the Sin in them, while yet he loves their persons in Christ : Psal. xcix. 8. • Thou answeredst them, O Lord our “God: thou wast a God that forgavest them,

though thou tookest vengeance of their inven' tions. Gen. iii. 15. 17. 18. 19. ' And I will

put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy feed and her seed: it shall bruise thy,

head, and thou shalt bruise his heel. And unto . Adam he said, Because thou hast hearkened unto

the voice of thy wife, and hast eaten of the tree • of which I commanded thee, saying, Thou shalt

not eat of it: cursed is the ground for thy fake sin forrow shalt thou eat of it all the days of thy • life. Thorns also and thistles llall it bring forth

to thee : and thou shalt eat the herb of the field. ' In the sweat of thy face falt thou eat bread,

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'till thou return unto the ground; for out of it "walt thou taken : for dust thou art, and unto dan

shalt thou return.'

The Pains of Hell, that natural Men are liable to, are, the Pain of Loss, and the Pain of Senle. The Pain of Loss in Hell, is total and final Se paration from God: Matth. xxv. 41. ' Then shall he fay also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels.? That Sepa, ration from God, is not a local Separation from him, as if God should not be in the place where they shall be: Psal. cxxxix. 8. “If I make my 'bed in hell, behold, thou art there. But it is a relative Separation, in an eternal blocking up of all comfortable Communication between God and them : And the Effect of that will be, a total Eclipse of all Light of Comfort, and Ease whatso, ever, of Body and Mind, in the Damned: Matth. xxii. 13. ' Then said the king to the fervants, Bind

him band and foot, and take him away, and 'cast him into outer darkness : there shall be wecp+

ing and gnashing of teeth.' Hof. ix. 12. 'Woto them when I depart from them.' The Pain of Sense in Hell, is unspeakable Torment, both in Soul and Body, without Intermission: Matik. xxv, 41. above cited. Nark ix. 43. 44. ' And if thy hand offend thee, cut it off : it betrer for thee to enter into life maimed, than having two hands, to go into hell, into the fire that never shall be quenched : where their worm dieth not, and the

fire is not quenched.' And there Pains of Hell will never have an End with them: Matth, xxv, 4!. 'Departminto everlasting fire.'

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