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Quest. 20. Did God leave all Mankind to perish in the Estate of Sin and Misery?
Anf. God having out of his mere good Pleasure, from all Eternity, elected iome to everlasting Life, did enter into a Covenant of Grace, to deliver them out of the Estate of Sin and Misery, and to bring them into an Estate of Salvation by a Redeemer.
EXPLICATI,O N. The State of Sin and Misery, is a State where. in all must perish, who are left of God in it, Eph.
* At that time ye were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope, and without God in the world, because it is beyond the Reach of all created Help, IJ. Ixiii. 5. 'And I looked, and there was
none to help ; and I wondered that there was (none to uphold: therefore mine own arm brought * salvation unto me, and my fury, it upheld me." But God doth not leave all Mankind to perish in it. Those whom he doth not leave to perish in it, are the Elect: Rom. viii. 30. Moreover, wḥom
he did predeftinate, them he also called : and whom he called, them he also justified : and whom he justified, them he allo glorified.'
The Elect are some contain Persons of Mankind, whom God hath, chosen to everlasting Life, passing by others : Afts xiii. 48. 'And as many as were ordained to eternal life, believed.' Jude verf. 4. For there are certain men crept a unawares, who were before of old ordaineü to this condem nation, ungodly men, turning the grace of our God into lasciviousness, and denying the only 'Lord God, and our Lord Jesus Christ. This Election or Choice was made from Eternity : Eph. i. 4. ' According as he hath chosen us in him, before the foundation of the world, that we should
be holy, and without blame before him in love.' And it infallibly secures their eternal Salvation, with all the Means leading thereto : Rom. vii. 30. forecited. Nothing foreseen in the Creature,' neither Faith nor good Works, was the Cause of Election ; but only God's mere good Pleasure was the Caule of it: Eph i. 6.' To the praise of
the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in the beloved.'
Now, the way that God provided the Relief, was, that he entered into a second Covenant, the Covenant of Grace. The Design of the Covenant of Grace, was, to deliver the Elect out of the Eftate of Sin and Misery, and to bring them into an Estate of Salvation by a Redeemer.
The Covenant of Grace, then, was made with Jesus Christ, as the Second Adam, Party.contractor : Psal. lxxxix, 3. 'I have made a covenant
with my chofen. Compared with i çon. V45. "The lat Adam was made a quickening spirit.? Gal. iii. 16. Now to Abraham and his fred were
the promises made. He faith not, And to feeds, as of many; but as of one, And to thy feed,
which is Christ.' Rom. v. 15. to the End. And Christ in this Covenant represented all the Elect, as his spiritual Seed, the Parties contracted for : Gal. iii. 16. forecited. If. liii. 10. 11. Yet it
pleased the Lord to bruise him, he hath put hiin to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an of. fering for fin, he shall see his feed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the Lord shall prosper in his hand. He shall see of the travail of his soul, and Mall be satisfied: by his know
ledge shall my righteous servant juftify many : ! for he shall bear their iniquities. Then the Covenant of Redemption, and the Covenant of Grace, are not two distinct Covenants, but two Names of one Covenant, under different Considerations. That appears, in that the Number of the Covenants in Scripture is but two, whereof the Cove. nant of Works is one : Gal. iv. 24.
For these are • the two Covenants; the one from the mount Si
nai, which gendereth to bondage, which is Agar.' By a Covenant of Redemption is meant a Bargain of Buying and Selling; and the second Covenant was such a Covenant to Christ only: 1 Pet. i. 18. 19. Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and
gold, from your vain conversation received by I tradition from your fathers; but with the pre
cious blood of Christ, as of a Lamb without ble.
milh and without spot.' By a Covenant of Grace is meant a Bargain, whereby all is to be had freely; and it is such a Covenant to poor Sinners only: 11. lv. 1. 'Ho, every one that thirsteth, come
ye to the waters, and he that haib no money; come ye, buy and eat, yca, come, buy wide "and milk without money, and without price.'
The Covenant of Grace was made from Eternity : Tit
. I. 2. ' In hope of eternal life, which God that cannot Iye, promised before the world began.' Yet is it the second Covenant, in respect of Order and Manifestation to the World, though it was first
The Condition of the Covenant of Grace is Christ's fulfilling all Righteousness : Matth. iii. 15.
And Jesus said, Thus it becometh us to fulfil all righteousness.' That Righteousness was stated from the broken Covenant of Works :- Rom. jii. 31. 'Do we then make void the law through faith? God forbid : yea, we establish the law. The Righteousness that the broken Covenant of Works insists on as the necessary Condition of eternal Life to a Sinner, is perfect Holiness of Nature, Righteousness of Life, and Satisfaction for Sin : Rev. xxi. ult. "And there shall in no wise enter into it any thing that defileth, neither whatsoe. ver worketh abomination, or maketh a lye.' Matth. xix. 17. 'And Jesus said unto the young
man, If thou wilt enter into life, keep the com'mandments. Heb. ix. 22. Without shedding of blood is no remission. It justly so insists for Holiness of Nature, because that was given to Man at first, and by the Condition of the Covenant he was obliged to keep it : Eccl. vii
. 29. God hath made man upright. It justly fo insists for Righteousness of Life, for that was the express Condition of it : Gal. iii. 12. ' And the law is not of
faith : but, The man that doth them, shall live
in them.' 'And it juftly so insists for Satisfaction, in virtue of the Penalty incurred by the breaking of it: Gen. ii. 17. But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in
the day that thou eatest thereof, thou shalt surely (die.' But neither Adam, nor any of his fallen Offspring, was able to perform that Condition of Life: Rom. v. 6. ! We were without strength.' Therefore, there is no Salvation by the Covenant of Works : Rom. iii. 20. ^ Therefore by the deeds of the law, there shall no flesh be justified in
his fight : for by the law is the knowledge of fin.' Chap. viii. 3. ' For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh,' ec. But Jesus Christ did accept of that Condition, as the Condition of the Covenant of Grace : Psal. xl. 7 "Then said I, Lo, I come: in the volume of
the book it is written of me. And it was made the Condition of the Covenant of Grace, that his spiritual Seed might be saved, and the Covenant of Works fully satisfied for them : Rom. viii. 3. 4.
God sent his own Son, in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin condemned sin in the flesh: that the righteousness of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh, but after the • Spirit.' And Jesus Christ did fully perform it, in that, as a public Person, he was born perfectly holy, lived perfectly holy, and made compleat Satisfaction by his Death : Luke. i. 35. ' And the
angel answered and said unto her, The Holy « Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of ( the Highest shall overshadow thee: therefore also " that holy thing which shall be born of thee, shall o be called the Son of God i Cor. XV. 45. * last Adam was made a quickening spirit. Phil. ii. 8.' And being found in fashion as a man, he
humbled himself, and became obedient unto 5 death, even the death of the cross.' The Promise of the Covenant of Grace, is a