Asia's Unknown Uprisings Volume 1: South Korean Social Movements in the 20th Century

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PM Press, Mar 1, 2012 - Political Science - 480 pages
Using social movements as a prism to illuminate the oft-hidden history of 20th-century Korea, this book provides detailed analysis of major uprisings that have patterned the country's politics and society. From the 1894 Tonghak uprising through the March 1, 1919, independence movement and anti-Japanese resistance, a direct line is traced to the popular opposition to U.S. division of Korea after World War II. The overthrow of Syngman Rhee in 1960, resistance to Park Chung-hee, the 1980 Gwangju Uprising, as well as student, labor, and feminist movements are all recounted with attention to their economic and political contexts. This is the first of two volumes that emphasizes the effects of grassroots political movements in different countries of Asia.
 

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Contents

Uprisings and History
1
Korea Enters the Modern World System
24
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS AND PHOTOGRAPHS
36
1 Insurgents and Armed Confrontations 19071911
41
am the workingman the inventor the maker of the worlds
52
4 Per Capita Rice Consumption in Korea under Japanese Rule
53
U S Imperialism and the October Peoples Uprising
59
LIST OF CHARTS GRAPHS AND MAPS
71
1 Koreas Economic Performance 19781991
226
U S President Ronald Reagan greeted South Korean dictator Chun Doohwan in
231
chapter8 The Gathering Storm
244
When office workers joined the 1987 uprising they were dubbed
252
1 College Students in South Korea 19451993
258
4 Tendencies in the South Korean Movement
264
The June Uprising of1987
277
1 Demonstrations and Number of Participants in 1987
281

1 Cholera Reports as of Midnight October 1 1946
72
2 Uprisings from September to December 1946 in Southern Korea
77
Jeju Uprising
86
1 Structure of the Jeju South Korean Labor Party
91
The population of Jeju Island was displaced under the rule of the U S military
95
1 Statistics Related to Guerrilla Activity in Southern Korea 1949
107
2 Guerrilla Strongholds 1949
109
Massacre in Korea Like many other artists Pablo Picasso opposed the slaughter
116
Students Overthrow Rhee and Park
127
Police viciously attacked student protests in 1960
132
1 Age of People Killed in the April Uprising 1960
135
2 Per Capita GNP in South Korea 19611988
142
Gwangju Peoples Uprising
162
In the midst of battle on May 20 1980 when the army seemed to be gaining the upper
168
Gwangju citizens governed themselves through direct democracy after driving
181
1 Rallies in Liberated Gwangju
185
1 The Uprisings Path in South Jeolla Province
189
Hidden Face Unmasked by Hong Sungdam Woodblock print 294x405 mm 1983
194
2 Organization of CitizenStudent Struggle Committee
200
2 Occupations of Citizens Killed during the Gwangju Uprising
205
Encouraged by the United States the South Korean military crushed
209
outskirts of Gwangju
212
Neoliberalism and the Gwangju Uprising
221
3 Tear Gas Shots Fired in 1987
297
The Great Workers Struggle
309
1 Arrested in Seoul and Gwangju in June 1987
312
1 Number of Labor Disputes and Labor Unions 1975 to 1990
318
4 Korean Occupational Structure 19601985
322
From Minjung to Citizens
333
1 1987 Presidential Election Results
337
demonstrations Student Kang Kyongdae beaten to death by police on April 26 1991
341
2 Number of Labor Disputes 19861995
343
4 NGOs in Korea
351
1 Organization of Hanchongryun
356
The Struggle Against Neoliberalism
361
General Strike of 1997
370
1 Average Rate of Net Profit in Manufacturing percent
373
1 Yearly Working Hours 19451999
377
3 Elected Female National Assembly Members
380
chapter13 The Democratic Dilemma
389
Shin Hyosun and Shim Misun After the U S soldiers responsible for their deaths were
392
1 Income Ratio of the Richest 20 Percent and Poorest 20 Percent
397
1 Voter Participation in National Assembly Elections
400
appendix Interviews with CitizenActivists
421
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About the author (2012)

George Katsiaficas is a longtime activist for peace and justice—who was twice granted Fulbright fellowships—and the author of The Imagination of the New Left and The Subversion of Politics. He lives in Boston.

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