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exceedingly small, either in comparison Results of the Labours of our Missionaries. with the ability of our churches, or the wants of the destitute and perishing. The
It is to your Board a subject of deep reprecise nuinber of auxiliaries we are not
gret, that they are utterly unable to preable to report; it falls somewhat short,
sent to the Assembly a full
and precise however, of six hundred, when, in the ap
statement of the beneficial effects of Misprehension of your Board, it might, and sionary labour, as they have been experiindeed ought, to exceed a thousand.' We enced and exhibited by the many charita utter not the language of despondency or
ble and religious institutions of the day. censure, but we would excite the pastors They have repeatedly, explicitly, and so of the churches to more vigorous and per- lemnly enjoined it upon all their Missionssevering efforts for the establishmeni of lies to be prompt, and minute, and accuauxiliaries in their respective charges.
rate in their reports on the various subWe cannot but regard it as the sacred jects which at present engross the attenduty of every church in our connexion, tion, and enlist the energies of the Christo form an auxiliary connexion with the
tian community; but they are pained to Board, and of every communicating mem.
say, that a number of our Missionaries ber to contribute something, annually, for have failed to comply with the earnest the promotion of Domestic Missions. Let
wish of the Board on the subject, and this obvious duty be faithfully performed, hence the embarrassment which we now and the resources of your Board will be experience. We are gratified, however, abundant.
to add that many of our Missionaries have
carefully and promptly obeyed their inCorresponding Executive Committees of have been enabled, in consequence of the
structions on this subject, and that we Presbyteries.
data with which they have furnished us, to The views of the Board respecting the form the following estimates, in which, if importance and usefulness of such Com. there be any error, we confidently believe miitoes in all the Presbyteries have been it consists in undervaluing, rather than so fully expressed in former reports, and exaggerating the effects of Missionary ba. in their monthly publication, that they bour. deom it unnecessary to say moro at pre
Sabbath Schools, Catechetical and Bible sent on this subject, than simply to urge the
Classes. speedy appointment of such Committees in Presbyteries where they do not exist;
The number of Sabbath Schools report and, also, to remind Committees already ed by seventy-six Missionaries, is two organized, of the vast importance of a hundred and forty; and the whole number prompt and regular attention to the ap- established by all our Missionaries, or under propriate duties of their office, as defined their general supervision, is estimated at in the appendix to this report. It affords not less than six hundred; the number of great pleasure to the Board to state, that teachers at three thousand; and the numThe number of Corresponding Executive ber of scholars at twenty thousand. SixtyCommittees has been considerably in six Missionaries have reported one huncreased during the last year, and that dred and twenty-one Catechetical and Bimore than one half of all the Presbyteries ble Classes ; and the whole number of in connexion with the Assembly have ap. classes is estimated at three thousand, and proved and adopted the general plan of the learners at eight thousand. operations which we have heretofore A large majority of these Sabbath recommended to the Presbyteries and Schools are in the Valley of the Missischurches. The evidence thus afforded, sippi, and the most of them have been esthat the Board enjoys the cordial appro- thus the pledge given
by the Board to the
tablished within the last two years; and tion, confidence, prayers, and co-operation of the officient judicatories of the American Sunday School Union, two Church, has served essentially to encou- years ago, has been redeemed. rage their hearts and strengthen their hands, in the highly responsible work to Bible, Tract, Missionary, Education, and which they have been called. Should the
Temperance Societies. details of our successful operations during The Missionaries of the Board have the last year, evince that this confidence been carefully instructed, and frequently has not been altogether misplaced, we de- exhorted, to make vigorous and persever. sire to unite with the Assembly in the de- ing efforts to establish, sustain, and er vout exclamation, “ Not unio us, not courage these and all other benevolent unto us, but unto thy name, O Lord, be and religious institutions; and the reporta all the glory." From this brief and im- which bave been received on these sab perfect sketch of the plans and doings of jects, afford the most gratifying proof of ihe Board, we now turn with unmingled iheir fidelity and success. There are very pleasure to the contemplation of the few, if any, of the congregations served
by our Missionaries, where such Societies most earnestly sought, and most bighly are not now in successful operation. In prized, is the glory of God in the sanctifithe organization and enlargement
of Tem cation of saints, and the conversion of sin. perance Societies, the success of most of ners. This supremely desirable result of our Missionaries has been truly encou. missionary labours has been more fully raging. The number reported by sixty- and extensively experienced in the coneight Missionaries is ninety-two. The gregations served by our Missionaries, whole number of societies is estimated at during the last year, ihan ever before. In three hundred and fifty, and the number nearly fifty of these congregations, "times of members at fifteen thousand.
of refreshing from the presence of the In the gratuitous distribution of the sa- Lord,” have been experienced, and by cred Scriptures, and religious Tracts, these most gracious visitations, the hearts most of our Missionaries have been en- of the Missionaries have been cheered gaged, to the full extent of the time and and strengthened; saints have been reresources at their command. Your Board vived; sinners have been convicted, and have the pleasure to state, that their fa. hopefully converted to God; and, to the cilities for doing good by means of reli- feeble missionary churches, thus favoured gious Tracts, have recently been much in of the Lord, more than one thousand creased, by the very liberal donation from members have been added; to many otber the American Tract Society, of one hun churches, served by our Missionaries, in dred and sixty-two dollars worth of Tracts, which no unusual excitement has existed, to fifty-four of their Missionaries.
there have been uncommonly large and Churches organized, and Houses of Wor. encouraging accessions; and the whole
number of additions, to all the churches ship erected.
under the care of the Missionaries, is estiSeventeen Missionaries have reported mated at not less than two thousand. twenty new churches organized; and “This is the Lord's doing ; it is marveltwenty-two Missionaries have reported lous in our eyes,” and to the God of all twenty-nine houses of worship erected on grace, whose exclusive prerogative it is, missionary ground.
by his Holy Spirit, to call sinners out of
darkness, into his marvellous light, and to Retivals of Religion, and additions to the impart spiritual life and salvation, to those Church.
who are dead in trespasses and sins," The effect of a preached gospel, and all to Him be all the praise and glory forever, other means of grace, which should be —and let all the people say, Amen.
EUROPE. Liverpool papers to the 1st of June inclusive, and London dates to the evening of the 30th of May, contain the latest advices from Europe.
Britain.—The agony is over-the Reform Bill, without any material change as sent from the Commons, has past the House of Lords, in committee of the whole. The ac, count of this occurrence, given in the latest Liverpool paper, is as follows:
LIVERPOOL MERCURY, 2d edition, June 1, 9 o'clock, A. M. “We have to congratulate our readers on the safe passage of the Reform Bill through the ordeal of the committee of the House of Lords without one material alteration, which happy event occurred on Wednesday evening, before ten o'clock, their lordships having proceeded with most exemplary and unexampled despatch. Alier the explanation of the Earl of Munster, relative to his own conduct on a recent occasion, the House, on motion of Earl Grey, resolved itself into committee, and the fifteen first boroughs on the list of disfranchisement were declared to stand part of schedule A without opposition or comment. On the proposition that Camelford should stand part of the schedule, the Marquis Cleveland said that the inbabitants of the borough, much to their credit, did not object to give up their own rights, in order to forward a bill calculated to benefit the whole country. (Cheers.)— Lord Ellenborough said that persons so very honourable, so very disinterested, were the best qualified to hold the elective franchise; and he was sure their lordships would feel great reluctance to deprive them of it. He was astonished how the noble Marquis, knowing the nobleness of their nature, could ever consent to their being disfranchised. (Laughter.) The motion was then agreed to. Camelford was added to the schedule, and the forty following boroughs shared (he same
fate, almost without comment. It was then agreed that the clause as amended should stand part of the bill.
“On the question that schedule B should be proceeded with, the Earl of Haddington, the Earl of Malesbury, and Lord Wharncliffe, though they said they knew that their opposition would be fruitless, described this schedule as the most obnoxious part of the bili, and pleaded hard for its erasure. Lord Ellenborough said that they had already disfranchised as many members as they had enfranchised, namely, 130. To that extent he had been prepared to go, but no further; and he would, therefore, object to the disfranchisement of another borough. The Lord Chancellor said, that though enfranchisement and disfranchisement were principles of the bill, it by no means followed that they should be exactly tantamount to each other. The one was applied to large and populous places, without reference to their number; and the other to all nomination, small
, in. significant, and decayed places, also without reference to their number. Their Lordships then proceeded with the schedule, which was adopted without alterations, and or. dered to stand part of the bill. The preamble and title of the bill were then agreed to: their Lordships resumed, and the report was brought up, and ordered to be taken into further consideration on Friday, (this day.) Their Lordships then adjourned to Friday, It is expected that the report will be agreed to this day, and the third reading of the bill be moved on Monday."
Three ships of the line have been sent to reinforce the British squadron before Lisbon, and Lord William Russell, with a commission as Brigadier General, and accompa. nied by two distinguished military officers, has gone with the fleet. The design of this expedition was not publickly known, but was believed to be a guarantee against foreign interference in favour of Don Miguel. A London print contains the following article:“ Death of Sir James Mackintosh.-We are grieved to learn that the eminent philosopher, statesman, and patriot, Sir James Mackintosh, died at his house, in Langham Place, London, on Wednesday morning last. Sir James had long been troubled with a liver complaint, acquired by his residence of ten years in India. He was in the 66th year of his age.” Sir James Mackintosh was the particular friend, and we believe the fellow student in college, of the distinguished Robert Hall. He was a prime ornament of literature in Britain, and the able advocate every interest in which humanity or religion was involved. Britain could not lose so many great men, if she had not very many great men to lose. The Cholera seems to have nearly vanished from Britain, and has greatly decreased in Ireland. Total cases in Ireland, (including Dublin and Cork,) from the commencement, 6214-deaths, 1863.
FRANCE.—The French chambers do not meet till the 1st of August, and in their recess no events of national importance are likely to transpire. It is stated in a London paper that the French government has made a formal declaration, that should any in. terference in Portuguese affairs be attempted by Spain, France would consider it an act of hostility against herself. A Paris article of May 10th says, "M. Casimir Perier's mortal career has closed. He died this morning a little before eight o'clock. During the previous forty-eight hours he had been sinking so fast that his physicians saw that no human skill could keep him long alive. His mental faculties returned at the commencement of this crisis, and only left him with the extinction of life.” No successor of M. Perier had been appointed. In another part of our present number, we have given a lengthened account of the death of Baron Cuvier, the greatest naturalist of his day: He was a protestant by profession, but we fear had no practical regard to religion. Of his eminently pious daughter we have heretofore given some account. The Cholera still exists in France, but is apparently leaving it, and the last accounts say that it is travelling southward and extending to Italy.
Spain and PORTUGAL afford us nothing new, beyond what has already been intimated, except perhaps, that Don Pedro's fleet has raised the blockade of the Island of Madeira.
Since our last publication we have seen nothing to chronicle among the other powers of Europe, till we come to
GREECE.—When the calamities of this interesting, but at present unhappy country, are likely to terminate, we are unable to conjecture. The last accounts, which come by the way of France, are as follows:-" The Greek Constitutionalists, after several combats with the troops of Colocotroni, had obliged Capo d'Istrias and his partisans to save themselves on board the Russian vessel Azoff.
" In this state the three Admirals commanding in the station, French, English, and Russian, not wishing
to favour openly either of the two parties without ulterior instructions from their respective governments, agreed with one accord to take possession of the fortresses, as well as the citadel of Napoli, which had been rendered impregnable by art and nature. The Iphigenie frigate accordingly landed a chosen portion of its crew for that purpose.
« Colocotroni, who had taken the field to support the re-establishment of Capo d'Istrias on the throne of Greece, seized upon Argos, upon the plains before which he has drawn up a force of from 3000 to 4000 men, and thus cut off all communication by land with Napoli."
TURKEY.—A'serious, and apparently an envenomed warfare, has commenced between the Sultan Mahmoud and Mehemet Ali, the Pacha of Egypt. A concealed enmity has long existed between these potentates, and it was but partially allayed by the services rendered by Ali to his ostensible master, the Sultan, in the war against Greece. It is a righteous dispensation of the Providence of God, that these cruel foes of Greece should be left to revenge their cruelties, as they are likely to do, on each other. The Sultan has raised to the first dignity of his empiro Hussein Pacha, who distinguished himself by his bravery, fidelity, and military sagacity, in the war with Russia. "He has clothed him with all but unlimited power, and placed him in the chief command of the miliLary force destined to subdue the rebellious Pacha of Egypt. It is stated that a Russian squadron from the Black Sea is to assist the Turk. Russia will probably turn the wbole quarrel, in the issue, to her own advantage. In the mean time it promises to be a fierce and bloody one, and Palestine is likely to be the first field of blood. There the Sultan's troops have recently been overpowered by those of the Pacha.
ASIA. The last accounts from India state that a serious insurrection had broken out in the district of Chota Nagpore. Many villages had been burnt by the insurgents, and other atrocities had been committed. The British military force in the district was too small to enable the commander, Captain Wilkinson, to do more than act on the defensive, till he should be reinforced. Troops were marching towards the rebellious district from several quarters, and it was expected that the insurrection would be speedily suppressed.
AFRICA. It has already been intimated that the troops of the Pacha of Egypt have been successful in contending with those of the Sultan in Palestine. Ibrahim Pacha, the son of Mahomet Ali, commands the army of his father, as he did in Greece. Both father and son have talents of no ordinary character, and the contiguity of Palestine to Egypt, affords them an advantage for military operations there, of which the Sultan is deprived. The Pacha has at his command a pretty powerful fleet, as well as a large and well appointed army, of which a part must consist of veteran troops. Ibrahim, by the last accounts, was endeavouring to reduce Acre, the far-famed fortress, on a bay of the Mediterranear, which Sir Sydney Smith successfully defended against the whole force of Baonaparte, in his Egyptian campaign, in 1799. If Ibrahim is successful against this fortress, it will be an advantage of great importance. The two Pachas know that they are fighting for life, as well as for dominion; unless, as has sometimes happened, they obtain such success as to render it necessary for the Sultan to patch up a peace till he can find a fit opportunity to break it to advantage, and bring his rebel vassals to the bow-string. In every way, it seems to us that the Mohammedan power is hastening to extinction. In the present war, it is assisting to destroy itself.
AMERICA. COLOMBIA.-The new constitution formed for this great republick, by the Convention which latel met for the purpose, has been adopted and sworn to, in several places, and there seems to be a prospect of its going into successful operation. The best indication is, that all parties seem to be satisfied that fighting does them no good but a great deal of injury; and that, after all, it can only be by negotiation and mutual concession that their differences can be settled, and the prosperity of the country promoted.
MEXICO.-The civil war in Mexico continues; but does not appear to be very sangninary. If the last accounts are to be credited, the party of General Santa Anna, who is opposed to the existing government, was gaining ground—both in military force and in the popular sentiment. But it is extremely difficult to obtain a correct statement of facts. Among the other states in the southern portion of our continent, we observe nothing to note since the publication of our last number.
UNITED STATES.-There seems reason to fear that our border warfare will be extend. ed to nearly the whole of our south-western frontier. The Indians of various tribes are dissatisfied, and hostilely inclined; and although some of them, finding that they must take a side, have joined the United States' troops, it seems to have been done with reluctance. It appears that Black Hawk, the distinguished Indian chief and warrior,
has determined to make a stand and risk a battle, in a very advantageous position which he has selected, at or near the Four Lakes, at the head sources of Rock river. His force is said to be from one to two thousand warriors. General Atkinson was making arrangements to attack him. Our frontier settlements, bordering on Illinois, are again returning to quiet.
Congress have at length passed the Tariff and Bank Bills—the former much modified. It remains to be seen whether the President will give them his signature or his
The cholera has not only spread widely in the British Province of Canada; but has extended to Albany and New York. We also hear of its incipient location various other towns of the United States. What degree of credit ought to be attached to many of the reports which are flying we are unable to decide. But we have long been per suaded that first or last, with more or with less of violence and malignity, it will pervade our whole continent. In the city where we write, after more delay than was desirable, a day of humiliation, fasting, and prayer, has been recommended for observance by a large and respectable meeting of ministers of the gospel, and other Christians, of various denominations, convened for the purpose on the 7th inst. The day designated is Thursday, the 19th of the present month.
We are much gratified io find that both Houses of Congress, by a large majority, have adopted the following resolution—" Resolved, by the Senate and House of Repre. sentatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, That a joint com. mittee of both Houses wait on the President of the United States, and request that he recommend a day, to be designated by him, of publick humiliation, prayer, and fast. ing, to be observed by the people of the United States, with religious solemnity, and with fervent supplications to Almighty God, that He will be graciously pleased to continue His blessings upon our country, and that He will averi from it the Asiatic scourge which has reached our borders, or if, in the dispensations of His Providence we are not to be exempted from the calamity, that, through His bountiful mercy, its | severity may be mitigated, and its duration shortened.”
This resolution was moved in the Senate by Mr. Clay; and we wish that our space would permit us to give the whole of the speech which he delivered on the occasionits conclusion was as follows:-“ I should have hesitated to present this resolution, said Mr. C. if it had been unsanctioned by precedent. But, during the late war, a similar resolution was adopted by Congress, at the instance of a member of the House of Representatives from Virginia; and President Madison issued his recommendation accordingly. It is far from my purpose to excite unnecessary alarm. All dangers ap. pear most formidable at a distance. Even the greatest of all terrors, when the awful moment arrives, with a mind fortified by philosophical reflection, and still more if it be strengthened by religious hope and belief, is less appalling than it seemed when far off. A single word, Mr. President, as to myself. I am a member of no religious sect. I am not a professor of religion. I regret that I am not. I wish that I was, and I trust that I shall be. But I have, and always have had, a profound respect for christianity, the religion of my fathers, and for its rites, its usages, and its observances. Among these, that which is proposed in the resolution before you, has always commanded the respect of the good and devout. And I hope it will obtain the concurrence of the Senate."
We must add the short speech of Mr. Frelinghuysen in support of this resolution“Mr. Frelinghuysen said he inferred from the call for the yeas and nays, that this resolution would be opposed, and he therefore desired again to refer the Senate to the precedent of 1814. The resolution at that time was induced by the state of war into which the country had been plunged with Great Britain, and was offered by Mr Clopton, of Virginia. The preamble, which he read, laid it down as the duty of Congress to adopt measures of this character in times of calamity and of war.'. The proposition had passed the Senate without any opposition. If in time of war it was the duty of the people to ask the special protection of God, and to supplicate the interposition of his mercy, how much more incumbent was it in reference to a scourge which had in its progress swept many millions of human beings into eternity, which went abroad on the earth as the agent and minister of God, to do his errand, and to come and go at his bidding, and over which human power had no influence. No occasion could be so fit and appropriate for humiliation as this. He hoped that no constitutional objecLion would be interposed to check this resolution, which was nothing more than a recommendation. It was our duty devoutly, and in the conviction of our entire dependence on God, to ask for the interference of his mercy; and he hoped that the present resolution would pass, as did the resolution of 1814."
As both Houses of Congress have concurred in this resolution, we think the President will not refuse to recommend a day, for the solemn purpose which the resolution contemplates.