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cal works exist, conducted on evangelical tile and populous countries: it is the great principles, and with learning,
wisdom, and highway of perhaps a thousand indepenability. Besides the Rergedorf Messenger,* dent states; large cities lie upon its banks; there are the Repository of Clerical Cor. the caravans from the Barbary states aprespondence, by the Rev. Č. P. H. Brandt, proach it; yet two years ago, the very pastor of Windsbach, in Bavaria, begun course in which it run, eastward or westabout seven years ago, and published ward, was a secret. Park followed it, weekly; the Mission Paper of Calw, Wur. “ flowing majestically to the eastward,” tembergh, once a fortnight; the Lutheran but the Landers traced its lower part after Church Journal, by Dr. Hengstenberg, be- it had made its torn to the west, to the gun July 4, 1827, and published iwice gulf of Benin, where, by numerous chana week, at Berlin; the Literary In- nels, it enters into the Atlantic Ocean. dicator of Christianity and Theological Until this discovery, some supposed the Science, by Dr. Tholuck of Halle, every Niger to be no other than the main branch five days, begun with the present year: of the Nile, and others believed that its and there are others, which we know only waters were lost in the sands of a desert, by seeing them occasionally cited or refer. or evaporated from the surface of a wide red to. At the same time, the periodical lake. The ancients did little in the way literature on the side of the Neologists, of discovery. Their only expeditions of Anti-supranaturalists, or Rationalists, is discovery were their military campaigns. extensive and powerful.
Few single travellers endured hardships, We propose occasionally, as opportunity and braved death in various forms, to gramay be afforded, to translate brief articles tify a restless curiosity, or bring back tifrom all the works abovementioned. The dings of an“ undiscovered country.” The following is from the Bergedorf Messen- moderns, however, have left little to be ger for Jan. 21st, 1832.
discovered, and when the great problem “ Professor E. F. Hopfner, of Leipzig, of the north-west passage shall be solved, has published a dissertation to show that there will be no ground for any expedithe opposition to the gospel in our days is lions but those of conquest. Tho English far greater than it was at the time of the not only discover, but colonize. A crowd. Reformaton.
ed population at home leads them to draw “ He supports this thesis on the follow much of their wealth from distant settleing grounds.
ments. They occupy, in every continent, * 1. That Luther found in the minds of but in Africa the least. The discovery, men generally, a belief in the Scriptures however, of the outlet of the Niger, will as the Word of God; a foundation on soon be made to advance the wealth of which he could stand and enjoy firm foot. Great Britain. Western Africa is well ing; but this is now wanting.
placed for her commerce, and the esta“2. That Luther had, indeed, many and blishment of trading posts up the Niger, gross errors to contend against; but not a will enable her to supply the interior of so-called Polite Christianity, (or Religion.) Africa with the goods that now come in
“ 3. That Luther had, indeed, many and the tedious way of caravans from the Barmighty enemies to encounter; but not the bary cities. The supply of useful and fanpoison of circulating libraries, newspapers, ciful articles will lead to increased indusand periodical writings of all sorts. try in Africa, for exchanges. The most
“Is the Professor mistaken? Read his valuable products will be ivory and gold; books, and weigh bis arguments-intelli- but cotton and other commodities, manugent, perspicuous, attractive, brief, and factured or consumed in Great Britain, conclusive."
J. P. S. may be raised to any extent when they The Niger. Some singular circum
can be sold. The commerce in slaves will stances are connected with the two great be destroyed, and the petty wars, for kidrivers of Africa, the Nile and the Niger.
napping, will cease. The sources of the Nile were for centu
The Landers describe the Niger as of ries a geographical mystery, till Bruce fering great variety of scenery. In some discovered them in the last century; and places mountains rise abruptly from the the outlet of the Niger, has been discover. banks; in others a fertile country is well ed in the last year, by the brothers Richard cultivated, and towards the sea, the land and John Lander. On the Nile, civiliza- is so flat, that it is often overflowed. tion was carried to a great extent, in a re
Various tribes are found in the course of mote antiquity. The wealth and the it; some kind, timid, and hospitable; knowledge of the world was confined to its others ferocious and warlike. Numberless banks, but it was reserved for a traveller large towns and villages were passed by in the eighteenth century to stand by its the travellers, and various nations, hardly fountains. The Niger runs throughofer- known to each other, and speaking no
common language. The general disposi. * Bergedorf is a village or small town, tion of the people was gentle and indolent, near Hamburgh.
and the females often shed tears over the Ch. Adv.-VOL. X.
Bufferings of the travellers. The religion share of dangers. There were several is that kind of idolatry which is called times when it seemed that life, and all Fetishism, though Mohammedanism is trace of the travellers must inevitably be gradually encroaching on it. The Landers lost, and the reader is for a moment surhad the usual share of the hardships of Af. prised, that they survive to relate the story. rican travellers, and more than the usual - Boston Courier.
In ourlast number we inserted an to reply, that they did not deem it acccount of the opening of the 28th competent to them to re-agitate anniversary of the British and Fo- the matter, but that it was their reign Bible Society. Within a few duty to administer the affairs of days we have received a copy of the Society according to the laws, THE REPORT made at that meeting. as they received them, and to deThe statement of the facts and cir- liver the Society up, as they now cumstances relative to the distri. do, into the hands of the subscribution and circulation of the Bible bers, without alteration. in France, is full of interest. It It cannot but be painful to them stands foremost in the Report; the to report that their conduct in this introduction to which also alludes particular has occasioned some to to facts which the friends of the withdraw from the Society altoBible cause in this country may gether, and that a breach has thus be glad to know. We take the been made, and division, to a cerReport as it stands, and give as tain extent, has spread. Nothing much this month as our space do they more unfeignedly desire will permit-more hereafter than the repairing of this breach,
and that the past being buried in In rendering up the trust con- oblivion, unity may again prevail fided to them at the last Annual among all those who have heretoMeeting, your Committee are fore so harmoniously carried on, thankful, that while they are under in connexion with the Society, the the necessity of adverting to a few work of distributing the Scripthings of a painful character that tures. have occurred, in the course of From the views adopted in the their proceedings, they have, at the last Annual Report your Commitsame time, innumerable reasons for tee have seen no reason to depart; feeling and expressing the most though in making such a statelively gratitude to Him whom, in ment they desire to exercise that administering the affairs of the So- moderation which becomes all who ciety, it has been, they trust, their are conscious of their own liability humble but sincere desire to serve. to err, and who know how to re
It cannot but be painful to them spect differences of judgment that to state that the decision of the may unhappily exist. If
, on any last Annual Meeting to adopt the occasion, 'in maintaining these views contained in the Report, by views, they have spoken
acted which the Society was left in its in a manner inconsistent with the constitution such as it had been profession they have just made
, from the beginning, did not afford they can only express their regret satisfaction to several friends of for having unintentionally woundthe Society, who have in conse
ed the feelings of any of the friends quence requested that the whole of the Society. subject may be reconsidered. To Your Committee cannot omit to all such applications your Com- acknowledge their gratitude to mittee have felt it a solemn duty Him who maketh men to be of one
mind in a house, that among them- therefore, after such a review, enselves a unanimity of feeling has ter upon the detail of their proprevailed, and that their proceed- ceedings in a spirit of thanksgivings through the year have been ing to Him, who has still, they conducted in a spirit of love. humbly trust, deigned to use the
They cannot pass over all allu- Society as an instrument in his sion to the valuable support they own hand for promoting His kinghave derived from the concurrence dom and glory. of sentiment which has been ex FRANCE.—The proceedings of pressed on the part of so many of your Agent, Professor Kieffer, the Committees of the Auxiliary have been of a peculiarly interestand Branch Societies and Associ- ing character. Your Committee ations. Several of the communi- have been called upon to provide cations which they have received for the depôt under his care the have been the result of proceed- following supplies: ings at public meetings, while in
De Sacy's Bible
8,000 other cases the subject has been
Testament 145,000 discussed in special committees, Ostervald's Bible .
5,000 convened for the purpose, and at Martin's Bible,
5,000 tended more numerously than
Ostervald's Testament 10,000
Four Select Books 5,000 Your Committee would also express their gratitude for having
In all, 186,000 been enabled to adhere to the example and practice of all preced
The accounts of Professor Kiefing Committees, in abstaining from fer are regularly audited, and your entering, as a Committee, into Committee feel called upon pubcontroversy. They have, on the lickly to express their obligations other hand, to record with thank- to those gentlemen who kindly unfulness, that a greater number of dertake the office become now so friends have voluntarily, and on laborious. His issues of books their own responsibility, defended are likewise regularly verified the Society, than ever appeared on every quarter, though an excepany former occasion.
tion has occurred in the last. The A debt of gratitude is also due cause of the exception will be seen to those friends of the Society, in the following letter:whether the authors themselves, or " These accounts ought to have been others, by whose private contribu- examined and certified by the auditors, tions the expense has been borne and the warehouse ought also to have been of the publications to which allu- inspected by them; but in the present mesion has thus been made,-an ex
lancholy state of this city, I could not
summon up courage to request the audipense, your Committee have been tors to spend three or four hours in the informed, exceeding € 1000. warehouse, which is exceedingly cold and
Less than the preceding remarks damp, and that too at a moment when your Committee could not offer, the cholera, and even death itself. I would with reference to the events that therefore hope that the Committee will be have occurred, familiar to all.- disposed to excuse me for having omitted They would now only further inti- for this once to adhere to the general casmate that the openings for the dif
“ The number of books distributed dur. fusion of the Scriptures have been ing that quarter has amounted to 60,879 usually numerous and interesting; copies, being 10,000 more than in the preand that with the exception of le ceding quarter; and the total of books isgacies which have fallen in, there 31st March, 1832, is 176,139 copies of Bi
sued beiween the 1st April, 1831, and the has been an increase in the funds bles and Testaments. of the Society. Well may they, “Let us hope that the Lord may vouch
safe his heavenly blessing to this extensive They find young men anxious to possess circulation of his holy word, and move the the Scriptures; they assure me that they hearts of many sinners, so that they may scarcely ever pass a corner of a street be converted, and cry out for mercy under without placing one or more with the porthe terrible visitations now sent upon ters who are stationed there. If they are them. He alone is our refuge, our hope, not all rich enough to purchase a twoand our consolation. The cholera makes franc Bible, they agree to lend one to each cruel ravages in my neighbourhood. The other till they can spare a sous to have porter of my house is dead, and one of the one of their own." servants is sick."
The members of the Corres. The allusion made by your ponding Committee have themAgent to that visitation which has selves received from the depôt and fallen so heavily on the city of Pa- issued 20,659 copies in different ris, may well awaken various emo- parts of France, as well as aided tions. What ought not to be the Professor Kieffer with their advice gratitude of our own favoured in his large distributions. country, so gently dealt with?
The schools in numerous direcWhat ought not to be the grati- tions have required large supplies, tude for the favour enjoyed of put- which your Committee have not ting into circulation so large a hesitated to afford, under a full body of copies of the Scriptures conviction that they could not at previous to so fearful a visitation? present be obtained from any other
Many of the above copies have source. Of some of these schools been distributed in Paris itself, your agent writes:through the exertions of the friends
“I have been informed by M. DM, who compose your Corresponding teacher at N—, that the rector of the Committee in that city, and to academy of M— was also willing to inwhom a renewed expression of troduce the reading of the New Testament
into all the schools within the superingratitude is due on the present oc
tendence of his academy. M. D— has casion. One of them writes:
requested to be furnished with a list of all “ The Bible sales in the streets of Paris these schools, and the number of pupils go on at a remarkable rate. It is quite an attending them. In the course of the occupation, independently of our usual en week also I received the intelligence that gagements, to supply these colporteurs, the prefect of the department of LOas far as our share is concerned. Every intended to establish 150 schools for moday we have reports of a curious and inte. tual instruction in his department; and resting nature: as our men go up the that he also was inclined to introduce the streets, the people call from their shops, reading of the New Testament into and are quite glad to be able to purchase them." their volumes.
(To be continued.)
View of Publick Affairs.
EUROPE. The latest European dates are from France, (Rochelle) of the 1st of July - Paris papers of the 27th, and Bordeaux of the 29th, of June, have been received. From Britain, the most recent dates are from London of the 27th, and from Liverpool of the 28th, of June, both inclusive.
Britain. The royal assent was given to the Reform Bill, on the 7th of June, and since that time the British Parliament has been busily occupied on several important subjects. In the House of Lords, at the date of the last accounts, a Bill to abolish the punishment of death in cases of forgery, and some other felonies, was undergoing a warm discussion. The Chancellor, Lord Brougham, was in favour of the measure, and Lord Tenterden, the present Chief Justice of the King's Bench, and Lord Eldon, were against it. In the House of Commons, the state of the Bank of England was under consideration. It appears that complaints against this great national establishment had been made by the country and private banks. A secret committee had been appointed; the governor of the Bank had been heard on one side, and the country bankers were about to be heard on the other. It was expected that'a report would be made before the termination of the existing session of Parliament, which was not far
distant. Having settled the business of a Reform in Parliament, so far as England was concerned, the arrangements in regard to Scotland and Ireland were under considera. tion, and considerable difficulties were found to attend the making out of the details. Mr. O'Connel warmly contended for some points which the ministry were unwilling to concede. In anticipation of a new election, shortly to take place, for members of Parliament, agreeably to the principles and provisions of the Reform Bill, measures were taking with great zeal by the opposing parties, and candidates for seats in Par. liament were offering themselves. A spirit of bitter hostility against the Lords who had opposed Reform, was still cherished by the populace; and the Duke of Wellington was assailed by a mob, as he was riding along the streets of London, on the anniversary of the battle of Waterloo, and insulted by hisses and groans, and pelted with mud. The police at length interfered, and escorted him to his residence at Apsley house. What a bubble is popular applause! and how soon are all services forgotten, when the wishes of the multitude are opposed! Sir Walter Scott had returned from Italy, whither he had gone for the recovery of his health, from the effects of a paralytick attack. He had received but little benefit by travelling, and the fatigue induced by haste in his way back, was supposed to have caused a fresh stroke of the palsy, under which he was languishing in London, and not expected to live many days, nor perhaps hours.
The occurrence of the most interest to the British publick, announced by the last advices, is an insult offered to the king, by a disappointed ex-pensioner; supposed to be insane by many, and whose act was certainly that either of a madman or a despera. do. It took place at the Ascot races, on which the king, with the most of his royal household, were in attendance. An article in a London paper of the 21st of June, says" It will be seen that both Houses of Parliament agreed last night, unanimously, on an address to the king, on occasion of a brutal outrage offered to his Majesty's sacred person, at Ascot. If the whole nation could speak its feelings through such a channel, the address would contain one unmixed expression of disgust and horror." The same ardent language is held in a Liverpool paper. We must therefore afford space for the story, though rather long. It is as follows:
“ ATTACK UPON THE KING.-We lament that we are under the necessity of noticing an atrocious outrage committed on the person of his Majesty, at Ascot Heath races, by a ruffian, who, instead of expressing any feeling of regret actually gloried in it. Immediately on the termination of the first race, his Majesty, who was at the window of the Royal Stand, was observed to start; on inquiry it turned out that a stone had been thrown, which had struck his Majesty's hat, fortunately without doing any injury; the stone struck our venerable sovereign on the forehead, just above the rim of the bat, which was fortunately on his head at the time. The sound was so loud, that the moment the stone reached its destination, it was distinctly heard throughout the room. The King was either stunned, or so much astonished at the moment, as to fall back two or three paces, and exclaimed . My —! I am hit! At this instant the same ruffian threw another stone, which struck the wood work of the window, and fell to the ground. Lord Frederick Fitzclarence was close to his Royal Parent, and, taking him by the hand, led him to a chair, inquiring with the utmost agitation, if he were injured? The Queen, Lady Errrol, and all in the room, were equally alarmed and horror-struck. Happily, his Majesty soon relieved their anxiety, and taking off his hat, and placing his hand on the spot where the blow had fallen, declared with a smile that he was unburt! Providentially, his Majesty's hat preserved him from consequences which might otherwise have been most serious. The first moment of surprise and alarm being over, his Majesty received the affectionate congratulations of the Queen, and those by whom he was surrounded, while the Countess of Errol, (his daughter) burst into an agony of tears, and could with difficulty be persuaded that there was no further danger to be apprehended.
" While this painful scene was exbibited on the Royal Stand, the attention of the populace was directed to what was going on beneath. The ruffian hart scarcely thrown the stones (which was the work of a moment) when he was seized by a gentleman, who afterwards proved to be Captain Smith, of the Royal Navy, a resident at Windsor, and by another gentleman named Turner, who had been a witness to the transaction. The Bow street officers, who were on the spot, rushed to their assistance, and Taunton and Gardiner conducted the now passive prisoner to the Magistrate's room under the Stand, contiguous to that of the King, where he was detained in proper custody till the subsequent examination. In little more than three minutes after the occurrence, the King rose from his chair and presented hiinself at the window. The moment it was seen that his Majesty was unhurt, a simultaneous shout of joy burst from all quarters, which was repeated when the Queen and Lord Fitzclarence presented themselves at the window. Three distinct cheers were then given with such enthusiasm, that the feelings of the populace could not be mistaken; there was a heartiness and sincerity in their expression, which left no doubt of the horror and indig. nation with which they viewed the dastardly attack."