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fluences of the Spirit, and was a to- both of a mind, and meant the tal stranger to those deep and same thing powerful convictions of the sinful “He was a man of a most canness of sin, and the preciousness did and ingenuous spirit; his of pardon through the blood of temper remarkably sweet; and in Christ, which had been sealed by his behaviour to me he had always dear-bcught experience on the manifested an uncommon affection. mind of his brother. Cowper His outward conduct, so far as it seems to have been aware that his fell under my notice, or I could brother's religion was too super- learn it by the report of others, ficial, floating in the head more was perfectly deceni and unblameathan pervading the heart, and he ble. longed-with earnest desire for his “There was nothing vicious in thorough and radical conversion. any part of his practice; but being He strove, therefore, to call his at- of a studious, thoughtful turn, he tention to the spirituality of reli- placed his chief delight in the acgion, and to convince him that sal- quisition of learning, and made vation consisted in something such acquisitions in it, that he had more than mere formulas of faith, but few rivals in that of a classical or scholastic disquisitions on theo- kind. He was critically skilled in logy. His narrative commences the Latin, Greek, and Hebrew lanthus:
guages; was beginning to make “As soon as it had pleased God, himself master of the Syriac, and after a long and sharp season of con- perfectly understood the French viction, to visit me with the conso- and Italian, the latter of which he lations of his grace, it became one could speak fluently. These atof my chief concerns that my re- tainments, however, and many lations might be made partakers others in the literary way, he lived of the same m
cy. In the first heartily to despise, not as useless. letter I wrote to my brother, I took when sanctified and employed in occasion to declare what God had the service of God, but when done for my soul, and am not con- sought after for their own sake, scious that, from that period down and with a view to the praise of to his last illness I wilfully ne
Learned, however, as he glected an opportunity of engaging was, he was easy and cheerful in him, if it were possible, in conver his conversation, and entirely free sation of a spiritual kind. When from the stiffness which is geneI lest St. Alban's, and went to visit rally contracted by men devoted to him at Cambridge, my heart being such pursuits. full of the subject, I poured it out “ Thus we spent about two before him without reserve; and years, conversing as occasion ofin all my subsequent dealings with fered, (and we generally visited him, so far as I was enabled, took each other once or twice a week,) care to show that I had received, as long as I continued at Huntingnot merely a set of notions, but a don, upon the leading truths of real impression of the truths of the gospel. By this time, howthe gospel.
ever, he began to be more “At first I found him ready served; he would hear me patient. enough to talk with me on these ly, but never reply; and this I subjects; sometimes he would dis- found, upon his own confession pute, but always without heat or afterwards, was the effect of a reanimosity, and sometimes would solution he had taken, in order to endeavour to reconcile the differ- avoid disputes, and to secure the ence of our sentiments, by sup- continuance of that peace which posing that at the bottom we were had always subsisted between us. Ch. Adv.-VOL. X.
When' our family removed to “ On the 16th February, 1770, I Olney, our intercourse became was again summoned to attend less frequent. We exchanged an him, by letters which represented annual visit, and whenever he came him as so ill, that the physician amongst us, he observed the same entertained but little hopes of his conduct, conforming to all our cus- recovery. I found him afflicted toms, attending family worship with the asthma and dropsy, supwith us, and heard the preaching, posed to be the effect of an imposreceived civilly whatever passed thume in his liver. He was howin conversation upon the subject, ever cheerful when I first arrived, but adhered strictly to the rule he expressed great joy at seeing me, had prescribed to himself, never thought himself much better than remarking upon or objecting to he had been, and seemed to flatter any thing he heard or saw.” himself with the hopes that he
In 1769, John Cowper was taken should be well again. My situaill, and in a short time so much tion at this time was truly disreduced that his life was consider- tressful. I learned from the phyed in danger. Cowper was sent sician, that, in this instance, as in for to Cambridge, where his brother the last, he was in much greater resided, and he thus describes the danger than he suspected. He state of mind in which he found did not seem to lay his illness at him:
all to heart, nor could I find by «
In this state of iniminent dan- his conversation that he had one ger, he seemed to have no more serious thought. As often as a concern about his spiritual inte. suitable occasion offered, when we rests than when in perfect health. were free from company and inHis couch was strewed with vo- terruption, I endeavoured to give lumes of plays, to which he had a spiritual turn to the discourse, frequent recourse for amusement. and the day after my arrival, askI learned indeed afterwards, that ed his permission to pray with even at this time, the thoughts of him, to which he readily consentGod and eternity would often force ed. I renewed my attempts in themselves upon his mind; but this way as often as I could, though not apprehending his life to be in without any apparent success; still danger, and trusting in the mo- he seemed as careless and unconrality of his past conduct, he found cerned as ever; yet I could not it no difficult matter to thrust them but consider his willingness in this out again.”
instance as a token for good, and From this illness he recovered, observed with pleasure, that though but in the following year had an- at other times he discovered no other and more severe return, mark of seriousness, yet when I which continued with little inter- spoke to him of the Lord's dealmission until the time of his de- ings with myself, he received what cease.
His careless and uncon I said with affection, would press cerned state awakened the most my hand and look kindly at me, painful anxiety in the mind of his and seemed to love me the better brother, whose feelings were too for it. tremblingly alive to the unspeaka “On the 21st of the same month, ble value of an immortal soul, and he had a violent fit of the asthma, the vast concerns of eternity, not which seized him when he rose, to fear lest death should arrest him about an hour before noon, and before the great work of redemp- lasted all the day. His agony was tion was accomplished. The fol- dreadful. Having never seen any lowing extracts will disclose his person afflicted in the same way, views:
I could not help fearing that he
would be suffocated; nor was the with me as in times past, when physician himself without fears of the candle of the Lord shone upon the same kind. This day the Lord my tabernacle.' One evening, when was very present with me, and en- I had been expressing my hope abled me as I sat by the poor suf- that the Lord would show him ferer's side, to wrestle for a bless- mercy, he replied, 'I hope he will; ing upon him. I observed to him, I am sure I pretend to nothing.' that though it had pleased God to Many times he spoke of himself visit him with great afflictions, in terms of the greatest self-abaseyet mercy was mingled with the ment, which I cannot now partidispensation. I said, “You have cularly remember. I thought I many friends who love you, and could discern, in these expresare willing to do all they can to sions, the glimpses of approachserve you; and so perhaps have ing day, and have no doubt at preothers in the like circumstances: sent but that the Spirit of God was but it is not the lot of every sick gradually preparing him, in the man, how much soever he may be way of true humiliation, for that beloved, to have a friend that can bright display of gospel grace, pray for him. He replied, “That which he was soon after pleased is true, and I hope God will have to afford him.”
S. T. mercy upon me.' His love for me at this time became very remarkable; there was a tenderness in it more than was merely natural; PLANTS, THEIR and he generally expressed it by calling for blessings upon me in Plants are distinguished for the most affectionate terms, and their multiplicity and variety, for with a look and manner not to be that exuberance of imagination described.
and taste which they display, and “ At night, when he was quite for that sense of elegance and worn out with the fatigue of la- beauty which their Maker must bouring for breath, and could get have had to have so formed and no resi, his asthma still continu- diversified them. They are entireing, he turned to me and said with ly the creation of His choice-the a melancholy air, 'Brother, I seem inventions of His rich and beautito be marked out for misery; you ful fancy. Their attractive shapes know some people are so.' That and qualities, and the abundant moment I felt my heart enlarged, gratifications and important uses and such a persuasion of the love which we and our fellow animals of God towards him was wrought derive from them, explicitly show, in my soul, that I replied with that kindness as well as goodness confidence, as if I had authority actuated his mind when he progiven me to say it,' But this is not jected and made them. They have your case; you are marked out for been all individually designed; and mercy.'
special thought inust have been “I never heard a murmuring employed in cach, both in fixing word escape him; on the contra- their specifick differences of form ry, he would often say, when his and products, and in perceiving pains were most acute, I only what particular combinations and wish it may please God to enable variations of arrangement would me to suffer without complaining; effect in every one its appointed I have no right to complain.' Once end and use. The vegetable kinghe said with a loud voice, “Let dom expands every where before thy rod and thy staff support and us an immense portraiture of the comfort me; and oh! that it were Divine Mind in its contriving skill,
profuse imagination, conceiving the tempest awe and humble us genius, and exquisite taste, as well into dismaying recollections of as its interesting qualities of the His tremendous omnipotence and most gracious benignity, and the possible visitations, and of our most benevolent munificence. total inability to resistor avert
The various flowers we behold them; but the beauty and benefacawaken these sentiments within tions of His vegetable creationsus, and compel our reason to make the flowers and the fruits more these perceptions and this infer especially-remind and assure us ence. They are the annual heralds of his unforgetting care, of His and ever returning pledges to us condescending sympathy; of His of His continuing beneficence, of paternal attentions, and of the same His desire to please and to benefit affectionate benignity, still actuatus, and therefore, of His parental ing His mind; which must have and intellectual amiabilities. They influenced it to design and execome to us, together with the at- cute such lovely and beneficent tendant seasons that nurse and productions that display the mievolve them, as the appointed as nutest thought, most elaborate surances that the world we inhabit compositions, and so much peris yet to be preserved, and the sonal kindness.-Sharon Turner's present course of things to go on. Sacred History of the World. The thunder, the pestilence, and
lure, and to found its claim to obeTHE TRUTH OF REVELATION, DEMON• dience in matters of religion, soleSTRATED BY AN APPEAL TO EXIST- ly upon its own authority, shall be
MONUMENTS, SCULPTURES, proved untrue in some of its main GEMS, COINS, AND MEDALS. averments? If, where we are sup
posed to be competent to judge, (Concluded from page 409.)
we find it to be false, how shall we Geologists are now, in relation confide in it as true, when treating to the question of the truth of of matters beyond the reach of our Scripture facts, of three principal scrutiny? To maintain that in a schools. Those who compose, il physical sense the Bible is false, may be feared, the most numerous though in a moral sense sacred class, are vainly endeavouring to verity, is a species of philosopher, lay the Bible on the shelf for ever. craft that is becoming stale, and They are for leaving it out of its effects have been more than sight, till they shall have succeed- sufficiently developed in other ed in prejudging its claims, by countries. imbuing their readers with coun Doubtless the plea is plausible, ter theories, and persuading them that, in order to support the Scripthat those theories are really sci- tures effectually by the discoveries ence, the legitimate and necessary of science, the investigations of results of the inductive philosophy. science must be conducted indeHaving accomplished this, their pendently. We object not against object will doubtless be achieved; the maxim, but complain of the for what respect can a book se- malus animus with which it is macure, which, professing to be a re- nifestly propounded, and the bad velation from the Author of Na- faith with which it is applied.
We complain, that theories are ob- maintain the consistency of the truded as deductions of science, phenomena of nature with the which are not even legitimate in- Scripture records, not only as ferences from the facts, and which they may be interpreted without have obviously been suggested by violence, but as they have been pothe desire to get rid of Scripture pularly understood. They not only statements. Had there been no repudiate the theories of those such statements, no such theories who demand immense durations of had ever seen the light. Such time, even myriads of ages, for the reasonings are not really indepen- slow operation of existing causes, dent; they owe their origin to a but will admit of a duration no knowledge of what the Bible greater, from the first creation of teaches, and are contrived to ne the matter of the earth, than the gative its testimony. Of this, the few thousand years which have extravagance of the theories them- ordinarily been assigned for it by selves, affords sufficient proof. the common chronologist. Of
Admitting that science is inde- this class is our Author, concurpendent, still, it must be science, ring, in this particular, with Mr. rigorously such, cautiously de- Granville Penn, Dr. Ure, and duced, and necessarily resulting others. Without denying the from indubitable premises. Of possibility that all the phenomena science truly such, the believer in of geology may be reconciled with Scripture can entertain no fear. this view, (a supposition which, No discovery of what is still un- quite contrary to its inferences, we known, can ever contradict what think Mr. Lyell has rendered more we already know. It is ignorance plausible, we do not feel that alone which time and advancing Scripture lays us under the neceslight will dissipate. But to put in sity of maintaining it. Irrespecthis claim of independence in fa- tively of any reference to geology, vour of every theory, and to main- the term days, in the first chapter tain that we are at liberty to enter of Genesis, may be taken to mean the wide region of possibilities, periods of duration of indefinite and to assume, in contradiction to extent, without exceeding the latian accredited basis of religion, tude often assumed in the applicaagencies and operations to have tion of that word in Scripture. been actual and real, merely be- Nor does this admission at all af. cause we cannot prove them to fect the notion of creating acts behave been impossible,—is an abuse ing independent of time. All must of science, which its enlightened agree, that the creative acts refriends must join with the friends corded were successive; and it of religion, in indignantly repro- cannot affect their extra-natural, bating. When, therefore, we find their immediately divine characelaborate theories built upon mere ter, whether we suppose them to possibilities, in direct opposition have been exerted ai intervals of to Scripture on the one hand, while twenty-four hours, or of longer pethose hypotheses which accord riods. To that part of the work with Scripture are gratuitously re- before us, which seems to insist jected on the other, what must we upon the necessity of adhering conclude, but that enmity exists, closely to the restricted system of and that the maxim above refer- interpretation, we, with all rered to is advanced merely to mask spect, for the Author, demur. the attack upon Revelation, and to The third class of writers on beguile the unsuspecting reader Geology is intermediate between into infidelity?
the two just mentioned. Of these, Another class of Geologists De Luc is at the head. We can