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RIETY.

would be suffocated; nor was the with me as in times past, when physician himself without fears of the candle of the Lord shone upon the same kind. This day the Lord my tabernacle. One evening, when was very present with me, and en- I had been expressing my hope abled me as I sat by the poor suf- that the Lord would show him ferer's side, to wrestle for a bless- mercy, he replied, 'I hope he will; ing upon him. I observed to him, I am sure I pretend to nothing.' that though it had pleased God to Many times he spoke of himself visit him with great afflictions, in terms of the greatest self-abaseyet mercy was mingled with the ment, which I cannot now partidispensation. I said, “You have cularly remember. I thought I many friends who love you, and could discern, in these expresare willing to do all they can to sions, the glimpses of approachserve you; and so perhaps have ing day, and have no doubt at preothers in the like circumstances: sent but that the Spirit of God was but it is not the lot of every sick gradually preparing him, in the man, how much soever he may be way of true humiliation, for that beloved, to have a friend that can bright display of gospel grace, pray for him.' He replied, “That which he was soon after pleased is true, and I hope God will have to afford him.”

S. T. mercy upon me. His love for me at this time became very remarkable; there was a tenderness in it more than was merely natural;

PLANTS, THEIR and he generally expressed it by calling for blessings upon me in Plants are distinguished for the most affectionate terms, and their multiplicity and variety, for with a look and manner not to be that exuberance of imagination described.

and taste which they display, and “ At night, when he was quite for that sense of elegance and worn out with the fatigue of la- beauty which their Maker must bouring for breath, and could get have had to have so formed and no resi, his asthma still continu- diversified them. They are entireing, he turned to me and said with ly the creation of His choice-the a melancholy air, ‘Brother, I seem inventions of His rich and beautito be marked out for misery; you ful fancy. Their attractive shapes know some people are so.' That and qualities, and the abundant moment I felt my heart enlarged, gratifications and important uses and such a persuasion of the love which we and our fellow animals of God towards him was wrought derive from them, explicitly show, in my soul, that I replied with that kindness as well as goodness confidence, as if I had authority actuated his mind when he progiven me to say it, ' But this is not jected and made them. They have your case; you are marked out for been all individually designed; and mercy.'

special thought must have been “I never heard a murmuring employed in cach, both in fixing word escape him; on the contra- their specifick differences of form ry, he would often say, when his and products, and in perceiving pains were most acute, I only what particular combinations and wish it may please God to enable variations of arrangement would me to suffer without complaining; effect in every one its appointed I have no right to complain.' Once end and use. The vegetable kinghe said with a loud voice, 'Let dom expands every where before thy rod and thy staff support and us an immense portraiture of the comfort me; and oh! that it were Divine Mind in its contriving skill, profuse imagination, conceiving the tempest awe and humble us genius, and exquisite taste, as well into dismaying recollections of as its interesting qualities of the His tremendous omnipotence and most gracious benignity, and the possible visitations, and of our most benevolent munificence. total inability to resist or avert

The various flowers we behold them; but the beauty and benefacawaken these sentiments within tions of His vegetable creationsus, and compel our reason to make the flowers and the fruits more these perceptions and this infer- especially-remind and assure us ence. They are the annual heralds of his unforgetting care, of His and ever returning pledges to us condescending sympathy; of His of His continuing beneficence, of paternal attentions, and of the same His desire to please and to benefit affectionate benignity, still actuatus, and therefore, of His parental ing His mind; which must have and intellectual amiabilities. They influenced it to design and execome to us, together with the at. cute such lovely and beneficent tendant seasons that nurse and productions that display the mievolve them, as the appointed as- nutest thought, most elaborate surances that the world we inhabit compositions, and so much peris yet to be preserved, and the sonal kindness.-Sharon Turner's present course of things to go on. Sacred History of the World. The thunder, the pestilence, and

fieview.

ING

ture, and to found its claim to obeTHE TRUTH OF REVELATION, DEMON dience in matters of religion, soleSTRATED BY AN APPEAL TO EXIST- ly upon its own authority, shall be

MONUMENTS, SCULPTURES, proved untrue in some of its main GEMS, COINS, AND MEDALS. averments? If, where we are sup

posed to be competent to judge, (Concluded from page 409.)

we find it to be false, how shall we Geologists are now, in relation confide in it as true, when treating to the question of the truth of of matters beyond the reach of our Scripture facts, of three principal scrutiny? To maintain that in a schools. Those who compose, il physical sense the Bible is false, may be feared, the most numerous though in a moral sense sacred class, are vainly endeavouring to verity, is a species of philosopherlay the Bible on the shelf for ever. craft that is becoming stale, and They are for leaving it out of its effects have been more than sight, till they shall have succeed- sufficiently developed in other ed in prejudging its claims, by countries. imbuing their readers with coun- Doubtless the plea is plausible, ter theories, and persuading them that, in order to support the Scripthat those theories are really sci- tures effectually by the discoveries ence, the legitimate and necessary of science, the investigations of results of the inductive philosophy. science must be conducted indeHaving accomplished this, their pendently. We object not against object will doubtless be achieved; the maxim, but complain of the for what respect can a book se- malus animus with which it is macure, which, professing to be a re- nifestly propounded, and the bad velation from the Author of Na- faith with which it is applied.

We complain, that theories are ob- maintain the consistency of the truded as deductions of science, phenomena ‘of nature with the which are not even legitimate in- Scripture records, not only as ferences from the facts, and which they may be interpreted without have obviously been suggested by violence, but as they have been pothe desire to get rid of Scripture pularly understood. They not only statements. Had there been no repudiate the theories of those such statements, no such theories who demand immense durations of had ever seen the light. Such time, even myriads of ages, for the reasonings are not really indepen- slow operation of existing causes, dent; they owe their origin to a but will admit of a duration no knowledge of what the Bible greater, from the first creation of teaches, and are contrived to ne- the matter of the earth, than the gative its testimony. Of this, the few thousand years which have extravagance of the theories them- ordinarily been assigned for it by selves, affords sufficient proof. the common chronologist. Of

Admitting that science is inde- this class is our Author, concurpendent, still, it must be science, ring, in this particular, with Mr. rigorously such, cautiously de- Granville Penn, Dr. Ure, and duced, and necessarily resulting others. Without denying the from indubitable premises. of possibility that all the phenomena science truly such, the believer in of geology may be reconciled with Scripture can entertain no fear. this view, (a supposition which, No discovery of what is still un- quite contrary to its inferences, we known, can ever contradict what think Mr. Lyell has rendered more we already know. It is ignorance plausible, we do not feel that alone which time and advancing Scripture lays us under the neceslight will dissipate. But to put in sity of maintaining it. Irrespecthis claim of independence in fa- tively of any reference to geology, vour of every theory, and to main- the term days, in the first chapter tain that we are at liberty to enter of Genesis, may be taken to mean the wide region of possibilities, periods of duration of indefinite and to assume, in contradiction to extent, without exceeding the latian accredited basis of religion, tude often assumed in the applicaagencies and operations to have tion of that word in Scripture. been actual and real, merely be- Nor does this admission at all af. cause we cannot prove them to fect the notion of creating acts behave been impossible,-is an abuse ing independent of time. All must of science, which its enlightened agree, that the creative acts refriends must join with the friends corded were successive; and it of religion, in indignantly repro- cannot affect their extra-natural, bating. When, therefore, we find their immediately divine characelaborate theories built upon mere ter, whether we suppose them to possibilities, in direct opposition have been exerted at intervals of to Scripture on the one hand, while twenty-four hours, or of longer pethose hypotheses which accord riods. To that part of the work with Scripture are gratuitously re- before us, which seems to insist jected on the other, what must we upon the necessity of adhering conclude, but that enmity exists, closely to the restricted system of and that the maxim above refer- interpretation, we, with all red to is advanced merely to mask spect, for the Author, demur. the attack upon Revelation, and to

The third class of writers on beguile the unsuspecting reader Geology is intermediate between into infidelity?

the two just mentioned. Of these, Another class of Geologists De Luc is at the head. We can

re

not again name this eminent man, well-informed men? Cuvier pays a well without expressing our admiration merited compliment to Professor Buck. of his genius and industry, and our clear of these whirlpools of fantastic opi:

land, for steering his bark of observation pleasure at seeing a recent edition nions, in which so many have perished. of his letters, accompanied with M. Cuvier calls this distinguished geolovaluable remarks and illustrations gist,“ a philosopher who does honour to by the late Henry De La Fite.

geology by precise and consistent observa

tions, as well as by the steadiest opposition of Geology in general, we may to random hypotheses ;' and in geology, confidently affirm with the present these · random hypotheses' have been alwriter, that, so far as it can be most as numerous as the authors who considered as established science, Nothing can be more opposed to true sci

have written on this branch of science. it contains nothing contrary to

ence, than to pronounce on the priority of Scripture. But, with him, we may formation, or the comparative age of rocks, go further, and supported by such from either their structure or the organic high authorities as De Luc, Pro- remains they present :-the entire quesfessor Buckland, Mr. Young, and lion remains just as it was.' M. Alex

andre Brongniart thus propounds his opiothers, differing among themselves nion: In ihuse cases where characters on many points, yet on this point derived from the nature of the rocks are agreed, may add, that its research- opposed to those which we derive from ores have afforded much valuable ganic remains, I should give the prepon

derance to the latter.' This seems to us and interesting corroboration of to imply an admission, that nothing defithe sacred narrative.

nite can be inferred from the nature of the In accordance with these views, rocks; moreover, that between the nature our Author remarks:

of the rock, and the organic remains, there

may be a palpable discrepancy; and that “ While we profess the highest respect these may be even at complete antipodes for the valuable researches of a Cuvier, a with each other. The event has proved, Brongniart, a Buckland, a Ledgwick, a from what we have already mentioned, Greenough, a Lyell, and many others, we that no evidence as to priority, can be obconsider that they are not infallible. We tained from the nature of the fossil remuch esteem the interesting facts which mains displayed in particular strata. In they have presented; but their deductions addition to what has been said on this submay not always correspond with the legi. ject, we may further state, that encritimate requirements of inductive truth; nites, entrochites, and pentacrinites are and it is admitted on all hands, that our found in clay slate, grauwacke, transition advancement in geology must extend very limestone, alpine limestone, lias, muschelfar beyond our present attainments, before kalk, and chalk. It may be reasonably we have any right to think about the asked, how these three species of fossils structure of a theory. Geology was for could indicate any particular formation, merly called a "system of paradoxes." Is when they are found in so many types and it consistent with induction, to overlook structures of rocks altogether different? the only authentic record of the infant If they would go to prove any thing at history of the world, and yet introduce all, it would be that of a contemporaneous eastern fables, because they happen to ex- for:nation,

but certainly not distinct ceed the limits prescribed by the Mosaic epochas. The same observation applies to cosmogony, and dance to the tune of mil. madrepores, belemnites, &c., which are lions of years; and that because such a equally diversified in their abodes. It fol. term of years has been preconceived to be lows, therefore, that they afford no clue necessary? This takes for granted the whatever, either as to the order of creathing that remains to be proved, and is in tion,' or priority in the question of the direct variance with the maxims of induc- 'epochas of formation.' We find the same tive science. It will be time enough to evidence when we take up the fossil-bones grant the requirement, when positive and of quadrupeds, in their more complete and substantial facts shall have proved it to be perfect organization. To this interesting necessary; but we deny the concession on topic we shall again recur. We therefore the mere dictum of preconceived opinion, infer as a matter of fact, that the theory or bold assumption. 'We cannot establish of successive development is founded in our premises better than by referring to error. Certain organic remains have been geologists themselves. Are not the pro- considered peculiar to certain formations, teus forms of geological speculations, sys. at once supplying data to determine the tems of geology, and theories of the world, identity of such formations in remote at this moment, the laughing-stock of countries, and becoming a chronometer to

determine the relative epochas of forma, quadrupeds and the indigenous species of tions; but this is altogether illusory; and shells found along with them, had a conyet, these have been propounded with an temporaneous existence in Yorkshire, (a effrontery sufficient to overawe, for a time, fact which Mr. Lyell justly considers to be the disciple of truth. These errors, of vast importance in geological science,) though now completely exploded, are still has certainly been demonstrated by the however, by some, promulgated at the pre- Rev. W. V. Vernon, who had a pit sunk sent moment as truths. It is,' says Mr. to the depth of upwards of two hundred Lyell, in a foot no ' an encouraging cire feet through undisturbed strata, in which cumstance, that the cultivators of science the organic remains of the Mammoth were in our own country, have begun to appre. found embedded, together with shells, in a ciate the true value of the principles of deposit which seems to have resulted from reasoning most usually applied to geolo- tranquil waters. Mr. Vernon considers gical questions. He then adverts to the these phenomena as proving, that there expression, a geological logician, used by has been but little, if any change of temthe President of the Geological Society, perature in the climate of Britain since the in an address to its members, and adds :- Mammoth lived there. Dr. Schouw, of "A smile was seen on the countenance of Copenhagen, had come to a similar consome of the auditors, while many of the clusion as to the climate of Palestine, from members, like Cicero's augurs, could not calculating the mean lemperature necesresist laughing; so ludicrous appeared the sary to the growth of the palm. The date association of geology and logic. It is al. palm is as successfully cultivated now in most unnecessary to say, that, however Palestine, as in the earliest period of the doctrine of repeated destruction, and which we have any account. The city of as repeated creation, might coalesce with palms, or Jericho, was so called from the the slumbers and waking hours of the my. groves of palms in its vicinity; while pathology of Menu, it laid the axe to the gan historians amply confirm what sacred very root of the volume of Revelation. history bas so unequivocally described. Those have been greatly deceived, who Thus there seems no legitimate ground to expected to see the order of creation re- suppose, either that mammoths were nongistered in the rocks of the globe; who contemporaneous with fossil remains of supposed that zoophytes were historic existing genera and species; or that the medallions of the most ancient forma climate of the globe has materially changed tions; that other rocks, agreeably to their since the era in which mammuths lived. presumed relative age, carried the series The indiscriminate mixture of the higher from this point upwards, until it termi. types of organization with the lower types nated in the more perfect types of orga- of animal formation, bids defiance to their nization displayed in quadrupeds; and that being legitimately considered as a test in all these had been swept away before the the decision of the question of the compacreation of quadrumanous animals and of rative age of rocks. The date of forma. man, just as if the destruction of inferior tions cannot, therefore, be determined * tribes was the necessary pioneer for mon. from any particular description of organic keys and humanity. . Worlds of liv. remains, because the same organic reing beings alternating with worlds of death, mains are found in other strata and other destruction and death supervening before formations. The obvious inferences from the creation of man and the first trans. these premises are, that, 1. The theory of gression, were the opinions of geologists.'' the successive development of animal pp. 98-100.

forms has not the shadow of proof; 2. “We believe that no quadrumanous The various types of organization were animals, such as the ape or monkey, have contemporaneous; and as they now are, ever been found fossil in the great forma. so they have ever been; 3. That geologi. tions of the globe ; but it by no means fol. cal facts, so far from countenancing an luws from hence, that the discovery is not entire change of climate, prove the very yet to come. Quadrumanous animals are reverse; and it follows, therefore, 4. entirely tropical, having their dwelling in That tropical vegetation, and tropical zootrees. One of the most important of re. logy, the organic wreck of which has come cent discoveries in geology, is the fact of from every quarter of the globe, must the bones of the MAMMOTH having been have been transported by the violent ac. found at North Cliffe in Yorkshire, in a tion of the currents of an universal de. formation entirely lacustrine; while all luge, which has certainly circumfused the the land and fresh-water shells in this for- globe."-pp. 111-113. mation, thirteen in number, have been accurately identified with species and varie- Upon the interesting inquiry reties now existing in that county. Bones specting fossil remains of man, the of the bison, whose habitat is now a cold, Author has the following remarks. or at any rate a temperate clime, have been found in the same place. That these " It has often beon asserted, that man

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