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from never having been found in the state operation.' Let us examine how Mr. Lyof a fossil, must needs belong to a creation ell meets his own inferences. Now these comparatively recent, as the commence. objections,' says he,' would be unanswerment, perhaps, of what Mr. Lyell would able, if adduced against one who was call a geological cycle;' which, however, contending for the absolute uniformity we confess our inability to comprehend; throughout all time of the succession of and if there is one more decided attempt sublunary events.' Then follows an asto strike at the very foundation of Reve. surance, that he is not disposed to indulge lation than another, it is this. But it is in the philosophical reveries of the Egypnot more repugnant to Revelation, than tian and Greek sects. He, however, says to sound philosophy and right reason; nor nothing about those of India. Shall me is there a single fact which can be brought call Mr. Lyell a 'geological logician:' and forward to warrant such an assertion. is this to be accepted as a specimen? If Suppose that nothing of the kind had real. Revelation is to be encountered with this ly been found, would it not be rash, in the kind of Logic, it may be safely met with present infant state of geological science, pity and contempt."--pp. 116–118. to infer that such may not be found ? And yet, this has been received amongst

The Author then states the facts geologists as a species of axiom. When connected with the most striking the vast diluvial beds of clay and gravel, cases of human fossils, for which and the superior strata in Asia, shall have been explored, it will be time enough to

we must refer to his book. Upon venture on such a conclusion; but to ha- the strength of these facts he conzard this opinion at present, is of a piece tends, in opposition to the mass of with the sweeping assumplions of geolo- geologists, for the equal antiquity gists from first to last."

of human bones with those of an“ We pity the evasive shifts to which those who reject Revelation are reduced, tediluvian animals; and expresses in considering this question. Let us take his concurrence with Mr. GranMr. Lyell's remarks. “But another and a ville Penn, Mr. Young, and others, far more difficult question may arise out who think that, in addition to parof the admission that man is comparatively of modern origin. Is not the interfer.

tial changes, both ante and postence of the human species (!) it may be

be diluvian, one universal deluge is asked, such a deviation from the antece- quite sufficient to account for the dent course of physical events, that the facts and phenomena of geology; knowledge of such a fact, tends to destroy

and that, “to suppose any more, is all our confidence in the uniformity of the order of nature, both in regard to time

a positive infraction of Sir Isaac past and future? If such an innovation Newton's celebrated maxim, that could take place after the earth had been

had been if one explanation is sufficient, it is exclusively inhabited for thousands of ages by inferior animals, why should not

unnecessary to as..

superfluous and other changes as extraordinary and un

sume more.” He then proceeds: precedented happen from time to time? " Besides the authorities above menIf one new cause was permitted to super- tioned, it is cheering to learn that M. vene, differing in kind and energy from Constant Provost, has lately laid before any before in operation, why might not the Academy of Sciences, a treatise on the others have come into action at different great geological question, -Whether the epochs? Or what security have we that continents which are now inhabited, hare they may not arise hereafter? If such be or have not been repeatedly submerged? the case, how can the experience of one This Author maintains firmly, that there period, even though we are acquainted has been only one great inundation of the with all the possible effects of the then earth; and that the various remains of existing causes, be a standard to which we animals and plants, which have given rise can refer all natural phenomena of other to the supposition of successive inundaperiods?' Now these are cortainly very lions, have floated to the places where heavy reasons, and entirely neutralize they are now occasionally found. Every Mr. Lyell's assumptions ; (for they are no successive investigation, and every new better;) while our Author, in these very discovery weaken the speculations of geoadmissions, becomes suicidal to the whole logists; which are, at the present mo. drift of the argument for which his volume ment, only, at the best, ' a bowed wall and was written. The title of this otherwise a tottering fenco:' and though they may, certainly interesting work is this :-Prin. for a little longer, be able to satisfy them. ciples of Geology, being an attempt to selves in the principles of geological loexplain the former Changes of the Earth's gic,' we doubt whether they will be able Surface, by reference to Causos now in to convince others. None who are capa.

a

ble of reflecting, will be disposed to aban. certainly exists? If, in like mandon Revelation, the proof of which is adamant at every link, for the fooleries of a

ner, every device which contrasceptical geology; and if there are any

dicts the statements of the Bible, who, on a calm survey of geological facts, speedily comes to nought, are we can discover a solitary one counter to the not to revere those statements as palpable truths of the Mosaic cosmogony, the truth which finally must prehis opinion is at antipodes with our own; -We view things through media that are

vail? The exposure of those theoaltogether different.”—pp. 119–122.

ries, therefore, is justly placed in

the work before us, among the deIt has already been stated, that monstrations of the truth of Scripthe work, besides its reference to ture. They are reductions to abthe present state of geology, com- surdity, not less convincing than prises an appeal, in confirmation the most positive proof. of the Scriptures, to other branch- We have dwelt at the greater es of science, to historic fact, to length upon the volume before us, rudiments of tradition, to sculp- as being the work of a layman detures, gems, coins, and medals. In voted to literature and science, addition to the direct confirmation and as it seems, in these times, of Scripture facts, the Author ar- peculiarly desirable to encourage gues likewise from the dissipation gentlemen of the Author's characof those many cherished theories ter and attainments to come forof successive sceptics, which are ward courageously, to oppose the ever exhaling before the advanc- growing scepticism of the day, ing sun of science. Now when to detect the sophistries, and to we witness, one after another, every repel the daring insults levelled at theory, however ingenious soever, the only system of religious truth which has been devised in opposi- which ever professed to cheer the tion to the facts of Scripture, heart of man with the substantial proved to be incapable of standing hope of a blessed immortality. the test of increasing knowledge; The work is very miscellaneous, when we find them severally, in and, we must add, has been comtheir day, entertained with all the piled without much regard to meconfidence of scientific certainty, thodical arrangement. It is, how, and vaunted as undoubted proofs ever, full of interesting facts and of error in the word of God; but, observations; and one which we by and by, convicted, withdrawn can cordially recommend, as adaptfrom observation, willingly con- ed not less to please than to insigned to forgetfulness, or excit- struct and convince. Had it been ing shame in their former advo- entitled “ Illustrations," rather cates; may we not safely conclude than a « Demonstration of the from such repeated failures, that Truth of Revelation," the desigthe facts which they were intend- nation would have been, perhaps, ed to discredit, will defy every fu- not less invitting and more apture assault? May we not infer propriate. The book is got up in this consequence, just as certainly a very respectable style, and is as, from finding that every struc- embellished with several plates, ture not in accordance with the consisting of fac-similes of the laws of equilibrium derived from various existing monuments to gravity, becomes unstable, and which the appeal is made, and threatens speedy ruin, we feel as- comprises much valuable matter sured that force of gravity in a convenient compass. Ch. Adv.-VOL. X.

3 M

Literary and Philosophical Intelligence, etc.

The Moon.-The substance of the changes from it have been also asserted. moon is more known to us than that of the We learn from Plutarch, that the ancients brighter luminary. Its volume is forty- believed the moon to produce many singunine times less ihan the volume of the lar results, which he enumerates. Hence, earth. There is ground of supposing that however beautiful and interesting the all is solid at its surface, for it appears, in moonlight scenery of both heaven and powerful telescopes, as an arid mass on earth is felt to be by all, it will always be which some have thought they could per- wise to recollect that the night is our naceive the effects, and even the explosions, tural and appointed season of retirement of volcanoes. There are mountains on and repose. - Sharon Turner's Sacred Histhe surface of the moon, which rise to tory of the World. nearly the height of three miles, and it has been inferred, that it has deep ca

Dykes of Holland.-Enormous mounds vities like the basins of our seas.

Cas- of earth are piled up as barriers against pian lakes have been supposed in it.

the encroachments of the sea, which, at But it has either no atmosphere, or it full tide, rises, in some places, forty feet is of such extreme rarity, as to exceed

above the level of the land. The fortificathe nearest vacuum we can produce by

tion of this country against the water, was our best constructed air pumps; so that

undertaken as carly as the time of Claudius no terrestrial animal could breathe alive

Drusus, who constructed the first of the upon its surface. If, then, it be inha. dykes, that form the bulwark of the Holbited, it is not by beings who have bo

landers; which have ever since been the dies like either men or any of our ani.

wonder of Europe, and a lasting monumated race. The lunar population must

meut of industry and perseverance. As be of a far more aerial naiure than our we walked at the foot of these artificial present selves; or our most delicate fel- mountains, gradually sloping to its somlow-creatures. Only sylphs, spirits, or

mit, where the breadth is about thirty feet, angels, suit such an ethereal medium.

the sea was washing its opposite side far It has a great number of invariable

above our heads. There was something in spots, which prove that the moon always

the sounds of the waves, and the thought presents to us the same hemisphere, and

of their elevated proximity, which inrevolves on its axis in a period equal to

spired a fear that they might involve us that of its revolution round the earth. Its

in destruction, by breaking down the "tall dark and bright parts have given rise to rampire” that the idea that it has seas, islands, and con.

Spreads its long arms against the wat'ry tinents; but it is now doubled whether it

rear." has any water at all; and it has been supposed that, if it bad any oceans,

But this fear was momentary, and yielded rior attraction of the earth, especially to admiration, as we contemplated the when in conjunction with the sun, would strength and skilful design of the dyke. draw the aqueous fluid into a deluge over - The dykes vary in size and elevation a large part of its surface. The light of according to their situation.—Formed of the moon is at least 300,000 times more stones and adhesive soil, they are planted feeble than that of the sun. Froin this towards the sea with reeds, which collect inferiority, the lunar rays, when collected the sand that is thrown up. Thus rein the most powerful mirrors, produce no ceiving an annual accession of matter, the sensible effect on the thermometer. In- original structure is protected, while its deed, they seem to have a cold producing breadth and stability increase. Where agency, according to the experience of more than usual danger exists, a second practical men, though philosophers have and interior dyke is raised to secure the not yet ascertained the fact by their di- country in case the outer one should give rect experiments. That they have a pe- way. The lwo are made parallel, and the culiar and salutary influence on the ani- intermediate space serves as a channel, mal frame, appears to have been actually commanded by sluices, to carry off an ocexperienced by some of our countrymen. casional flood; or, as on one occasion, to Oiher nations declare the same.

inundate an hostile army. The plains Its peculiar effects have been so often thus snatched from the legitimate domiobserved in mental derangement, that this nion of the sea, are intersected by canals malady has been named lunacy from and fortified with locks. These, by a bap. them, and medical men, experienced in py contrivance, allow the superfluous wasuch cases, have assured me, that in many ter to flow into the ocean, while the efthere is a visible excitement at the forts of the intrusive waves only serve to changes of this luminary. Almospherical close more firmly the barriers.

the supe

Death of the Reo. Dr. Adam Clarke.- Andrew Dahl, a Swedish botanist, but is From the London Christian Advocate.- also called the Georgiana, from Georgi, This melancholy and unexpected event a Russian traveller. The latter name is occurred at a & past 11 o'clock on Sunday used by European continental writers, and night, (26th Aug.) and was occasioned by is also adopted by Sweet, in his Hortus the mysterious disease of which so many Britannicus. of all classes have already fallen a sacri. The plant was introduced into Britain fice. The venerable Doctor was expected about 1804, by seeds sent from Madrid, by to preach at Bayswater on Sunday morn- Lady Holland, but was little cultivated ing, and, as usual, a large congregation there until after the peace of 1814. Within assembled to hear him ; but while they the last five years, numerous varieties were lost in conjectures as to the cause of of the most desirable kinds have been their disappointment, intelligence arrived brought into the United States, and they that he had been suddenly taken ill, and are found to grow with the greatest luxwas not expected to survive the attack. uriance in avd around our city. Both Mr. Walmesly preached in his stead,

and seeds and tubers, planted during the last alluded to the circumstance in an affect- spring, have produced flowers of the most ing manner. The gentleman to whom perfect form and brilliancy of colour; we are indebted for our information, Mr. from the purest white, yellow and scarlet, Thurston, of Catherine street, Strand, through every variety of shade, to the who had been long favoured with the Doc- deepest parple. tor's friendship, had gone to Bayswater, expecting to hear him, and, on learning Portland, Sept. 27.-Another Slide.that he was seized with cholera, immedi. We understand about three acres of land ately went to Mr. Hobb's house in Bays- on the bank Presumpscot River, below water, where Dr. Clarke was staying, and Rice's Bridge in Westbrook, yesterday remained with him until nearly noon, when took a slide into the bed of the river, enhe started in a chaise to Heydon hall, the tirely filling the channel. Last year a Doctor's own residence, for Mrs. Clarke, slide of about an acre went into the river who returned with him about half past near the same place, which was washed five, and found her husband breathing away by the current. Whether the river with great difficulty. It appears that the will again undertake to clear out its chanDoctor had been relaxed, as to his bowels, nel, or travel round the obstruction refor a week past; and that he was attacked mains to be seen. with alarming symptoms about six o'clock on Sunday morning, when he desired Mr.

American Natural History.--We have Hobb's servant to call her master, who just seen "A Monograph of the Trilobites immediately obeyed the summons.

In a of North America—by Jacob Green, short time Mr. Greenly (the son of a Me.

M. D.” which strikes us as something nothodist minister,) Mr. Clarke, (the Doc. vel, and which will certainly be very actor's nephew,) and Dr. Wilson, a physi- ceptable to scientific gentlemen, who are cian, was in attendance. On returning forming, cabinets for the illustration of the to bed, he told Mr. Hobbs that he natural history of our country. Each copy thought he should die,” on which that of Dr. Green’s work is accompanied by gentleman recommended him to put his thirty-six accurate and beautifully colour. trust in his Saviour: the Doctor replied ed models—these identify the species dethat he had done so already. All that scribed in a much more satisfactory mancould be done by the united skill and ex

ner than any copperplate engravings, and ertions of the medical gentlemen in at they furnish the possessor with a beauti. tendance was effected, without affording ful collection of rare American fossils,

which can be obtained in no other any, prospect of recovery. The Doctor

way.said very little, being greatly exhausted.

Daily Advertiser. Indeed, he was at times insensible, as was

Autumn Strawberries. In addition to evinced by his occasional questions and the facts heretofore stated in relation to observations, such as, " What do the Doc. strawberries borne this fall, we are furtors think of me?" "" Have they bled?” nished with several others, the most pro" Rub my legs." His sons, Theodore and minent of which is, that for several days John, and his daughter, together with his past-say from September 29th to Octoafflicted wife, were present at his death.

ber 3d-fine large garden strawberries Doctor Clarke's remains were interred at

have been sold in the Baltimore markets the City Road Chapel, on Tuesday, at 12

at twenty-five cents a quart.-Richard o'clock

Harwood, Esq. of Annapolis, has also gaThe Dahlia.-This beautiful flower is a thered some very fine ones.-- American native of Mexico. It is so named after Farmer.

Religious Intelligence.

BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE

SOCIETY.

the great

the Prussian provinces of the Rhine, and the states of Nassau, during which I have

visited more than twenty of our corres(Continued from p. 418.)

pondents and Societies, examined into The subject of extending the benevolent labours, and promised new

their operations, encouraged them in their circulation of the Scriptures among supplies where these were required. But the Roman Catholics of Wurtem- in this tour—a considerable part of it in berg, formed an important fea- places where I had never been before-I ture in the deliberations held with individuals possessed of a sufficient degree

have found it no easy task to meet with the friends of the Society in Stutt- of love and zeal for the Biblical cause to gard, and Dr. P observes:

enable them to become efficient labourers

in it, in conformity to our rules. How“ I have obtained a list of the names of ever, we have done what we could to fourteen pious ministers and laymen, dis- warm the zeal of our old friends, engage tinguished for their exertions in promoting new ones, and make them all sensible of Christian objects, in the respective dis

ance of placing the word tricts throughout the kingdom, whom I of God in thousands of families, who are now intend, if possible, to employ in dis- still destitute of this only sure guide to tributing the Now Testament among Ro. peace and happiness in time and in eterman Catholics. This measure is rendered nity.” more necessary, on account of the former grants of our Society for the Catholics in Among the new openings that Wurtemburg having been almost exclu- have been formed by Dr. P. during sively for the use of the schools, so that the year, that at Hanau may be until now comparatively few copies are to be found in their families."

mentioned as very interesting. On his way home to Frankfort,

The gentleman alluded to had maPFORTZHEIM was visited, and Dr. nifested the same activity in a forP. writes:

mer sphere of exertion. " There also I visited Pastor Linden- " Mr. Wach, provincial secretary, wait. meyer, who has been engaged for many

ed upon me some time ago, and expressed years past in promoting our object, and his earnest desire to do something for inhe has given 'me the names of twelve troducing the Scriptures into the schools Evangelical ministers throughout the of that province, which contains a populastates of Baden, whom I intend, if possi- tion of 47,000 souls. His influence, as an ble, to engage in a more active distribu- officer under government, enables him to tion of the Scriptures in their respective effect this desirable work the more easily: spheres, as the Baden Bible Society seems

He is but recently come to Hanau, and to have fallen into a state of inactivity.”

had formerly exerted himself, in connexion

with Mr. Stockfield, in the province of Your Committee are not with Fritzlar, in the same cause. I have thereout hopes, that as the result of the fore placed 300 Bibles and 350 Testaments

at his disposal to begin with for distribution, journey, effective measures will be taken for introducing many copies

upon the general principle of our grants." of the Scriptures into parts of the In HANOVER, also, a pious noblecontinent heretofore almost inac- man has cheerfully promised ascessible to the Society's exertions, sistance. The missionaries conand from which the most painful nected with the Society for Proaccounts have been received of moting Christianity among the the extreme difficulty of obtaining Jews, have aided in the circulation the Sacred Scriptures.

of the Scriptures, and have been Of his second journey Dr. P. furnished with supplies. gives the following account:

A few specimens may now be "I have, during the last month, made a

given of your Agent's correspontour of upwards of 500 English miles in dence with individual friends of the states of Hesse Cassel, Westphalia, the Society in different quarters of

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