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It appears that not long since, dained missionaries. The ordaintwo candidates for the gospel mi- ing prayer, and an address to the nistry, recently from the theologi. audience were made by Dr. Green. cal seminary at Princeton, Messrs. We have witnessed many ordinaJohn B. Pinney, of the state of tions, but never one, which so Georgia, and Joseph W. Barr, deeply as this affected our feelings; of the state of Ohio, offered them- and appearances seemed to indiselves to the Society, with the ex- cate that in these feelings there pression of their desire to be sent was a general sympathy in the asto Africa-not to remain on the sembled multitude. It is expected coast, but as soon as practicable that the missionaries will proceed to penetrate to a considerable dis- to Liberia, in a vessel which is to tance into the interior, with a view sail from Norfolk, before the end to explore the country, and to se- of the present month. lect one or more missionary sta- In behaf of this infant mission, tions, where the health of the the first that has ever left our concountry and the disposition of the tinent under the exclusive patronnatives should appear to afford age and direction of the Presbyterithe prospect of a permanent and an church, it is hoped and believed promising missionary establish- that the earnest and continual ment. Their offer was accepted, prayers, and the cheerful and libeand the Secretary and General ral contributions of the members Agent of the Society, the Rev. Eli- of our communion, will be extenjah P. Swift, accompanied by the sively offered. Present indicayoung brethren mentioned above, tions seem to be favourable to this came to this city, for the purpose result. It has been highly gratiof making preparation for the fying to us to witness the donacontemplated enterprise. It was tions, not only in money but in arsupposed that it would, for seve- ticles for the accommodation of the ral reasons, be desirable and pro- missionaries, and for presents to, per that the missionaries should and commerce with the natives, be ordained in Philadelphia. At which have been made on this octhe request of the Secretary, casion. The Presbytery of Philatherefore, a special meeting of the delphia has pledged itself for the Presbytery of Philadelphia was support of two foreign missionacalled, which took place on the ries, and the Presbytery of New 12th inst. The candidates were exa- Castle of one. The first Presbymined and received, and the evening terian church of New York has of the same day was appointed for set a noble example, by assuming the solemnities of their ordination, to itself the full support of one foin the Sixth Presbyterian church. It reign missionary, and by putting was gratifying to the young breth- into the hands of the Secretary of ren, as well as to the Presbytery, the Board, six hundred dollars, as that the beloved and venerated the first annual payment. Other professors under whom they had wealthy congregations of our comstudied, the Rev. Drs. Alexander munion might follow this example, and Miller, consented, at the re- with real benefit to themselves, as quest of the Presbytery, to take a well as to the blessed missionary leading part in the ordination ser
But suppose that the one vice. In the
presence of an unu- hundred and ten presbyteries of sually large and deeply interested our church should, on an average, audience, Dr. Alexander delivered support each one foreign missiona very powerful and impressive ary, what a glorious host of the sermon, from Matt. xxviii. 18, 19, ambassadors of the King of Zion, 20, and Dr. Miller a very solemn might go forth to invade the emand affectionate charge to the or- pire of Satan, in the dark parts of
the earth, and to deliver his —nay, we confidently believe that wretched subjects from present they would all be the better for it; degradation, and future endless be more blessed in their temporal perdition, and bring them into the concerns, and infinitely more in light, and liberty, and bliss, of the their spiritual interests. It would children of God. And it is no be a loan to the Lord, which he exaggeration to say, that the sup- would most amply repay. But we port of one foreign missionary by must quit this subject for the preeach of our presbyteries, on sent, but with the intention to reaverage, would, in addition to all turn to it again and again, if our that is done at present, impose no
life and editorial labours are prooppressive burden on our churches longed.
View of Publick Affairs.
EUROPE. The latest European intelligence that has reached our country at the time we write, is of the 17th of Sept. ult. from London. From France we have seen no article of later date than the 12th.
Britain.—The British parliament was prorogued by the king in person on the 16th of August. He delivered a speech on the occasion, of which we find a paragraphist complaining, not without some reason, that "it will be seen to be a mere collection of words, and to convey little or no insight into the foreign policy of Eng. land, or the internal state of that country;" and he adds, "the radical papers abuse it without measure ; indeed it is very apparent that the present ministry are fast losing all favour with that party.” The truth seems to be, that the spirit of reform, which the existing ministry have excited, demands much more than they are willing to grant, or which probably could be granted, without producing such an overturning as would completely unsettle the nation. To this the present state of things in Britain strongly tends, and we suspect will ultimately reach. Few persons appeared in the streets when the king went in state to prorogue the parliament, and it is said “ he was received by his loyal subjects in the profoundest silence. Not a cheer was riven, neither did there appear any disposition to offer a mark of disapprobation." We learn from the speech, as well as from many other statements, " the continuance of disturbances in Ireland, notwithstanding the vigilance and energy displayed by the government in the measures taken to suppress them.” The collection of tythes is the principal cause of the Irish discontents, and nothing can, we believe, put an end to them but the entire abolition of the whole tything system. The excesses and barbarous murders which have lately been committed are shocking to humanity. O'Connel is bent on destroying the union between Britain and Ireland, and on restoring to the latter its former regime as a separate kingdom; but in this, it is said, he has been forsaken by Shiel, and is opposed by other of his former influential friends. The king says that "he continues to receive the most friendly assurances from all foreign powers ;” and notwithstanding the war in Portugal and the unsettled controversy beiween Holland and Belgium, he adds, “ I look with confidence, through the intimate union which subsists between me and my allies, to the preservation of the general peace.” The speech concludes thus
“ My Lords and Gentlemen, I recommend to you during the recess the most careful attention to the preservation of the public peace, and to the maintenance of the authority of the law in your respective counties. I trust that the advantages enjoyed by all my subjects, under our free Constitution will be duly appreciated and cherished, that relief from any real causes of complaint, will be sought only through legitimate channels; that all irregular and illegal proceedings will be discountenanced and rosisted ; and that the establishment of internal tranquillity and order will prove that the measures which I have sanctioned will not be fruitless in promoting the security of the State and the contentment and welfare of my people."
The harvest in Britain has been unusually abundant, and of excellent quality. The Cholera has revisited London, with more than its former virulence, about forty deaths a day had taken place in the last week preceding the last accounts. Sir Walter Scott was still alive, but that was all. The king and his royal brother, the Duke of Sussex, had compromised a quarrel of long standing. It was reported that Lord Chancellor Brougham would soon succeed Earl Grey as prime minister-the bealth of the latter was declining: Electioneering for seats in the Parliament to be formed on the principle of the Reform Bill was going zealously forward throughout the coan. try. The death of Dr. Adam Clark we have noticed in another part of our present number.
FRANCE. Our principal article of French news for the present month is the marriage of Leopold king of Belgium to the princess Louisa, eldest daughter of Louis Philip the present king of the French. This marriage was celebrated, on the 16th of August, at Compiegne, a town which contains a royal palace or chateau, nearly in the centre of the department of the Oise. The whole royal family of France and the whole ministerial corps, with one exception, were present, and Leopold was accompanied by the principal members of his cabinet and generals of his army. For several days preceding and following the royal nuptials, fetes were celebrated, and the most brilliant displays of royal splendour and inilitary pomp were exhibited, to the wondering and delighted multitude who witnessed the spectacle. An enormous dowry goes with the princess, and it is hoped by this marriage to consolidate the union of France and Belgium. Some however think they foresee in it the seeds of war between
France and the powers who are inclined to side with Holland in its controversy with Belgium. Paris, at the last accounts, was tranquil; and there was no actual disturbance of much importance in any part of the kingdom. But there was great discontent, both in the capital and in other places, particularly on the western part of the kingdom. The legal prosecutions of printers, and the infliction on them of severe penalties, as well as the trial and punishment of individuals who had taken part in the late disturbances, produced great uneasiness and much private murmuring ; so that many looked forward to the meeting of the Chambers as the period when an explosion would take place, which would shake the throne and the whole kingdom-nor, in our judgment, is this improbable. The ex-monarch, Charles the X., had received his passports from the British court, preparatory to his removal, with his whole family, from Scotland to Austria-whether this movement had not been prompted by the existing French ministry, was a matter of speculation. Polignac, and the other imprisoned ministers of the late monarch, were so closely confined as to injure their health, and the cruelty of the measure by which they were thus treated was exciting sympathy in their favour. The Duchess De Berri had joined the rest of the royal family, after her Quixotic expedition in France.
Spain.-The king of Spain is, no doubt, anxiously desirous to‘aid his neighbour and fellow tyrant Don Miguel, with iroops and military supplies. But he dare not do it. He knows that he is watched closely by the ministers of Britain and France; and that if he does not maintain a strict neutrality, both those powers will immediately assist Don Pedro, and at once overwhelm his rival.
PORTUGAL.-In an early part of August, the commander of Don Miguel's squadron before Lisbon ventured to sea; and on being discovered by Sartorius, the admiral of Don Pedro's naval force, was, after some maneuvering, brought to action in a night encounter. The two fleets separated, without any thing decisive, and after a second encounter, somewhat similar to the first, Miguel's fleet returned to the Tagus, one of the vessels being, it is said, in a sinking state, and the principal ship of the expedition, a ship of the line, partially dismasted. We think it was really a drawn battle, and as usually happens in such cases, both sides claim the victory. Sartorius, who is a Brilish naval officer of great skill and courage, has been somewhat reinforced since his late encounter, and although still greatly inferior in ships and guns to the fleet of Miguel, has, it is affirmed, declared his determination, if that fleet again leaves the Tagus, to bring it to a decisive action. We certainly wish him success, but think the issae doubtful. On land, after the battle of which we last month gave an account, Don Pedro found it necessary, or prudent, to concentrate his whole force in the town of Oporto, where he has since remained, and has fortified the place extensively and strongly. His brother's hostile forces, a nounting to about twenty thousand men, are cantoned in the neighbourhood, and are supposed to be preparing for an assault, which it is said is earnestly wished by Don Pedro's forces, in confidence of producing a defeat which may be followed up by ulterior operations that may decide the contest. Reinforcements to Don Pedro's army are on their way from both France and Britain, and it is thought that Don Miguel must either make the contemplated assault soon, or be compelled by the season to retreat. We have all along considered the success of this expedition as very doubtful, and so we view it still.
ITALY furnishes us with no news, except that Mount Vesuvius was, at the last ac. counts, in a state of eruption, the issue was yet to be seen.
HOLLAND AND Belgium are still negotiating, and nothing decisive is yet effected.
AUSTRIA AND Prussia, are endeavouring to force the rulers of the German States to measures calculated to prevent their subjects from cherishing liberal principles. The consequence is, great dissatisfaction throughout Germany, and the danger of open in sorrection, and perhaps war.
Russia seems to be occupied in persecuting the unhappy Poles, and disposing of their conquered country. Turkey is prosecuting a most disastrous war against the Pacha of Egypt.
ASIA. There is a serious rebellion in the northern part of the Chinese empire, the issue of which threatens the reigning emperor. The British are exploring the river Indus, with a view of making a settlement in the fertile country of Sinde. In Palestine, Ibra. him Pacha, the son and commander-in-chief of the armies of the Pacha of Egypt, is carrying all before him, in a war with the Turkish Sultan. He has captured Acre, and defeated the Sultan's army, with great loss, at Homs; and was, at the last accounts, marching for Aleppo, in confident expectation of taking it by storm. The whole of Palestine and the adjoining regions, seem, for the present, and probably forever, to be lost to the Sultan.
AFRICA. While Ibrahim Pacha is prosecuting the war against the Grand Seignor in Asia, Ali Pacha, his father, is doing every thing to sustain him, by efficient measures in Egypt. This Ali is a man of great resources, and is changing the whole aspect and character of his African possessions. The last accounts from Liberia represent the American colony there as in a more prosperous state than at any former period. It seems to us that the United States will disregard both duty and interest, if this promising and important colony does not speedily receive a liberal and efficient patronage.
AMERICA. There are so many ephemeral changes among the states in the southern part of our continent, that it scarcely seems proper, in such a publication as ours, to record them. When any thing takes place which promises a permanent result, or that is of general interest, we shall chronicle it, but smaller occurrences and changes we shall omit. We must defer till the coming month, the notice of a few events of some interest, which our space forbids us to specify at present.
UNITED STATEs.Our whole country is agitated by the elections which are going forward, or being prepared for, of legislators and electors for the several states, and for the general government. We think it is much to be regretted, that all local concerns are influenced by the presidential election; but so it is, and so we fear it will continue to be. That our country is in a really perilous situation is admitted and proclaimed by both the great parties wbich divide our population. The issue, let us remember, is under the control and direction of the providence of God; and let his praying people implore his interposition to give that result which will be most for his glory, and the welfare, peace, prosperity, and permanent happiness of our beloved country.
We have been not a little mortified, to find that in our last number we were instrumental in giving currency to an atrocious falsehood, relative to an answer said to have been returned by the President of the United States, to a memorial of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions; and yet we consider ourselves in this matter as unfortunate only, and not criminal. We found the misrepresentation by which we were misled, published and republished, with marks of quotation, and without any denial or suspicion of forgery that we had heard of; and yet we used the precaution to say—“This is the statement we have seen extracted from the paper bearing the title of The Protestant ; and we are unable to say whether it is correct or not. If correct, we remark" &c.—Now it appears by the report of the Prudential Committee of the A. B. C. F. Missions, at the meeting of the Board in the present month, that the memorial which they addressed to the President was before the decision of the Supreme Court, and not, as we were misled to state, after that decision. It also appears that the answer to the memorial was made in behalf of the President, by the Secretary of War, and was of an entirely different character from that which we quoted from The Protestant, as having been made by the President himself, using the personal pronoun 1-" I do not wish I cannot refrain,” &c: and of course that this alleged answer of the President is an entire and deliberate forgery. We do think that the editor of the Protestant, who has been given to the publick as the first publisher of this detestable fraud, ought, for the sake of his own character, to ferret out and give to the world the author of this abominable slander-Let us not be misunderstood --we are not vindicating the course taken by President Jackson, in the matter of controversy between the Indians and the state of Georgia. To the whole of that course our humble opinion is directly and strongly opposed; but let the course pursued by the President be fairly stated; and not be aggravated by a wicked fabrication, which will ultimately injure-as every such base artifice will eventually most deeply injure-the cause which it professes to serve. Perhaps it is vain to expect that in a free country -and we rejoice and give thanks to God that ours is a free country-excesses of va. rious kinds can be entirely prevented, when an important popular election is pending -Some evil is ever mixed with the good, in concerns which deeply interest and are much affected by human feelings and passions. Yet every good man ought to prevent as much evil as he can; and we are persuaded that every species of fraud and falsehood will ultimately rebound, and injure the party that uses it. In the existing conflict of parties, in our country, every Christian man, every friend of religion, every enlightened patriot, ought so to temper his zeal as not unnecessarily to inflame the passions of his opponents; and this he may do, in consistency with using his whole influence, and the greatest amount of influence, in favour of the cause he advocates. THE
LECTURES ON THE SHORTER CATE
CHISM OF THE WESTMINSTER AS-
« Go ye,
blessed Lord, shortly before his ascension into heaven. Even among the Jews, the company of believers was emphatically a lit
tle flock," and among the Gentiles LECTURE LXXII.
it was still less. But the injuncIn the lecture on which we now tion to the apostles was, enter, we are to consider who are therefore, and teach all nations, the proper subjects of baptism. baptizing them in the name of the Our Catechism teaches us, that “ Baptism is not to be administer- Holy Ghost; teaching them to ob
Father, and of the Son, and of the ed to any that are out of the visi
serve all things whatsoever I have ble church, till they profess their commanded you; and lo, I am faith in Christ and obedience to
with you always, even unto the him; but the infants of such as are
end of the world.” members of the visible church, are It is plain from the nature of to be baptized.”
the case, that adults were, in this In order to a right understand commission, contemplated as the ing of this article of our creed, first recipients of Christian bapyou must observe that it consists tism; for till they had become beof two distinct parts; the first part lievers themselves, they would not referring exclusively to persons of be disposed, even if they had been adult age, and the second part to permitted, to receive this sacrainfant children.
ment for their children. It is 1. In regard to those whose fa- therefore no valid objection to inculties or powers are so far ma- fant baptism, that in the original tured that they are able to com- institution there was a command prehend the truths of the gospel, and who have not been baptized in * The Syrophenician woman, the Greeks infancy, and of course are out of introduced to our Lord by Philip at the the visible church," it is declared last passover, the Centurion whose servant that they are not to be baptized, the nobleman also who received a similar
our Lord healed at Capernaum, possibly « till they profess their faith in favour at the same place, appear to have Christ and obedience to him.” been believing Gentiles. Of the SamariSmall indeed was the number of tans, beside the woman who first met our those who had faith in Christ, believed on him." Yet in all, the number
Saviour at the well, it is said that “many when the ordinance of Christian
was probably less than the 120 mentioned baptism was instituted by our Acts i. 15. Ch. Adv.-Vol. X.