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sion. It is God's usual method to connect have alluded to were not, after all, the imrevivals of religion with the prayers and mediate answer to prayer. Some person, fidelity of Christians in those places where however obscure or unheeded, may have revivals occur; and it might be proper to prayed for them some time or other, if not say that Christians have no reason to ex- immediately preceding their commencepect a revival in such places, while they ment. This, indeed, is possible; though remain in a great measure indifferent to no evidence can be produced of the fact. this object, and neither pray nor labour But, were this admitted, one thing is cerfor it with becoming zeal. But is it not tain: the churches, as collective bodies, going too far to assert that this is God's were asleep; and this is enough for our only method of building up his cause? purpose. It shows that the blessing was that a revival will never be experienced not necessarily suspended on their prayers and sinners converted until Christians -at least those solemn and earnest prayawake and cry mightily to God for the de- ers to which the promise of God is eviscent of his Spirit? In other words, that dently made. God has promised, for the God will not pour out his Spirit upon a purpose of encouraging his people to pray; congregation but in answer to solemn and and be fulfils his promises in such circumspecial prayer by his people for this ob. stances, and often with such particularity, ject? Such language is often employed, as to inspire his people with confidence but we think it unguarded: it is warrant- and joy; but this hinders not the display ed neither by the tenor of God's promises, of his sovereign mercy towards individuals nor by the events of his providence. He and communities whenever and wherever does more for his people often than they he may judge it will subserve the purpose ask, and sometimes surprises them by a of his glory. Let us beware then of takmercy which they neither looked for nor ing ground which he himself bas not requested. I could mention several im- taken, and of dealing out assertions conportant revivals of religion, (nearly twen- cerning the operations of his grace which ty,) if an ingathering of souls into the Re- neither his word nor his providence will deemer's kingdom ought to be so denoini. sustain. At the same time, let us also benated, which were not preceded, so far as ware, that our very caution do not betray human eyes could discern, by any special us into lukewarmness and unbelief; and spirit of prayer on the part of the Lord's that, under a pretext of divine sovereignpeople. They were manifestly asleep ty, wo excuse our want of zeal in the when the heavenly bridegroom came, and cause of man's salvation. We act under were roused into action only by his al- a fearful responsibility, and danger awaits mighty voice calling dead sinners from us on every side. Our only safety lies in the tomb.
making God's word the rule of our faith, Such events do not happen to exculpate and his glory the end of our actions. the unbelief, the slothfulness, and stupidity May he give to us that humble, inquisitive, of Christians, but to display God's sove- and impartial spirit which is intimately reignty, and to overwhelm us with the connected with successful investigation, boundless riches of his mercy.
and which will be the surest pledge of our I know it may be said that it is not easy understanding and obeying the truth. to determine whether such revivals as I
Literary and Philosophical Intelligence, etc.
Liberia.--We have received the Liberia on the part of the friends of the candiHerald of the 7th Seplember. The settle- dates." A good example is set by this inment continues to flourish. The annual fant empire to nations that are older and election of Vice Agent, two Councillors, should be wiser. During the month of High Sheriff, Treasurer, two Censors for August, the thermometer ranged at MonMonrovia, and two for Caldwell, Commit- rovia from 70 to 78 degrees, with but very tecs of Health for Monrovia, Caldwell slight variations in the course of any one and Millsburgh, and Committees of Agri. day. The commerce of the settlement culture for the same places, took place in is constantly on the increase. Vessels the beginning of September. The elec- from Great Britain touch at the port al. tion for a Vice Agent was a close one.- most weekly. The 'masters of American A. D. Williams, the successful candidate, vessels, as they become better acquainted receiving 152 votes, and G. R. M Gill, his with the coast, pay but little regard to the opponent, 139. The Herald says that the seasons; and it is stated that during the election passed over in peace, "and though greater part of the last periodical rains we have no broken heads or limbs to re- there was much activity and bustle in the cord, it was not owing to the want of zeal business part of the town.-N. Y. Com. Ado,
Gold Mines in Egypt.-A letter from Education of the Blind.The situation Alexandria, in Egypt, dated Aug. 12, of no class of sufferers deserves more comstates that M. Linant, a French traveller, miseration, and generally excites more has discovered a rich mine of gold in the sympathy, than that of the unfortunate mountains that run along the Isthmus of blind, who are deprived of that sense, Suez. He conveyed 9 chests of the ore to which, of all others, perhaps, is the source Cairo, some of which, on being smelted, of most enjoyment to those who have it in rendered one-fifth of pure metal. The vigorous exercise. They who were demost productive of the mines of Peru do prived of sight in early life, prior to the not afford a larger proportion.
cultivation of the mind by education, sufThe following is a statement of the coin
fer comparatively, in a greater degree, struck at the mints of France from the perhaps, than those in whom blindness is commencement of the reign of Napoleon: minds, well furnished, afford materials for
a natural consequence of age, but whose
fr. Imperial coinage, 1,415,854,495 50
reflection. To supply this deficiency, is Coinage under Louis,
truly desirable; and it appears that a per. XV1I., 1,004,163,169 75
son well recommended and acquainted Do. under Charles X., 685,430,240 50
with the art of instructing this class of Do. under Louis Philip, 279,852,948 50
sufferers, is at present in the city, ready to
engage in the business, if encouraged to Total,
We do not know whether the de3,385,300,854 25
sign of the Wills' Hospital embraces the In 1831, the issue was 254,619,578 fr.
education of the inmates; but we presume 50c., of which 49,641,380fr. in gold, and
it would naturally have had a place in the 264,978,196fr. 50c. in silver. fr.
benevolent mind of the founder of that inThe Paris mint struck, 104,900,000 50
stitution; if so, a better opportunity than Lille do.
44,122,566 50 that now afforded, by the presence of Mr. Rouen do.
42,162,207 25 FRIENDLANDER, of obtaining a suitaLyons, do.
ble instructor, may not soon offer. We Marseilles do.
were not aware of the number of the The mints of Paris, Lille and Rouen,
blind in the United States, until induced are the only ones that struck gold coin by the notice of his being here, we exaIn the specie in circulation are comprised
mined the last census, which furnishes in.
formation on the subject. It appears from not only the 3,385,200,854fr. 25c. struck
it that there were in 1830—5444 of this since the reign of Napoleon, but also, the old coin and that of the Republic. This
class in the United States, viz: 3974 specie has not remained in France, as
whites, and 1470 blacks, being about one French coin is to be met with all over
in every 2363 persons of the whole popuEuropo. But the loss is compensated by
lation. From a basty calculation, it apthe introduction of foreign coin into pears that the coloured population of this France. Hence it is evident that France
class are more numerous in proportion
than the whites; as the whites are one in possesses the greatest portion of the metallic circulating medium.
2650, and the coloured one in 1584; the
proportions are very different in the differThirty millions of bushels of barley are ent states. In Pennsylvania, there are annually converted into malt by the brewe.
503 blind, viz. 475 white, and 28 coloured; ries of Great Britain; and upwards of being about one in every 2680 of the poeight millions of barrels of beer, (of which pulation. What proportion are of a suitamore than four-fifths are strong,) are ble age to receive instruction, cannot be brewed annually. This enormous con
accurately ascertained.-Hazard's Regis. sumption attests the fondness of the peo. ple for the beverage of their forefathers. -London Mirror.
The small space to which we lieve the most of our readers have are obliged to confine our Religious heard but little. It gives a very Intelligence for the present month, affecting view of the moral princiwe fill with an article from the ples, as well as religious superstiLondon Missionary Chronicle, fortions of the Chinese-a people October last. We select this ar- whom some infidel writers extol ticle because it relates to a mis- for their ethicks-It is, we think, sionary station, of which we be worthy of notice, and certainly is
very gratifying, to find Mr. Med- which have been answered a thousand hurst saying, in the close of his re- times, and still a thousand times recur, as port—"My dear partner, and our up the spirit of vigorous effort in spite of
if they had never been refuted. To keep four children, together with our opposition, is easy, compared with the valuable coadjutor, Mr. Young, maintaining of it amidst inattention and have all been preserved from sick- neglect. Grace and prayer alone can keep ness and danger for a considerable alive the flame of missionary zeal amid period.” Batavia has usually
been would visit us in mercy, and make all
such discouragements-oh, that the Lord considered as the grave of Euro- grace to abound towards us! And, oh peans. Yet here is a family of that every well-wisher to missionary obseven individuals, that “ for a jects would be fervent in prayer on our considerable period” have not even behalf
, and give the Lord no rest till he
come and rain righteousness upon us! been visited with sickness—at as an unhealthy a misionary station
Missionary Labours at the Station. probably as any one in the world. Notwithstanding, however, the despond. With a suitable precautionary have been compelled to commence this
ing and self-condemning tone, in which I system, we believe that missionary communication, yet have we had, during enterprises, under the blessing of the last half-year, some reason to thank God, may be prosecuted, without God and take courage. The English consuch terrifick apprehensions from gregation, on Sabbath mornings, has main
lained, yea, increased, its usual numbers, unhealthy climates and places, as
and a proportionate degree of seriousness are too generally indulged.
and attention has been visible. Two of our English friends have, within the last few months, given decided evidence of a
work of grace on their souls, and have Extracts of a Letter from Rev. W. H. Med- love. One of these has been brought by
joined us in celebrating a Redeemer's hurt, dated Batavia, 30th Jan. 1832.
affliction to seek an interest in the best Honoured Fathers and Brethren,
things, and the other bas been constrained Amid the multiplied nges continual- to devote his outh to God as the most ly occurring in human affairs, and the in- reasonable service. The Malay service, roads death is perpetually making in the every Lord's day at noon, has been con. ranks of mortals, your agents at this sta- ducted as usual by Mr. Young, who has tion are still enabled to hold on their ac- kept charge likewise of the Chinese customed course without any material in schools, and, by his devoted piety and disterruption. Our divine Saviour bas gra. creet demeanour, has increasingly endearciously prolonged our unworthy lives, and ed himself to all around. The three mempreserved us in health and activity up to bers of our native church continue steady, the present period. The usual routine of while their number is likely to be in. missionary duties has been gone through, creased by a few additions from among and no available opportunity wilfully ne- the native Christians here. The service, glected, of endeavouring to communicate formerly mentioned as conducted in the the saving knowledge of the gospel to Dutch church, every alternate afternoon, them that sit in darkness and the shadow has been continued, as also the lecture in of death ;-but still we cannot but feel our the open air to the convicts, whose numneed of a revival, and of a double portion bers have lamentably increased to upwards of the spirit of all grace, to prevent our of five hundred. Their wild untutored desponding under the long trial of our pa- minds seem sometimes impressed, and tience, and to invigorate us while waiting their attention considerably arrested by the for the early and the latter rain ; particu- truth. On Friday evenings, a sermon is larly as we see so little good resulting preached in the Malay language, and on from the long-continued operations at this Tuesdays a prayer meeting is held in the station, and the heathen mind still remain same tongue. Depok is visited occasioning proof against repeated efforts to bring ally, and evidence of good appears. In them acquainted with the truth as it is in addition to these stated services, daily viJesus. Those only who know the worth sits are made to the natives in the streets, of immortal souls, and who feel the stir- campogns, and bazaars, for the purpose of rings of a Saviour's love, can have any conversation and tract distribution; on adequate conception of the sorrow and these occasions, when a few are found anguish that fill the missionary's mind, collected together, or even one seen seatwhen, going from house to house, day af- ed alone and unemployed, the opportunity ter day, he meets the same cold reception, is embraced for the introduction of sacred observes the same chilling indifference, things, and for the exposition of the main and is dunned by the same stale objections, doctrines of the gospel. The certainty of
future retribution, the demerit of sinful children; also treading unwittingly on an men, the need of a Saviour, and the suita- ant, eating beef, or allowing hungry bleness of the gospel to our state and ghosts to starde ;-convictions of conwants, are the main topics.
science for such like offences sometimes Defective and erroneous Notions of Moral seize them, but these, instead of furtherObligation entertained by the Chinese at
ing, only hinder their sincere humiliation Batavia.
for sin, and heartfelt repentance on ac
count of it. The chief difficulty with the Chinese seems to be, to make them at all sensible
Their Modes of purifying Conscience, and of their guilt and danger, principally because sin, in their estimation, is a very
Ideas of future Punishment. different thing from what it is in ours; the Again, when convinced in the slightest word sin, in their language, being synony. degree of sin, they have so many methods nious with crime, and those things only of pacifying their consciences, and putting being accounted sinful which are cogniza- far off the evil day, that it does not follow ble and punishable by human laws; that concern should be manifested for their thus murder, arson, theft, and adultery, eternal safety. Those who do believe in are considered sins; but lying, deceit, for- a hell think that only the worst of criminication, gaming, drunkenness, pride, nals and vilest of mankind will be consignanger, lust, and covetousness, togethered to that awful place, the punishment of with all bad passions of the human heart, which they are still far from considering which do not proceed to any glaring act eternal. But the greater part of them do injurious to our fellow-creatures, are none not believe in a hell, because they do not of them considered in the light of sins. see it; and though they are in the constant Whatever Chinese moralists and philoso- habit of sacrificing to the dead, providing phers may assert and teach, Chinese men for hungry ghosts, and conveying money, and women in common life do not regard food, and apparel, through the smoke for these things as criminal, do not strive the use of their deceased relatives in against them, nor feel any misgivings on Hades, yet they have not the slightest account of their prevalence in their hearts apprehension of being themselves conand lives. I have heard them openly and signed to that dismal place, and make no unblushingly plead for the policy and even attempts to escape from it. They believe, necessity of deceit in business, without indeed, that they may be punished by which, they pretend, that they could not coming out into the world again in anolive; fornication I never heard condemn- ther and a worse shape than that which ed as unlawful, so long as both parties they now inhabit—that they may even be were willing to live in that state, and beggars, slaves, dogs, horses, or the meanno connubial engagement was infringed est reptiles, yet, as consciousness will then thereby; gaming is the more strongly cease, and, whatever they were or may be, pleaded for on account of its being licensed no recollection of the same does or will by law; and drunkenness, with its cognate accompany them, they are, therefore, the vice, opium-smoking, can be looked upon less concerned about their fate in this reas no offence, in their estimation, so long spect, and the apprehension of it has no as the intoxicating drug or liquor is pur- salutary effect on their conduct and lives. chased with their own money. Indeed, The retribution which the Chinese most no evil disposition, which can be concealed dread, is the reprisal that may be made on from human observation, is considered by their posterity in the present life: they are them as criminal; and, in their reasonings sometimes greatly alarmed lest, in conseamong themselves, their blinded con- quence of their fraud and oppression, their sciences fail not to excuse without accus- children and grandchildren should suffer, ing them for their transgressions. The and the widow's mite and orphan's portion, law of God has been frequently laid before which have been by them kept back by them, in all its strictness and impartiality fraud, shonld be wrung out of the purses —but it is not so easy for a Chinese to ap- of their posterity after their decease. Such prehend the ground of its authority, or to a motive as this, however, is too weak to receive it as a divine communication on bring them to entertain any serious alarm; the more words of a stranger; particularly and, without being aware of their danger, when, instead of recommending itself to we can hardly expect them to be earnest their judgments, all the precepts of the in feeing from the wrath to come. Thus first table, and not a few of the second, we never hear any bewailing their lost conwhen explained in their utmost latitude, dition—their whole concern is, What shall run directly contrary to their preconceived we eat? &c., and none saith, Where is notions of religion and morality. The God, my Maker?-or what shall I do to be only faults which they ever tax themselves saved? No opportunity has been omitted with, are, in reality, no faults; such as of making known the
Saviour,-of reprethe quitting their native country while senting his sharp sufferings, bitter death, their parents are alive, dying without amazing love, and unlimited power to save; posterity or laying up for their wives and but, though these things be insisted on
over and over again, these people seem to tablet, which stood on the altar-piece, have no heart to them.
leaving his valuable clothes and merchanTheir Indifference to the Offers of the Gos. reduced to beggary, and was obliged after
dise a prey to the flames. He was thus pel.-Instance of their Superstition. wards to take refuge in a wretched hovel, All the day long have we stretched forth exhausted with disease and hunger, still our hands to a disobedient and gainsaying clinging to his parental tablet, wbich he people-oh, that the Lord would appear in had saved at so much peril and at so great The thunder, in the whirlwind, or rather a cost. This tablet is nothing more than in the still small voice, speaking to the the name of a parent, with the date of bis hearts of this people, and melting them birth and death, engraved on a piece of into obedience by the all-constraining in- wood, which they look upon as a kind of fluence of a Saviour's love.—The follow. representative of the deceased, offer to it ing instance of attachment to idolatry may the daily meed of incense, and rely on the serve to show the blindness and ignorance same for health and prosperity. The Caof these people: a man's house, in a neightholics, in China, on the accession of a bouring village, being on fire, and there convert, insist on the destruction of this being just time to save a few of his most tablet, as a proof of an entire rejection of valuable commodities, he rushed in and their former faith. rescued—not his goods-but his parental
View of Publick affairs.
EUROPE. The latest European dates are from Britain (London and Liverpool) of the 23d and 24th of October, and from France two or three days less recent." We have hitherto been of opinion, that a general war in Europe was not likely to grow out of the collisions between Holland and Belgium, or those between the conflicting parties in Portugal. The last accounts, however, appear more warlike than any we have before seen of late. Indeed, the captain of a vessel arrived at Charleston, S.C., direct from Amsterdam, reports that hostilities had actually commenced between Holland and Belgium. But as he left Amsterdam on the 20th, and we have Liverpool papers to the 24th of October, which say nothing of actual war, we may believe it had not then commenced. All accounts however agree, that every thing short of war begun, had taken place.
Britain. The British Parliament has been in recess since August last; and the only important article of news from Britain, which we have seen during the last month, relates to the fitting out of a powerful fleet, of about twenty vessels of war, some of them of the largest size, for blockading the Scheld; with a view to coerce the Dutch to agree to the award of the five great powers in relation to the controversy which has so long existed between Belgium and Holland. The British fleet is collected at Spithead, where it is expected that it will be joined by a French fleet, destined to co-operate in the contemplated blockade. We think thore are strong indications that the present ministry are losing their popularity in Britain.
FRANCE.—By a royal ordinance the French Chambers have been convoked for the 19th of Nov. ult. A new ministry has been formed, at the head of which is Marshal Soult. He is decided in favour of coercing Holland to accept the proposed arrange. ments in regard to Belgium; and it is said has declared that if the Dutch resist, he will lay the keys of the citadel of Antwerp on the table of the Chamber of Deputies on the day of their meeting. “Let not him that putteth on the harness, boast himself as he that putteth it off.” The new French ministry, it appears, are decidedly opposed to what is called the liberal party, and disposed to sustain the measures and the throne of Louis Philip, at every risk. In the expected operations against Holland, Britain and France act in concert. French troops, however, had not entered Belgium at the date of the last accounts; although every preparation had been made for the purpose.
Spain.-There have been great overturnings lately in Spain. The king has been apparently at the point of death, and indeed there was a short period, it would seem, when he was supposed to be actually dead. It turned out, however, to be only a state of suspended animation, and he has since been recovering his health. But during his illness his ministers availed themselves of his delirium, or unconsciousness, to obtain his signature to a repeal of the decree he had previously published, abrogating the Sa. lique law in Spain, and appointing his daughter as the heiress apparent to his crownthe queen to be regent during the daughter's minority-The object of the ministry was