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Reverend Gentleman mean to say, then, prerent the reading of the Scriptures, as that the Apostles had not the mind of
the Reverend Gentlemen opposite suppose, Christ, when they wrote the Scriptures, because we fear that the peasantry would that they went contrary to the will of
become Protestants. It is not Protestan: Christ in so doing? and yet he must admittism, but Infidelity, that we dread; and Infi. this, or bis argument goes for nothing: delity most assuredly would follow the indisBut what does my reverend antagonist criminate reading of the Scriptures, were mean by the observation, that Christ did people deprived of the fostering care of not sanction the reading of the Word of their pastors, whose duty it is to expound God? He must know, on the contrary,
the sacred roluwe for them." Mr. B. tben, how forcibly he sanctioned the written contended, that the ancient and modern word, by his frequent appeals to it-say- heretics, and even Satan himself, when ing, “Thus it is written.'
tempting our Saviour, derived their arguMr. B. here referred to Deut. vi. 7.; Ps. ments from the Bible--tbat God had given lxxviii. 1-7; and particularly pressed on an authority to pastors to guide the faithful bis opponents the case of the Bereans,
-that the indiscriminate circulation of the Acts, xvii.
“ Here there is an Apostlé Bible would bring it into the hands of the preaching to a people ; and so far from re- people, who would extract from it the most buking them for trying bis doctrines by the pernicious poisou, referring to 2 Peter, iii, written Word, be commends them for it; 16. He then insisted on the collective in. if, then, we find that when St. Paul preaches, fallibility of pastors-op the poverty of the his doctrines are brought to the test of
Catholics—on the rebellions, &c., of the Scripturc, and that instead of rebuking the l'rotestants, and then proceeded: “We people he commends them for it; I say, ought to be aware, that we are all liable to what are we that we shall say, 'The Word error; and, therefore, I would call upon the of God shall not try our doetrines, but our
Reverend Gentlemen opposite to pause in doctrines shall try the Word of God.”
their career, and deliberate upon what may Mr. B. concluded by affectionately and
be likely to ensue if they continue in it. I ferrently pressing on all those assembled am afraid it will not end bere, but that the necessity of searching the Scriptures other uses will be made of this day's for themselves.
discussion than those originally contem: The Rev. Mr. Browne then rose. " I plated. I would, therefore, advise the Georegret, Sir, that we sbould have been tlemen opposite to avoid all public dise constrained to meet here this day, for the putations of this nature. I came here in discussion of a subject on which I feel con- oppositiou to my own judgment, which was rinced, that, were we to debate from the and is, that no good wbaterer can result rising of the sun to the going down there- from it. I think it would be much wiser of, we should not agree. The difference of to discuss questions of this nature through sentiment wbich exists amongst us, as to
the medium of the public press, and then the meaning of the different texts of Scrip- leave the public to judge which party is in ture which we can quote, is one of the
the right. If meetings of a similar nature strongest arguments which conld be ad
should be again held, I am afraid sentiments duced to show that poor, weak, fallible miglit be uttered, calculated to produce the man cannot of himself come to the proper
worst possible effects. - Let the Protestant understanding of their intent; and proves,
Clergywen instruct the children belonging to beyond a question, the obscurity of the
their Hocks. Let them read the word of God Word of God. I perfectly agree in the and explain it to them, and we will not interpraise which bas been bestowed upon the fere with them; and in like manner, let the Word of God, and I should be a heretic priests instruct tbeir flocks, and, in obedience from my own church, were I to say, you
to the Council of Trent, expound the Scripare not to read the Scriptures ; I would
tures to them; but let there be no proses say, read them with a docile and humble lyting system pursued by either. Let the heart, but do not enter too deeply into Gentlemen opposite give us the Douay Testheir mysteries; receive the word from your tament with the notes and coniments of
our, spiritual pastors who are appointed to ex- Church, and we will pledge ourselves to pound it. If the pastors be not appointed give them to our people, and to expound, to expound $cripture, why does St. Paul explain, and teach them the morality they say he bas appointed the bishops to rule inculcate." the Church, and that be bas given some Archdeacon Digby~"In reply to an obto be bishops, some pastors, and some servation of the Rev. Gentleman wbo has teachers. The Catholic priesthood of Ire- just sat down, I beg leave distinctly to state, land are charged with being hostile to edu- we met bere this day, by desire of tbe. cation; with keeping the peasantry in ig- Gentlemen opposite, for the purpose of norance, and keeping from them the word amically, bonestly, and fully,discussing the of God. The charge is false, and such is propriety of circulating the sacred Scripes not the intention of the priests ; por do we tures; and ine may take as a thesis for our
argument, the decree of the Council of expediency, that the indiscriminate reading Trent
of the Holy Scriptures ougbt not to be • Indiserimiqata lectio sacræ Scripturæ in- interdicted. He enlarged upon the positerdicta est,'
tive injunctions both of the Old Testament
and the New, and especially alluded to the • The indiscriminate reading of the Scrip- Epistles being addressed to the saints as tures is interdicted.' We take the negative well as the bishops and deacons, and to the of this proposition, and propose to prove our blessing pronounced on those who read the case to the satisfaction of this meeting, from book of Revelations. He then pressed reason, and from the word of God; and
upon his opponents some extracts from a after that, we shall also show that we have
work entitled, “A Consideration of the althe authority of antiquity on our side. I leged Antiquity of the Church of Rome would premise, that no objection against the compared with the Novelty of the Protestcirculation of the sacred Scriptures, arising apt Church,' solving the question, “ Wheout of their abuse, can be considered as ther the Scripture be easily understood, or admissible or legitimate argument; for it be most obscure; and whether, in all essenis a rule in reasoning, that what prores too tial points, it do not interpret itself; so that mucb proves nothing at all. They must what is hard in one place, is openly set first prove whether the thing in itself be forth in another ?" and then summed up right or wrong. If the Scriptures ought to his fornier argument: “ And now, my Cabe circulated, we are irresponsible for their tholic friends, you see such was the pracabuse." Were we'to adopt a contrary prin- tice of the people of God of old, to transciple, to what absurdities would it lead us ? cribe for themselves and their families as Knowledge may be abused, therefore away much of the Scriptures as they were able; with knowledge. Civil liberty may be and from these they learned to believe, to abused, therefore away with civil liberty, lore, and to suffer. This appears from and let us 'all be slaves; and in a similar Eusebius, who tells us that he frequently way, all the common blessings of Provi
saw the word of God torn from the hands of dence may be 'abused. To what mon- the people by the tyrant Dioclesian, and strous conclusions the admission of such a
Julian, the apostate, and burnt in the Roprinciple would lead, must, therefore, be man forum. There was no public decree evident to all. There is no one who de
of a council, condemping the venerable plores more than I do, or who would set practice of searching the Scriptures, for himself in opposition to fanaticism and ex
more than one thousand years after the travagance more than I would: but, con- establishment of Christianity; in fact, not sidering the infinite value of an immortal until the year 1229, when a Synodical, not soul, I would even revert to bistory, and, a General Council, assembled at Toulouse, admitting all the evil that has ever been
for the purpose of counteracting their circharged to the circulation of the Scriptures, culation; and then the people heard with I would say, that if they have been the astonishment, that a Christian Association means of saving one immortal spirit, let was the first to interdict the reading of the them go fortb, be the consequences what Scriptures. In the first days of the Roman they may. Our Saviour, in the Gospel, has Catholic Church, the Scriptures were pubforewarned us, that it is impossible but that lished in Latin, which was originally the offences must come, and woe unto that man vernacular tongue; but when this became by wbom the offence cometh.
a dead language, in consequence of not wbom cometh it to this case? Is it by him being the tongue spoken by any European who circulates the Scriptures ? Certainly nation, darkness covered the earth, and not. The Gentleman opposite has referred men were compelled to hare recourse to to 2 Pet. iii. 16. St. Peter says, that the those who had retired into monasteries for unlearned and unstable do wrest those pas- spiritual consolation. After a lapse of a sages even to their own destruction. But considerable period, a citizen of Lyons, why do they so wrest them? Because named Peter Waldo, first_procured its being unstable. And why unstable ? Be- translation into a modern European laneause unlearned. Unlearned in what? In
guage, for the benefit of the inhabitants of profane literature and science ? No: but Saroy and Piedmont. And then came forth unlearned in the sacred Scriptures. The the decree, against which we this day word in the original is åpadeīs; this word argue: Christian Councils baving once has a reference to malnons, which signifies done wrong, those subsequently convened a disciple, and yet the word is to be put persevered in error, and at last came that into their hands. They are to grow in Council of Trent. I call those Councils grace, and in THE KNOWLEDGE of our Lord modern; I call Toulouse modern; I call and Saviour Jesus Christ."
Trent modern; and I call Constance moThe renerable Archdeacon thren, referring dern; as none of those Councils were held to the decree of the Council of Trent, de• fer a length of time after the establishment monstrated, from reason, experience, and of Christianity, Against this innovation af
modera Councils, as a Catholic and a Bible contrast to a most disgraceful scene which Christian, I Kft pp my protesting vaice, and took place in the diocese (Tuam) where I say, in this matter of giving circulation to reside, The argament of the Reverend the Scriptures, we must obey God, com- Gentlemen opposite - rests, as I conceive, manding the practice, rather than wan, for- upon this principle, that there is a living bidding its and in this we follow the ex- speaking tribunal established, by which ample and precedent of the apostle Peter, alone the Scriptures can be judged, and who put it to the Jewish Council, to wbich from whose judgment there is no appeal ; he stood opposed, to answer the question and that the circulation of the Scriptures is themselres for him, “ Whether it be right an infringement upon their prerogatives. in the sight of God, that we should hearken This position I deny; and it is not alone to you more than God, judge ye ; for we denied by me, but by the whole Christian cannot but speaks these things, which we world, save only by the Church of Rome. have heard and seen” (Acts, v.) We can- The three Gentleinen had sererally quoted not consent to behold the people perishing our Lord's commission to bis Apostles, in ignorance, without making an offer, to Matt. xxviii. 20. Now, with whom was as many as will receive it at our hands, of it he promised to remain ? Not with the “ that Word which is able to make them Apostles, for they soon finished their wise unto salvation." We want not to course, but with those who were the sucproselyte any, but to enlighten all. I cessors of the Apostles. But how was this would say to the Gentlemen opposite-We to be determined? They were those who wish not to rob you of the fruits of your should teach “all things whatsoever he labours, of your emoluments, or of your commanded."
The Gentlemen opposite honours. · We only wish you to agree with must be aware that all Christendom charges us in circulating, if not our Bible, at least their conimunion, not only with not teachyour own. To oppose the march of know- ing all things which our Lord commanded, ledge is a dangerous experiment, especially but with teaching many things which he the knowledge of God as communicated by did not command; therefore, they cannot the means of his Word. This is that expect that we will allow them to be the
stone upon which whosoever falls he shall persons to whom our Lord's promise applies. be broken, and upon whomsoever it shall So that here is a second of their pillars tofall, it will grind him into powder.". But tally demolished.” if you will not act tbus, and concur in the Mr. H. then showed how. utterly unwork with us, at least take the advice which founded was the assumption of the unity of we offer you nearly in the words of Gamaliel the Catholics in a case which had recently to the Jewish council : “ Refrain from these
Occurred. men, who are labouring to disseminate the “ If a pious person went to Mr. SbearBible, and let them alone: if the work be man or Mr. Esmond, another Reverend not of God, it will come to nought, but if it Gentleman, who agreed with Mr. Shearbe of God, ye cannot overthrow it; beware, man, and told him that his wife was dying, therefore, lest haply ye be found even fight this Reverend Gentleman would say, “Your ing against God."
wife, it is true, is a Protestant, but she is a The Rer. Mr. O'Beirne then rose in a most exemplary woman, and I only regret somewhat querulous strain, but added little that she should not belong to our Church to what had been before advanced on his but do not be cast down, there is anotber side of the question. He was triumpbantly world where you may, meet: she may be replied to by the
saved; and on this point thự Reverend Rev. George Hamilton. “ Much has : Gentleman used a remarkable expression, been said by the opposite party of the re- "I would not dare to limit the mercy of luctance with which this discussion was God. But if this man were to go to entered upon, and great regret has been Callen, he would be told differently. There professed that it ever took place; but I he would be informed by the Rev. Mr. must say, Sir, that it was not called for by Furlong, that dying without the pale of the the friends of the Bible Society. Such Church, she dies without bope. This dismeetings have not been coveted by the Pro- agreement of doctors has appeared in the testant party. This meeting was convened public press. The Reverend Gentleman at the desire of the Reverend Gentlemen must first reconcile Mr. Shearman and his opposite, in consequence of some opposition brother Jesuit (so he called him) Mr. Eswhich they offered at a recent meeting in mond, with the Reverend Mr. Furlong, this town; an opposition wbich I am glad before they or their brethren in any part of to bave an opportunity of saying, was far the world can venture to assert, that unity different indeed from that which took place of sentiment is a mark exclusively belongin other quarters. I feel great satisfaction ing to their Church.” that this has been the case; and I think it Mr. H. adverted also to the falsehood of reflects' great credit upon the Reverend the assertion, that Christianity was first Gentlemen opposite, and forms a striking planted in Ireland by St. Patrick, it being
doubtful whether such a person ever ex- voked the discussion were scarcely the peristed; and demonstrated that the Douay sqas to acknowledge this. On the contrary, version of the Scriptures, on which so the Protestant speakers rise triumphantly much had been said, is, in fact, not an au- as they advance, and, confident of the thorized version; that both text and potes power of their weapons, press home on had been disavowed by different prelates, and their opponcots the invincible arguments tbat there is no authorized Roman Catholic of truth and soberness; they meet the Ror version of the Scriptures in the English man Catholics on their own ground; they language. He showed that fanaticism and appeal to fathers and to councils, as well infidelity were produced in countries where as to the sure testimony of revelation; and the Scriptures are restricted, as well as they demonstrate the fallacy of the Catholic where they prevail, supporting bis position pleas ; prove that cven the famed Donay by a reference to the French Rerolution; Testament is no authorized rersion in the and sat down, expressing bis confident ex- eye of the Roman church; and then show pectation, that the Bible Society would that the zcal which has been evinced in sone hereafter be permitted to continue its course quarters for this Testament is really only a without interruption.
Jesuitical pretext for impeding the circulaWe regret that our limits confine us to tion of the sacred Scriptures. Great thanks these extracts; but are bappy to announce, are due from Protestants to Messrs. Bushe, that a full account of the proceedings is and Digby, and Hamilton.. Cireat praise now published, price only sixpence, which should be given to Almighty God for aswe earnestly recommend our readers to sisting his servants on so trying an occasion; procure, and hope it will be very exten- and many fervent prayers should be offered sively circulated.
up, tbat the temporary conviction produced One thing struck us very forcibly : the on the minds of the hearers of the excellency Roman Catholic speakers grow weaker and of Scriptural truth may, through the Diweaker. Mr. Browne's argument is very vine mercy, be so deepened in their hearts, inferior to Dr. M'Keon's, and Mr. O'Beirne's that they may be led to read, and mark, and to Mr. Browne's; both of thepi express their learn, and inwardly digest the word of reluctance, and speak in a desponding God; and may, finally, through God's tone, that no good could result from the mercy, attain and erer hold fast the blessed discussion. No good could result, it is hope of everlasting life, set before thepi in true, to their cause, but they who pro- Cbrist Jesus.
RECEIPTS OF RELIGIOUS CHARITIES IN 1829-4. BIBLE SOCIETIES. £. d.
£. s. d. BRITI8H and Foreign .. 97,718 17 6 Propagating the Gospel. 16,018 4 8 Merchant Seaman's.... 853 15 7
12,426 0 8 Naval and Military 2,277 9 London Hibernian
7,398 19 8 MISSIONARY SOCIETIES.
439 19 8 Church 39,272 7 3 Continental
2,014 3 4 Wesleyan 35,830 14 8 Irish Evangelical
2,628 13 10 London
33,907 2 11 Book SOCIETIES. Baptist
12,153 6 2 Prayer Book and Homily 1,703 4 11 London Moravian Assoc. 4,400 13 10 Church Tract Society .. 636 14 Scottish 7,331 11 li Religious Tract
11,068 5 3 Home
6,694 8 5 BENEVOLENT SUCIETIES. SCHOOL SOCIETIES.
African institution..... 9181110 British and Foreign 1,920 10 4 Friends' African Com. 234 8 0 Sunday School Union 2,409 0 6 Poor Pious Clergy 2,393 16 6 Sunday School Irish
2,836 0 0 Instruction of Negro Slaves 3,485 0 0 Newfoundland 1,140 12 10 Guardian Asylum
1,143 17 Irish .....
300 95 London Femalé PepitenSOCIETIES OF A MIXED NATURE.
3,344 17 JO Christian Knowledge... 63,577 18 Prison Discipline
1,446 12 9
J2otices and acknowledgments. We think A Constant Reader's remarks apply quite as much to his own epistle as to the
article which he censures; posthumous fame and posthumous infamy are powerful
springs of action. Received, F. Y.-N.-A. N.-Extract from the Archives du Christianisme, An Uno
beneficed Clergyman.-J., S. Theognis.-W.. A.-M. A. L. Anpm, J, W. M.-J. N. Hackney, will be inserted,
In concluding our present Volume, we desire thankfully to acknowledge the goodness of Almighty God, in graciously owning our imperfect services to the promotion
of his glory, and the benefit of our fellowcreatures. We have been favoured through the year with extended patronage and support. Our stated and highly valued Correspondents have still continued their favours, and many others have kindly contributed their occasional support; so that we have not had to lamentą deficiency of materials, but rather the impossibility of introducing within our narrow limits many interesting and important papers. We desire, therefore, to return all our Correspondents unfeigned thanks, beseeching the Father of mercies and the God of all consolation abundantly to own and reward their labours of love.
In reviewing the year that is past, we see abundant cause for praise and thanksgiving. Our country has been preserved in peace, and advanced in prosperity. The difficulties which a few years since pressed heavily on our agricultural interests have mercifully been removed, and both agriculture and commerce appear now highly prosperous. Our religious privileges have graciously been continued the Gospel is still preached throughout our land, and, through the Divine mercy, has not been preached in vain. Our religious and other charities have also been proceeding in their work of mercy; and hopeful symptoms in various quarters appear, encouraging us to anticipate the speedy fulfil. ment of the promise—that the heathen shall be given to the Son, and the distant parts of the earth become his possession, and that all shall know the Lord from the least even to the greatest.
There are, indeed, dark spots in the picture which must excite painful feelings in the mind, but which ought to be steadily contemplated by the Christian, in order that he may be excited to use the appropriate means for their removal—we allude to the disgusting and disgraceful slavery in which so many thousands of our fellow-men are still retained in the West Indies, and the pertinacity and injustice with which every approximation to their delivery is resisted; to the permission given in the East Indies to the murder of widows, and the perpetration of abo: minable and cruel rites, and the discouragement of native converts to Christianity; to the horrid licentiousness still permitted in our men of war, and the countenance given to that compound of brutality, folly, cowardice, and murder, distinguished by the term duelling, We allude to the progress of popery, and the existence and enlargement of Jesuitical establishments at Stoneyhurst, and various other parts of this country; and to that most absurd and impolitic expenditure of the public money in the maintenance of that nursery, of intolerance and sedition, the Roman Catholic College of Maynooth.
We lament indeed that men of honour and integrity, engaging in their country's service, are still exposed to various acts of cruelty and oppression, for which no compensation can be obtained. The Roman Catholic and Greek church are really dominant in some of our foreign possessions. British Governors have impeded English Clergymen in the circulation of the Scriptures, at the request of Popish Bishops ;-- British Ollicers have been broken for hesitating about firing salutes in honour of certain saints; and, strange to say, the sentence of the Court Martial has been confirmed by the Commander in Chief, the presumptive Heir to a Protestant Throne. Nor have we heard that any disapprobation has been evinced towards those Governors, or any order issued which may prevent the consciences of brave and hovourable and enlightened men being ensnared and entangled by similar ido