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4. At the sounding of the fourth, the Roman empire, consi

dered as one great whole, experiences an eclipse of its power and splendor, by the downfall of its western

half. p. 21. II. Statement of the grounds, on which this explanation of the

four first trumpets is adopted in preference to that of Bp. Newton. p. 23.


Of the three last apocalyptic trumpets, or, as they are peculiarly

styled, the three woe-trumpets. Tue

HE prophecy here divides itself into two distinct lines, treating severally of the eastern and western branches of the great Apostasy.

The first of the three woe-trumpets describes the commencement of the dominance of the to

Id Apostasy: the second represents it in the zenith of its power, until the primary and only partial manifestation of Antichrist : the third

exhibits its downfall, displaying at the same time the multiplied horrors of the harvest and the vintage of the Lord, or the uncontrouled reign of the atheistical king and his subsequent de struction along with the other enemies of God. p. 27.



Concerning the effects of the two first woe-trumpets in the East,


At the sounding of the fifth trumpet

, or the first woetrumpet, in the East, the apostáte star Sergius opens the door of the bottomless pit, and lets out the imposa tor Mohammed with his Saracenic locusts. p. 30. 7

2. At

2. At the sounding of the sixth trumpet, or the second woe

trumpet, the four sultanies of the Turkish horsemen are loosed from the river Euphrates; and, in due sea-. son, slay the third part of men, or subvert the Constantinopolitan monarchy. p. 37.


Contents of the little book-History of the western Apostasy under

the three woe-trumpets. The little book comprehends the eleventh, twelfth, thirteenth, and fourteenth, chapters of the Revelation. These chapters, in point of chronology, run parallel to each other, forming a complete history of the western Apostasy. p. 46. 1. The first describes the prophesying of the witnesses during

the 1260 years. p. 47. 2. The second describes the war of the infernal dragon with

the mystic woman the Church, curing the same pe

riod. p. 48. 3. The third describes the actions of the two-apocalyptic».

beasts during the same period. p. 48., 4. The fourth describes the internal state of ghe true Church

during the same period, and the harvest and the vin

tage of God's wrath. p. 49. The contents therefore of the little book may be properly divided into five sections: 1. The prophesying of the witnesses ; 2. The war of the dragon with the woman; 3. 'The history of the ten-horned beast of the sea; 4. The bistory of the twohorned beast of the earth ; 5. The collateral history of the true Church, of the Reformation, and of the harvest and vintage of God's wrath. po 50. í



Concerning the prophesying of the two witnesses.

1. THE little book commences with the year 606, or with the

beginning of the first woe-trumpet. What is meant by measuring the temple, and not measuring the outer

court of the Gentiles. p. 51. II. Prophetic character of the two witnesses. p. 53. 1. They cannot be any two individuals. Neither are they

the Old and New Testaments. Bp. Newton is. perfectly right in the spirit, though not quite accurate in the letter, of his interpretation of their character. They are certainly iwo churches. Throughout the whole Apocalypse, the idea of a twofold Church of Christ is constantly preserved: the Chutch before, and the Church after, the advent of our Lord. The two witnesses literully represent these two Churches, forming jointly the faithful Churcb general: but spi

ritually they mcan the mystical children of the uni

iversal Church, those that are Israelites indeed. p. 54. 2. The circumstance of their being said to prophesy is no ob

jection to the supposition, that they symbolize all God's faithful witnesses during the prevalence of the Apostasy. In what sense they shut up heaven, and smite the earth with plagues, during the time of their

prophesying. p. 58. 3. In what sense they are said to have only one mouth.


p. 61:

III, Nature of the death, revival, and ascension, of the two wit

nesses. p. 62. l. Their death. po

63. (1.) Their death denotes their ceasing to be witnesses. p 63. (2.) The time of their death is, when they are drawing near

to the close of their prophesying, but before the sounding of the seventh trumpet. p. 64.

3.) The 3

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