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Some advice to tủe members of the October Club.

p. 415.


Thursday, November 2, 1710.

longa est injuria, longae Ambages; sed summa fequar fastigia rerum. IT is a practice I have generally followed,

to converse in equal freedom with the deserving men of both parties; and it was never without some contempt, that I have observed persons wholly out of employment affect to do otherwise. I doubted, whether any man could owe so much to the side he was of, although he were retained by it; but without some great point of interest, either in possession or prospect, I thought it was the mark of a low and narrow spirit.

It is hard, that for some weeks past I have been forced in my own defence to follow a proceeding, that I have so much condemned in others. But several of my acquaintance among the declining party are grown fo insufferably peevilh and splenetick, profess such violent apprehensions VOL. VIII.



for the publick, and represent the state of things in such formidable ideas, that I find myself disposed to share in their afflictions; although I know them to be groundless and imaginary, or, which is worse, purely affected. To offer them comfort one by one, would be not only an endless, but a disobliging task. Some of them, I am convinced, would be less melancholy if there were more occasion. I shall therefore, instead of hearkening to farther complaints, employ some part of this paper for the future in letting such men fee, that their natural or acquired fears are ill-grounded, and their artificial ones as ill-intended; that all our present inconveniences are the consequence of the very counsels they fo much admire, which would still have encreased if those had continued ; and that neither our constitution in church or state could probably have been long preserved without such methods, as have been already taken.

THE late revolutions at court have given room to some specious objections, which I have heard repeated by well-meaning men,



just as they had taken them up on the credit of others, who have worse designs. They wonder, the Queen would chuse to change her ministry at this juncture, and thereby give uneasiness to a general, who hath been so long successful abroad, and might think himself injured, if the entire ministry were not of his own nomination; that there were few complaints of any consequence against the late men in power, and none at all in parliament, which on the contrary passed votes in favour of the chief minister ; that, if her majesty had. a mind to introduce the other party, it would have been more seasonable after a peace, which now we have made desperate by spiriting the French, who rejoice at these changes, and by the fall of our credit, which unqualifies us for carrying on the war; that the parliament, so untimely dissolved, had been diligent in their supplies, and dutiful in their behaviour; that one confequence of these changes appears already in the fall of the stocks; that we may soon expect more and worse; and lastly, that all this naturally tends to break


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the settlement of the crown, and call over the Pretender.

These, and the like notions, are plentifully scattered abroad by the malice of a ruined party, to render the Queen and her administration odious, and to inflame the nation. And these are what, upon occafion, I shall endeavour to overthrow by discovering the falfhood and absurdity of them.

It is a great unhappiness, when in a government constituted like ours it should be so brought about, that the continuance of a war must be for the interest of vast numbers (civil, as well as military) who otherwise would have been as unknown, as their original. I think our present condition of affairs is admirably described by two verses in Lucan: Hinc ufura vorax, avidumque in tempore

fcenus, Hinc concussa fides, et multis utile bellum. Which, without any great force upon the words, may be thụs translated:

Hence are derived thoscexorbitant interests and anauities; hence those large discounts for


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