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However, I must acknowledge myself indebted to them for one hint, which I shall now pursue, although in a different manner. Since the fall of the late ministry I have seen many papers filled with their encomiums; I conceive, in imitation of those, who write the lives of famous men, where after their deaths immediately follow their characters. When I saw the poor virtues thus dealt at random, I thought the disposers had flung their names, like valentines, intoa hat to be drawn, as fortune pleased, by the junto and their friends. There Craffus drew liberality and gratitude; Fulvia, humility and gentleness; Clodius, piety and justice; Gracchus, loyalty to his prince; Cinna, love of his country and conftitution ; and fo of the rest. Or, to quit this allegory, I have often seen of late the whole fett of discarded statesmen celebrated by their judicious hirelings for those very qualities, which their admirers owned they chiefly wanted. Did these heroes put off and lock up their virtues, when they came into employment; and have they now refumed them, since their dismissions? If they wore them, I am sure it was under their greatness, and without ever once convincing the world of their visibility or influence.

But, why should not the present miniftry find a pen to praise them, as well as the last? This is what I shall now undertakes and it may be more impartial in me, from whom they have deserved so little. I have, without being called, served them half a year in quality of champion; and, by help of the Queen, and a majority of nine in ten of the kingdom, have been able to protect them against a routed cabal of hated politicians with a dozen of scriblers at their head: yet, so far have they been from rewarding me suitable to my deserts, that to this day they never so much as sent to the printer to enquire, who I was; although I have known a time and ministry, where a person of half my merit and confideration would have had fifty promises ; and in the mean time, a penfion settled on him, whereof the first quarter should be honestly paid. Therefore my resentments shall so far prevail, that in praising those, who are now at the head of affairs, I shall at the same time take notice of their defects.




Was any man more eminent in his profession than the present lord keeper *, more distinguished by his eloquence and great abilities in the house of commons? and will not his enemies allow him to be fully equal to the great station he now adorns? But then it must be granted, that he is wholly ignorant in the speculative, as well as practical part of polygamy; he knows not how to metamorphose a fober man into a lunatick; he is no free-thinker in religion, nor hath courage to be patron of an atheistical book, while he is guardian of the Queen's conscience. Although after all, to speak my private opinion, I cannot think these such mighty objections to his character, as some would pretend.

The person t who now presides at the council, is descended from a great and honourable father, not from the dregs of the people; he was at the head of the treafury for some years, and rather chofe to enrich his prince than himself. In the

Sir Simon Harcourt, af- Cowper. terwards lord Harcourt, was Laurence Hyde, late ear] made lord keeper upon the of Rochester, in the room of resignation of lord chancellor lord Somers.



heighth of favour and credit, he facrificed the greatest employment in the kingdom to his conscience and honour; he hath been always firm in his loyalty and religion, zealous for supporting the prerogative of the crown, and preserving the liberties of the people. But then his best friends must own, that he is neither deist nor foci

he hath never conversed with Toland to open and enlarge his thoughts, and dispel the prejudices of education; nor was he ever able to arrive at that perfection of gallantry, to ruin and imprison the bufband, in order to keep the wife without diPurbance.

The present lord steward* hath been always distinguished for his wit and knowledge; is of consummate wisdom and experience in affairs ; hath continued constant to the true interest of the nation, which he espoused from the beginning; and is every way qualified to support the dignity of his office : but in point of oratory, must give place to his predecessor.

* The duke of Buckingham and Normanby, in the room of the duke of Devonshire.


M 2

The duke of Shrewsbury* was highly instrumental in bringing about the revolution, in which service he freely exposed his life and fortune. He hath ever been the favourite of the nation, being possessed of all the amiable qualities that can accomplish a great man; but in the agreeableness and fragrancy of his person, and the profoundness of his politicks, must be allowed to fall very

short of Mr. Harley + had the honour of being chosen speaker successively to three parliaments. He was the first of late years, who ventured to restore the forgotten custom of treating his Prince with duty and respect; easy and disengaged in private conversation with such a weight of affairs upon his shoulders; of great learning, and as great a favourer and protector of it; intrepid by nature, as well as by the consciousness of his own integrity; and a despiser of money; pursuing the true interest of his Prince and country against all obstacles; sagacious to view into the remotest

* Lord chamberlain, in the quer upon the removal of lord room of the marquis of Kent. Godolphin.

+ Chancellor of the exche

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