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he would inform the publick in one fact; whether episcopal assemblies are freely allowed in Scotland? It is notorious, that abundance of their clergy fled from thence some years ago into England and Ireland, as from a persecution ; but it was alledged by their enemies, that they refused to take the oaths to the government, which however none of them scrupled when they came among us. It is somewhat extraordinary to see our whigs and fanaticks keep fuch a ftir about the sacred act of toleration, while their brethren will not allow a connivance in so near a neighbourhood; especially if what the gentleman insists on in his letter be true, that nine parts in ten of the nobility and gentry, and two in three of the commons are episcopal ; of which one argumenthe offereth is the present choice of their representatives in both houses, though opposed to the utmost by the preachings, threatenings, and anathemas of the kirk. Such usage to a majority may, as he thinks, be of dangerous consequence; and I entirely agree with him. If these be the principles of the high-kirk, God preferve, at least the southern parts from their tyranny.
hand a passage out of Plato, with some
, with an account of the original of love : that mankind was at first created with four arms and legs, and all other parts double to what they are now; till Jupiter, as a punishment for his sins, cleft him in two with a thunderbolt; since which time we are always looking out for our other half; and this is the cause of love. But Jupiter threatened, that if they did not mend their manners, he would give them t'other slit, and leave them to hop about in the shape of figures in basso relievo. The effect of this last threatening, my correspondent imagines, is now come to pass; and that as the first splitting was the original of love, by inclining us to search for our other half;
so the second was the cause of hatred by prompting us to fly from our other fidé, and dividing the same body into two, gave each flice the name of a party.
I approve the fable and application, with this refinement upon it: for parties do not only split a nation, but every
individual among them, leaving each but half their strength, and wit, and honesty, and good nåture; but one eye and ear for their sight and hearing, and equally lopping the rest of the senses. Where parties are pretty equal in a state, no man can perceive one bad quality in his own, or good one in his adversaries. Besides, party being a dry, disagreeable subject, it renders conversation insipid, or four, and confines invention. I speak not here of the leaders, but the insignificant crowd of followers in a party, who have been the instruments of mixing it in every condition and circumstance of life. As the zealots among the Jews bound the law about their foreheads, and wrists, and hems of their garments, so the women among us have got the distinguishing marks of party in their muffs, their
fans, and their furbelows. The whig ladies put on their
-, since he
patches in a different manner from the tories. They have made schisms in the playhouse, and each have their particular sides at the opera : and when a man changeth his party, he must infallibly count upon the loss of his mistress. I asked a gentleman the other day, how he liked such a lady? But he would not give me his opinion, till I had answered him whether The were a whig or a tory. Mr. is known to visit the present ministry, and lay some time under a suspicion of writing the Examiner, is no longer a man of wit ; his very poems have contracted a stupidity, many years after they were printed.
Having lately ventured upon a metaphorical genealogy of merit, I thought it would be proper to add another of party, or rather of faction, (to avoid mistake) not telling the reader whether it be my own, or a quotation, till I know how it is approved. But whether I read, or dreamed it, the fable is as follows:
“LIBERTY, the daughter of Oppression, after having brought forth seve“ral fair children, as Riches, Arts, Learn
ing, Trade, and many others, was at last “ delivered of her youngest daughter, call“ed Faction, whom Juno, doing the of“ fice of the midwife, distorted in its birth “ out of envy to the mother, from whence “ it derived its peevishness and fickly con“ ftitution. However, as it is often the nature of parents to
parents to grow most fond of “ their youngest and disagreeablest chil“ dren, so it happened with Liberty, who “ doated on this daughter to such a de
gree, that by her good will she would “ never suffer the girl to be out of her fight. “ As miss Faction grew up, she became fo
termagant and froward, that there was no enduring her any longer in Heaven. her warning to be
gone; “ and her mother, rather than forsake her, “ took the whole family down to earth. « She landed first in Greece; was expelled
by degrees through all the cities by her
daughter's ill conduct: fled afterwards “ to Italy, and being banished thence, took “ shelter among the Goths, with whom she
passed into most parts of Europe; but,
« Jupiter gave
being driven out every where, she began " to lose esteem, and her daughter's faults