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profligate popish priest to a lieutenant general, and colonel of a regiment of horse, was at last forced to drop him for shame.

Had such an accident happened under that ministry, and to fo considerable a member of it, they would have immediately charged it upon the whole body of those, they are pleased to call the faction. This would have been styled a high-church principle; the clergy would have been accused, as promoters and abbettors of the fact; committees would have been sent to promise the criminal his life, provided they might have liberty to direct and dictate his confession; and a black lift would have been printed of all those, who had been ever seen in the murderer's company. But the present men in power hate and despise all such detestable arts, which they might now turn upon their adversaries with much more plausibility, than ever these did their honourable negotiations with Greg

* In the beginning of the king's ministers, to whom he year 1708, William Greg an transınitted the proceedings of under clerk to Mr. secretary hoth houses of parliament Harley, was detected in a cor- with respect to the augmenta. respondence with monsieur tion of the british forces, and Chamillard one of the french other papers of great import



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And here it may be worth observing, how unanimous a concurrence there is between some persons once in great power and a french papijt; both agreeing in the great end of taking away Mr. Harley's life, though differing in their methods; the firit proceeding by subornation, the other by violence; wherein Guiscard seems to have the advantage, as aiming no further than his life; while the others designed to destroy at once both that and his reputation. The malice of both against this gentleman feems to have risen from the same cause, his discovering designs against the government. It was Mr. Harley, who detected the

ance. Greg, when he was in- to the meanest clerks in his dicted of this treason, pleaded office; and it was requested, guilty, which gave occasion to

occasion to that more caution might be Mr. Harley's enemies to infi- used for the future. Upon this nuate, that he was privy to address the execution of Greg Greg's practices, and had by was deferred a month ; during assurances of pardon prevailed which time he was solicitupon him to plead guilty, in ed, threatened, and promised, order to prevent the examina- but still persisting to take the tion of witnesses: the house of whole guilt upon himself, he lords appointed a committee was at length executed, havof seven, of whom lord Sun- ing, in a paper which he left derland was manager, to en- behind him, justified Mr. Harquire into the affair ; the com- ley in particular; which he mittee presented an address to would scarce have thought nethe queen, in which complaint cessary, if no particular attempt was made, that all Mr.Harley's had been made against him. papers had been long exposed


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treasonable correspondence of Greg, and secured him betimes; when a certain great man, who shall be nameless, had, out of the depth of his politicks, sent him a caution to make his escape, which would certainly have fixed the appearance of guilt upon Mr. Harley: but when that was prevented, they would have enticed the condemned criminal, with promise of a pardon, to write and sign an accusation against the secretary: but to use Greg's own expression, his death was nothing near so ignorninious, as would have been such a life, that must be saved by prostituting his conscience. The fame gentleman now lies stabbed by his other enemy, a popish [py; whose treason he hath discovered. God preserve the rest of her majesty's ministers from such protestants, and from such papists!

I shall take occasion to hint at some particularities in this surprising fact, for the sake of those at a distance, or who may not be thoroughly informed. The murderer confessed in Newgate, that his chief design was against Mr. secretary St. John, who happened to change seats with

Mr. Harley for more convenience of examining the criminal: and being asked what provoked him to ftab the chancellor, he said, that not being able to come at the fecretary as he intended, it was some fatiffaction to murder the person, whom he thought Mr. St. John loved best *.

And here if Mr. Harley hath still any enemies left, whom his blood spilt in the publick service cannot reconcile, I hope they will at least admire his magnanimity, which is a quality esteemed even in an enemy: and I think there are few greater instances of it to be found in story. After the wound was given, he was observed neither to change his countenance, nor discover any concern or disorder in his speech. He rose up and walked about the room while he was able, with the greatest tranquillity, during the heighth of the confusion. When the surgeon came, he took him aside, and desired he would inform him freely whether the wound were mortal, because in that case, he said, he had fome affairs to settle relating to his family.

* How much he was mi- broke's letter to fir William Ataken appears by lord Boling- Wyndham,


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The blade of the penknife, broken by the violence of the blow against a rib within a quarter of an inch of the handle, was dropt out (I know not whether from the wound, or his cloaths) as the surgeon was going to dress him: he ordered it to be taken up, and wiping it himself, gave it some body to keep, saying, he thought it now properly belonged to him. He shewed no sort of resentment, nor spoke one violent word against Guiscard, but appeared all the while the least concerned of any in the company. A state of mind, which in such an exigency nothing but innocence can give, and is truly worthy of a christian philosopher.

If there be really so great a difference in principle between the high-flying whig's and the friends of France, I cannot but repeat the question, how came they to join in the destruction of the same man? Can his death be possibly for the interest of both? or have they both the same quarrel against him, that he is perpetually difcovering and preventing the treacherous designs of our enemies? However it be, this great mininster may now say with St.



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