Political Change in Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia is a vast and complex region, comprising countries with remarkably diverse histories and cultures. Jacques Bertrand provides a fresh and highly original survey of politics and political change in this area of the world. Against the backdrop of rapid economic development and social transformation in several countries, he explores why some countries have adopted democratic institutions, while others have maintained stable authoritarian systems or accepted communist regimes. Bertrand presents a historically grounded account of capitalist countries and state-socialist countries, delving into the historical experience of individual countries, whilst simultaneously providing a comparative framework with which to draw parallels and foster a better understanding of the political and economic dynamics both within and between the countries. With powerful yet accessible analysis and detailed coverage, this book offers students and scholars a thorough and thought-provoking introduction to the political landscape of Southeast Asia.
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Capitalism economic growth and political change
GDP per capita 19602009
GDP growth 19602009
Indonesia and TimorLeste
Part H Statesocialist countries and authoritarian
Cambodia and Laos
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allowed armed forces Asian authoritarian authoritarian regimes authoritarian rule became beneﬁts British Burma Cambodia cent challenge Chinese civil society coalition colonial rule Communist Party communist regime constitution continued countries coup created crisis decades democratic politics divisions dominance Dutch economic development economic growth elections electoral democracy elite unity ethnic formed French Fretilin FUNCINPEC gained Golkar groups Hun Sen ideology increased independence Indonesia inﬂuence institutions Islamic Khmer Rouge large number leader leadership levels maintained Malay Malaysia Marcos mass mobilization middle class military Muslim National nationalist Ne Win Nevertheless ofﬁcials organizations parliament Pathet Lao patronage peasants People’s Philippines policies political change political parties Polity IV population President pressure prime minister reform regime’s region remained repression resistance role sectors Sihanouk Singapore Singapore’s Southeast Asia stable strong Suharto Sukarno Thai Thai Rak Thai Thailand Thaksin tion transformation transition UMNO UMNO’s Vietnam Vietnam War Vietnamese wealth