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reason to believe, were sincere Converts : also several Priests, Catechists, and Laymen at Madras, Vepery, Tanjore, Tranquebar, and in North India. But my object is, not so much to count the number of Converts upon whose sincerity we may rely, as to shew, from my own experience, that the Work of Conversion is actually begun in India. One instance is sufficient, to establish my point, and overturn the whole of the Abbé Dubois' reasoning and conclusions.

I have given three cases, at least, of Native Converts, who have come under my personal observation, and of whose “real” conversion I can speak with some confidence.

The argument, then, may be summed up in few words

M. Dubois maintains, that the Roman-Catholic Mode of Worship is well adapted to the conversion of the Hindoos to Christianity. But, by his own shewing, it has totally failed. Therefore, the Ceremonies of the Roman Church are not adapted to the end in view.

Again : He maintains, that the means employed by Protestants are the least likely to succeed. But they have succeeded, in several instances. Consequently, of all the means hitherto tried, they are the best suited to our purpose.

Again : Upon the failure of the means used by the Jesuits, he, by a petitio principii, concludes, that the Natives of India are doomed to reprobation, and that to attempt to convert them is nothing less than warring against the manifest purposes of God.

Christian Love, and a due sense of our own infinite obligations to the Redeemer, would suggest the expediency of trying other means, before we abandon them to that awful and irrevocable doom.

Other means have been tried; and they have succeeded beyond expectation. Therefore, we ought to regard' that success as a token of good from the Lord to the inhabitants of Hindoostan; and to persevere in the use of the same means, in the assurance, that the Lord's purpose is not to doom the Natives of India to reprobation, but to gather a People from that Pagan Land, to sit down with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, in His Heavenly Kingdom.

The Abbé Dubois may object to this conclusion, that the instances of Conversion produced—though we take them at Twentythree Thousand !-are, after all, as a drop to the ocean, as the small dust in the balance, when

compared with the One Hundred Millions of Souls in our Eastern Dominions !

True. But we regard them as the first sprouting of that “grain of mustard-seed, which a man took and sowed in his field: which, indeed, is the least of all seeds; but when it is grown, it is the greatest among herbs, and becometh a tree, so that the birds of the air come and lodge in the branches thereof.” It is the beginning of that leaven to ferment, “ which a woman took and hid in three measures of meal, till the whole was leavened.” (Matt. xiii. 31-33.) I have abundantly shewn, that the mass is, humanly speaking, preparing for this operation, by means of Schools and various Publications. I have proved, also, that the Divine Grace has taken effect. How difficult soever it may be to convert the adult Heathen, we have seen that it is not “ impracticable.” What the Holy Spirit has accomplished in one case, He can accomplish in another, and in all.

The Abbé Dubois, like the Ten Spies from Canaan, would discourage us, by reports of the stupendous difficulties in the way of evangelizing the Inhabitants of the East; and he predicts the destruction of Christianity in India within the space of fifty years. I, though in spirit and faith inferior to Caleb and Joshua, am yet returned from the same land that the Abbé has visited, and bring a

similar report of the obstacles to be encountered. I do, however, with those two faithful Israelites, encourage Missionaries to go up and possess the land. The Lord has shewn that He is with us also: He will conquer by us. Then, “rebel not ye against the Lord:” (Num. xiii.and xiv.) Joshua's God is our God: and in the day of His own power He will redeem even India to Himself. Behold the foundation of the Redeemer's Temple laid in that Pagan Land! and look confidently for the day, when “ He shall bring forth the head-stone thereof with shoutings, crying, Grace, Grace, unto it!"

"Rise, crown'd with light, Imperial Salem, rise!
Exalt thy towery head, and lift thy eyes !
See a long race thy spacious court adorn!
See future sons and daughters, yet unborn,
In crowding ranks on every side arise,
Demanding life, impatient for the skies!
See barbarous Nations at thy gates attend,
Walk in thy light, and in thy temple bend !
See thy bright altars throng'd with prostrate Kings,
And heap'd with products of Sabean springs!
For thee Idume's spicy forests blow,
And seeds of gold in Ophir's mountain glow.
See Heaven its sparkling portals wide display,
And break upon thee in a flood of day!
No more the rising Sun shall gild the morn,
Nor evening Cynthia fill her silver horn;

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But lost, dissolv'd in thy superior rays,
One tide of glory, one unclouded blaze,
O’erflow thy courts: the Light Himself shall shine
Reveal'd, and God's eternal day be thine !"

Pope's MESSIAH.

SECTION V.

THE PRESENT STATE OF THE SYRIAN CHURCH

IN TRAVANCORE, TOGETHER WITH THE SUC-
CESS THAT HAS ATTENDED THE MEANS USED
FOR ITS AMELIORATION.

SPEAKing of the Syrian Christians in Travancore, the Abbé Dubois expresses his surprise “at the exaggerations” of the late Dr. Buchanan, “on this and many other iinportant points:" (p. 21.) It would have been well, had he explained to what particular“exaggerations” he alludes :. we might then have examined into the justice of his accusation.-It

appears, from his Letters, that he does not know the state of the Syrians, from personal observation ; and he has neglected to specify any one “point” which Dr. B. has misrepresented. : That that Author's descrip

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