Page images

They seem to grow well in all soils, but I should recommend, in spite of the above objection, those who have only a dry and poor sandy soil, to have plants on their own roots, as the Dog Rose will not flourish in such soils; though cultivated roses in soils of the same description will grow most luxuriantly. Nature often seems to delight to puzzle us gardeners with anomalies that cannot be fathomed, clever as we are in our generation.

These roses require but little pruning; towards the end of March or beginning of April their shoots may be thinned, those 'that are killed by the winter removed, and long shoots shortened to within four or five buds.

I hope, in a few years, to see Bourbon Roses in every garden, for the "queen of flowers" boasts no members of her court more beautiful; their fragrance, also, is delicious, more particularly in the autumn; they ought to occupy a distinguished place in the autumnal rose garden, in clumps or beds, as standards, and as pillars, in any, and in all situations, they must and will please. To ensure a very late autumnal bloom, a collection of dwarf standards, i. e. stems one to two feet in height, should be potted in large pots, and during summer watered with manured water, and some manure kept on the surface; towards the end of September or the middle of October, if the weather

is wet, they may be placed under glass: they will bloom in fine perfection even as late as November. I consider the culture of these roses only in its infancy; we shall ultimately have the richest hues combined with perfection of form, and the complete plenitude of their flowers.

It is difficult to point out roses of this family that bear seed freely, except the Common Bourbon; but Acidalie, planted against a south wall, would probably give some seed. If any pollen can be found, it might be fertilised with the flowers of Julie de Loynes. A pure white and true Bourbon rose ought to be the object; therefore it should not be hybridised with any other species. Gloire de Rosomène may be planted against a south wall, with the Common Bourbon, with which it should be carefully fertilised: some interesting varieties may be expected from seed thus produced. Queen of the Bourbons, planted with the Yellow China Rose, might possibly give some seeds; but those would not produce true Bourbon roses, as the former is a hybrid, partaking of the qualities of the Tea-scented roses. Dubourg, planted with La Tendresse, would give seed from which some very delicate Blush roses might be raised; and Phoenix, fertilized with the Common Bourbon, would also probably produce seed worth attention.



This rose is said by botanists to be a native. of China, from whence it was introduced to our gardens in 1789. Its ever-blooming qualities have made it a favourite, from the cottage to the palace, and perhaps no plant has contributed so much to enliven our cottage walls, as the common China Rose (Rose Indica), and the crimson China Rose, or Rosa semperflorens. These roses have been, and are, considered distinct species by botanists. Like all other cultivated roses, they sport much from seed; but the descendants of each may generally be recognised by a close observer. The common and its varieties make strong green luxuriant shoots, with flowers varying in colour, from pure white to crimson. The crimson also takes a wide range; for though its original colour is crimson, yet I have reason to believe that the pure white, which was raised in Essex, came from its seed. In describing the varieties, those that are decidedly of the Semperflorens family I shall mark with S. after the name. I should most certainly have placed them in a separate division, were it not for the numerous intermediate varieties, in which it is impossible to decide to which species they lean.

Amiral Duperri, S. is a pretty, brilliant, crimson rose, distinct and worth cultivating. Alba elegans, though not white, as its name implies, is a fine double rose of the palest fleshcolour, and a good distinct variety. Archduke Charles, a new rose, and very beautiful, proves to be the same as the Camellia plena variegata of my catalogue of 1836. Soon after expansion, the tips of most of its petals change to crimson, giving it a pretty variegated appearance. Belle Archinto and Bardon are both pale-coloured fine roses, very double and good, but resembling each other too much to be planted in the same bed. Beau Carmin, S., is a rich dark crimson-shaded rose, raised in the Luxembourg Gardens, and a fine and distinct variety. Belle de Florence is a very double and finely shaped pale carmine rose, very distinct and pretty. Belle Isidore, like a few others in this division, is a changeable rose: its flowers will open in the morning, and show only the colour of the common China Rose, but by the afternoon they will have changed to a dark crimson. Camellia blanche is an old variety, with large globular flowers of the purest white: this rose has a fine effect on a standard, as its flowers are generally pendulous. Camellia rouge is also an old variety, not differing in colour from the common, but with stiff petals and very erect flowers, giving

it a Camellia-like appearance. Cameléon, like Belle Isidore, is a changeable rose, and very properly named: this has larger flowers than Isidore, though not quite so double, and a more robust habit, so that it forms a good standard. Comtesse de Moloré is a new rose, said to be fine and distinct, but it has not yet bloomed here in perfection. Couronne des Pourpres is also a new and very fine dark crimson rose; to this colour the French give the name of "pourpre," or purple: this is apt to mislead, as our purple is, as I scarcely need say, so totally different. Cramoisie éblouissante, S., and Cramoisie supérieure, S., the last the finest and most double, are both brilliant and excellent varieties of Rosa semperflorens. Countess of Albemarle is now a rose tolerably well known; this was a great favourite in France when first originated: it is a fine robust variety, very fragrant, and forms a good standard. Clara and Clarisse are both delicate shaded roses, "alike, but different:" in warm cloudy weather these delicate coloured roses show themselves to great advantage. Duc de Bordeaux is now an old, but still a pretty and distinct rose, with that bluish lilac tinge peculiar to a few varieties in this division. Duchess of Kent, S., is quite a gem; so perfect is the shape of its very double and delicately coloured flowers, that it must and will become a favourite.

« PreviousContinue »