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Jacob's Last Days. Joseph and his Sons visit Jacob

and for food for your little ones. 25 And they said, Thou hast saved our lives: let us find favor in the sight of my lord, and we will be Pharaoh's servants. 26 And Joseph made it a statute concerning the land of Egypt unto this day, that Pharaoh should have the fifth; only the land of the priests alone became not Pharaoh's.

27 And Israel dwelt in the land of Egypt, in the land of Goshen; and they gat them possessions therein, and were fruitful, and multiplied exceedingly. 28 And Jacob lived in the land of Egypt seventeen years: so the days of Jacob, the years of his life, were a hundred forty and seven years. 29 And the time drew near that Israel must die: and he called his son Joseph, and said unto him, If now I have found favor in thy sight, put, I pray thee, thy hand under my thigh, and deal kindly and truly with me: bury me not, I pray thee, in Egypt; 30 but when I sleep with my fathers, thou shalt carry me out of Egypt, and bury me in their burying-place. And he said, I will do as thou hast said. 31 And he said, Swear unto me: and he sware unto him. And Israel bowed himself upon the bed's head.

48 And it came to pass after

these things, that one said to Joseph, Behold, thy father is sick: and he took with him his two sons, Manasseh and Ephraim. 2 And one told Jacob, and said, Behold, thy son Joseph cometh unto thee: and Israel strengthened himself, and sat upon the bed. 3 And Jacob said unto Joseph, 1 God Almighty appeared unto me at Luz in the land of Canaan, and blessed me, and said unto me, Behold, I will make thee fruitful, and multiply thee, and I will make of thee a company of peoples, and will give this land to thy seed after thee for an everlasting possession. 5 And now thy two sons, who were born unto thee in the land of Egypt before I came unto thee into Egypt,

1 Heb. El Shaddai.

are mine; Ephraim and Manasseh,
even as Reuben and Simeon, shall
be mine. 6 And thy issue, that
thou 2 begettest after them, shall
be thine; they shall be called after
the name of their brethren in their
inheritance. 7 And as for me, when
I came from Paddan, Rachel died
by me in the land of Canaan in the
way, when there was still some dis-
tance to come unto Ephrath: and
I buried her there in the way to
Ephrath (the same is Beth-lehem).
8 And Israel beheld Joseph's
sons, and said, Who are these?
9 And Joseph said unto his father,
They are my sons, whom God hath
given me here. And he said, Bring
them, I pray thee, unto me, and I
will bless them. 10 Now the eyes
of Israel were dim for age, so that
he could not see. And he brought
them near unto him; and he kissed
them, and embraced them. 11 And
Israel said unto Joseph, I had not
thought to see thy face: and, lo,
God hath let me see thy seed also.
12 And Joseph brought them out
from between his knees; and he
bowed himself with his face to the
earth. 13 And Joseph took them
both, Ephraim in his right hand
toward Israel's left hand, and Ma-
nasseh in his left hand toward
Israel's right hand, and brought
them near unto him. 14 And
Israel stretched out his right hand,
and laid it upon Ephraim's head, who
was the younger, and his left hand
upon Manasseh's head, guiding his
hands wittingly; for Manasseh was
the first-born. 15 And he blessed
Joseph, and said, The God before
whom my fathers Abraham and
Isaac did walk, the God who hath
fed me all my life long unto this
day, 16 the angel who hath re-
deemed me from all evil, bless the
lads; and let my name be named on
them, and the name of my fathers
Abraham and Isaac; and let them
grow into a multitude in the midst
of the earth. 17 And when Joseph
saw that his father laid his right
2 Or, hast begotten 3 Or, to my sorrow
4 Or, crossing his hands

Jacob's Prophecy concerning his Sons

hand upon the head of Ephraim, it displeased him: and he held up his father's hand, to remove it from Ephraim's head unto Manasseh's head. 18 And Joseph said unto his father, Not so, my father; for this is the first-born; put thy right hand upon his head. 19 And his father refused, and said, I know it, my son, I know it; he also shall become a people, and he also shall be great: howbeit his younger brother shall be greater than he, and his seed shall become la multitude of nations. 20 And he blessed them that day, saying, 2 In thee will Israel bless, saying, God make thee as Ephraim and as Manasseh: and he set Ephraim before Manasseh. 21 And Israel said unto Joseph, Behold, I die: but God will be with you, and bring you again unto the land of your fathers. 22 Moreover I have given to thee one portion above thy brethren, which I took out of the hand of the Amorite with my sword and with my bow.


49 And Jacob called unto his

sons, and said: Gather yourselves together, that I may tell you that which shall befall you in the latter days.

2 Assemble yourselves, and hear, ye sons of Jacob;

And hearken unto Israel your father.

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3 Reuben, thou art my first-born, my might, and the ning of my strength; The pre-eminence of dignity, and the pre-eminence of power. 4 Boiling over as water, 5 thou shalt not have the pre-eminence; Because thou wentest up to thy father's bed;

Then defiledst thou it: he went up to my couch.

5 Simeon and Levi are brethren; Weapons of violence are their 6 swords.

6 O my soul, come not thou into their council;

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From the prey, my son, thou art gone up:

He stooped down, he couched as a lion,

And as a lioness; who shall rouse him up?

The sceptre shall not depart from Judah,

Nor 10 the ruler's staff from between his feet,

11 Until Shiloh come;

And unto him shall the obedience of the peoples be.

Binding his foal unto the vine, And his ass's colt unto the choice

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Issachar is a strong ass, Couching down sheepfolds:

15 And he saw 14 a resting-place that it was good,

8 Or, men 9 Or, oxen 10 Or, a lawgiver 11 Or, till he come to Shiloh, having the obedience of the peoples Or, acc. to Syr., Till he come whose it is &c. 12 Heb. beach. 13 Or, by 14 Or, rest

Jacob's Prophecy concerning his Sons. His Death

And the land that it was pleas

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An 1adder in the path,
That biteth the horse's heels,

So that his rider falleth back-

18 I have waited for thy salvation, O Jehovah.

19 Gad, 2a troop 3 shall press upon him;

But he shall press upon their heel.

20 Out of Asher his bread shall be fat,

And he shall yield royal dainties. 21 Naphtali is a hind let loose: He giveth goodly words.

22 Joseph is a fruitful bough, A fruitful bough by a fountain; His 5 branches run over the wall.

23 The archers have sorely grieved him,

And shot at him, and persecuted him:

24 But his bow abode in strength, And the arms of his hands were made strong,

By the hands of the Mighty One of Jacob

(7 From thence is the shepherd,

the stone of Israel),

25 Even by the God of thy father,

who shall help thee, And by the Almighty, who shall bless thee,

With blessings of heaven above, Blessings of the deep that coucheth beneath,

Blessings of the breasts, and of the womb.

26 The blessings of thy father

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Have prevailed above the blessings of my progenitors

Unto the utmost bound of the everlasting hills:

They shall be on the head of Joseph,

And on the crown of the head of him that was separate from

his brethren.

Benjamin is a wolf that raveneth: In the morning he shall devour the prey,

And at even he shall divide the spoil.

28 All these are the twelve tribes of Israel and this is it that their father spake unto them and blessed them; every one according to his blessing he blessed them. 29 And he charged them, and said unto them, I am to be gathered unto my people: bury me with my fathers in the cave that is in the field of Ephron the Hittite, 30 in the cave that is in the field of Machpelah, which is before Mamre, in the land of Canaan, which Abraham bought with the field from Ephron the Hittite for a possession of a buryingplace. 31 There they buried Abraham and Sarah his wife; there they buried Isaac and Rebekah his wife; and there I buried Leah-32 the field and the cave that is therein, which was purchased from the children of Heth. 33 And when Jacob made an end of charging his sons, he gathered up his feet into the bed, and yielded up the ghost, and was gathered unto his people. 1 And

50 Joseph fell upon his father's

face, and wept upon him, and kissed him. 2 And Joseph commanded his servants the physicians to embalm his father: and the physicians embalmed Israel. 3 And forty days were fulfilled for him; for so are fulfilled the days of embalming: and the Egyptians wept for him threescore and ten days.

4 And when the days of weeping for him were past, Joseph spake unto the house of Pharaoh, saying, If now I have found favor in your eyes, speak, I pray you, in the ears 8 Or, that is prince among

Jacob buried at Machpelah. Joseph's Kindness to his Brothers. His Death

of Pharaoh, saying, 5 My father made me swear, saying, Lo, I die: in my grave which I have digged for me in the land of Canaan, there shalt thou bury me. Now therefore let me go up, I pray thee, and bury my father, and I will come again. 6 And Pharaoh said, Go up, and bury thy father, according as he made thee swear. 7 And Joseph went up to bury his father; and with him went up all the servants of Pharaoh, the elders of his house, and all the elders of the land of Egypt, 8 and all the house of Joseph, and his brethren, and his father's house only their little ones, and their flocks, and their herds, they left in the land of Goshen. 9 And there went up with him both chariots and horsemen and it was a very great company. 10 And they came to the threshing-floor of Atad, which

they said, It may be that Joseph will hate us, and will fully requite us all the evil which we did unto him. 16 And they sent a message unto Joseph, saying, Thy father did command before he died, saying, 17 So shall ye say unto Joseph, Forgive, I pray thee now, the transgression of thy brethren, and their sin, for that they did unto thee evil. And now, we pray thee, forgive the transgression of the servants of the God of thy father. And Joseph wept when they spake unto him. 18 And his brethren also went and fell down before his face; and they said, Behold, we are thy servants. 19 And Joseph said unto them, Fear not: for am I in the place of God? 20 And as for you, ye meant evil against me; but God meant it for good, to bring to

as it is this day, to save

is beyond the Jordan, and there people alive. 21 Now there

they lamented with a very great and sore lamentation: and he made a mourning for his father seven days. 11 And when the inhabitants of the land, the Canaanites, saw the mourning in the floor of Atad, they said, This is a grievous 2 mourning to the Egyptians: wherefore the name of it was called Abel-mizraim, which is beyond the Jordan. 12 Ánd his sons did unto him according as he commanded them: 13 for his sons carried him into the land of Canaan, and buried him in the cave of the field of Machpelah, which Abraham bought with the field, for a possession of a burying-place, of Ephron the Hittite, before Mamre. 14 And Joseph returned into Egypt, he, and his brethren, and all that went up with him to bury his father, after he had buried his father.

15 And when Joseph's brethren saw that their father was dead,

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fore fear ye not: I will nourish you, and your little ones. And he comforted them, and spake kindly unto them.

22 And Joseph dwelt in Egypt, he, and his father's house: and Joseph lived a hundred and ten years. 23 And Joseph saw Ephraim's children of the third generation: the children also of Machir the son of Manasseh were born upon Joseph's knees. 24 And Joseph said unto his brethren, I die; but God will surely visit you, and bring you up out of this land unto the land which he sware to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob. 25 And Joseph took an oath of the children of Israel, saying, God will surely visit you, and ye shall carry up my bones from hence, 26 So Joseph died, being a hundred and ten years old: and they embalmed him, and he was put in a coffin in Egypt,

3 Heb. to their heart.





Israel oppressed in Egypt. Male Children slain Now these are the names of the sons of Israel, who came into Egypt (every man and his household came with Jacob): 2 Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah, 3 Issachar, Zebulun, and Benjamin, 4 Dan and Naphtali, Gad and Asher. 5 And all the souls that came out of the loins of Jacob were seventy souls and Joseph was in Egypt already. 6 And Joseph died, and all his brethren, and all that generation. 7 And the children of Israel were fruitful, and increased abundantly, and multiplied, and waxed exceeding mighty; and the land was filled with them.

tians made the children of Israel to serve with rigor: 14 and they made their lives bitter with hard service, in mortar and in brick, and in all manner of service in the field, all their service, wherein they made them serve with rigor.

8 Now there arose a new king over Egypt, who knew not Joseph. 9 And he said unto his people, Behold, the people of the children of Israel are 1 more and mightier than we: 10 come, let us deal wisely with them, lest they multiply, and it come to pass, that, when there falleth out any war, they also join themselves unto our enemies, and fight against us, and get them up out of the land. 11 Therefore they did set over them taskmasters to afflict them with their burdens. And they built for Pharaoh storecities, Pithom and Raamses. 12 But the more they afflicted them, the more they multiplied and the more they spread abroad. And they were grieved because of the children of Israel. 13 And the Egyp


1 Or, too many and too mighty for us
2 Or, abhorred

15 And the king of Egypt spake to the Hebrew midwives, of whom the name of the one was Shiphrah, and the name of the other Puah: 16 and he said, When ye do the office of a midwife to the Hebrew women, and see them upon the birth-stool; if it be a son, then ye shall kill him; but if it be a daughter, then she shall live. 17 But the midwives feared God, and did not as the king of Egypt commanded them, but saved the men-children alive. 18 And the king of Egypt called for the midwives, and said unto them, Why have ye done this thing, and have saved the menchildren alive? 19 And the midwives said unto Pharaoh, Because the Hebrew women are not as the Egyptian women; for they are lively, and are delivered ere the midwife come unto them. 20 And God dealt well with the midwives: and the people multiplied, and waxed very mighty. 21 And it came to pass, because the midwives feared God, that he made them households. 22 And Pharaoh charged all his people, saying, Every son that is born ye shall cast into the river, and every daughter ye shall save alive.

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