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James I., Reign of, review of Mr. S. R. Gardiner's work on, 101-new

light thrown upon various incidents during the reigns of James I.
and liis son Charles I., 102—the author's • England under Charles I.
and the Duke of Buckingham,' 102—his · Prince Charles and the
Spanish Marriage,' 102—his character of James I., 103—high
opinion formed of him by a writer in the Quarterly Review,' 104-
refuted by Mr. Gardiner's history, 105—his impartiality, 109–
Selden, Coke, and Cotton, 110—Sandys, Pym, and Eliot, 111-the
Divine Right of Bishops and the Divine Right of Kings, 113--Lord
Bacon's views on the matter, 115—the Judges' firm resistance to the
Court of High Commission, 116-Selden's 'History of Tithes,' 117

- Montague's answer thereto, 119--Charles I's. arbitrary proceed-
ings, 120_his Declaration of 1629, 121–the High Church Party
and the Calvinists, 122—the religious question the chief cause of
quarrel between Charles and the Commons, 125— the Petition of
Right, in 1628, and the line of argument assumed thereon by the
author, 126—meanings of the words Customs, Subsidies, Imposts,
Tax, 126-arguments pro and contra on the right of the King to
levy impositions, 130_true intent of the Petition of Right, 137.

Lindsay, Mr. W. S., review of his 'Merchant Shipping and Ancient

Commerce' and other works, 420-qualifications of the author, 421
-his researches, and strange neglect of good authorities, 421–
the Black Book of the Admiralty,'_421—the navy of Pontifical
Rome in the Middle Ages, 422— The Laws of Oleron, 423
the ancient and mediæval galley, 426—configurations of ships on
ancient seals, 429—mode of ancient naval warfare, 431–Greek
fire, 432—the battle off Dover in 1217, 434—the battle of Sluys in
1340, 434-meaning of the expression dominion of the sea,' 435
—the Navigation Act of 1651, 436-rival claims of the Portuguese
and Spaniards as to the right to the Moluccas or · Islands of Spicery,
437–difficulties of early navigation, 438—the invention of the
compass, 440—the origin of technical naval expressions, 442—
superiority of English sailors compared with French and Spanish, 444

- Hawkins and Drake, 446-stringent edicts against wrecking, 450
-the Hanseatic League, 452.

Macaulay, Lord, the Life and Letters of, reviewed, 544-parallel and

contrast in the early lives of Lord Macaulay and Mr. John Stewart
Mill, 544-parentage and early connexions of Lord Macaulay, 546-
bis strong attachment for Cambridge, 547-his friend and fellow-
student, Charles Austin, 548—Macaulay's hatred of mathematics, 550
-his low estimate of University honours, 551_his universal read-
ing, 552-is elected Fellow of Trinity, and called to the Bar, 552-
his contributions to 'Knight's Magazine,' 553—Lord Jeffrey's
admiration of his literary style in his articles for this Journal, 553—

his sisters and brothers, 555— complete and unbroken union between




him and his sister Hannah More (Lady Trevelyan, mother of his
biographer), 555—he is noticed by the Marquis of Lansdowne, who
offers him the borough of Calne, 557—excitement of the House at his
speech on the Reform Bill on March 2nd, 1831, 558—his new
social relations, especially with Holland House, where he meets
Talleyrand, 559—his description of the host and hostess, 560—sits
for Leeds, and is appointed to the Supreme Council at Calcutta as
its legislative member, 562—his return to England, 565—makes a
tour in Italy, 565-letter from Mr. Gladstone, 566 — sits for Edin-
burgh, 567-begins his History of England, 568—supports Lord
Palmerston, 568-participates in social breakfasts, and regularly
attends the dinners at • The Club,' 569—his strong memory, 570–
unfriendly review of his History in the Quarterly Review,' 572–
his sudden illness, 573-immense sale of his History, 577-his
gradual decline and deatlı, 580.
Mac Donald, Mr. G., 336. See Scotch Novels.
Mayo, Earl of, review of Mr. Hunter's Life of, 387—his character as

an Indian administrator, 388 et seqq.—his experience in the Irish
Secretariat, 388-previous Viceroys of India, 389–proper position
and functions of an Indian Viceroy, 393—Lord Lawrence's view
thereon,'395-his exertions to maintain due authority, 396—imposing
appearance of Lord Mayo, 397—he adopts the policy and foreign
administration of his predecessor, 399—his reply to the chiefs of
Rajpootana, 403—the subject of Indian Finance, 404—the income-
tax and the salt duties, 409_his reductions in the military expendi-
ture, 410-his interest in agricultural improvements, 412—his plans
for irrigation and railway extensions, 414—his method of finding
ways and means to meet local requirements, 416.

Oliphant, Mrs., 323. See Scotch Novels.

Railwaystheir profits and losses, review of works treating of, 352—

results of Watt's discovery of the mechanical uses and appliances of
steam, 352—more especially as regards railways, 355-speedy
travelling, 356—Captain Tyler's General Report, 358--passenger
and merchandise traffic on our railways, 358-canal and coasting
traffic, 361-carriage of minerals on railways, 361—total receipts
from the working of railways of the United Kingdom, 362— statisti-
cal returns as to passenger traffic, 362_weights of carriages, 365—is
the mineral traffic a loss or a gain? 367—relative cost of fast and
slow traffic, 371--M. de Franqueville's report on the system of public
works in England, 374—relative cost of locomotive and stationary
power, 376—Stephenson and Brunel, 377— the rapid increase in
weight and stoutness of engines, carriages, and rails, 378-considera-
tions offered for promoting economy and ensuring increased profits,
380—the French railways, 383–conclusion, 384.

Scotch Novels, recent, review of, 317—the Scotch character, 317—the

Waverley Novels, 320—Sir Walter Scott, 320-Lockhart, Wilson,
and Galt, 321-Mrs. Oliphant and her novels, 323 et seqq.-her






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Mrs. Margaret Maitland,' 323-her Merkland,' and 'Harry Muir,'
327-her Katie Stewart,' 330_her Minister's Wife,' 331-her
• Valentine: and his Brother,' 334–Mr. George Mac Donald's works,
336 et seqq.-his · David Elginbrod,' 336—his. Alec Forbes of How-
glen,' 339—his Robert Falconer,' 344_his Malcolm,' 347—Mr.
W. Black's novels, 349 et se99:-his 'Princess of Thule, 350-his

Daughter of Heth,' 350.
Scotland, secondary education in, review of books treating of, 511-

Reports of the Royal Commissioners, 512—sang schools,' 514-
burgh or grammar schools, 514--schools attached to monasteries, 515
-educational condition of Scotland at the Reformation, 517—the
Grammar School of Perth, 518--classics not sufficiently studied
thereat, 521--the Ayr Academy, 523- the University of Glasgow,
525—the Aberdeen Grammar School, 526—the Dick Bequest, 528
-poverty of the secondary schools, 532--mode of obtaining increased
salaries for their masters, 535—'wasted endowments' might be so
applied, 538-income of Heriot's Hospital, 539--Professor Sellar's

Address, 541--suggestions by the Rev. John Stark, 542.
Stair, Earls of, review of Mr. Mackay's work on, and other works, 1

-Mr. Graham's work, 3—Mr. Story's, 3-education and early
career of the first Earl of Stair, 4-signs the Declaration in 1662,
but refuses to sign the Test in 1681, 7—his dismissal by James II.
and retirement to Holland, 8-accompanies the Prince of Orange to
England in 1688, 8—and is re-appointed President of the Court of
Session, 9_his son, Sir John Dalrymple, 10—is imprisoned in the
castle of Edinburgh, 11-is made Lord Advocate, 12-disgust of
the Presbyterians at his accession to office, 14—important services
rendered by him to William III. in establishing Presbyterianism in
Scotland, 16—the massacre of Glencoe, 20—how far Sir John Dal-
rymple was implicated in it, 21-dismissed from office by the King,
24-special letters of remission, 24-Lord Macaulay's view of his
guilt, 25—assists in the Treaty of Union of England and Scotland
in the reign of Queen Anne, 27-Mr. Mackay's strictures on parts
of Lord Macaulay's history, 28—the Earl of Stair as an author, 32
--superior to his son in legal acquirements, but not so great or so

remarkable a man, 33.
Suez Canal, the, review of books treating of, 250—probable motives

leading to the purchase of the Khedive's shares therein, 251-mode
of the purchase, 251—its precipitancy, 253—Parliament should have
been called together, 253—iinpolicy of Government holding shares
in any joint-stock company or commercial enterprise, especially a
foreign one, 254-signal service rendered to the French shareholders
by the purchase, 256—how the shares therein were distributed on
July 1st, 1875, 257— leading features in the original Act of Conces-
sion of the Suez Canal, 258-cost of its construction down to the
end of 1874, 259—the 'consolidation of interest,' 259 note-ruinous
terms enforced on the Khedive, 260-annual charges on the Com-
pany for 1874, 261—the statutes of the Company, 262--as to the
division of profits, 263—as to the management, 264-amount of
shipping using the Canal, and the flags under which they sailed, 265
note-enormous expense of keeping the Canal in a working state,

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265—the system of measuing a ship's tonnage, 266-high hand
with which M. de Lesseps carried out his views, 268—-our newly-
purchased shares give us very small voice in the management, 269–
and an uncertain hold on the Khedive, 270--the political advantages
gained by the purchase of small account, 272-what use could we
make of the Canal in time of war? 277.

Telegraphs, Post-Office, review of Reports treating of, 177—necessity of

inquiry into the Government system of purchasing and working the
telegraphs, 177—the Act of 1868, 178–recklessness in the conduct
of the negotiations for purchase of Telegraphs by Government, 180
-untrustworthy estimates of working expenses and profits, 181-the
Post-Office scandal of 1873, 182_inaccuracy of the Telegraph
accounts, 183---suggestions of the Committee of Inquiry, 185—unfair
concession made to the Newspaper Press, 186-Mr. Weaver and his
propositions, 187.
Thirlwall, Connop, D.D., Bishop of St. David's, review of his Charges,

1842 to 1872, 281—his early life, 283—his career at Cambridge, 286
-his translation of the Introduction to Schleiermacher's St. Luke,
287—his views on Inspiration of the Scriptures, 290—his connexion
with Mr. John Stuart Mill, 291—his translation of Niebuhr’s ‘History
of Rome,'292-his' History of Greece,'294-his theological labours,
298—his preferment to the Bishopric of St. David's, 300—his Epis
copal Charges, 301—his views respecting the Tractarian party, 305

on the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper, 306—the Public Worship
Bill, 307—Ritualism, 307—the Gorham controversy, 309—the Atha-
nasian Creed, 310—his action with regard to 'Essays and Reviews
Dr. Williams, and Bishop Colenso, 311-'Supernatural Religion
wrongly attributed to his pen, 315—his views on the Broad Church,
the High Church, and the Low Church, 315.

Wagner Richard, Herr, and the modern theory of music, review of

books treating of, 141—music now almost more a science than an
art, 143—Herr Wagner formerly depreciated, 143_Ritter's lectures
on the ‘History of Music,' 146-Gluck the direct precursor of Wag-
ner, 147—what Wagner essays to represent, 149_his ideal theory as
worked out in his “Tannhäuser,' 'Lohengrin,' and 'Tristan und Isolde,
154—his contempt for rhythm, 158-sketch of his Tristan und
• Isolde,' 160—his libretto mere doggerel, 163—his projected opera

*Der Ring des Nibelungen,' 165—his mannerism and trick, 166
-Beethoven and his detractors, 169-his symphonies, 171-his
superiority as a composer to Wagner, 175.


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