The Empire of the Qara Khitai in Eurasian History: Between China and the Islamic World
The empire of the Qara Khitai, which was one of the least known and most fascinating dynasties in the history of Central Asia, existed for nearly a century before it was conquered by the Mongols in 1218. Arriving in Central Asia from China, the Qara Khitai ruled over a mostly Muslim population. Their history affords a unique window onto the extensive cross-cultural contacts between China, Inner Asian nomads and the Muslim world in the period preceding the rise of Chinggis Khan. Using an extensive corpus of Muslim and Chinese sources, Michal Biran comprehensively examines the political, institutional and cultural histories of the Qara Khitai. Her book explores a range of topics including the organization of the army, the position of women, the image of China in Muslim Central Asia,the religions of the Qara Khitai and the legacy they left for the Mongols. Crucially she asks why they did not, unlike their predecessors and successors in Central Asia, embrace Islam. The book represents a groundbreaking contribution to the field of Eurasian history for students of the Islamic world, China and Central Asia.
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administration Allsen Almaliq Arslan attested AwfT Balasaghun Balkh Baraq Barthold battle battle of Qatwan Beijing Bosworth Boyle Buddhist Bukhara Central Asia central territory century Chang Chun China Chinese Chinggis Khan commander DhahabT dynasty eastern emperor empress forces Gaochang Ghurids Giichiiliig Giirkhan Gurkhan Ibn al-AthTr Inner Asian Islam Jurchens JuwaynT JuzjanT/HabTbT Kashgar Kedun Khurasan Khwarazm Shah Khwarazmian Kochnev Liao shi Mahmud military Mongol empire Mongolia MTrkhwand Muhammad Muslim Muslim sources Naiman NasawT nomads northern Oghuz political population Qara Khitai Qara Khitai army Qara Khitai empire Qarakhanid Qarakhanid ruler Qarluqs Qatwan Qayaliq Qidan RashTd al-DTn realm region reign religious rule Saljuq Samarqand Sanjar sedentary Shihab al-DTn shihna Song Sultan Ta'rikh Talas Tanguts Tayangu Tekish Terken Tianzuo Transoxania tribes troops Turkestan Turkic Turks Uighurs vassals Western Liao Western Qarakhanids Xi Liao Xi Xia Xiao XLSG Yelii Dashi Yuan Zhilugu