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ration, and must by consequence be taken in a greater Latitude ; in many of which, I doubt not, but the Holy Prophets did principally and chiefly intend a general and universal War in the last Days, which should engage all Nations, and of which all the leffer Defolations brought upon any People, but especially Judea, by the Sword of an Enemy, were Types and Prefigurations. The first of this kind that I shall mention, shall be the z5th Chap. of Feremiah, V. 15. where God commands the Prophet to take the Wine-cup of his Fury, and cause all the Nations (whom he afterwards enumerates) to drink of it. And he is commanded to begin at Jerusalem and the Cities of Judah, to make them a Desolation, an Astonishment, an Hissing and a Curse, v. 18.' Thence he is order'd to proceed to Agypt, v. 19." To all the mingled People (* that is the Arabians) to all * the Kings of the Land of Uz, (probably con- any jeđurd to be that Tract of Land that lay miscuit. South of Damascus, comprehending Palestine, the lower Parts of Cælesyria, and the adjoyning Borders of Arabia Petræi, and Deferta) and all the Kings of the Philistines, (suppos’d to inhabit the Western Parts of the Land of Canaan, bordering upon the Mediterranean) v. 20. Then to Edom, Moab, and Ammon, (lying East of Judea) v. 21. The + so the Kings of Tyre and Zidon, (lying North, or Words rather North-West of Jerusalem) and the ??? Kings of the Isles that are ť beyond (or bcfides) 17 the Sea, that is, the Great Sea or Mediter- wéex Orranean. If it be the former, it must be necons in understood of the Western or European may be

the LXX Continent render'd.

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Continent and Islands; if the latter, it
may not improbably be meant of the leffer
Asia or Agean Ines, which may

be proper-
ly said to lye beside, or on one side of the
Sea, v. 22. Thence to Dedan, Tema, and

Buz, and all that are in the utmost Corners; or 1378? * as the Words * may be rendred, and as the

TXD LXX understood 'it t, that have the Corteży ma-ners of their Head polled or shaven; who

T T firenapré- are supposed to be the Arabians, i. e. The *** Ishmaelites, Madianites, and Amalekites, who σεόσωπον duto. .

inhabited great part of Arabia, especial-
ly Deserta and Petræa. Which is expressed
again in the next Verse, by all the Kings of
Arabia, and all the Kings of the mingled People
that dwell in the Desert, v. 23, 24. Then all
the Kings of Zimri, or the Zamareni, a base
ignoble People mention'd by Pliny; and
which may be mention'd to show us, thac
there is no Nation or People, however lit-
tle, mean, or contemptible, but shall be of
some Account at that time, and shall ac-
cordingly bear their Part in that last dread-
ful Scene. Then the Kings of Elam, i, e.
Persia, and the Kings of the Medes, v. 25.
Thus far all seems pretty agreeable to the
fore-mention'd Hypothesis, That this Judg-
ment doth only intend the Destruction
brought upon these Countries by the King
of Babylon, who conquer'd all or most of
them. But let us look farther to the two
next Verses, which are these; And all them
Kings of the North far and near, and all the
Kingdoms of the World, which are upon the Face
of the Earıb; and the King of Sheshach shall
drink after them. Therefore thou shalt say unto,

them,

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them, Thus faith the Lord God of Israel, Drink ye and be drunken, and Spue and fall

, and rise no more, because of the Sword wbich I send among you, v. 26, 27. Which two Verses (with the following) do, I think, plainly express that this War or Judgment of the Sword fhall be Universal, even upon all the Kingdoms of the World, that are upon the Face of the Earth.

This Interpretation may be abundantly confirm’d, by comparing this with many other Places of Holy Scriptures, of which I shall take notice only of two or three that are most remarkable. The first shall be the 24th Chap. of Isaiab, where the Holy Prophet does in lofty Expressions, foretel

the utter Defolation of the whole Earth. - Behold ( faith he) v, 1. The Lord maketh the

Earth empty, and maketh it waste, and turneth it upside down, and scattereth abroad all the Tribabitants thereof, &c. Now, that some of the Ancients understood this Chapter in the Sense here intended, will appear by comparing the 13th Verse of this Chapter, and v. 6. of the 17th, with the 16th of the Second Book of Esdras, for that Scarcity of · Men which Isaiab speaks of as the conse

quence of this great Desolation; so that they shall appear like the two or three Olives that are left after the Shaking of an Olive-tree, or the gleaning Grapes when the Vintage is done ; the Tame is mention'd by Esdras, as not confin'd or limited to any one People or Nation, but in the most general and universal Sense, as denounced against the whole world, which does most plainly appear by many Paffages

of

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of that Chapter, notwithstanding it begins
with a woe to Babylon, and Asia, Egypt and
Syria. And if it be but allow'd that this
Book is Ancient, tho' written by a Chri-
stian, it shews however, that the Chri-
stians of that Age understood it in this
Sence.

A SECOND Argument shall be drawn
from the 30th Verse of this 25th Chapter of
Jeremiah, compar'd with the 3d Chapter of
the Prophet Joel, and the 14th Chapter of
the Revelations, Jeremiah says, The Lord shall
roar from on bigh, and utter his Voice from his
Holy Habitation ; be shall give a shout as them
that tread the Grapes, against all the Inbabitants
of the Earth, So the English Bible reads it :

But the Original seems more expressive, *** saying * it shall be heard, or answered by,

or it shall found to all the Ends of the
Earth. The Prophet foel speaks of the
roaring, v. 16. and v. 13. he bids them put
in the Sickle, for the Harvest is ripe, the Press

is full, the Fats overflow, their Wickedness is 1 7711- great ; or as the LXX | understood it, bw] Teel their Iniquities are full. This overflowing me te ww. of the Fats, and fulness of the Press, anH.

swers to the treading of the Grapes aforemention'd. In the Apocalypse, Chap. 14. v. 18. The Angel that had the sharp Sickle, was commanded to thrust it in, and gather the Clusters of the Vine of the Earth, and cast it into the Wine-press of the Wrath of God; and, v.20. the Wine-press was trodden, &c. Now that these three Prophecies are of the same Design and Extent, will, I presume, be disputed by none that are acquainted with

the

- the Idea and Genius of Prophetical Scri

pture. The Vine then that is mention'd to be trodden, is the wicked and antichriftian Church, which is the earthly Vine, whose Clusters and Grapes are bitter, like the Vine of Sodom and Gomorrab, Deut. 32. 32, 33. as the true Church, and Holy Members of it, are called the Vine of the Lord and of Christ, Isa. 5. Psal. 8o. John 15. And as the reaping of the Harvest signifies the gathering of the Saints at the first Resurrection, as our Lord tells us, Matth. 13. 24. fo the gathering of the Vintage, the gathering together of the Wicked to Destruction.

S 4. AGAINST the Universality of this 4. An 0% Judgment, as proved from the former place jection azi of Jeremy, there are two main Objections.

Swer'd. I. The First is, That in the beginning of the Chapter, the Holy Ghost has, as it were, given us a Key for the understanding of the whole, in a more narrow and limited Sense ; telling us, v. 1. That the Word (or Prophecy following) was concerning the Land of Judah. In answer to which, I think it is plain that this Chapter consists

of two Parts, from the Beginning to v. 15. : and thence to the End, of a quite distinct

Argument and Design. The former Part respecting the Jews, the Inhabitants of Yudah, and threatning them with the long Seventy Years Captivity to be brought upon them by the King of Babylon, whom he says, v. 12. that he will punish with the Chaldeans with utter Desolation, after the Accomplishment of the Captivity. From

hence

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