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How humi.

and how much foever they contradict those proposals of happiness and enjoyment, which we have framed within our own breasts.

Both which parts of Christian humility are perfected by a contempt of the world. And the contempt of the world is Thewn by looking upon the best of our lity as perworks to be full of infirmity and pollution ; and fecled. on all worldly enjoyments as littleand inconsiderable in comparison of the purity and perfection of God, and that happiness which God hath prepared for those that love him : in being content with that portion of the good things of this life, which the wise providence of God hath allotted to our Thare, without purchasing the enjoyment of them, by the committing of any wilful lin; without being anxiously concerned for the increase of them, or extremely depressed when they make themselves wings and fly away : in a moderate use of all those lawful pleasures which relate to the gratification of our senses and fleshly appetites ; as becomes persons, who expect their portion, not in the pleasures of this world, but in the happiness of the next; in a low esteem of riches and honour, being ready to forsake them, whenever they come in competition with the performance of our duty to God; in bearing the afflictions and calamities of this life with patience and constancy; and looking unto Jesus, as the author and finisher of our faith.

Which humble, resigned, and depending frame of mindis the proper disposition for devotion, and the parent

Its fruits. of religious fear. 'Tis the seed-plot of all christian virtues. It makes us ready to receive the revelations of God's will to mankind, and as careful to practise what he injoins. It restrains the immoderate desire of honour, by teaching us not toexaltourselves, nor doany thing through strife or vainglory. It opposes self-love, which is planted in our nature, and, when indulged, will be tooapt to deceiveus in the judgment we form concerning ourselves. It also makes us ready to believe what God reveals, and to pay our due obedience to him, from the sense of our own weakness and hisexcellency; and by removing the great hindrance of our faith, which is a vanity to distinguish ourselves from the unthinking croud. It makes us putour hope and confidence in God; because, being weak and miserable of ourselves, without him we can do nothing. It increases our love to God, by making us sensible how unworthy we are of the least of those many favours we receive from him. It teaches us to rejoice in the prosperity of our neighbour, forinfusing the most favourable opinion of his worth. It disposes us to relieve those wants, and compafsionate thofe amictions, which we ourselves have deferved. It makes us patient under all the troubles and calamities of life; because we have provoked God by our sins. And therefore It's use and neither prayers nor fasts will find acceptance, un"benefit. less they proceed from an humble mind; and our best works will stand us in little stead, if they are stained with pride and boasting of our own strength.



I. Of the honour due to God, in his house or church. II. By

reverencing and maintaining his minifters with tithes and offerings. III. By keeping the Lord's Day. IV. By obJerving the feasts, and V. fasts of the church; whether public, private, or the fast of Lent. VI. In his word, the holy scriptures, or rule of faith ; by catechising and preaching. VII. In his facraments; by receiving baptism,

and performing the vows and obligations thereof. I. Seventh duty to God is Honour. For as honour is

a duty, which in the nature of things is owing to Honour due those that are in a superior relation to us; and as

the very notion of it implies its being due to such; by how much therefore God is infinitely greater than those whom we acknowledge to be our superiors upon earth, by fo much ought we to have a profounder regard and veneration The several

for him. And they honour God, who serve him ways of lo- in spirit and in truth, in all the nouring God pointed worship, and due obedience to his laws; which command us not only to pay this honour immediately to himself, but to have a due esteem for his house, his minijlers,


to God.

ways of his

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his day, word, and facraments, and for his name, as things that nearly relate or belong to him.

First, we must honour God in his house, that is, in the church, so called, upon the account of its peculiar In bis house. relation to him, being folemnly dedicated and set apart for his public worship and service; and upon account of God's peculiar presence, in the administration of his word and facraments. The dedication of it to facred uses makes it properly his own, and the praying to him, praising him, and celebrating the holymysteries, according to hisappointment, are demonstrations of his peculiar presence. And In what confequently we ought to reverence God's house, by furnishing it with all decency for the worship of God; by repairing and adorning it; by keeping it from the profane and common use, and applying it wholly to the liness of religion ; by offering up our prayers in it with fervour and frequency; by hearing God's word with attention and refolutions of obeying it; and by celebrating the holy my-" steries with humility and devotion ; by using all such outward testimonies of respect as the church injoins, and are established by the custom of the age we live in, as marks of honour and reverence. This bodily worship is recommended by Solomon, when he charges us to look to our feet when we go to the house of God. :: Thiswill correct anywhispering or talking about worldly affairs, any negligent or light carriage: This will fuppress any provocations to laughter, or any criti- for our becal and nice obscrvation of others: And on the con- haviour at

church. trary excite in us sincere intentions of glorifying God, and making his honour and praise known among men; acknowledging hereby our intire dependence upon his bounty, both for what we enjoy, and what we farther expect: And promote hearty endeavours of performing his blessed will, and of being that in our lives and actions, which we beg to be made in our prayers: And teach us to govern our outward behaviour by such measures as thechurch prescribes, viz. to kneel, ftand, bow, or fit; as the rubric hath injoined to be complied with in public. And all these different poftures ought to be used with such gravity and seriousness, as


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may shew how intent we are when engaged in the worship of God, and yet avoiding such behaviour as may be disturb those that are near us, and to give occafion to others to suspect us of acting a formal hypocritical part.

If we come to church before service begins, (which we Thould always endeavour to do) after we have performed our private devotions, we should in silence recollect ourselves, and disposeour minds by serious thoughts to aduedischarge of the ensuing duties : for the discoursing about news and business is improper upon such occafions, God's house being never designed for the carrying on of worldly concerns. And it is stillmoreunbecoming, while weare atour prayers, to observe those rules of ceremony, which in other places are fit to be practised towards one another; because when we are offering our requests to the great God of heaven and earth, our attention should be so fixed, that we should have no leisure to regard any thing else. To this end, when we put our bodies into a praying posture, with which I think leaning and lolling seem very inconsistent, we should do well to fix our eyes downward, that we may not be diverted by any objects near us; and at the same time refolye not to suffer them to gaze about, whereby they do but fetch in matter for wandering thoughts. Thisattention will be much improved by silence; therefore we should never pray aloud with the minister but whereitis injoined, endeavouring tomakehis prayer our own by a hearty Amen. Great care must be taken not to repeat after the minister what peculiarly relates to his office; which I mention the rather, because I have frequently observed some devout people following him that officiates, in the exhortation and absolution, as wellas the confeffion; which, if thoroughly considered, must be judged a very absurd and improper expression of the people's devotion, because thosearedistinguishing parts of the priest's office. Therefore the best preparation of mind for our joining in the public prayers is to abstract our thoughts as muchaswe can from our worldly businessandconcerns, that we may call upon God with attention and application of soul: to keepour passions in order and subjection, that none of them mayinterruptus when weapproach the throne of grace: to poffefs our minds with such an awful sense of God's

presence, presence, that we may behave ourselves with gravity and reverence: to work in ourselves such a sense of our own weaknels and insufficiency, as may make us earnest for the supplies of divine grace; such a sorrow for our sins, fuch humiliation for them, and sucha readiness to forgive others, as may prevail upon God, for the sake of Christ's suffering, to forgive us: to recollect those many blessings which we have received, that we may shew forth his praise, not only with our lips, but in our lives, by giving up ourselves to his service.

II. Secondly, the Almighty is also to be honoured in his mia nifers by that love which is due unto them as the in his min kewards of the mysteries of God, and those that nisters. watch over our souls. Therefore we ought to shew our love to such as administer to us in holy things, in being ready to aliut them in all difficulties, and in vindicating their reputations from those aspersions, which bad men are apt to load them with: in covering their real infirmities, and interpreting all their actions in the best sense; never picking out the faults of a few and making them a reproach to the whole facred order. And as ministers are in a peculiar manner servants of the great God of heaven and earth, to whose bounty we owe all that we enjoy; therefore we should dedicate a part in his pofof what we receive to his immediate service, as an Selfions. acknowledgment of his sovereignty and dominion over all, And what makes this duty further reasonableis, that, in order to be instruments in God's handin procuring our eternal welfare, they renounce all ordinary means of advancing their fortunes; they surrender up their pretensions to worldlyinterests: and therefore it is highly fit that their laborious and difficult employment, purely for God's gloryandour salvation, should receive from us the encouragement of a comfortable and honourable subsistence, upon this and thelike considerations: That

parents may be encouraged to devote their children of good parts to the service of the altar ; for it is not probable they will sacrifice an expensive education to an employment that is attended with small advantages. And if some persons have zeal enough to engage in the ministry without a respect to the rewards of it; yet common prudence ought to put us upon such methods as are most likely to excite men of the


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