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much as other men may do; because for the plcaling of one luft, they feed another.
2. Oche is that are flegmatick and dul, can never feed fully, but they are beavy and drowfit, unfit for prayer, and urfit for work : usually the health, as well as the consciences of this perfons, doch require a spare kind of dyet ; and that which is but cnough for others, is too much for them. Because she avoiding of fin, and the performance of our duties, is the measure of our food.
4. It is fenful Fulness, when any of Gods creatures are taken wie bout any benefic, and in vain. It is a fin to take any more than we have cause to think is like to do us good, though we chought it were like to do no barm. That which is used only co granfic the apperite, or for any other ur profitable causs, and ncither furtheteth bealeb cor dury, is finfully celtaw.y. And if vein words be forbidden, vain eating and drinking can be no better.
The evil of the finis, 1. Because man being a rarional crea: turc, thould do nothing in vain : 3. Because we are Gods Stopoards, and must give an account of all our talcors: 3. Becaufe Gods mercies arc not to be contemned, nor calt away as nothing worth. 4. But especially because there are thurfonds in wani, while you abcund; and if you spend that in vain, which others need, you wrong God, and rob them, and thew that you want love to your brethren, and prefer your appetites before their necefities. If you think any thing that you have is absolutely your own, you are but foolish pretenders againftGod : But if you know that God hath lent it you for his fervice, how dare you catt it away in vain? Job. 6. 12. When Chrift had multiplied food (or satisfied mons appetite) by mi. racle, he saith, Gather upskefragmerits Ibat remain, that mosbing be lett : Nothing chen munt be lojt, on your selves or or hers.
5. To bestow too mucb cott upon the belly, is a finful Fulwiss too; though the quantity of food be never lo small cost is too much when it is more than is profitable; or when the cost exceedith the profit. The scalons of this are the same as of the formos; because we are Gods Stewards, and muft give account of all that we have, and mult improve it all to our Malters ule ; and because thousands want what we might (parc, and super
Auoully expend. What are the occasions which will juftific fome excraordinary cottlincss, is too long now to explicate. In general, it must be for some end and bencfi', which is better than any which might be procured otherwise by that expence : Bur pride or appetite are no jullifying causes of it. It was faring fumptuously which was that carnal Gentlemens fin, in Luke 16. It is said of fach, Pbil, 3. 18. that their bely is tbeir God i for they daily facrifice much more to it, chan they do to God : Miny hundred pounds a year, is little enough for many men to facritice to their throats. It is such a sacrifice which J Emers calleth, the cberishing of their bearts as in a day of Naugbrer, James 5. 5. This is the bid treafure which their bellies are filed wirb, Plal. 17.14. The rich mans ful barns, Luke 12:20. were but to fil bis bely, and please bis flith [Thou bajt enougb leid up for many years.) For what? why for case, and eating, and drinking, and mirtb; They think it is their own, and that they may spend it on tbemselves; but o the terrible account! As David would not offer that to God wbicb ceft bim nothing, 2 Sam. 24. 24. fo neither will they offer too cbeapa facrifice co their bellics. But luft deferveth not much coft : He that is your God, is the God of others as well as of you ; and careth for them as well as for you ; even when he giveth them less than you: And he giveth ic you, that you may have the iryal, and the bonour of giving it according to his will to tben.
It is every mans dury to chusc thc cheapest dyet (and other accommodations) which will but answer his lawful ends; that is, 1. His bealtb and welfare :. 3. And the meet entertainment of orbers, and chc avoiding of those evils which arc greater than the charge.
He that loveth his-ncighbour as himself, will not sec mulsitudes cold and hungry, while he gratificth his own sensuality with superfluitics. Though all men are not to live at the same mtes, yet all are to observe this common rule of cbarity and frugality. The Role given by Paul for apparel, must be used allo for our food; that women adorn themselves with modeft apparel, with lha mcfaftness and sobriety, not with broidered hair, or gold, or pearls, or cotly array, 1 Tim. 2.9. So muft we feed with moderation and sobriety, and not with too ticho and softly food.
6. And it is a great aggravation of shis fin, to bestow 100. much of our time upon it: When those precious hours are fpene in needless caring and drinking, or litring at it, which are given us for far greater work. Though no fet cime can be determined for all men, yet all muft fced as those that have Atill neceffary bufiness upon their hand, which Atayeth for them, and for which it is that they cherith themselves : And cherefore let not time pass away in vain, but make hatte to your work, and feed nor idleness instead of diligence.
7. And the root of all this mischicf, is, woben the bearts of mex are set upon their belies ; and their fancies and wits arc Naves unto their appetites : when they are nos indifferent about things indifferent, but make a great matter of it, what they shall car, and what they thall drink, beyond the neccNicy or rcal benefit of it. When they arc troubled if their appetite be but croft, and they are like crying children or swine, that arc discontented and complaining if they have not what they would have, and if their bellies arc not full. When they are like the Ifraelites, that poept for flesh, Numb. 11.4. Because they ferue not ibe Lord 7ef, but their oson belirs, Rom, 16, 17, 18. But the poor in spirit, can live upon a little, and mind the things of the Spirit so much, that they are morc indifferent to their ap. petite. And custom maketh abstinence and temperance sweet and easie to them. For a well used appetite is like well-caught children ; 'not so unmanncrly, nor craving, nor bawling, nor troublefome, as che gluttons ill-used appetite is. Is troubles mens minds, and taketh up their tboughts, and commandech their eft stes, and devourcth their time, and turneeh our God, and all that is holy; and like a thirft in a dropsic, is de ourcih all, and is satisfied with nothing, but cncrcascth its fell, and the discale : As if such men did live to eat, when the temperate do cat to live.
8. Lastly, It is the height of this fin, when you also cbevishe i be gulosity and excess of orbers. When for the Pride of great bouse-keeping, you cause others to waste Gods creatures and their time, and waste your clates to satisfie obeir luxury, and to procure their vain applause, Hab. 2. 15. Wo to bim obat giverb bis neighbour drink ; tbat parteft tby bottle to bim, and makeeit bin drunken also. This is the Fulness which is forbidden of God.
Object. But is it not said that Cbrift oame eating and drinking, and the Pbarisees quarreled with bim and bis Disciples, because they did not faft as fobs and bis Disciples did; and sbey soled bine a gluttonous perfon, and a wine-bibber, a friend of Publie cans and finners.
Anfw. 1. Joon lived in a wildcracfs, upon locufts and wild honcy : and because Chrift lived not such an sultcre crcmctical life, the quarrellomc Pharisecs did thus calumniate him. But Christ never lived in the leaf excess. Mark that part of his life which they thus accused, and you will find it such as the sensual will be loch co imicarc. 2. Christ was by office to converfe with Publicans and finners for their curc: And this gave occasion to the calumnics of malice. 3. There was a difference of Reasons for Jobu's av fterity, and Chrifts : But when he, che Bridegroom was taken away, he scretelleth that his followers thould falt. 4. Chrift lafted forty daics at once, and drank water, and lived in perfe& temperance : Imitate him, and wc will not blame you for excess: His examplc preached poveriy in fpirit.
Dirca. II. Remember the Reasons why fulness and gulefity are so much condemned by God, vim.
1. A pampered appetite is unruly; and fccduth your concupifconce. The flesh is now become our moft dangerous enemy; and therefore it muft be dangerous to pamper ir, to the brengthening of irs lufs : When even Pawl was put to buffee andiame it, and bring it into sulje&tion, for fear of proving a caft-away after all his wondrous labours.
2. The pleasing of the appetite too much, corruptetb tbe dira light and relish of ibe foul. Delight in God, and Heaven, and Holiness, is the summ and life of true Religion; and the de"lights of fenfe and flefly appetite, turn away che fond from this, and are most mortal enemics to these truc delights. Foreby sbst are after tbe fliph, do mindor Savour obe sbirgs of tbe flesh; and obey that are after sbe Spirit, ibe things of the Spiris, Rom. 8.6,7. And I be carnal mind is comity 10 God: if it cannot be subjeđ to bis Lane, certainly it is unfit to rellith the sweetnt Is of his Love, and spiritual mercies.
3. And the Ibugbrs themselves arc corruped and pervers. cd by it: They that could be abinking and caring how to plcasc God, are tbinking and caring for their belies. Even when all their powers Thould be employed on God, in medicacion, or in prayer, their thoughes will be going after their AcAhly apperise, as Ezekiels hcarers were after their covetournel, 33.31. And as some of Chrifts hearers were after the loaves.
4. The use of plealing the Aclhly appetite doch make mon need riches; which is a misery, and a snare. Such must needs bave obeir defires fari
fred, and therefore sexpor live on a little : And thercfurc if they bave ricbes, their flçlh devouseth almoft all, and they have litile io spare for any charitable uses : And if they bave none, they are tempted to feal, or get it by some unlawful encans. And so it temptech them to the love of money (which is the root of all cvil) b:cause they love the luft which needeth it.
5. And it maketh them utterly unfit for suffering (which Chrift will have all his followers to cxpca.) He that is used to please bis apperite, will take that for a grievous life, which another man will feel no trouble in: If a full fod Gentleman or Dives were tyed to fare as the poor labourer doth at the bcft, he would lament his case as if he were undonc, and would take that for half a martyrdora (if it were on a pious pretence) which his n:ighbour would account no suffering, but a feat. And will God reword men for such self-made sufferings? How unfit is he to endure imprisonment, binilhmcat and want, who hath alwaics used to please his felh? Il God cad him in to poverty, how impatient would he bc ? How pleprifully and pleasantly would moft poor Country-men think to live, if they had but a hundred pounds a year of their own ? But if hc that hach thousands, and is used to fulness, lhould be reduced to an hundred, how qucrulous or impatient would he bc?
6. Ie maketh the body beavy and unfit for dury; both de: tics of picty, and the honcf labours of your calling.
7. It makech thc body diseased; and lo more unfit to serve the soul. It is to be poted, that the cxccls reproyed by land at their love fealts, was punished with fickness, and with deasb: And as that punilhmacnt had a moral juitabloniss