The Conquest of Ainu Lands: Ecology and Culture in Japanese Expansion, 1590-1800
This model monograph is the first scholarly study to put the Ainu--the native people living in Ezo, the northernmost island of the Japanese archipelago--at the center of an exploration of Japanese expansion during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, the height of the Tokugawa shogunal era. Inspired by "new Western" historians of the United States, Walker positions Ezo not as Japan's northern "frontier" but as a borderland or middle ground. By framing his study between the cultural and ecological worlds of the Ainu before and after two centuries of sustained contact with the Japanese, the author demonstrates with great clarity just how far the Ainu were incorporated into the Japanese political economy and just how much their ceremonial and material life--not to mention disease ecology, medical culture, and their physical environment--had been infiltrated by Japanese cultural artifacts, practices, and epidemiology by the early nineteenth century.
Walker takes a fresh and original approach. Rather than presenting a mere juxtaposition of oppression and resistance, he offers a subtle analysis of how material and ecological changes induced by trade with Japan set in motion a reorientation of the whole northern culture and landscape. Using new and little-known material from archives as well as Ainu oral traditions and archaeology, Walker poses an exciting new set of questions and issues that have yet to be approached in so innovative and thorough a fashion.
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Ainu and Japanese Ainu chiefs Ainu communities Ainu elders Ainu society Akkeshi Ando audiences became bunka casi ceremonial Chinese choshi Collection for Northern commercial cultural deer disease domain Early Modern Japan early-modern eastern Ezo eburiko Edo shogunate Emishi epidemic fish fisheries Fukuyama Castle gifts hawks Hidaya Hideyoshi Hirosaki HMSS Hokkaido University Hokkaido University Library Hoppo hunting Ibid Ieyasu ikken iomante Ishikari Island Iturup Japan Japanese Kaiho Mineo Kakizaki kamuy kenkyu Kinsei Ezochi kokudaka Kurils Kushihara land Matsumae domain Matsumae family Matsumae Hironaga Matsumae lords Matsumae officials Matsumae Yasuhiro Matsumae's merchants Mogami Mogami Tokunai Nihon Norihiro Northern Studies NSSSS omusha Onibishi political Qing RCNS region rekishi Resource Collection ritual Russian Sakhalin Ainu Sakoku salmon Santan Sapporo Sato sea cucumber sea otter Shakushain Shiranushi shiryO shogunal officials Shojiro smallpox Soya subsistence Takakura Shin'ichiro Tokyo trade in Ezo trading posts Tsugaru ittoshi University Press Urup village Wajinchi Yoshihiro
Page 7 - American history has been in a large degree the history of the colonization of the Great West. The existence of an area of free land, its continuous recession, and the advance of American settlement westward, explain American development.
Page 8 - In rethinking Western history, we gain the freedom to think of the West as a place — as many complicated environments occupied by natives who considered their homelands to be the center, not the edge.