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1572, and died 1649. His most celebrated book is his History of the Wars in the Low Countries, which, though lively, is a partial work. Diss. xi. 27.

Suetonius, TRANQUILLUS, Caius, a Roman historian and miscellaneous writer, probably a teacher of grammar and rhetoric, and for some time Secretary to the Emperor Adrian. His Lives of the first twelve Roman Emperors down to Domitian inclusively are singularly curious and interesting. X. 3. xvi. 5. xxi. 8, 10.

SULPITIUS Severus, by birth a Gaul, an Ecclesiastical Historian of the 5th Century. His “ Sacred History" is written in a pure Latin style, but it is cursory, and, according to Dupin, abounds with errors.

xvi. 8. xx. 13. SYNESIUS, Bishop of Ptolemais in the 5th Century. He wrote Homilies; 155 Greek Epistles; and Hymns on the Trinity, in which he adapts the Triad of the schools to that subject. He was immoderately attached to the doctrines of Plato. iv. 17. vi. 27.

Tacitus, the celebrated Roman Historian, who flourished in the time of Nero, and several succeeding Emperors. He wrote the History of Rome, the Life of Agricola, &c. xi. 9. xvii. 9.

TAVERNIER, John Baptist, a celebrated French traveller, who employed forty years in six journeys in eastern countries, of which he gives an account in three volumes, and died at Moscow 1689, aged 84. xxi. 33.

Teeling, WILLIAM, a Dutch Divine in the 17th Century, whose writings relate to Christian morality, and are composed in the vernacular language of Holland. xvii. 27.

Tertullian, Quintus Septimius Florens, a celebrated wri. ter of the 2d Century, considered as the most ancient Latin Father whose writings are extant. He was a native of Carthage, where he almost constantly resided, a presbyter of the church, and a man of great genius, learning and eloquence. He became a Montanist. Besides a most excellent Apology for Christians during the persecution of Severus, he wrote books on the Soul, Baptism, Idolatry, Monogamy, Public Spectacles, Fasts, Patience, Charity, &c. i. 14. iv. 27. X. 2. xi. 4, 9, 15, 23, 28, 32, 36. xiii. 19. xiv. 11. xxiv. 48. xxvi. 5.

THEODORET, Bishop of Cyrus a city in Syria, a Greek writer of distinguished elegance and learning, and eminent for the sanctity and simplicity of his manners. He was born at Antioch 386, conVOL. II.


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secrated Bishop 420, and died about 457. He wrote Expositions of Scripture, an Ecclesiastical History as a supplement to Socrates and Sozomen, a treatise on Monastic Life, &c. Diss. X. 9. xji. 15. xvi. 9. xx. 14.

Theophylact, a native of Constantinople, Archbishop of Acris in Bulgaria in the 11th Century. He wrote 75 Epistles, and learned Greek Commentaries on the New Testament, and the Minor Prophets. iv. 29. vii. 6. ix. 4. xii. 15. xiii. 4. xvi. 34. xviii. 3. xxi. 6.

THERAMENES, an Athenian philosopher and orator, one of the thirty Tyrants established at Athens B. C. 404. He was condemned by Critias to drink poison. xix. 26.

TRISMEGISTUS, a very ancient Egyptian philosopher, called also Hermes. vi. 5.

TURNEBUS, a learned French critic, and Professor of Greek in the university of Paris. He was born 1512, and died 1565. He published, amongst other works, Adversaria, or Miscellaneous Remarks on Writers. xxi. 4.

TURRETINE, FRANcis, an eminent Protestant Divine. He was born at Geneva 1623, some time pastor of the Church at Lyons, but chosen Professor of Theology at Geneva 1653, which place he held during the remainder of his life. He died 1687. His Father was Benedict, a native of Zurich, and pastor and Professor of theology at Geneva. His son John Alphonso was also chosen Professor of Theology there 1705. His principal work is Institutionum Theologiæ Elenchlicæ Parles Tres, 4 tom. xiv. 37.

Vatablus, Francis, the restorer of the study of the Hebrew language in France in the 16th Century. He was appointed Regius Professor of Hebrew at Paris 1531, and delivered Lectures on the Old Testament with great applause. Some notices of these Lectures were collected ard printed by R. Stephens. He died 1547. vii. 15. viii. 20.

Victor, AURELIUS, the Latin Historian, who wrote the Lives of the Emperors. xvi. 2.

Vigilius, Bishop of Tapsus in Africa in the 5th Century. He published Five Books against Eutyches; and to him, as well as to Hilary Bishop of Arles, is attributed the Creed of Athanasius. xxi. 30.

ULPIANUS, DOMITINO, a native of Tyre, an eminent Lawyer in the reign of Alexander Severus, but a determined enemy to the Christians. He was cut off in a sedition by the soldiers 228. Diss. xvi. 18.

Voer, GISBERT, a celebrated Dutch Divine, Minister and Professor of Theology and Oriental Languages at Utrecht, noted for his zealous opposition to the philosophy of Descartes, and founder of the sect of Voetians. He was born 1589, and died 1677. He wrote a treatise on the Trinity, a treatise on Prophecy and Prophets, Select Disputations, &c. i. 1, 13, vi. 21. xi. 21, 25. xviii. 25.

VOGELSANGIUS, REINERUS, a Dutch Divine of the 17th Century, author of Theological Exercitations, and a Physical Dissertation concerning the world. viii. 26.

Vossius, John GERARD, an eminent man of letters, born near Heidelberg 1577, but brought in infancy to Holland. He studied at Leyden, was chosen Professor of eloquence and chronology in the university of that place, was afterwards for a few years Prebendary in the church of Canterbury, and at last accepted the situation of Professor of History in the university of Amsterdam, which he held till his death 1649. He wrote two Books on Greek and Latin Historians, two on Greek and Latin Poets, a treatise De Origine Idolatriæ, Etymologicon Linguæ Latinæ, and various other works. i. 1, 8, 9, 11. iv. 26, 30. vii. 17. xvi. 2, 24, 30. xviii. 5, 6. xix. 31. xxi. 8.

URSIN, John Henry, a German Protestant Divine, who was born 1534, and died 1667. He wrote Commentaries on several of the Minor Prophets, a treatise on the Trees and Plants mentioned in Scripture, Parallela Evangelica, Analecta Sacra, &c. He is to be distinguished from Zachary Ursin, Professor of Divinity at Heidelberg, author of the Palatinate Catechism. ii. 10.

USHER, JAMES, Archbishop of Armagh, a Prelate of distinguished learning, and of exemplary piety, candour, and humility. He was born at Dublin 1580, and died March 21st, 1656. He published a Body of Divinity, Antiquities of the British Churches, Sacred Chronology, &c. i. 1. xi. 21. xxiv. 30.

Wendelin Marck Fredericus, a Professor of Divinity in the 17th Century. He wrote a large System, a Compend of Divinity, and other works. iii. 17.

Xavier, Francis, a famous Jesuit of the 16th Century, commonly called the Apostle of the Indians, a man of great resolution and sagacity, who propagated the Popish religion over a great part of the continent of India, and several of the islands. He set sail for India 1522, died 1552, and was interred at Goa. He wrote a “ History of Christ” in Persian, including a number of fables. Diss. xiv. 22.

XENOPHON, a celebrated Grecian philosopher, commander, and historian. He was a disciple of Socrates, and wrote “Memorable things" of that Moralist. xix. 26.

XIPALINUS, John, Patriarch of Constantinople in the 11th Century, author of an Abridgment in Greek of the History of Dion Cassius. xvi. 5.

ZANCHI, GIROLAMO, a celebrated Italian Protestant. He was born at Alzano 1516, became Professor at Strasburg 1553, removed to Heidelberg 1568, and died at Hamburg 1590. He wrote a number of books in Divinity. vi. 15. vii. 22.

ZOROASTER, or ZERDUSHT, the Reformer of the ancient religion of the Magi, generally supposed to have flourished in the reign of Darius Hystaspis. Fragments of a book entitled “ The Oracles of Zoroaster" are still extant; but some consider them as the work of a Platonist of the 2d Century. It is thought there was another Zoroaster, who lived at a far earlier period.


Quoted or referred to in the Nores.

The Numeral Letters denote the Volume ; the Figures the Notes.

Addison, Joseph, Vol. i. 47.- Beza, Vol. i. 14, 22, 31, 38, 41,
ii. 86.

43, 48, 56, 58, 64, 68, 70.
Aikin, Dr John, i. 21, 23.- -ii. 21, 29, 30, 39, 48, 55,
ü. 11, 32.

60, 74, 82.
Ambrose, i. 31, 33.

Bingham, Joseph, i. 3, 65.
Amyrault, Moses, i. 34. Booth, Rev. Abraham, i. 16.
Anselm, i. 23.

Boston, Rev. Thomas, late Eta
Arndius, Josua, i. 33.

terick, i. 12, 16, 42, 44.—
Arnot, Rev. William, late Ken- ii. 7, 51, 72.
noway, i. 59.

Boyle, Honourable Robert, i
Associate Presbytery, i. 16. 25.

Synod, ü. 28. Bradbury, Rev. Thomas, i. 5,
Augustine, üi. 65, 66, 67. 8, 33, 39.

Brown, Rev.John, Haddington,
Balmer, Rev. Robert, ü. 82. i. 16, 31, 39, 44.-ii. 59.
Barrow, Dr Isaac, ü. 56, 57,

Rev. John, Whitburn,
Baxter, Rev. Richard, ii. 17. i. 16, 17, 44.
Beart, Mr John, i. 16, 27, 62.

Rev. John, Edinburgh,
ii. 75.

i. 62.
Beattie, Dr James, ii. 32. Brydone, Captain, i. 48.
Beausobre, Isaac de, ii. 84. Burnet, Bishop, ii. 17.
Bell, Rev. Thoznas, late Glas- Burns, Major General, i. 48.

gow, i. 11, 17, 41, 42, 44, Buxtorf, i. 19.

59.-ii. 75.
Bengel, i. 31.

Calvin, i. 8, 12, 21, 31, 38,
Bennet, Rev. George, i. 21. 41, 43, 44, 55, 70, 71.-ii.
Berridge, Rev. John, A.M. i. 44. 2, 3, 4, 22, 26, 35, 46, 47,
Beveridge, Bishop, i. 52.

48, 74.

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