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could, after all, by any distortion, have squeezed any thing of this sort from my words ? You not only assume this as an undoubted truth, but to let us know that you are no less a censorious expounder than a busy calumniator, you also remark, “if I am not mistaken, I have smelt out the disguised - reason, why you reduce Greek learning and its professors to their proper rank" Namely, as Salmasius was eminently skilled in the Greek tongue, and as I had resolved at any rate to disparage tbe authority of this man, I referred Greek learning, “his dominion," (please the gods)“ to the lowest rank." Who will say now, that you are not equally dexterous at divining as at calumniating? But, most sagacious sir, it was not my disguised reason, but only your own pblegm, that you smelt out : for my contest with Salmasius was no more about the Greek learning than the Greek calends. I did not think that he deserved to be tormented and bumbled either for his Grecian or Roman learning, but for the weight of his authorities and arguments.

Hence, because you are glad to make all manner of shifts, that you may avoid saying any thing to the purpose, as you formerly went out of your way to praise poverty, so do you now make a most ridiculous digression to the praises of Greek learning; in which, as I am no novicemas I, if any one, value it at the highest priee-you could, in truth, have invented nothing more absurd, more inconsistent, than that I hold Grecian learning in contempt. I did not say that Grecian learning was a disgrace to you, but that you were a disgrace to it. But alınost your invariable plan is--when you are not busied with fictitious crimes, that you may not appear to be struck quite dumb, you feign something or other which I bave imputed to you as a crime, or insert any foolish and groundless tales

about me, seizing those first for refutation which have never been told. Here it is that you make your clamour, that you raise your uproar, that you make your boasts. If I accuse you of adultery, I despise poverty, forsooth; and you have to defend poverty against me with your whole stock of arguments. If I convict yop of fornication, then I disparage Grecian learning; and you niust oppose the disparagement of Grecian learning. Thus you try to elude truth by fiction, that you may be able to hide in this smoke you have raised your disgraceful flight, and the shame and silence of a criminal so justly condemned. But while you thus artfully extol Greek learning, see what offence you bave given to Latin learning ; see, your own “ Latin liver” is not sufficiently sound*. “When shall we have an end(you ask)ofyour spittings and slapst!” Indeed now you deserve a masculine slap for this solecism: for it is not to be wondered at, that you are backward to acknowledge those to have been feminine slaps, of which you have felt so many.

But let us dismiss these things ; they are both trifling and stale. More is now suddenly become a new man. He is even now about to return to sanity. He has taken a step of two. A little more veracious, a little mure candid, be passes from the rhetoric of the devil (for this is the appellation he above gives to calumny) to the rhetoric of Julian. “ Milton (says he) you have conquered.” Vanquished by truth, you have uttered. this expression, I suppose, like him before you, lest you should not appear, in all respects, an apustate sufficiently near of kiw.. But take care you do not presently dilute

* The author intimates, here, that More in his choler speaks. bad latin, + Alaporum for alaparum,

avith a lye, like victuallers, what is sincere.

“ Here is your criminal (say you) making his confession." Here is a criminal indeed; but he makes no confession; unless .that be considered as confessed which you have passed over in silence : for, in this way, you confess that you published an infamous libel against us, that you dedikated it to our enemy, that you injured, in a most scandalous manner, the commonwealth of England, and myself in particular, though still unhurt; in this way, in fine, you confess the whole of that Geneva tale From this prevarication, you betake yourself to a kind of praying artfully composed; or it should be called the dast dying confession of your public faith, to which you call God to witness--a tremendous witness, I own, and judge. You confess niany things, lament many things even sips which are “ by far the niost grievous of sins," but wbich do not at all concern us because they are sentirely concealed, and to us are still unconfessed. Yes, could you have prevailed upon yourself to pray even for these, in secret, and with closed doors, as you bad before been accustomed to sin, I should indeed have commended you, and have encouraged you to hope for God's kindness and mercy. Now, as I find you praying here in the open street, I cannot but think that these prayers, these last gasps, as it were, of your prostrate public faith were addressed to men, more than to Gud, “I call thee O God, to witness, whether men do not see in this heart what thou seest not.” What a plain and honest confese sion! Nay, what could you have devised more dark; more cautious, more lawyerly? for it would seem, that either you must bave employed no less than ten lawyers, or have been under the most dreadful apprehensions. For what does this amount to, I pray?" Whether mer do not see in this heart.” What do men see in tbe

"I am,

heart? We have need here of Delius the diver, and yet could he see what any one should see in the heart? I relate openly things which have been done, heard, seen, testified ; which no one could say are my calumnies, without the greatest of caluninies. indeed, far baser (you say) than they even pretend, on account of those numberless hidden crimes, of which, according to you, I am really guilty.” Thus you try to deface and wash out what is known with what is unknown, what is clear with what is bidden. You confess there are things which are obseure, uncertain, concealed, that, with the greater impudence you may be able to deny them, when explored, when made certain and manifest. At last you stoop so low as, to pen con-. cerning yourself this confession (which is little short of an infamous libel) tbat you may the more easily evade the just accusation of others. Beware how you think these and such-like things will avail with God: for certain it is, that they will not avail with men derate sagacity. But if lashed, as you have long been, and as you say yourself, by the tongues and the reproaches ‘of all men, you have at length repented indeed, and returned to a better course of life, I rejoice at it! We will believe your repentance to be sincere, when we shall learn that you have repented of your injuries, of your infamous slander against us.


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Consilium dedimus Syllæ, demus populo nunc.

ALTHOUGH, since the writing of this treatise, the face of things hath had some change, writs for new elections have been recalled, and the members at first chosen readmitted from exclusion; yet not a little rejoicing to hear declared the resolution of those who are in power, tending to the establishment of a free cominonwealth, and to remove, if it be possible, this noxious humour of returning to bondage, instilled of late by some deceivers, and nourished from bad principles and false apprehensions among too many of the people; I thought best not to suppress what I had written, hoping that it may now be of much more use and concernment to be freely published, in the midst of our elections to

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