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1. Gradual progress to agreement in scientific matters .
2. All nations agree in recognising the existence of a God
3. All civilized nations agree in recognising some form of Chris-

tianity.

4. But they differ as to the form or mode of Christianity .

5. Causes of the existence of numerous Christian churches and

sects

6. The various Christian sects remain distinct, and do not tend

to an agreement

7. Attempts which have been made to bring about an agreement

in Christian belief.

8. One portion of the Christian world makes the teaching of the

true church the standard of religious truth
9. Differences of opinion as to the marks of the true church .

10. Differences of opinion as to the organs of the true church

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17.

CHAPTER VIII.

ON THE RELATION OF THE

PRINCIPLE OF

AUTHORITY

TO THE

DEMOCRATIC PRINCIPLE, AND TO

THE REPRESENTATIVE SYSTEM

OF GOVERNMENT.

1. The theory of aristocratic government is founded on the prin-

ciple of Special Fitness.

249

2. Objections to this theory as applied to government.

255

3. The numerical principle of government is controlled in various

ways by the principle of Special Fitness .

261

4. Especially through the system of political representation. 267

.

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