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LIVY

BOOKS XXI. AND XXII.

HANNIBAL'S FIRST CAMPAIGN

IN ITALY.

EDITED

WITH INTRODUCTIONS, NOTES, APPENDICES,

AND MAPS,

BY THE

Rev. W. W. CAPES,
FELLOW OF HERTFORD COLLEGE, AND READER

IN ANCIENT HISTORY, OXFORD.

London:
MACMILLAN AND CO.

AND NEW YORK.

1889

(The Right of Translation is reserved.]

HARVARD COLLEGE LIBRARY
FROM THE ESTATE OF
PHILIP ROBINSON
NOV. 20, 1933

Printed by C. 7. CLAY, at the University Press,

Cambridge, August 1878. Reprinted 1879, 1880, 1881, 1883, 1884, 1887, 1889. PREFACE

THE text of Livy which is here adopted is a reprint of Madvig's, whose Emendationes Liviance discuss most of the important variations from the common text. To that work therefore reference is made when Madvig's authority or arguments are mentioned in the notes.

In matters of Latinity the commentary of Fabri, as enlarged by Heerwagen, has been found most useful, especially the illustrations drawn from Latin authors. Weissenborn's notes for German schools are quoted only (as W) when they contain information which is not to be found in earlier commentators.

In questions of etymology most stress is laid upon the views of Corssen in his Aussprache, Vocalismus, U. Betonung der Lateinischen Sprache. For the subjects treated specially in the Introductions and Appendices the chief authorities are in each case mentioned; others have often been referred to, but it has not been thought desirable to crowd the notes with names.

BRAMSHOTT,

August, 1878.

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