The Indonesian Parliament and Democratization
Democratization in Indonesia has altered the political decision-making processes in many ways. It has also brought about tremendous change to the role of the Indonesian parliament in the country's political system. Once characterized as a powerless rubber stamp, the parliament has developed into a comprehensive and more representative body able to fulfil its functions more adequately. In the literature on democratic transition, the impact of parliaments on regime changes and on the democratic reorganization of the most important state institutions and regulations is usually neglected. In the Indonesian case, however, the national parliament was one of the most decisive actors and is therefore the focus of this book. The author analyses the parliament's contribution towards the process of democratization. Thus, this book contributes not only to research on the Indonesian democratization process, but also to the comparative research on parliaments in transition processes in general.
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1945 Constitution 1999 elections Abdurrahman Wahid Aberson Marle Sihaloho ABRI According actors Akbar Tandjung Amien Rais armed forces Article authoritarian order authoritarian regime bills budget candidates cent committee constitutional amendments corruption critical debate democracy democratic consolidation democratic transition democratization period democratization process Dijk Dimyati Hartono DPR Chairman DPR members DPR’s economic executive function of parliament Golkar faction government’s groups Harmoko important Indonesian parliament institutions Jakarta Post Online Jakob Tobing Ketetapan MPR Kompas Kurniawan Hari laws leaders leadership legislature legitimacy major Megawati Soekarnoputri military MPR Decision MPR session November O’Donnell and Schmitter Orde Baru oversight function Pancasila parliamentary government systems Party Law PDI-P faction political parties political system President Habibie President Suharto President Wahid proportional election system reform reformasi regime change representation representative function result role rules seats Sembiring Meliala Slamet Effendy Yusuf social Suharto transition process undang-undang vote voters
Page 19 - Perhaps the most common generalization linking political systems to other aspects of society has been that democracy is related to the state of economic development. The more well-to-do a nation, the greater the chances that it will sustain democracy.
Page 25 - Civil society" can be defined as: the realm of organized social life that is voluntary, self-generating, (largely) self-supporting, autonomous from the state, and bound by a legal order or set of shared rules.
Page 25 - society" in general in that it involves citizens acting collectively in a public sphere to express their interests, passions, and ideas, exchange information, achieve mutual goals, make demands on the state, and hold state officials accountable.