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corporeal constitution, considerable powers of application, he has been very serviceable in promoting the adopted system of exclusion, by el bowing out all strangers and interlopers. He is, in short, the Cerberus to this minor hell, and denies entrance to all but the ghosts of the damned, and the privileged members of the Plutean family. He has the usual vices of upstarts-low cunning, vulgarity, rudeness, slavish pliability of principles; and having, in the regular course of such an official career, become charged with the superintendance of a considerable department, the whole of these amiable qualities are at this moment in full activity. He is prompt to a degree bordering on the miraculous, in diverting every important occurrence to his own advantage, either as the means of attracting the notice of his superiors, or of seizing, as his own peculiar property, the fruits of the industry and talents of the gentlemen who are so unfortunate as to be placed under his orders: his language, when he may safely permit it to luxuriate in the ear of vulgar familiarity, would be strictly suitable to that class of society in the Western Peninsula, who, in their own significant idiom, are said to be continually "hartos de ajos;" his address is starched, constrained, and awkward, in the presence of the higher agents of government, and rude and insolent towards those of less official rank than himself; and he is zealous to a fault, even in the eyes of his employers, in perfecting all the petty devilries of state-craft. Such is Plumbeus-broad-shouldered, ungrammatical Plumbeus-who, by virtue of the aforesaid patronage, by dint of perseverance, the silent lapse of time, and the indolence of others, whose work, provided it be sufficiently profitable, he is always willing to undertake, has contrived to elevate himself into the post of the indispensable drudge of the higher powers, who, from the frequency of the practice, have at length contracted the habit of throwing, from time to time, into his mouth, (always faithfully open,) some rich, but, peradventure, half-picked bone, as a reward for his servile and knavish exertions.
Terræfilius is a person of a somewhat different stamp. In 1799 he entered the office in the humble capacity of an extra clerk, with a salary of five shillings per diem; at present he enjoys one of its superior posts; and he but recently_relinlinquished his seat in the Senate, which he held for ten years. Unquestionably, the advantage of possessing talents of a very respectable order has contributed to his elevation; but he is mainly indebted to circumstances which were wholly fortuitous; and the chief defects of his character and conduct are attributable to his neglect, while estimating the extent of his acquisitions, of separating the chance-gifts of fortune from the dearer fruits of personal exertion-a mental process, no doubt calculated to act as a salutary check upon his superb spirit, and inspire into his breast some respect for his less-fortunate fellow-labourers. The "insolence of office" peculiar to this exalted personage is so much the more grating, as it is more than usually refined. It is of that species which delights less in kicks than in jumps; it prompts him to stride "proudly unobservant" over the palpable head of a passing acquaintance, with the glorious feelings of a being raised by innate merit and extraordinary accidents above the common lot of humanity. At one time numbered with the lowest, he now disdains to appear cognizant even of the existence of an order of men so widely removed from his present official rank: in spite of the evidence afforded by the experience of his own case, he affects to consider it impossible that any individual among them should possess respectable talents; he leaves them, therefore, with undisguised contempt, unpitied and unredressed, to the mercy, or rather the oppression, of parvenus of even less feeling than himself.
A grand era is rapidly approaching, when the petty grievance here adverted to will be swept away, together with others of greater moral importance. Tyranny is too tenacious of its prey to be wholly dislodged before the lapse of large period of time: it lurks in a thousand obscure corners, long after its over
throw upon the more prominent ground on which it first attracted the attention and indignation of mankind. But it will finally be effec tually suppressed; for after its discomfiture on the great public stage, every succeeding defeat within its weaker entrenchments must hasten, with tenfold force, the great catas trophe. The insolence of office must be acknowledged to be something more than an injury which affects only the feelings of the mind: it is a component part of a general system of positive wrong and oppression, of a deprivation of right, as it affects both the happiness and fortunes of the injured party. It is never dispensed but by the vile and unfeeling, it is never inflicted but upon the helpless victims of misdirected power. It is, therefore, of that class of evils which it is an especial effect of an advanced stage of civilization to overthrow.
Having predicted the eventual decline of a species of wrong so hard to be assailed, because so generally overlooked, we are, in conclusion, to advert to the means by which that effect is to be accomplished. The Press will take the lead in this as in other salutary improvements; but its full attainment must be preceded by a complete reformation of the mode of conducting the public business. After all the multifarious discussions upon the subject of official abuses, it is astonishing how little has in reality been hitherto done towards this end: mismanagement of the grossest kind still prevails throughout the various departments; and there has not even an approximation been made towards an enlightened system of official economy and regulation. Commissioners, comp
trollers, secretaries,-the middle men between the great lords of office and the inferior workmen,-are still in possession of inordinate, but concealed, unobserved power: their respective departments are kept in expensive disorder, in subservience to their interested purposes; unnecessary business is designedly in constant course of accumulation; and as an inevitable consequence of a practice having its foundation in fraud and deceit, pride, partiality, and cupidity are engendered and encouraged, making altogether that complicated description of grievance denominated the "insolence of office." Where an abuse so deteriorative of public economy still subsists, after all the bustle and parade it has from time to time created, sufficient proof is shewn of the peculiar inadequacy of the means by which it has hitherto been attempted to be destroyed. The fact is, Parliamentary inquiries, upon matters of this nature, conducted, as they too frequently are, under the controul of a machinery impervious to the public eye, are altogether fruitless of good effects, and only serve to perpetuate the old system of deception and mismanagement. But it is impossible long to delude an enlightened age by expedients as shallow as they are iniquitous a better day must at length arrive,-one less notorious for what in vulgar parlance is called political humbug, more sincerely favourable to improvement; and perhaps no surer ineans can be devised of hastening its introduction, than frequent and seasonable appeals to the Press, which are never entirely destitute of utility, even when they appear in the slight form of desultory Essays, of which the present is a feeble and unworthy example.
WORKS PREPARING FOR PUBLICATION.
Speedily will be published, an Account of the Royal Hospital and Collegiate Church of St. Katharine, near the Tower of London, by J. B. Nichols, F.S.A. F.L.S.
The Second Part of the Modern History of Wiltshire, containing the Hundred of Heytesbury, by Sir R. C. Hoare, Bart. is printing.
The Czar, an historical tragedy, by J. Cradock, Esq. M.A. F.S.A. formerly of Gumley, in Leicestershire, will appear in a few days.
A Selection of the most remarkable Trials and Criminal Causes is printing, in Sve volumes. It will include all famous cases, from that of Lord Cobham, in the reign of Henry the Fifth, to that of John Thurtell; and those connected with foreign as well as English jurisprudence.
Shortly will be published, a Grammar of the Coptic or Ancient Egyptian Language, by the Rev H. Tattam, A.M. F.R.S.L. chaplain to the English Church at Amsterdam.
A Supplement to the London Catalogue ef Books, published since October 1822 to the present time, will appear about August.
The Rev. T. Arnold, M. A. late fellow of Oriel College, Oxford, has been for many years employed in writing a History of Rome, from the earliest Times to the Death of the Emperor Marcus Aurelius. The first volume, from the Rise of the Roman State to the formation of the second Triumvirate, A.U.C. 710, B.C. 44, will soon be published.
The Butterfly-Collector's Vade Mecum, or a Synoptical Table of English ButterЯies, illustrated with coloured plates, in a pocket volume, is in the press.
Shortly will be published, in two volumes, uniformn with the French Classics, and with an authentic portrait of M. Jouy, engraved by E. Scriven, Le Petit Hermite, ou Tableau des Mœurs Parisiennes, extracted from "L'Hermite de la Chaussé d'Antin," "Le Franc-parleur," "L'Hermite de la Guïane," and "L'Hermite en Prison," with explanatory notes, and an essay on the life and writ. ings of M. Jouy, by L. T. Ventouillac, editor of the "Choix de Classiques Français."
A Diagram illustrative of the Formation of the Hunan Character, suggested by Mr Owen's development of a new view of society, will speedily be published.
Dr Forbes, of Chichester, will shortly publish his Translation of Avenbrugger, and a series of original cases and dissec. tions, illustrating the utility of the Stethoscope and Percussion.
M. Laennec is preparing for publication, a new edition of his celebrated Treatise on Mediate Auscultation, with considerable alterations and improvements. In consequence, Dr Forbes has postponed the second edition of his translation.
Speedily will be published, an Enquiry into the Duties and Perplexities of Medical Men as Witnesses in Courts of Justice, with cautions and directions for their guidance, by J. G. Smith, M.D.
The Scotsman's Library, announced in a former Number, will be ready in August.
The Mechanic's Oracle, or Artizan's complete Laboratory and Workshop, is in the press.
The Hermit in Italy, or Observations on the Manners and Customs of the Italians at the Commencement of the Nineteenth Century, will soon appear.
A Chronological History of the West Indies is announced, by Capt. Thomas Southey, commander, Royal Navy, in three volumes, octavo.
A Compendium of Medical Theory and Practice, founded on Dr Cullen's Nosology, which will be given as a Text-book, and a translation annexed, is in preparation, by D. Uwins, M.D.
Tales of a Traveller, by the Author of theSketch Book," and "Knickerbocker's New York," will appear in a few days.
A Tale of Paraguay, by R. Southey, LL.D. &c. is announced.
Speedily will be published, Memoirs of the Rose, comprising botanical, poetical, and miscellaneous recollections of that celebrated flower; in a series of letters to a lady.
Patmos, and other poems, are in the press, by James Edmeston, author of "Sacred Lyrics."
Specimens (selected and translated) of the Lyric Poetry of the Minessingers, of the reign of Frederick Barbarossa and the succeeding emperors of the Suabian dynasty, with historical, critical, and biographical remarks are in the press.
Elements of Algebra, compiled from Garnier's French translation of Leonard Euler, and arranged so as to form a complete System of Elementary Instruction in the First Part of Algebra, by C. Tayler, N
Downing College, Cambridge, will soon appear.
Muscologia Britannica, containing the Mosses of Great Britain and Ireland systematically arranged and described, by W. J. Hooker, F.R.S. A.S.L. &c. and T. 'Taylor, M.D. M.R.I.A. and F.L.S. &c. is preparing, in octavo, with plates.
Speedily will be published, Rothelan, a Tale of the English Histories, in 3 vols. 12mo. by the author of "Ringan Gilhaize," "The Spaewife," &c. &c.
Nearly ready, in one volume post 8vo., a Practical Guide to English Composition; or, a comprehensive System of English Grammar, Criticism, and Logic; arranged and illustrated upon a new and improv. ed Plan; containing apposite Principles, Rules, and Examples, for writing correct. ly and elegantly on every subject; adapted to the use of Schools and of Private Students. By the Rev. Peter Smith, A. M.
In a few weeks will be published, 8vo. Mathematical Tables; containing im proved Tables of Logarithms of Numbers, Logarithmic Sines, Tangents, and Secants; together with a number of others, useful in Practical Mathematics, Astronomy, Navigation, Engineering, and Business; preceded by a copious Introduction, embracing their Explanation, and Rules and Formulæ for their application, with a Collection of appropriate Exercises. By William Galbraith, A.M. Lecturer on Mathematics, Edinburgh.
Mr J. P. Wood has nearly ready for publication, in one volume 12mo., a Life of Law of Lauriston, Projector of the Mississippi Scheme: containing a detailed Account of the Nature, Rise, and Progress, of this extraordinary Joint-Stock Company, with many curious Anecdotes of the Rage for Speculating in its Funds, and the disastrous Consequences of its Failure.
OLD MANUSCRIPT. The Rev. Wil liam Kell, B.D. has in the press, "Practical Discourses upon Sinceritie," written in the year 1656 : now first printed from the Original Manuscript. In one volume
A Stereotype Edition of Sallust, for the use of Schools, with English Notes at the foot of the page, and a Historical and Geographical Iudex at the end of the volume, by Mr Dymock, Glasgow, will be published in a few days.
Preparing for publication, a Guide to
the Lord's Table, in the Catechetical Form; to which are added, an Address to Applicants for Admission to it, and some Meditations to assist their Devotions. By the Rev. Henry Belfrage, D.D.
Nearly ready, in post 8vo., a Second Series of the Scrap Book. By John M'Diarmid.
Mr John Malcolm, late of the 42d Regiment, has nearly ready for publication, a volume of Poems in foolscap 8vo, entitled, "The Buccaneer and other Poems."
Shortly will be published, in post Svo., the Life and Administration of Cardinal Wolsey. By John Galt, Esq. Third Edition, greatly improved.
Mrs FRAZER, who some years ago published several popular works under the name of HONORIA SCOTT, has a work nearly ready for the press, entitled "Sweden, or the Counts of Rosenvien; dedicated to his Royal Highness the Duke of Cambridge." We are authorized to state, that the Hermit in Edinburgh," recently advertised in London, is not the work of this Lady; the manuscript she had intended to bring forward for publication under that title having, in consequence, been changed to that of "The Hermit in Scotland."
The Editor of "The Cabinet, or, The Selected Beauties of Literature," is preparing a Second Edition of that work in one volume, crown octavo, which will speedily appear.
Preparing for publication by subscription, the Historical Works of Sir James Balfour of Kinnaird, Lord Lyon King at Arms under Charles I., from the original and hitherto-unpublished Manuscripts preserved in the Library of the Hon. the Faculty of Advocates. This publication will form three large octavo volumes; will be embellished with a Portrait of the Author from an original Picture, and illustrated with a Prefatory Memoir. The first two volumes will contain the Annals of Scotland, which embrace the extensive and important period of our National History, from the Accession of Malcolm III. to the 2d year of the Reign of Charles I. or 1640. The third volume will consist of the Minor Works of the author, illustrative of Scottish History. The impression will be limited to 500 copies, printed with a new set of Types, on Wove Paper of the finest quality. The Work will be sent to press so soon as the names of a sufficient number of Subscribers are received. The price to Subscribers will not exceed L.22s. Fifty copies will be struck off on an Extra Fine Paper.
MONTHLY LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
Part I. of Longman and Ca's Catalogue of Old Books, comprising a Collec tion of Works in various Classes of Literature, in all Languages, including some recent importations from the Continent. 28.
Life of the Right Rev. Jeremy Taylor, D.D. with a Critical Examination of his Writings. By Reginald Heber, D.D. Lord Bishop of Calcutta. 2 vols. post 8vo. with portrait. 15s. boards.
Biography of Celebrated Roman Chàracters, with Anecdotes illustrative of their Lives and Actions. By the Rev. William Bingley. 12ino. 7s. boards.
The Life and Remains of Edward Daniel Clarke, LL.D. Professor of Mineralogy, Cambridge; Author of Travels. By the Rev. W. Otter, A.M. 4to. £.33s.
The Life of Shakspeare; Enquiries into the Originality of his Dramatic Plots and Characters, and Essays on the Ancient Theatres and Theatrical Usages. By Augustine Skottowe, Esq. 2 vols. 8vo. 4.11s. boards.
Middle Ages: with Historical Notes,and Minor Poems. By Randolph FitzEustace. 8vo. 10s. 6d.
Part I. of the Etymologic Interpreter ; or an Explanatory and Pronouncing Dic• tionary of the English Language: to which is prefixed an Introduction, containing a full Development of the Princi ples of Etymology and Grainınar, &c. By James Gilchrist. 8vo. 8s.
The Child's Monitor; or Select Rules for Spelling the English Language, with a few simple Questions in English Gram. mar and Arithmetic. 1s.
The English Spelling Book, arranged on a Plan entirely New; by which an Ac2 curate Pronunciation of the English Language may be more easily acquired, and the Formation and Construction of Words more indelibly fixed on the Minds of Youth, than by any other work of the same kind. By W. Eley, master of the Free Grammar School, Rolleston. 12mo, 1s. 6d.
Historical Sketch of the Progress of Discovery, Navigation, and Commerce, from the earliest Records to the Beginning of the Nineteenth Century. By William Stevenson, Esq. 8vo. 14s.
The History of London; or interesting Memorials of its Rise, Progress, and Present State. By Sholto and Reuben Percy. 3 vols. 18mo. 16s. extra boards.
MEDICINE AND SURGERY. Observations on Acute Rheumatism and its Metastasis to the Heart, &c. By T. Cox, M.D. 8vo. 4s.
An Essay on Mineral, Animal, and Vegetable Poisons; in which the Symptoms, Mode of Treatment, and Tests of each particular poison, with the general Morbid Appearances on Dissection, are concisely detailed, with coloured plates. 32mo. 3s. 6d.
Observations on the History and Treatment of the Ophthalmią accompanying the Secondary Forms of Lues Venerea, illus. trated by Cases and a coloured plate. By T. Hewson, A.B. 8vo.
The Surgical Anatomy of the Arteries of the Human Body, designed for the use of Students in the Dissecting Room. By R. Harrison, A.B.S.C.D. 12mo. 58 bound.
An Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology, for the use of Medical Students and Men of Letters. By T. Sandwith, Surgeon. 12mo. with plates. 9s. boards,