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Son of God;" but likeness is not identity. I that both in his person and priesthood he (3) It is said that after the similitude of was intended to be an apt and lively repreMelchisedec there ariseth another priest;" sentation of the person and priesthood of but if Melchisedec were Jesus Christ him. God's everlasting Son. To name no more, self, how could Christ be after the similitude though more might be named, the sacerof Melchisedec ? Was he made after his dotal and royal offices united in the person own similitude? (4) “Every high priest of Melchisedec, whose order implied à royal must be taken from among men;" but if descent. Melchisedec were Jesus Christ that could We can give no opinion upon what is not have been the case, for Christ had no asserted to be an obscure rendering of the material substance till born of the Virgin. Greek versions in reference to the “ order (5) Paul's aim is to show an analogy be of Melchisedec;" but in the “Peschito," tween the priesthood of Melchisedec and as translated by the late Mr. Etheridge, and the priesthood of Christ, making one typical sold by Mr. Stewart, King William-street, of the other; but if Melchisedec were Jesus Charing-cross, verses second and third of Christ, Jesus Christ must have been a type chap. vii., are thus given : “Now his name, of himself, which is contrary to an admitted being expounded (is) the King of Rightcanon in typology that no type can typify | eousness; and again Malek-Sholem, which itself. (6) Paul mentions the order of Mel is King of Peace. Whose father and mother chisedec, and says Christ was made a priest are not written in the genealogies ; neither after the order of Melchisedec, and not the beginning of his days nor the concluafter Aaron. The word bere translated sion of his life ; but in the likeness of the order is from a verb that signifies to appoint, son of Aloha standeth his priesthood for settle, dispose ; and is applied to setting ever.” That is to say, neither the type nor officers of war in their places, Luke vii. 8 ; the antitype was of priestly descent. Both to the ordinations of grace, Acts xiii. 48; Melchisedec and Christ belonged to the to a decent management of church affairs, order of kings. One was king of Salem, 1 Cor. xiv. 40; to the order of Christian the other was of the royal line of David; life, Col. ii. 5, and implies in this place a so that they were priests of the same order, distinct kind of priesthood ordained and namely, the royal order, in distinction from arranged by Divine authority. There are the priestly. The type was drawn by the but two kinds of typical priesthoods men Spirit of God; and as it was drawn so it tioned in Scripture-Melchisedec's and must stand. Aaron's. The first supplied a more illus We have occasionally commended Mr. trious type than the second. It had Odling's publications, or some of them; and peculiarities and excellencies which the though in the present work he has laboured Aaronic priesthood never exhibited. And under a mistake, he has nevertheless given although it is true that whatever was utterance to some charming truths respectessential to the priesthood of Aaron, was ing the antiquity of the person, power, and exemplified in the priesthood of Christ, it glory of the Son of God. Mr. Odling is a is equally true that seeing one priesthood Pre-existerian ; and persons embracing that had a character of eminency, as an ordained doctrine, not having read Bishop Fowler, type, which the other had not, the Son of Flavel, Castrell, Hussey, Allen, Murray, or God should be made a priest after the order Stevens only-may safely purchase his of Melchisedec, and not after Aaron. book.

As for example : Melchisedec was made a priest by the word and appointment of Strict Baptist Mission.—This is the eighth God, without any external ceremony-his | annual report of a foreign mission for priesthood did not arise from descent or | preaching the gospel in distant countries pedigree, for he has no recorded genealogy, as it is exhibited by a group of churches and nothing more is to be predicated of united for that purpose. It is of recent him than the Scripture notices. Designed | date, as its report evinces, and differs from omissions are instructive.-It did not arise other missions both as to what it is and out of the law of primogeniture, for he is what it is not. As for instance ; it is not said to be without father and without a society, or such an organization as passes mother.-Nor did his priesthood commence under that name; but a local combination or terminate at any fixed age, for his age is of a few churches in distinction from the not given, and he was never superannuated, central organization of a denominational being a priest all his life, as set forth in | body. Again, it is not worked by paid the Scriptures; and as designed omissions agencies, such as secretaries, traveīling are evidences of God's order, the omission agents, collectors, &c.; all labour is gratuof the death of this mysterious personage itously performed, so that every farthing witnesseth that he liveth, typically; and finds its way to its object-bating the slight expenditure of printing and public This “Strict Baptist Mission,” which is meetings : a plan so simple, so scriptural, now an established fact, is working so economical, and so facile, as to require admirably, and we see no reason why the neither defence nor commendation. It principle should not be tried throughout also differs from those missionary societies the country. Why, for instance, might not which seek the conversion of the whole local combinations be forthwith commenced world, and adapt their doctrines and teach at Cambridge, Chatteris, St. Neot's, Wellingings to that end. This inission recognizesborough, Norwich, Grundisburgh, Wattis. the cardinal doctrines of unconditional ham, and other places? What doth hinder? election, particular redemption, and | Many are waiting for the means of making effectual vocation through the person, a free grace gospel known in foreign parts, office, and saving acts of the Holy Ghost; and would hail with pleasure the existence thus rendering the gospel instrumentally | of churches grouped in fraternal union for efficacious to as many as the Lord our God missionary work, which is the privilege and shall call,-keeping distinctly in view the duty of every Christian Church. Let the ordinations of sovereign grace, the wisdom | trial be made. of means and ends, and the triumphs of our great Redeemer in gathering out of the Baptist Tract Society, instituted in 1841. world a people for his praise. Nor does it -This is a society, perhaps worked as ignore Divine authority in institutional economically and as efficiently as an organworship; but requires faith and baptism in ization of the kind can be. "We are glad all participants of the Lord's supper. In to see by the report that this needed insti. these respects, and a few others, it differs tution is in a healthy state, and is keeping from all denominational organizations for up an ample supply of tracts on Strict foreign labours in its principle of associa- ! Communion principles. We may just say tion, its mode of action, and its intercourse, that some of the tracts are well and ably with the agents it employs, and from most written, many go at once to the point with missionary societies in the doctrinal forms of telling effect, and but few, that we know Divine truth it presents, while it stands out of, contain objectionable matter. We in open contrast to the Baptist Missionary commend it to tract distributors, and wish Society which has abandoned-if it ever it great success. held--the principle of Strict communion.



servants did, throughout his discourses,

endeavour to build up and confirm all the The ninth anniversary of Zoar Chapel Lord's dear people. was held on July 7th. Mr. Sampford, Mr. Sampford, the pastor, has laboured pastor, commenced the service by giving hard in the cause ; there was a debt on the out

chapel of four hundred pounds that has “Arise, 0 King of grace, arise.”

been paid off in eight years, and now we

are free from that burden; and what Mr. Mr. Flack preached in the morning from | Flack preached from I am sure is quite 1 Sam. vii. 12, a text very suitable for the true,–*. Hitherto the Lord has helped us." occasion. He had known the cause from its

W. R. D. rise to the present, and could say by experi. ence, “ Hitherto the Lord hath helped iis.” Mr. Stringer preached in the afternoon GLEMSFORD, SUFFOLK. from Eph. ii. 21, 22; showing that with

On Lord's-day, August 8th, the Sabbathout our precious Christ the building would

school anniversary sermons were preached be nothing. Ho spoke of Him as the

by Mr. F. Shaw, of Over. The attendance foundation—the chief corner-stone, in

and collections were good. We hope better whom we are builded together for an habit

days are in store for our friends at Glemsation of God through the Spirit. After ford. the service, about one hundred partook of tea, and they all appeared to be happy and satisfied. Mr. Bowles, of Hertford, read

BAPTISMS. and prayed ; Mr. Stringer preached from COTTENHAM AND OVER, CAMBS. - In the 1 Cor. i. 7, 8, and he spoke most blessedly river at Over Court, three by Mr. F. Shaw, upon the confirming, and who it was that on July 28th ; also two by Mr. G. Pung, did confirm, so that he, like all God's sent 'from Cottenham.




Baptist Record.



Vol. VIII.

OCTOBER, 1869.

No. 94.

Expositions and Essays.

The substance of a Sermon preached at Chesham, Bucks, on Lord's-day evening,

August 29, 1869.

“ Be sober, be vigilant, because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking

whom he may devour."-1 PETER v. 8,

GRACIOUS and spiritual exhortations are as important in their place, as are the great doctrines, promises, and invitations of the glorious gospel, although they are and may be ignored by some highflying professors of religion ; for it is very evident, both the Lord Jesus Christ and all the apostles, dealt very largely with exhortations. If we were to take all the exhortations of the word out of the Epistles, a considerable part would be wanting ; therefore, says Paul to the Hebrews :“And I beseech you, brethren, suffer the word of exhortation ;" and in his Epistles to Timothy and Titus, he urges upon them the necessity of preaching, not only the doctrines and promises of the everlasting gospel, but also the exhortations and precepts of the word. “These things," says Paul to Titus, “I will that thou affirm constantly, that they which have believed in God might be careful to maintain good works.” “These things are good and profitable unto men.” “These things teach and exhort; and if any man teach otherwise, and consent not to wholesome words, even to the words of our Lord Jesus Christ, and to the doctrine which is according to godliness, he is proud, knowing nothing," &c. It is very evident that the exhortative part of the word of God, is as necessary as the other parts thereof, or we should not have had it, as our God has done nothing and said nothing that is superfluous in his holy word : therefore, “all scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness; that the man of God may be perfect, throughly furnished unto all good works." But while this is the case, it is most important in dealing with the exhortations of the word, that we should address them to the proper characters and enforce them on the right ground. This our dear Lord and Master always did ; for he knew the inmost heart of every one he addressed, and he never addressed spiritual exhortations to the spiritually dead; and so also the apostles we shall find always specified character in the exhortation or reproof, and always urged the strongest motives to obedience. In these two Epistles, for instance, we see how powerful were the arguments used by the apostle while enforcing the exhortations to holiness of walk and conduct. (1 Peter i. 17, 18). “ If ye call on the Father, who, without respect of persons, judgeth according to every man's work, pass the time of your sojourning here in fear : forasmuch as ye know that yo were not redeemed with corruptible things as silver and gold, but with the precious blood of Christ, as of a "lamb without blemish and without spot.” What motives are urged here to holy walking,consider whose you are, how sacred and precious the relationship, and at what an amazing price you have been bought ; also how distinguished from the rest of mankind (see 2nd chapter): “a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation ; that ye should shew forth the praises of him, who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light.” And then again, in urging the exhortations of the word, how necessary it is they should be urged in a gospel spirit! How did the apostles themselves act in this respect? In the first place, through rich grace, they were examples in their own life and conduct, as Paul says, in writing to the Philippian church (Phil. iv. 9): “Those things which ye have both learned, and received, and heard, and seen in me, do, and the God of peace shall be with you.” “I beseech you, therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service (Rom xii. 1); and again in this Epistle, Peter frequently addresses them to whom he wrote as “ dearly beloved,” and uses the same loving Christlike spirit : “I beseech you.” And then again, how able to admonish and administer wholesome exhortations was the apostle Peter! When he wrote this Epistle, he was an elder, a witness of the sufferings of Christ, and also a partaker of the glory that should be revealed : and how very weighty and sufficient, especially from the mouth of Peter, the aged and experienced apostle, was such an exhortation as we have contained in our text, seeing he had learned sobriety in such a sharp and painful, yet profitable school as he did. “Be sober, be vigilant ; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour."

We have in the first place to notice the two-fold exhortation—"Be sober, be vigilant." 2nd. The reason urged by the apostle for sobriety and watchfulness,

because “your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour." 3rd. We have to notice one or two blessings and consoling truths, implied by the language of the text.

In the first place -Sobriety and vigilance. Of course, with respect to the sobriety here mentioned, the apostle is speaking of Christian sobriety, or the sobriety of the mind. These two words “ be sober,” occur more than once or twice in these Epistles of Peter. In the 1st chapter of his 1st Epistle, we find them thus recorded (13th verse), “ Wherefore, gird up your loins of your mind, be sober and hope to the end for the grace that is to be brought unto you at the revelation of Jesus Christ.” In the second place we have the exhortation in the 4 chapter and 7 verse : “But the end of all things is at hand ; be ye therefore sober, and watch unto prayer." What a solemn consideration is urged here to Christian sobriety! and then again in the words before us, “Be sober, be vigilant ; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour.” What, then, is the nature of the sobriety here spoken of ?” We answer, it is the sobriety of the mind." “Young men exhort to be sober-minded : that the aged men be sober.” Sobriety is the opposite of rashness and heedlessness, as levity is the opposite of gravity. When a person is under the influence of drink, literally, certain consequences will be sure to follow. To a certain extent such persons are insensible to danger; they say things which they would not think of saying, and do things they would not do uninfluenced by the drink ; so also the mind under certain influences be

comes intoxicated. How solemn that exhortation to the disciples by the great Lord and Master, and how needful to his followers now! “Take heed to yourselves, lest at any time your hearts be overcharged with surfeiting, and drunkenness, and cares of this life, and so that day coine on you unawares.". Here is spiritual intoxication : it does not speak of the head, but of the heart overcharged either with the cares of the world on the one hand, or the pleasures of the world on the other. What words are here used to represent the state of the Christian's soul, under certain influences,“ surfeiting, drunkenness, and cares." We read of some whose eyes stand out with fatness, who have more than heart can wish. These are the ungodly, I know; but we see the effects of these things on the minds of the ungodly, and we also see one reason why the Lord in love and wisdom, withholds for the most part, much worldly prosperity from his dear people ; for these things are always attended with great snares. “For they that will be rich, fall into temptation and a snare, and into many foolish and hurtful lusts, which drown men in destruction and perdition. For the love of money is the root of all evil, which while some coveted after they have erred from the faith, and pierced themselves through with many sorrows." Oh! worldly prosperity is a slippery place, from whence many have fallen; they have been inebriated or intoxicated by their position, and have fallen from their profession. “Demas hath forsaken me,” said Paul, “having loved this present world.” It was this made the prophet Agur pray as he did : “Give me neither poverty nor riches ; feed me with food convenient for me ; lest I be full and deny thee,......or lest I be poor and steal.” “ Jeshurun waxed fat and kicked.” If much of this world's goods were really beneficial to the souls of God's beloved family, depend upon it, dear hearers, the love of the Father is such, the children would be sure to have it; but he knows best.

“ His thoughts are high, his love is wise,

His wounds a cure intend;
And though he does not always smile,

He loves unto the end." The cares of the world too, as well as its pleasures, alas ! too oft make the poor oppressed heart to reel. When the heart is overcharged with cares and anxieties of this present life, we stagger to and fro like a drunken man, and are at our wits' end ; while the winds blow against us, and the storm rages, and fears rise high, lest we should sink and become a wreck. And both when lifted up with worldly prosperity, or bowed down with a load of adversity, how apt we are, as a person intoxicated, to speak very rashly and impetuously! See the prophet Asaph, in the 73rd Psalm. See poor David. “I said in my haste, All men are liars.” See the prophet Jeremiah, how he expresses himself under the influence of a bad spirit: “Wilt thou be altogether unto me as a liar, and as waters that fail.” See Jonah : “I do well to be angry, even unto death." And even the meek Moses was not free from the sad inflence of unbelief and rebellion : he spake unadvisedly with his lips, when he smote the rock. On the other hand, to be inflated, and lifted up with self, is not to be sober. Oh when self gets the pre-eminence we are in a dangerous position. Pride always goes before destruction, and a haughty spirit before a fall. Thus it was with the apostle Peter. How very confidently he spoke ! “Though all men should forsake thee, yet will not I.” Ah, Peter from this dizzy height of self-confidence fell and broke his bones, and therefore, from a sorrowful, yet from a grace-healed heart he was well qualified to say to those to whom he wrote, “Be sober.” Blessed be God, through rich, sovereign, and almighty grace, Satan's sifting of Peter was all for his good,—the devil gained for his pains what belonged to himself in Peter Peter's false-confidence and pride ; but Peter himself came out much improved by the sifting, to strengthen his brethren, and to warn and spiritually exhort them to beware of self.

“Beware of Peter's word,

Nor confidently say,
I never will deny thee, Lord:

But, Grant I never may." How important, then, the exhortation, and how very neodful ! "Be sober :" sober in thy words, sober in thy judgment of men and things in general Judge not

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