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young fruit attached at the bottom of the flower. This is only necessary in early forcing, while the bees and other winged insects are scarce, particularly the bees, which, by flying from flower to flower to collect honey, convey the farina of the male blossoms to those of the female, which causes the fruit to set more successfully. Although the plants generally succeed better by the above treatment, the seed may be sown in large pots or boxes, to remain for fruiting; by this practice tolerably good early cucumbers are sometimes produced. It is also advisable to sow more seed occasionally, as failures will sometimes happen to these tender plants by mere accident; and by this precaution, if they are not quite so early, the disappointment will not be so great as entirely losing the early season.
EARLY LETTUCES IN FORCING HOUSES.
Par. 69.-Lettuces of different sorts, but particularly the white Cos, may be forwarded for early use in forcing houses, by planting them in the borders any time in winter; but the most successful way to have them in the best per
fection in such places, is to transplant them from warm borders or frames, with some earth to their roots, in January and February, when the forcing is commenced, when they will advance to a tolerably good size, and with moderately good hearts for early use.
PEAS AND BEANS IN FRUIT-TREE FORCING
Par. 70.-Peas and beans may be brought into bearing for early use in tree-fruit forcing houses. The early frame peas and mazagan beans are the sorts usually selected for this purpose. Some may be sown in the borders of the house in November, sowing them in drills a distance from the trees; likewise some may be sown thick in frames, or on a warm border, for transplanting into the borders of the house. These may be sown late in October, or beginning of November; and by this early sowing the plants get considerable strength by the forcing season, and are generally more productive than those sown thick in pots for transplanting. Nevertheless, some may be sown in pots to be trans
planted, if required, in November, December, or January, in a hotbed, (or hothouse, if any in motion,) to forward the plants by the forcing season to an inch or two high, and then transplant them into the borders of the fruit-tree forcing house, as soon as the forcing is commenced, or before; also some may be transplanted into pots, if any convenient front situation can be afforded for them in the house.
Frequent waterings will be necessary, and more so as they advance in bloom and the pods begin to appear; these may be expected to be ready for gathering in April, and sometimes sooner, from those raised very early.
RAISING EARLY, VARIOUS USEFUL ARTICLES FOR CULINARY PURPOSES, IN FORCING HOUSES.
Par. 71. Various useful things may be brought forward for early use, in the different forcing departments, when convenient to afford them room, such as green gooseberries for tarts, and currants for the same, or some to ripen, also rhubarb for the like purpose. Likewise many useful and
favourite herbs, such as mint, tarragon, tansey, &c. &c., taking up the roots from the open ground, which may be either introduced into the forcing house in pots, or be planted in any convenient place on the borders or centre of the house; also small salading may be kept in regular and constant supply, by frequent sowings for that purpose. Chilis should likewise be brought in for early green fruit, and also to forward them for a main crop of ripe fruit; and any other articles which are likely to be wanted should not be omitted.
OBSERVATIONS ON FORCING DIFFERENT VARIE
TIES OF CHOICE FLOWERS IN FORCING HOUSES.
Par. 72.-Flowering plants of different varieties, consisting of bulbous, tuberous, and fibrousrooted kinds, can also be successfully admitted into forcing houses for early bloom, at any time after the forcing has commenced, bringing in some at a time, with a view to keeping up a succession, the whole of which may be in pots, or if preferred, some may be in small neat boxes,
made for the purpose, and neatly painted on the outside, with holes at the bottom, according to their size, to carry off the water, and filled with such soil as is suited to the sorts intended to be grown therein.
Amongst the numerous varieties which may be brought into early bloom in forcing houses, may be introduced occasionally many kinds of greenhouse plants, also roses, including moss, white Provence, (mark, I mean by white Provence the old rose unique, or Grimwood's white Provence, the wood of which is of a short, stumpy growth, on which the bloom comes amazingly strong, large, and double, and when expanded, of a beautiful white. I have named this, as it is not generally known, even among florists, that there is another sold under this name, which is a very free grower, equal to the old cabbage rose, but the bloom is by no means equal to the original white Provence).-Rose de Meux, Pompone, red and scarlet Provence, blush and crimson china, &c. Likewise pinks, piccotees, carnations, hyacinths, jonquils, dwarf tulips,