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only to venture out to sea in a storm, but to venture for nothing."
Really to inform the understanding, corrects and enlarges the heart. Grateful as we should be to the Divine Being, whose rich benevolence and untold mercy has imparted to us reasoning intellect, we should consider ourselves more and more indebted to Him, from whose "eternal mind" another ray of knowledge is communicated to our own.
We should not deceive ourselves; the Christian character is not formed by bits and scraps of Scripture, however carefully committed to memory, however judiciously selected and arranged, but by the spirit of the whole Scriptures being brought to bear upon the conscience and the heart.
All who feel interested in the public welfare, should bear in mind, that in proportion as Christian wives, mothers, and sisters, show piety at home, and present to their households the amenities of Christian purity, courtesy, and loveliness, so will their husbands, sons, and brothers, feel the power of female excellence; for it is an undeniable fact, confirmed in the history of all ages, that the manners of woman form the character of the community, and the elements of the destiny of empires commence their operations on the maternal lap, in the nursery, and at the domestic fire-side.
FOR THE USE OF PETTY JURORS, AND OTHERS.
1. EVERY witness should be of good character; that is, above suspicion.
2. The verdict of a jury must be according to the evidence..
3. Any man may lawfully interfere to prevent a
4. Punishment is an evil resulting from the direct intention of another.
5. Every receiver of "stolen goods," the moment he or she has received such stolen goods, may be taken into custody.
6. If stolen property be found upon a man shortly after the same was lost by the owner thereof, and he can give no account of the same, the law the party possessed of it stole the property.
7. Men going about together for the purpose of perpetrating an unlawful object, &c. may well be suspected by the police of the country.
8. But if one man be found in company with another who is taken in the act of picking the pocket of a person, and it is proved, or shown, that he was not an accomplice, or rather that he was not concurring in the said act of his companion, nevertheless, he is held to be (in most cases) guilty. The onus lies on the party defending to show to the contrary.
9. Burglary is a breaking and entering the mansionhouse of another in the night, (after nine o'clock,) with intent to commit some felony within the same, whether
such felonious intent be executed or not. A breaking and entry are both necessary to constitute this offence.
10. Breaking. With respect to the "breaking," it is agreed that it is not every entrance into a house (in the nature of a mere trespass) which will be sufficient, or satisfy the language of the indictment. For example; if a man enter into a house by a door, or window, which he finds open, or through a hole which was made there before, and steal goods, or draw food out of a house through such door, window, or hole, he will not be guilty of burglary. There must be an "actual breaking" of some part of the house, in effecting which more or less of actual force is employed; or a breaking by construction of law, where an entrance is obtained by threat, fraud, or conspiracy. Time is now the very essence of the offence. The malignity of the crime consists in the invasion of the right of habitation.
11. A man should not take advantage of his own wrong.
12. Theft cannot be punished by theft. Men have no right to what is not reasonable, or to what is not for their benefit.
13. No person shall be excused from punishment for disobedience to the laws of his country, excepting such as are expressly defined and exempted by the law.
14. An accessary can never be guilty of a lighter crime than his principal.
15. To make complete crime cognizable by human laws, there must be both a will and an act.
16. An involuntary act, as it has no claim to merit, so neither can it induce any guilt: the concurrence of the "will," when it has its free choice either to do or to
avoid the act, or crime, in question, being the only thing that renders human actions either praiseworthy or culpable.
17. Every public offence is a private wrong.
18. No man can adjudge his own cause.
19. In every instance “crime” includes an injury. 20. A fixed design or will to do a complete crime, or an unlawful act, is almost as heinous as the commission of it. No criminal or other tribunal can search the heart, or fathom the intentions of the mind, otherwise than as they are demonstrated by outward actions: the law therefore cannot know a vicious will in the absence of a vicious act.
21. There is no unlawful act, without a vicious will. 22. A vicious will is no crime at all. The Saxon law held, that under twelve an infant could not be guilty in will; after fourteen, the same individual could not be supposed innocent of any capital crime which he in fact committed.
23. It is a general assumption of law, that a person acting in a public capacity is duly authorized to do so.
24. Law of Robbery.—If, in the course of a robbery, a wound is inflicted upon the party robbed, by either a knife or any other cutting instrument, the offence is capital, and the culprit may be left for execution; or the judge may order sentence of death to be recorded, which is equivalent to sentence of transportation for life. Where a robbery is committed by a person armed with a stick, or any weapon of offensive character, with which an assault is committed, the offence is not capital, but subjects the party convicted to be transported for life, or for any period not less than fifteen years; or
to be imprisoned for any term not exceeding three years, a portion of which, but not exceeding one month at a time, may be solitary confinement. In both these descriptions of charges the jury is empowered to find the party accused guilty of a common assault, if they think the circumstances warrant them in so doing. In cases of simple robbery, without any violence, the punishment is transportation for fifteen, or not less than ten years; or imprisonment for any term not exceeding three years.
25. Suicide a Misdemeanour by the English Law.In charging the grand jury at the Hull sessions, the present learned Recorder mentioned the curious circumstance of two cases of attempted suicide, for which the parties were charged criminally at the sessions. The learned gentleman said "There were two cases in the calendar which he had never seen brought before a court of justice in the course of his practice; they were attempts to commit the crime of suicide. Now there could be no doubt that this was a crime, and one of a very deep character, and an attempt to commit it was a crime of misdemeanour. When that attempt succeeds the guilty party cannot be brought under human law. But when the party makes the attempt and survives, he may be called upon to answer for his conduct. It is an indictable offence, and one of a very high nature.
26. Scurrility.-Words which, when used towards some persons and in some cases, are scurrilous, are not so when used towards other persons and in other cases. Rogue, rascal, villain, &c.: these do not, when applied to burglars, perjurers, or murderers, constitute scurrility. They are proper, they are just; and scurrility